rna viruses

Summary

Summary: Viruses whose genetic material is RNA.

Top Publications

  1. Sardanyés J, Elena S. Quasispecies spatial models for RNA viruses with different replication modes and infection strategies. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e24884 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, our simulations revealed that the multiplicity of infection fluctuated but generically increased along time. ..
  2. Singh R, Levitt A, Rajotte E, Holmes E, Ostiguy N, vanEngelsdorp D, et al. RNA viruses in hymenopteran pollinators: evidence of inter-Taxa virus transmission via pollen and potential impact on non-Apis hymenopteran species. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e14357 pubmed publisher
    ..Among honey bee pathogens, RNA viruses are emerging as a serious threat and are suspected as major contributors to CCD...
  3. Flenniken M, Andino R. Non-specific dsRNA-mediated antiviral response in the honey bee. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e77263 pubmed publisher
    ..CCD is an unexplained phenomenon that correlates with elevated incidence of pathogens, including RNA viruses. Honey bees are eusocial insects that live in colonies of genetically related individuals that work in concert ..
  4. Nazzi F, Brown S, Annoscia D, Del Piccolo F, Di Prisco G, Varricchio P, et al. Synergistic parasite-pathogen interactions mediated by host immunity can drive the collapse of honeybee colonies. PLoS Pathog. 2012;8:e1002735 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results offer an integrated account for the multifactorial origin of honeybee losses and a new framework for assessing, and possibly mitigating, the impact of environmental challenges on honeybee health...
  5. Pompei S, Loreto V, Tria F. Phylogenetic properties of RNA viruses. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e44849 pubmed publisher
    ..The challenges faced when investigating the evolution of RNA viruses call for a virtuous loop of data collection, data analysis and modeling...
  6. Krupovic M. Recombination between RNA viruses and plasmids might have played a central role in the origin and evolution of small DNA viruses. Bioessays. 2012;34:867-70 pubmed publisher
    ..It also substantiates the hypothesis that certain groups of DNA viruses could have emerged from plasmids via acquisition of capsid protein-coding genes from RNA viruses.
  7. Dykeman E, Stockley P, Twarock R. Packaging signals in two single-stranded RNA viruses imply a conserved assembly mechanism and geometry of the packaged genome. J Mol Biol. 2013;425:3235-49 pubmed publisher
    The current paradigm for assembly of single-stranded RNA viruses is based on a mechanism involving non-sequence-specific packaging of genomic RNA driven by electrostatic interactions...
  8. Simmonds P, Xia W, Baillie J, McKinnon K. Modelling mutational and selection pressures on dinucleotides in eukaryotic phyla--selection against CpG and UpA in cytoplasmically expressed RNA and in RNA viruses. BMC Genomics. 2013;14:610 pubmed publisher
    ..context-dependent mutations best accounted for patterns of dinucleotide frequency biases in genomic and cytoplasmically expressed mRNA sequences of different vertebrates, other eukaryotic groups and RNA viruses that infect them.
  9. S mera M, Truve E. The genome organization of lucerne transient streak and turnip rosette sobemoviruses revisited. Arch Virol. 2013;158:673-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The hypothetical beginning of ORF1b was mapped as the beginning of ORF2a/2a2b for both TRoV and LTSV. Computional analysis revealed transmembrane segments at the N-termini of the TRoV and LTSV polyproteins...
  10. Diemer G, Stedman K. A novel virus genome discovered in an extreme environment suggests recombination between unrelated groups of RNA and DNA viruses. Biol Direct. 2012;7:13 pubmed publisher
    ..Metagenomics offers a potential means of establishing a more comprehensive view of viral evolution as vast amounts of new sequence data becomes available for comparative analysis...

Detail Information

Publications85

  1. Sardanyés J, Elena S. Quasispecies spatial models for RNA viruses with different replication modes and infection strategies. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e24884 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, our simulations revealed that the multiplicity of infection fluctuated but generically increased along time. ..
  2. Singh R, Levitt A, Rajotte E, Holmes E, Ostiguy N, vanEngelsdorp D, et al. RNA viruses in hymenopteran pollinators: evidence of inter-Taxa virus transmission via pollen and potential impact on non-Apis hymenopteran species. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e14357 pubmed publisher
    ..Among honey bee pathogens, RNA viruses are emerging as a serious threat and are suspected as major contributors to CCD...
  3. Flenniken M, Andino R. Non-specific dsRNA-mediated antiviral response in the honey bee. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e77263 pubmed publisher
    ..CCD is an unexplained phenomenon that correlates with elevated incidence of pathogens, including RNA viruses. Honey bees are eusocial insects that live in colonies of genetically related individuals that work in concert ..
  4. Nazzi F, Brown S, Annoscia D, Del Piccolo F, Di Prisco G, Varricchio P, et al. Synergistic parasite-pathogen interactions mediated by host immunity can drive the collapse of honeybee colonies. PLoS Pathog. 2012;8:e1002735 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results offer an integrated account for the multifactorial origin of honeybee losses and a new framework for assessing, and possibly mitigating, the impact of environmental challenges on honeybee health...
  5. Pompei S, Loreto V, Tria F. Phylogenetic properties of RNA viruses. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e44849 pubmed publisher
    ..The challenges faced when investigating the evolution of RNA viruses call for a virtuous loop of data collection, data analysis and modeling...
  6. Krupovic M. Recombination between RNA viruses and plasmids might have played a central role in the origin and evolution of small DNA viruses. Bioessays. 2012;34:867-70 pubmed publisher
    ..It also substantiates the hypothesis that certain groups of DNA viruses could have emerged from plasmids via acquisition of capsid protein-coding genes from RNA viruses.
  7. Dykeman E, Stockley P, Twarock R. Packaging signals in two single-stranded RNA viruses imply a conserved assembly mechanism and geometry of the packaged genome. J Mol Biol. 2013;425:3235-49 pubmed publisher
    The current paradigm for assembly of single-stranded RNA viruses is based on a mechanism involving non-sequence-specific packaging of genomic RNA driven by electrostatic interactions...
  8. Simmonds P, Xia W, Baillie J, McKinnon K. Modelling mutational and selection pressures on dinucleotides in eukaryotic phyla--selection against CpG and UpA in cytoplasmically expressed RNA and in RNA viruses. BMC Genomics. 2013;14:610 pubmed publisher
    ..context-dependent mutations best accounted for patterns of dinucleotide frequency biases in genomic and cytoplasmically expressed mRNA sequences of different vertebrates, other eukaryotic groups and RNA viruses that infect them.
  9. S mera M, Truve E. The genome organization of lucerne transient streak and turnip rosette sobemoviruses revisited. Arch Virol. 2013;158:673-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The hypothetical beginning of ORF1b was mapped as the beginning of ORF2a/2a2b for both TRoV and LTSV. Computional analysis revealed transmembrane segments at the N-termini of the TRoV and LTSV polyproteins...
  10. Diemer G, Stedman K. A novel virus genome discovered in an extreme environment suggests recombination between unrelated groups of RNA and DNA viruses. Biol Direct. 2012;7:13 pubmed publisher
    ..Metagenomics offers a potential means of establishing a more comprehensive view of viral evolution as vast amounts of new sequence data becomes available for comparative analysis...
  11. Azizi A, Mironov G, Muharemagic D, Wehbe M, Bell J, Berezovski M. Viral quantitative capillary electrophoresis for counting and quality control of RNA viruses. Anal Chem. 2012;84:9585-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Viral qCE works in a wide dynamic range of virus concentrations from 10(8) to 10(13) ivp/mL. It can be completed in a few hours and requires minimum optimization of CE separation...
  12. Xu X, Chen G, Huang Y, Ding L, Li Z, Chang C, et al. Development of multiplex PCR for simultaneous detection of six swine DNA and RNA viruses. J Virol Methods. 2012;183:69-74 pubmed publisher
    ..Specific primers for three DNA viruses and three RNA viruses, including classical swine fever virus (CSFV), porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), ..
  13. Chevin A, Schurr F, Blanchard P, Thiery R, Ribière M. Experimental infection of the honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) with the chronic bee paralysis virus (CBPV): infectivity of naked CBPV RNAs. Virus Res. 2012;167:173-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, injected RNAs replicated and generated viral particles. We therefore provide an in vivo experimental model that will be useful tool for further studies by using a reverse genetics system...
  14. Cuthill J, Charleston M. A simple model explains the dynamics of preferential host switching among mammal RNA viruses. Evolution. 2013;67:980-90 pubmed publisher
    ..models of preferential host switching, using observed phylogenetic distributions of host species for RNA viruses of three mammal orders (primates, carnivores, and ungulates)...
  15. Caly L, Wagstaff K, Jans D. Nuclear trafficking of proteins from RNA viruses: potential target for antivirals?. Antiviral Res. 2012;95:202-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Examples include a number of RNA viruses that are significant human pathogens, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1, influenza A, dengue, ..
  16. Moon S, Barnhart M, Wilusz J. Inhibition and avoidance of mRNA degradation by RNA viruses. Curr Opin Microbiol. 2012;15:500-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The transcripts made by RNA viruses are susceptible to degradation by this machinery and, in fact, can be actively targeted...
  17. Wu M, Jin F, Zhang J, Yang L, Jiang D, Li G. Characterization of a novel bipartite double-stranded RNA mycovirus conferring hypovirulence in the phytopathogenic fungus Botrytis porri. J Virol. 2012;86:6605-19 pubmed publisher
    ..porri caused derivative 38T reduced mycelial growth and hypovirulence. These combined results suggest that BpRV1 is a novel bipartite dsRNA virus that possibly belongs to a new virus family...
  18. Goic B, Vodovar N, Mondotte J, Monot C, Frangeul L, Blanc H, et al. RNA-mediated interference and reverse transcription control the persistence of RNA viruses in the insect model Drosophila. Nat Immunol. 2013;14:396-403 pubmed publisher
    ..We found here that the persistence of RNA viruses in Drosophila melanogaster was achieved through the combined action of cellular reverse-transcriptase activity ..
  19. Phares T, Stohlman S, Bergmann C. Intrathecal humoral immunity to encephalitic RNA viruses. Viruses. 2013;5:732-52 pubmed publisher
    ..The sustained Ab production by local ASC, as well as chemokines and cytokines associated with ASC recruitment and retention, are highlighted as critical components of immune control...
  20. Martin S, Highfield A, Brettell L, Villalobos E, Budge G, Powell M, et al. Global honey bee viral landscape altered by a parasitic mite. Science. 2012;336:1304-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, the global spread of Varroa has selected DWV variants that have emerged to allow it to become one of the most widely distributed and contagious insect viruses on the planet...
  21. Lott W, Doran M. Do RNA viruses require genome cyclisation for replication?. Trends Biochem Sci. 2013;38:350-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Concatemers provide a plausible mechanism for the dengue virus to overcome the single-stranded (+)-sense RNA virus dilemma, and can potentially assist genome transport from the virus-induced vesicles into the cytosol. ..
  22. Zhou H, Sun Y, Guo Y, Lou Z. Structural perspective on the formation of ribonucleoprotein complex in negative-sense single-stranded RNA viruses. Trends Microbiol. 2013;21:475-84 pubmed publisher
    Negative-sense single-stranded RNA viruses (NSRVs) possess a ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex composed of viral polymerase and genomic RNA surrounded by viral nucleoprotein...
  23. Bhatti M, Jamal A, Bignell E, Petrou M, Coutts R. Incidence of dsRNA mycoviruses in a collection of Aspergillus fumigatus isolates. Mycopathologia. 2012;174:323-6 pubmed publisher
    ..5 kbp in size. Here, we describe dsRNA incidence in the A. fumigatus isolates examined, their provenance and also note that on occasion individual isolates were infected with two groups of different dsRNAs...
  24. Lyles D. Assembly and budding of negative-strand RNA viruses. Adv Virus Res. 2013;85:57-90 pubmed publisher
    Assembly of negative-strand RNA viruses occurs by budding from host plasma membranes...
  25. Liu H, Fu Y, Xie J, Cheng J, Ghabrial S, Li G, et al. Evolutionary genomics of mycovirus-related dsRNA viruses reveals cross-family horizontal gene transfer and evolution of diverse viral lineages. BMC Evol Biol. 2012;12:91 pubmed publisher
    ..This is particularly so since there is little evidence for horizontal gene transfer (HGT) among dsRNA viruses...
  26. Belov G, van Kuppeveld F. (+)RNA viruses rewire cellular pathways to build replication organelles. Curr Opin Virol. 2012;2:740-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The universal requirement of (+)RNA viruses for cellular membranes for genome replication, and the formation of membranous replication organelles with ..
  27. van Mierlo J, Bronkhorst A, Overheul G, Sadanandan S, Ekström J, Heestermans M, et al. Convergent evolution of argonaute-2 slicer antagonism in two distinct insect RNA viruses. PLoS Pathog. 2012;8:e1002872 pubmed publisher
    RNA interference (RNAi) is a major antiviral pathway that shapes evolution of RNA viruses. We show here that Nora virus, a natural Drosophila pathogen, is both a target and suppressor of RNAi...
  28. Grubaugh N, McMenamy S, Turell M, Lee J. Multi-gene detection and identification of mosquito-borne RNA viruses using an oligonucleotide microarray. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013;7:e2349 pubmed publisher
    ..1, for multi-gene detection and identification of mosquito-borne RNA viruses from the genera Flavivirus (family Flaviviridae), Alphavirus (Togaviridae), Orthobunyavirus (Bunyaviridae), and ..
  29. Netherton C, Wileman T. Virus factories, double membrane vesicles and viroplasm generated in animal cells. Curr Opin Virol. 2011;1:381-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In this review, we discuss how three supergroups of (+)RNA viruses generate replication sites from membrane-bound organelles and highlight research on perinuclear factories ..
  30. Wang L, Li S, Dorf M. NEMO binds ubiquitinated TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) to regulate innate immune responses to RNA viruses. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e43756 pubmed publisher
    ..The combined results refine current views of RLR signaling, define the role of TBK1 polyubiquitination, and detail the mechanisms involved in signalosome assembly...
  31. Cui J, Holmes E. Endogenous RNA viruses of plants in insect genomes. Virology. 2012;427:77-9 pubmed publisher
    Endogenous viral elements (EVEs) derived from RNA viruses with no DNA stage are rare, especially those where the parental viruses possess single-strand positive-sense (ssRNA+) genomes...
  32. Gómez Blanco J, Luque D, Gonzalez J, Carrascosa J, Alfonso C, Trus B, et al. Cryphonectria nitschkei virus 1 structure shows that the capsid protein of chrysoviruses is a duplicated helix-rich fold conserved in fungal double-stranded RNA viruses. J Virol. 2012;86:8314-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicate that a 120-subunit T=1 capsid is a conserved architecture that optimizes dsRNA replication and organization...
  33. Brunker K, Hampson K, Horton D, Biek R. Integrating the landscape epidemiology and genetics of RNA viruses: rabies in domestic dogs as a model. Parasitology. 2012;139:1899-913 pubmed publisher
    ..a more real-world understanding of infectious disease dynamics and provide powerful new tools for the study of RNA viruses. Using dog rabies as a model we have identified how key questions regarding viral spread and persistence can be ..
  34. Zinzula L, Tramontano E. Strategies of highly pathogenic RNA viruses to block dsRNA detection by RIG-I-like receptors: hide, mask, hit. Antiviral Res. 2013;100:615-35 pubmed publisher
    Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) is synthesized during the course of infection by RNA viruses as a byproduct of replication and transcription and acts as a potent trigger of the host innate antiviral response...
  35. Meheretu Y, Cížková D, Těšíková J, Welegerima K, Tomas Z, Kidane D, et al. High diversity of RNA viruses in rodents, Ethiopia. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:2047-50 pubmed publisher
    ..The white-footed mouse also carries a novel hantavirus, the second Murinae-associated hantavirus found in Africa...
  36. Lauber C, Goeman J, Parquet M, Nga P, Snijder E, Morita K, et al. The footprint of genome architecture in the largest genome expansion in RNA viruses. PLoS Pathog. 2013;9:e1003500 pubmed publisher
    ..to the discovery of a 3'-to-5' exoribonuclease (ExoN) in nidoviruses, a monophyletic group of positive-stranded RNA viruses with a conserved genome architecture...
  37. Morin B, Kranzusch P, Rahmeh A, Whelan S. The polymerase of negative-stranded RNA viruses. Curr Opin Virol. 2013;3:103-10 pubmed publisher
    Negative-sense (NS) RNA viruses deliver into cells a mega-dalton RNA-protein complex competent for transcription...
  38. Cornman R, Boncristiani H, Dainat B, Chen Y, vanEngelsdorp D, Weaver D, et al. Population-genomic variation within RNA viruses of the Western honey bee, Apis mellifera, inferred from deep sequencing. BMC Genomics. 2013;14:154 pubmed publisher
    ..we mined existing Illumina sequence reads to investigate single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within two RNA viruses of the Western honey bee (Apis mellifera), deformed wing virus (DWV) and Israel acute paralysis virus (IAPV)...
  39. Swaminathan G, MARTIN GARCIA J, Navas Martin S. RNA viruses and microRNAs: challenging discoveries for the 21st century. Physiol Genomics. 2013;45:1035-48 pubmed publisher
    b>RNA viruses represent the predominant cause of many clinically relevant viral diseases in humans...
  40. Sabin L, Zheng Q, Thekkat P, Yang J, Hannon G, Gregory B, et al. Dicer-2 processes diverse viral RNA species. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e55458 pubmed publisher
    ..This study uncovered several novel, heavily targeted features within viral genomes, offering insight into viral replication, viral immune evasion strategies, and the mechanism of antiviral RNAi...
  41. Chen W, Han C, Xie B, Hu X, Yu Q, Shi L, et al. Induction of Siglec-G by RNA viruses inhibits the innate immune response by promoting RIG-I degradation. Cell. 2013;152:467-78 pubmed publisher
    ..However, posttranslational regulation of RIG-I signaling remains to be fully understood. We report here that RNA viruses, but not DNA viruses or bacteria, specifically upregulate lectin family member Siglecg expression in ..
  42. Sachsenröder J, Twardziok S, Hammerl J, Janczyk P, Wrede P, Hertwig S, et al. Simultaneous identification of DNA and RNA viruses present in pig faeces using process-controlled deep sequencing. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e34631 pubmed publisher
    ..The genomes of the purified DNA and RNA viruses were simultaneously amplified by PCR and subjected to deep sequencing followed by bioinformatic analyses...
  43. Ni P, Cheng Kao C. Non-encapsidation activities of the capsid proteins of positive-strand RNA viruses. Virology. 2013;446:123-32 pubmed publisher
    ..We summarize the structural features of CPs and describe their modulatory roles in viral translation, RNA-dependent RNA synthesis, and host defense responses. ..
  44. Belalov I, Lukashev A. Causes and implications of codon usage bias in RNA viruses. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e56642 pubmed publisher
    ..mononucleotide and dinucleotide frequencies in different genomes or mRNAs may vary significantly, especially in RNA viruses. A series of in silico shuffling algorithms were developed to account for these features and analyze the ..
  45. Simon Loriere E, Holmes E. Gene duplication is infrequent in the recent evolutionary history of RNA viruses. Mol Biol Evol. 2013;30:1263-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To date, however, gene duplication has been reported only rarely in RNA viruses. Using a conservative BLAST approach we systematically screened for the presence of duplicated (i.e...
  46. tenOever B. RNA viruses and the host microRNA machinery. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2013;11:169-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, I discuss the relationship between sRNAs and RNA viruses, detail how microRNA expression can be harnessed to control RNA viruses and describe how RNA viruses can be ..
  47. Cheng X, Virk N, Chen W, Ji S, Ji S, Sun Y, et al. CpG usage in RNA viruses: data and hypotheses. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e74109 pubmed publisher
    CpG repression in RNA viruses has been known for decades, but a reasonable explanation has not yet been proposed to explain this phenomenon...
  48. Nibert M, Tang J, Xie J, Collier A, Ghabrial S, Baker T, et al. 3D structures of fungal partitiviruses. Adv Virus Res. 2013;86:59-85 pubmed publisher
    ..The results and comparisons suggest several new conclusions about the functions, assembly, and evolution of these viruses...
  49. Lesker T, Rabenstein F, Maiss E. Molecular characterization of five betacryptoviruses infecting four clover species and dill. Arch Virol. 2013;158:1943-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide evidence for a distinct evolutionary lineage of dsRNA viruses of plants and fungi. ..
  50. Usme Ciro J, Campillo Pedroza N, Almazán F, Gallego Gomez J. Cytoplasmic RNA viruses as potential vehicles for the delivery of therapeutic small RNAs. Virol J. 2013;10:185 pubmed publisher
    ..Cytoplasmic RNA viruses have been excluded as viral vectors for RNAi therapy because of the nuclear localization of the microprocessor ..
  51. Tilsner J, Oparka K. Missing links? - The connection between replication and movement of plant RNA viruses. Curr Opin Virol. 2012;2:705-11 pubmed publisher
  52. Zhang R, Jha B, Ogden K, Dong B, Zhao L, Elliott R, et al. Homologous 2',5'-phosphodiesterases from disparate RNA viruses antagonize antiviral innate immunity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:13114-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, VP3-CTD is a 2',5'-PDE able to functionally substitute for ns2 in MHV infection. Remarkably, therefore, two disparate RNA viruses encode proteins with homologous 2',5'-PDEs that antagonize activation of innate immunity.
  53. Nicholson B, White K. Functional long-range RNA-RNA interactions in positive-strand RNA viruses. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2014;12:493-504 pubmed publisher
    Positive-strand RNA viruses are important human, animal and plant pathogens that are defined by their single-stranded positive-sense RNA genomes...
  54. Triantafilou K, Vakakis E, Kar S, Richer E, Evans G, Triantafilou M. Visualisation of direct interaction of MDA5 and the dsRNA replicative intermediate form of positive strand RNA viruses. J Cell Sci. 2012;125:4761-9 pubmed publisher
    ..as cytoplasmic pattern recognition receptors that are involved in the elimination of actively replicating RNA viruses. Their location and their differential responses to RNA viruses emphasises the complexity of the innate ..
  55. Firth A, Brierley I. Non-canonical translation in RNA viruses. J Gen Virol. 2012;93:1385-409 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, whilst the great majority of cellular mRNAs are apparently monocistronic, RNA viruses must often express multiple proteins from their mRNAs...
  56. Ishikawa K, Maejima K, Komatsu K, Kitazawa Y, Hashimoto M, Takata D, et al. Identification and characterization of two novel genomic RNA segments of fig mosaic virus, RNA5 and RNA6. J Gen Virol. 2012;93:1612-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings thus indicate that these newly discovered RNA segments are previously unidentified FMV genomic segments, which we have designated RNA5 and RNA6...
  57. Wang Q, Au H, Jan E. Methods for studying IRES-mediated translation of positive-strand RNA viruses. Methods. 2013;59:167-79 pubmed publisher
    ..A subset of positive strand RNA viruses utilize an IRES mechanism as a viral strategy to ensure efficient viral protein synthesis...
  58. Dawe A, Van Voorhies W, Lau T, Ulanov A, Li Z. Major impacts on the primary metabolism of the plant pathogen Cryphonectria parasitica by the virulence-attenuating virus CHV1-EP713. Microbiology. 2009;155:3913-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Polyamines have been implicated in antiviral responses of mammalian systems; therefore this may suggest a novel antiviral response mechanism in fungi. ..
  59. Spear A, Sisterson M, Yokomi R, Stenger D. Plant-feeding insects harbor double-stranded RNA viruses encoding a novel proline-alanine rich protein and a polymerase distantly related to that of fungal viruses. Virology. 2010;404:304-11 pubmed publisher
  60. Vainio E, Korhonen K, Tuomivirta T, Hantula J. A novel putative partitivirus of the saprotrophic fungus Heterobasidion ecrustosum infects pathogenic species of the Heterobasidion annosum complex. Fungal Biol. 2010;114:955-65 pubmed publisher
    ..The virus infection seemed to cause variable effects on the growth rate of its fungal hosts, but the results were strongly dependent on fungal strain, growth medium and incubation temperature. ..
  61. Yaegashi H, Sawahata T, Ito T, Kanematsu S. A novel colony-print immunoassay reveals differential patterns of distribution and horizontal transmission of four unrelated mycoviruses in Rosellinia necatrix. Virology. 2011;409:280-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These results imply that one or more mechanisms are present in host-virus and virus-virus interactions that restrict the spread of viruses within and between colonies. ..
  62. Jensen S, Thomsen A. Sensing of RNA viruses: a review of innate immune receptors involved in recognizing RNA virus invasion. J Virol. 2012;86:2900-10 pubmed publisher
    ..This review presents an overview of our current knowledge regarding the receptors used to detect RNA virus invasion, the molecular structures these receptors sense, and the involved downstream signaling pathways. ..
  63. Chiba S, Salaipeth L, Lin Y, Sasaki A, Kanematsu S, Suzuki N. A novel bipartite double-stranded RNA Mycovirus from the white root rot Fungus Rosellinia necatrix: molecular and biological characterization, taxonomic considerations, and potential for biological control. J Virol. 2009;83:12801-12 pubmed publisher
    ..These combined results indicate that the W779 virus is a novel bipartite dsRNA virus with potential for biological control (virocontrol), named Rosellinia necatrix megabirnavirus 1 (RnMBV1), that possibly belongs to a new virus family...
  64. Gregoire I, Richetta C, Meyniel Schicklin L, Borel S, Pradezynski F, Diaz O, et al. IRGM is a common target of RNA viruses that subvert the autophagy network. PLoS Pathog. 2011;7:e1002422 pubmed publisher
    ..We have determined the ability of 83 proteins of several families of RNA viruses (Paramyxoviridae, Flaviviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Retroviridae and Togaviridae), to interact with 44 human ..
  65. Han G, Worobey M. Homologous recombination in negative sense RNA viruses. Viruses. 2011;3:1358-73 pubmed publisher
    ..More and more homologous recombination events have been reported among negative sense RNA viruses recently...
  66. Traore O, Pinel Galzi A, Issaka S, Poulicard N, Aribi J, Aké S, et al. The adaptation of Rice yellow mottle virus to the eIF(iso)4G-mediated rice resistance. Virology. 2010;408:103-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Comparison with the RB process of rymv1-2, a resistance allele found in a few Oryza sativa cultivars, showed similarities in the mode of adaptation but revealed converse virulence specificity of the isolates. ..
  67. Fox E, Loeb L. Lethal mutagenesis: targeting the mutator phenotype in cancer. Semin Cancer Biol. 2010;20:353-9 pubmed publisher
    The evolution of cancer and RNA viruses share many similarities. Both exploit high levels of genotypic diversity to enable extensive phenotypic plasticity and thereby facilitate rapid adaptation...
  68. Wu M, Zhang L, Li G, Jiang D, Ghabrial S. Genome characterization of a debilitation-associated mitovirus infecting the phytopathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea. Virology. 2010;406:117-26 pubmed publisher
    ..BcMV1-S was found to suppress the replication of BcMV1 and to be co-transmissible with BcMV1 through hyphal anastomosis. Its presence, however, did not alleviate the BcMV1-associated debilitation phenotypes of B. cinerea...
  69. Magae Y, Sunagawa M. Characterization of a mycovirus associated with the brown discoloration of edible mushroom, Flammulina velutipes. Virol J. 2010;7:342 pubmed publisher
    ..velutipes that contained Partitivirus FvBV was darker than FvBV-free fruiting bodies. The use of RT-PCR enabled association of FvBV and dark brown color of the fruiting body produced by F. velutipes strains. ..
  70. Rodríguez Cousiño N, Maqueda M, Ambrona J, Zamora E, Esteban R, Ramirez M. A new wine Saccharomyces cerevisiae killer toxin (Klus), encoded by a double-stranded rna virus, with broad antifungal activity is evolutionarily related to a chromosomal host gene. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011;77:1822-32 pubmed publisher
    ..The Klus amino acid sequence, however, showed a significant degree of conservation with that of the product of the host chromosomally encoded ORF YFR020W of unknown function, thus suggesting an evolutionary relationship. ..
  71. Holmes E. The evolution of endogenous viral elements. Cell Host Microbe. 2011;10:368-77 pubmed publisher
    ..More surprising was the recent discovery that eukaryotic genomes contain sequences from RNA viruses that have no DNA stage in their life cycle...
  72. Inglis G, Boras V, Houde A. Enteric campylobacteria and RNA viruses associated with healthy and diarrheic humans in the Chinook health region of southwestern Alberta, Canada. J Clin Microbiol. 2011;49:209-19 pubmed publisher
    The presence of Campylobacter species and enteric RNA viruses in stools from diarrheic (n = 442) and healthy (n = 58) humans living in southwestern Alberta was examined (May to October 2005)...
  73. Yuan C, Li C, Yan L, Jackson A, Liu Z, Han C, et al. A high throughput barley stripe mosaic virus vector for virus induced gene silencing in monocots and dicots. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e26468 pubmed publisher
    ..Our BSMV VIGS system provides substantial advantages in expense, cloning efficiency, ease of manipulation and ability to apply VIGS for high throughput genomics studies...
  74. Biacchesi S. The reverse genetics applied to fish RNA viruses. Vet Res. 2011;42:12 pubmed publisher
    ..The most problematic viruses encountered in the field are mainly, but not exclusively, RNA viruses belonging to the Novirhabdovirus, Aquabirnavirus, Alphavirus and Betanodavirus genera...
  75. Zeddam J, Gordon K, Lauber C, Alves C, Luke B, Hanzlik T, et al. Euprosterna elaeasa virus genome sequence and evolution of the Tetraviridae family: emergence of bipartite genomes and conservation of the VPg signal with the dsRNA Birnaviridae family. Virology. 2010;397:145-54 pubmed publisher
    ..They are also used to revise the Tetraviridae taxonomy...
  76. Sanjuan R, Nebot M, Chirico N, Mansky L, Belshaw R. Viral mutation rates. J Virol. 2010;84:9733-48 pubmed publisher
    ..The resulting rates range from 10(-8) to 10(-6) s/n/c for DNA viruses and from 10(-6) to 10(-4) s/n/c for RNA viruses. Similar to what has been shown previously for DNA viruses, there appears to be a negative correlation between ..
  77. Lieberman D, Lieberman D, Shimoni A, Keren Naus A, Steinberg R, Shemer Avni Y. Identification of respiratory viruses in adults: nasopharyngeal versus oropharyngeal sampling. J Clin Microbiol. 2009;47:3439-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Sampling by all three methods is required for the maximal detection of respiratory viruses...
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