Genomes and Genes
play and playthings
Summary: Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.
Publications261 found, 100 shown here
- Increasing school playground physical activity: a mixed methods study combining environmental measures and children's perspectivesLisa J Willenberg
The McCaughey Centre, VicHealth Centre for the Promotion of Mental Health and Community Wellbeing, Melbourne School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Australia
J Sci Med Sport 13:210-6. 2010....
- Long-term effects of a playground markings and physical structures on children's recess physical activity levelsNicola D Ridgers
Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
Prev Med 44:393-7. 2007....
- The characteristics of the outdoor school environment associated with physical activityEllen Haug
Faculty of Psychology, Research Centre for Health Promotion, University of Bergen, Christiesgate 13, N 5020 Bergen, Norway
Health Educ Res 25:248-56. 2010..Therefore, improving the outdoor environment should be considered in physical activity promotion school programs in secondary schools...
- Increasing preschoolers' physical activity intensities: an activity-friendly preschool playground interventionJames C Hannon
University of Utah, College of Health, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, 250 South, 1850 East, Room 206, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
Prev Med 46:532-6. 2008..The purpose of this study was to see if portable play equipment added to a preschool playground resulted in higher intensities of physical activity among 3-5-year-old children...
- The effects of increasing outdoor play time on physical activity in Latino preschool childrenSofiya Alhassan
Stanford Prevention Research Center, Department of Medicine and Division of General Pediatrics, University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305 5705, USA
Int J Pediatr Obes 2:153-8. 2007..A randomized controlled pilot study to test the hypothesis that increasing preschool children's outdoor free play time increases their daily physical activity levels...
- Increasing children's physical activity levels during recess periods in elementary schools: the effects of providing game equipmentStefanie J M Verstraete
Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University and Policy Research Center Sport, Physical Activity and Health, Belgium
Eur J Public Health 16:415-9. 2006..The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of providing game equipment on children's physical activity levels during morning recess and lunch break in elementary schools...
- Young children in urban areas: links among neighborhood characteristics, weight status, outdoor play, and television watchingRachel Tolbert Kimbro
Department of Sociology, Rice University, 6100 Main St, MS 28, Houston, TX 77005, USA
Soc Sci Med 72:668-76. 2011....
- Factors associated with physical activity in children attending family child care homesKatherine B Gunter
College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
Prev Med 54:131-3. 2012..To determine the relationship between family child care home (FCCH) practices and characteristics, and objectively measured physical activity (PA) among children attending FCCHs...
- Resurrecting free play in young children: looking beyond fitness and fatness to attention, affiliation, and affectHillary L Burdette
Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159:46-50. 2005..The benefits of play on children's social, emotional, and cognitive development are explored...
- The importance of play in promoting healthy child development and maintaining strong parent-child bondsKenneth R Ginsburg
Pediatrics 119:182-91. 2007....
- Neighborhood characteristics in relation to diet, physical activity and overweight of Canadian childrenPaul Veugelers
School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada
Int J Pediatr Obes 3:152-9. 2008....
- Predictors of time spent outdoors among children: 5-year longitudinal findingsV Cleland
Center for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood 3125, Australia
J Epidemiol Community Health 64:400-6. 2010..This study aimed to understand individual, social and physical environmental influences on longitudinal changes in urban children's time outdoors...
- Prenatal phthalate exposure and reduced masculine play in boysS H Swan
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA
Int J Androl 33:259-69. 2010..Our findings suggest that these ubiquitous environmental chemicals have the potential to alter androgen-responsive brain development in humans...
- Influence of schoolyard renovations on children's physical activity: the Learning Landscapes ProgramLois A Brink
College of Architecture and Planning, Learning Landscapes, Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Colorado Denver, Campus Box 126, PO Box 173364, Denver, CO 80217 3364, USA
Am J Public Health 100:1672-8. 2010..We examined whether schoolyard improvements led to increased physical activity levels among both boys and girls and assessed the aspects of schoolyard design that have an impact on physical activity...
- Societal values and policies may curtail preschool children's physical activity in child care centersKristen A Copeland
Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
Pediatrics 129:265-74. 2012..Children are primarily sedentary in these settings, and are not meeting recommended levels of physical activity. Our objective was to identify potential barriers to children's physical activity in child care centers...
- Social and environmental factors associated with preschoolers' nonsedentary physical activityWilliam H Brown
Department of Educational Studies, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
Child Dev 80:45-58. 2009..Implications for policy makers, practitioners, and researchers are discussed...
- Places to play: association of park space and facilities with healthy weight status among childrenLuke R Potwarka
Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada N2L 3G1
J Community Health 33:344-50. 2008..Implications for park design are discussed...
- Twelve-month effects of a playground intervention on children's morning and lunchtime recess physical activity levelsNicola D Ridgers
Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom
J Phys Act Health 7:167-75. 2010..The aim of this study was to investigate the 12-month effects of a playground intervention on children's moderate-to-vigorous (MVPA) and vigorous physical activity (VPA) during morning and lunchtime recess...
- Physical activity programming in family child care homes: providers' perceptions of practices and barriersBronwyn Fees
Kansas State University, Manhattan, 66506, USA
J Nutr Educ Behav 41:268-73. 2009..To examine family child care home (FCCH) providers' perceptions of appropriate physical activity (PA), current practices, and perceived barriers to inclusion of PA within their programs...
- Where do children usually play? A qualitative study of parents' perceptions of influences on children's active free-playJenny Veitch
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood VIC 3125, Australia
Health Place 12:383-93. 2006..The study findings have important implications for future urban planning and children's opportunities for active free-play...
- The neural basis of intuitive best next-move generation in board game expertsXiaohong Wan
Cognitive Brain Mapping Laboratory, RIKEN Brain Science Institute, 2 1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351 0198, Japan
Science 331:341-6. 2011..These results suggest that the precuneus-caudate circuit implements the automatic, yet complicated, processes of board-pattern perception and next-move generation in board game experts...
- Early social, imitation, play, and language abilities of young non-autistic siblings of children with autismKaren Toth
UW Autism Center and Center on Human Development and Disability, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 37:145-57. 2007..These results suggest that the development of young non-autistic siblings is affected at an early age and, thus, should be closely monitored, with appropriate interventions implemented as needed...
- Behavioural and social correlates of sedentary time in young peopleE M F Van Sluijs
MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Box 285, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge CB20QQ, UK
Br J Sports Med 44:747-55. 2010..In this study, behavioural and social correlates of objectively measured sedentary time in young people were identified...
- School playground facilities as a determinant of children's daily activity: a cross-sectional study of Danish primary school childrenGlen Nielsen
Dept of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
J Phys Act Health 9:104-14. 2012..This study investigates the influence of school playground facilities on children's daily physical activity...
- Features and amenities of school playgrounds: a direct observation study of utilization and physical activity levels outside of school timeNatalie Colabianchi
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of School Carolina, 800 Sumter Street, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:32. 2011..There are no studies that use direct observation and a detailed park assessment to examine these associations...
- Methodological considerations in using accelerometers to assess habitual physical activity in children aged 0-5 yearsDylan P Cliff
Child Obesity Research Centre, University of Wollongong, Australia
J Sci Med Sport 12:557-67. 2009..Recommendations for further research are outlined, based on the above findings, which, if undertaken, will enhance the accuracy of accelerometer-based assessments of habitual physical activity in young children...
- A national study of neighborhood safety, outdoor play, television viewing, and obesity in preschool childrenHillary L Burdette
Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Pediatrics 116:657-62. 2005..To test the hypothesis that preschool children have a higher prevalence of obesity, spend less time playing outdoors, and spend more time watching television (TV) when they live in neighborhoods that their mothers perceive as unsafe...
- Playful interaction: occupational therapy for all children on the school playgroundAnita C Bundy
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Lidcombe New South Wales, Australia
Am J Occup Ther 62:522-7. 2008..Our results revealed a potential role for occupational therapists with typically developing children in schools. This finding has clear implications for children with disability...
- Increasing physical activity in preschool: a pilot study to evaluate animal trackersChristine L Williams
Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA
J Nutr Educ Behav 41:47-52. 2009....
- Permanent play facilities in school playgrounds as a determinant of children's activityGlen Nielsen
Dept of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
J Phys Act Health 7:490-6. 2010..To investigate whether the number of permanent playground facilities in schools influences objectively measured physical activity...
- Structure and stimulus familiarity: a study of memory in chess-players with functional magnetic resonance imagingGuillermo Campitelli
Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UB8 3PH, United Kingdom
Span J Psychol 8:238-45. 2005..The use of the experts-versus-novices paradigm in brain imaging contributes towards the search for brain systems involved in cognitive processes...
- Children and video games: addiction, engagement, and scholastic achievementMarko M Skoric
Division of Communication Research, Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Cyberpsychol Behav 12:567-72. 2009..The implications of these findings are discussed...
- Early puzzle play: a predictor of preschoolers' spatial transformation skillSusan C Levine
Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, 5848 South University Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Dev Psychol 48:530-42. 2012..Implications of these findings as well as future directions for research on the role of puzzle play in the development of spatial skill are discussed...
- Television viewing, computer game play and book reading during meals are predictors of meal skipping in a cross-sectional sample of 12-, 14- and 16-year-oldsKathleen Custers
Leuven School for Mass Communication Research and Leuven Food Science and Nutrition Research Centre LFoRCe, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Public Health Nutr 13:537-43. 2010..To examine whether television viewing, computer game playing or book reading during meals predicts meal skipping with the aim of watching television, playing computer games or reading books (media meal skipping)...
- Hormone-behavior associations in early infancyGerianne M Alexander
Deparment of Psychology, TAMU 2435, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77845, USA
Horm Behav 56:498-502. 2009..In male infants, higher androgen levels predicted stronger preferences for male-typical stimuli. These data provide the first evidence for a role for hormones in emerging sex-linked behavior in early development...
- Jumping off and being careful: children's strategies of risk management in everyday lifePia Christensen
Institute of Education, University of Warwick, Coventry
Sociol Health Illn 30:112-30. 2008..The article critically discusses different sociological frameworks and shows the significance of the study for the growing literature on understanding the meaning of risk in childhood...
- Understanding high traffic injury risks for children in low socioeconomic areas: a qualitative study of parents' viewsN Christie
Postgraduate Medical School, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, UK
Inj Prev 13:394-7. 2007..To gain an in-depth qualitative understanding of parents' views about their children's exposure to road traffic injury risk in low socioeconomic areas...
- Policy issues and risk-benefit trade-offs of 'safer surfacing' for children's playgroundsDavid J Ball
Centre for Decision Analysis and Risk Management, School of Health and Social Sciences, Middlesex University, Queensway, Enfield, Middlesex EN3 4SF, UK
Accid Anal Prev 36:661-70. 2004....
- Pediatric eye injuries related to consumer products in the United States, 1997-2006Jennifer Moren Cross
Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0009, USA
J AAPOS 12:626-8. 2008....
- Magnetic toy ingestion: surgical implicationsNatasha Moussouras
Providence Alaska MC, USA
Alaska Med 49:117-9. 2008..We describe a case of multiple bowel perforations as a result of fistulization from magnetic attraction across portions of the intestinal wall that demonstrate the importance in acquiring surgical attention...
- A psychometric analysis of chess expertiseHan L J van der Maas
Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Am J Psychol 118:29-60. 2005..Incorporating response latencies in test scores is shown to lead to an increase in criterion validity, particularly for easy items...
- A stronger understanding of magnet-ingestion injuriesRamin Jamshidi
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:900; author reply 900. 2008
- Object interest in autism spectrum disorder: a treatment comparisonAndrea S McDuffie
Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin Madison, WI 53705, USA
Autism 16:398-405. 2012....
- Media use as a reason for meal skipping and fast eating in secondary school childrenJ Van den Bulck
The Leuven School for Mass Communication Research, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Van Evenstraat 2A, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
J Hum Nutr Diet 19:91-100. 2006..This study examined self-reported meal skipping and eating faster than usual with the goal of watching television or playing computer games...
- The effects of gender, motor skills and play area on the free play activities of 8-11 year old school childrenNathan Harten
School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Room C7 41, City East Campus, North Terrace, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
Health Place 14:386-93. 2008..01). These results suggest that motor skills and play space are important variables in determining the free play activity of boys, but not of girls. This may be related to widely different play styles among boys and girls...
- Energy expenditure and enjoyment of common children's games in a simulated free-play environmentCheryl A Howe
Department of Kinesiology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA
J Pediatr 157:936-942.e1-2. 2010..To measure the energy expenditure and enjoyment of children's games to be used in developing a school-based intervention for preventing excessive weight gain...
- The risk of infection from toys in the intensive care settingJacqueline Randle
Postgraduate Division of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Nottingham
Nurs Stand 20:50-4. 2006..Recommendations for future practice are identified to ensure that toys can still be made available in hospital and are safe in relation to the transmission of infection...
- Psychological determinants of risk taking by children: an integrative model and implications for interventionsBarbara A Morrongiello
Psychology Department, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
Inj Prev 13:20-5. 2007....
- The effectiveness of a community playground interventionRobin Quigg
Cancer Society of New Zealand Social and Behavioural Research Unit, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, P O Box 913, Dunedin, 9054, New Zealand
J Urban Health 89:171-84. 2012..The effects of such interventions on different subgroups are of importance, especially if the effects differ over levels of BMI...
- The challenge of understanding and assessing physical activity in preschool-age children: Thinking beyond the framework of intensity, duration and frequency of activityGenevieve M Dwyer
The University of Sydney Discipline of Pediatrics and Child Health, The Children s Hospital at Westmead Clinical School, Australia
J Sci Med Sport 12:534-6. 2009..Understanding, assessing and promoting physical activity in young children should include identification of contextual factors such as developmental stage and aspects of play...
- Children's risky play from an evolutionary perspective: the anti-phobic effects of thrilling experiencesEllen Beate Hansen Sandseter
Department of Physical Education, Queen Maud University College of Early Childhood Education DMMH, Trondheim, Norway
Evol Psychol 9:257-84. 2011....
- Toy gun ocular injuries associated with festive holidays in KuwaitManal Bouhaimed
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, State of Kuwait
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 247:463-7. 2009..Prevalence of pediatric ocular trauma associated with toy guns appear to be on the rise, although they are fully preventable. The purpose of this study is to report ocular trauma secondary to toy-gun pellets in Kuwait...
- Universal, developmental, and variable aspects of young children's play: a cross-cultural comparison of pretending at homeW L Haight
School of Social Work, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801, USA
Child Dev 70:1477-88. 1999..These findings raise the theoretical issue of how universal and variable dimensions of pretend play interact in specific communities to create distinctive development pathways...
- Revisiting play elements and self-handicapping in play: a comparative ethogram of five Old World monkey speciesMilada Petrů
Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic
J Comp Psychol 123:250-63. 2009..Of 48 patterns observed in langurs, 16 (33%) were totally dissimilar to any serious langur behavior known to us. The authors discuss the possibility that the different types of play elements may have different functions in play...
- Cognitive underpinnings of pretend play in autismM D Rutherford
Department of Psychology, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 33:289-302. 2003..They also had significant deficits in our ToM measure, but not our EF measures. Regression analyses suggested a role for our measure of generativity, one of the EF measures...
- Social skills assessment of children with autism in free-play situationsAngelika Anderson
Research Centre for Interventions in Teaching and Learning, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019 Auckland, New Zealand
Autism 8:369-85. 2004..The adequacy of the provision of services for children with autism in mainstream provision is discussed...
- The validity and reliability of an instrument to assess children's outdoor play in various locationsJenny Veitch
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Australia
J Sci Med Sport 12:579-82. 2009..Evidence of the reliability and validity of items assessing where children play is novel and important considering the need to promote children's physical activity in a variety of settings...
- Best-practice guidelines for physical activity at child careChristina McWilliams
Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
Pediatrics 124:1650-9. 2009..Establishing comprehensive guidelines for physical activity at child care could result in higher activity levels and healthier children, but more research is needed...
- Objective assessment of obesogenic environments in youth: geographic information system methods and spatial findings from the Neighborhood Impact on Kids studyLawrence D Frank
Schools of Population and Public Health and Community and Regional Planning, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Am J Prev Med 42:e47-55. 2012..GIS-based walkability measures designed to explain active travel fail to capture "playability" and proximity to healthy food. These constructs should be considered when measuring potential child obesogenic environments...
- Promoting physical activity at the pre-school playground: the effects of providing markings and play equipmentGreet Cardon
Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Watersportlaan 2, Ghent, Belgium
Prev Med 48:335-40. 2009..We aimed to investigate the effects of providing play equipment and markings at the pre-school playground on physical activity engagement levels...
- Active school playgrounds-myth or reality? Results of the "move it groove it" projectA Zask
Health Promotion Unit, Lismore, New South Wales, Australia
Prev Med 33:402-8. 2001..School playgrounds during break times provide potential opportunities for children to be active during the school day. However, there is limited research on how active children really are during these breaks...
- The effect of multicolor playground markings on children's physical activity level during recessGareth Stratton
REACH Group, Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, 15 21 Webster St, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
Prev Med 41:828-33. 2005....
- Early language and communication development of infants later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorderShelley Mitchell
Autism Research Unit, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Dev Behav Pediatr 27:S69-78. 2006....
- Mammalian play: training for the unexpectedM Spinka
Ethology Group, Research Institute of Animal Production, CZ 104 01 Prague Uhríneves, Czech Republic
Q Rev Biol 76:141-68. 2001..It may also account for a diversity of individual methods for coping with unexpected misfortunes...
- Utilization and physical activity levels at renovated and unrenovated school playgroundsNatalie Colabianchi
University of South Carolina, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
Prev Med 48:140-3. 2009..This study examined utilization and physical activity levels at renovated compared to unrenovated school playgrounds...
- Rapid facial mimicry in geladasGiada Mancini
Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43125, Parma
Sci Rep 3:1527. 2013..Moreover, data point to similarities in the modality in which mother-infant synchronous behaviours are expressed among primates, suggesting a common evolutionary root in the basic elements of mother-infant affective exchanges...
- Influences of preschool policies and practices on children's physical activityMarsha Dowda
Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, USA
J Community Health 29:183-96. 2004..Children who attended preschools with lower quality spent more time in sedentary activity. In conclusion, children in preschools which may have more resources and better quality appear to show both more sedentary behavior and more MVPA...
- Neighborhood and developmental differences in children's perceptions of opportunities for play and physical activityN L Holt
Child and Adolescent Sport and Activity Research Laboratory, Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, E 488 Van Vliet, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta, Canada T6G 2H9
Health Place 14:2-14. 2008..Thus, both the type of urban neighborhood and children's age moderated perceptions of places to play and be physically active...
- Splashpads, swings, and shade: parents' preferences for neighbourhood parksPatricia Tucker
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Western Ontario, London, ON
Can J Public Health 98:198-202. 2007..Because children's use of parks is mainly under the influence of their parents, understanding parents' preferences is essential for creating the most inviting and usable park space to facilitate children's physical activity...
- A longitudinal study of pretend play in autismM D Rutherford
Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada, L8S 4K1
J Autism Dev Disord 37:1024-39. 2007..1 months). Children with autism were profoundly delayed given both competence (prompted) measures as well as performance (spontaneous) measures. Joint attention at time 1 strongly and uniquely predicted pretend play development...
- Children's active free play in local neighborhoods: a behavioral mapping studyJ Veitch
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
Health Educ Res 23:870-9. 2008..It is important to collaborate with local governments, urban planners and community groups to improve access to neighborhood parks and to promote a sense of neighborhood safety...
- Occurrence of bacteria and biochemical markers on public surfacesKelly A Reynolds
The University of Arizona, Department of Soil, Water and Environmental Science, Environmental Research Laboratory, 2601 E Airport Drive, Tucson, AZ 85706, USA
Int J Environ Health Res 15:225-34. 2005..Children's playground equipment is identified as a priority surface for additional research on the occurrence of and potential exposure to infectious disease causing agents...
- Validation of the phenomenon of autistic regression using home videotapesEmily Werner
UW Autism Center and Department of Psychology and Psychiatry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:889-95. 2005..To date, there has been no objective validation of the phenomenon of autistic regression early in life...
- Language outcome in autism: randomized comparison of joint attention and play interventionsConnie Kasari
Psychological Studies in Education, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
J Consult Clin Psychol 76:125-37. 2008..These findings suggest clinically significant benefits of actively treating JA and SP skills in young children with autism...
- Multiple magnet ingestion as a source of severe gastrointestinal complications requiring surgical interventionSanjeev Dutta
FRCSC, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Lucile Packard Children s Hospital, 780 Welch Rd, Ste 206, Stanford, CA 94305 5733, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:123-5. 2008..To raise awareness of the dangers associated with magnet ingestion in children...
- Neighborhood disorder, perceived safety, and readiness to encourage use of local playgroundsRebecca Miles
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 2280, USA
Am J Prev Med 34:275-81. 2008....
- Where do the children play? The influence of playground equipment on physical activity of children in free playThomas A Farley
School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
J Phys Act Health 5:319-31. 2008..Promotion of physical activity in children depends on an understanding of how children use play equipment...
- Playing it safe: the influence of neighbourhood safety on children's physical activity. A reviewAlison Carver
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Vic, Australia
Health Place 14:217-27. 2008..A research agenda is suggested for further study of perceived and objective measures of neighbourhood safety and their associations with children's physical activity...
- The Classroom Observation Schedule to Measure Intentional Communication (COSMIC): an observational measure of the intentional communication of children with autism in an unstructured classroom settingGreg Pasco
Department of Community Health Science, St George s University of London, London, UK
J Autism Dev Disord 38:1807-18. 2008..Results suggest that the use of observational measures of intentional communication in natural settings is a valuable assessment strategy for research and clinical practice...
- Association of access to parks and recreational facilities with the physical activity of young childrenJames N Roemmich
Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
Prev Med 43:437-41. 2006..To determine associations of the neighborhood and home television environments with young children's physical activity...
- Environmental determinants of outdoor play in children: a large-scale cross-sectional studyMarie Jeanne Aarts
Tilburg University, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Department Tranzo, Tilburg, The Netherlands
Am J Prev Med 39:212-9. 2010..Outdoor play is a cheap and natural way for children to be physically active...
- A functional imaging study of cooperation in two-person reciprocal exchangeK McCabe
Cognition and Neuroimaging Laboratories, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:11832-5. 2001..Within the group of five noncooperators, there are no significant differences in prefrontal activation between computer and human conditions...
- Television viewing, computer game playing, and Internet use and self-reported time to bed and time out of bed in secondary-school childrenJan Van den Bulck
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
Sleep 27:101-4. 2004....
- Predicting language outcome in infants with autism and pervasive developmental disorderTony Charman
Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
Int J Lang Commun Disord 38:265-85. 2003..To examine longitudinal associations between diagnosis, joint attention, play and imitation abilities and language outcome in infants with autism and pervasive developmental disorder...
- The contribution of active play to the physical activity of primary school childrenRowan Brockman
Department of Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Prev Med 51:144-7. 2010..To examine associations between active play and the physical activity of 10- to 11-year-old children...
- White matter neuroplastic changes in long-term trained players of the game of "Baduk" (GO): a voxel-based diffusion-tensor imaging studyBoreom Lee
Clinical Cognitive Neuroscience Center, Neuroscience Institute, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Neuroimage 52:9-19. 2010....
- Using accelerometers and GPS units to identify the proportion of daily physical activity located in parks with playgrounds in New Zealand childrenRobin Quigg
Cancer Society Social and Behavioural Research Unit, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, New Zealand
Prev Med 50:235-40. 2010..To identify the proportion of children's physical activity occurring in public parks with playgrounds...
- Play fighting of rats in comparative perspective: a schema for neurobehavioral analysesS M Pellis
Department of Psychology, University of Lethbridge, Canada
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 23:87-101. 1998....
- Social and communication development in toddlers with early and later diagnosis of autism spectrum disordersRebecca J Landa
Kennedy Krieger Institute, Center for Autism and Related Disorders, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21211, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:853-64. 2007..To our knowledge, no prospective studies of the developmental course of early and later diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders from 14 months of age exist...
- Exercise aids, neighborhood safety, and physical activity in adolescents and parentsJacqueline Kerr
1Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, University of California, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:1244-8. 2008..To investigate the relationships among exercise aids available at home, physical activity, and perceived neighborhood safety...
- Effects of perinatal exposure to PCBs and dioxins on play behavior in Dutch children at school ageHestien J I Vreugdenhil
Department of Paediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Erasmus University Rotterdam and University Hospital Sophia Children s Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Environ Health Perspect 110:A593-8. 2002..048). These effects suggest prenatal steroid hormone imbalances caused by prenatal exposure to environmental levels of PCBs, dioxins, and other related organochlorine compounds...
- Toy magnet ingestion in children: revising the algorithmJames Butterworth
Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55901, USA
J Pediatr Surg 42:e3-5. 2007..This would include close observation and early intervention, either with endoscopy or surgical exploration, which would theoretically prevent the more severe complications, reported in the literature...
- Stranger to familiar: wild strepsirhines manage xenophobia by playingDaniela Antonacci
Centro Interdipartimentale Museo di Storia Naturale e del Territorio, Universita di Pisa, Pisa, Italy
PLoS ONE 5:e13218. 2010..In conclusion, play appears to be an ice-breaker mechanism in the critical process that "upgrades" an individual from stranger to familiar...
- Experience and cortical control over the pubertal transition to rougher play fighting in ratsAfra Foroud
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Canadian Centre for Behavioural Neuroscience, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alta, Canada T1K 3M4
Behav Brain Res 149:69-76. 2004..These findings suggest that social experience is not needed for this developmental change to occur, and that an intact cortex is needed to regulate this change in behavior...
- Juvenile peer play experience and the development of the orbitofrontal and medial prefrontal corticesHeather C Bell
Canadian Centre for Behavioural Neuroscience, University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Drive, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada
Behav Brain Res 207:7-13. 2010..The results indicated that the neurons of the OFC responded to the number of peers present, not whether those peers engaged in play or not, whereas the neurons of the mPFC responded specifically to the experience of play...
- Playground safety and access in Boston neighborhoodsAngie L Cradock
Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Am J Prev Med 28:357-63. 2005..Youth physical activity is partly influenced by access to playgrounds and recreational opportunities. Playgrounds in disadvantaged areas may be less safe...
- Severity of playground fractures: play equipment versus standing height fallsD Fiissel
The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada
Inj Prev 11:337-9. 2005..To compare the severity of fractures from playground equipment falls to the severity of fractures from standing height falls occurring on the playground...
- Does children's screen time predict requests for advertised products? Cross-sectional and prospective analysesLisa J Chamberlain
Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics and Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, 750 Welch Road, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:363-8. 2006..To examine children's screen media exposure and requests for advertised toys and food/drinks...
- Who are tomboys and why should we study them?J Michael Bailey
Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, 2029 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA
Arch Sex Behav 31:333-41. 2002..We outline some scientific benefits of studying tomboys and describe some goals and initial findings of the Tomboy Project...
- Trends and patterns of playground injuries in United States children and adolescentsK J Phelan
Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
Ambul Pediatr 1:227-33. 2001..To determine the prevalence, trends, and severity of injuries attributable to playground falls relative to other common unintentional mechanisms that resulted in an emergency department (ED) visit in the United States...
- The relationship between joint attention and pretend play in autismT Charman
Sub Department of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, UK
Dev Psychopathol 9:1-16. 1997..It also suggests directions for future work to clarify the relationship between the two skills and to identify the nature of the underlying primary deficit in autism...
- STATISITICAL DESIGN, MONITORING &COORD. OF VISION CLINICAL TRIALS &EPIDEMIOLOGYKeri Hammel; Fiscal Year: 2013..Also, there will be a measurement of pressure in the eye and thickness of the cornea. To study patients'DNA, the researchers will obtain a bloo..
- STATISITICAL DESIGN, MONITORING &COORD. OF VISION CLINICAL TRIALS &EPIDEMIOLOGYKeri Hammel; Fiscal Year: 2012..Also, there will be a measurement of pressure in the eye and thickness of the cornea. To study patients'DNA, the researchers will obtain a bloo..
- Understanding/ Treating Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Pediatric Physical IllnessEva Szigethy; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Discovery metabolite profiling of the prolyl peptidasesAlan Saghatelian; Fiscal Year: 2009..Furthermore, the application of DMP to peptidases will demonstrate the generality of this approach for the future characterization of medically relevant enzymes and signaling pathways. ..
- Genetic variation and regulatory networks: Mechanisms and complexityDANA PE ER; Fiscal Year: 2009..These tools will be made publicly available, including a friendly graphical user interface and visualization. ..
- Variation in M. tuberculosis in response to host selectionSarah Fortune; Fiscal Year: 2009..In these studies, we expect to provide fundamental insights into the mechanisms and targets of diversifying immune selection in M. tuberculosis. ..
- Novel TIRF microscopy analyzing trafficking & signaling at the cell cortexDerek Toomre; Fiscal Year: 2009..Consistent with the recovery act's goal, this funding will provide full-time summer employment for 4 undergraduate students and accelerate scientific achievement of the parent DP2 award...
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 2 Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 2 DENNIS PATTRATH; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- NIEHS SUPPORT OF THE AHS COHORT STUDY AT NCICharles Knott; Fiscal Year: 2010..In yet another study, results suggest that maternal occupational exposure to agricultural chemicals may increase the risk of giving birth to a child with limb defects. ..
- THE AGRICULTURAL HEALTH STUDY - FIELD STATIONSCharles Lynch; Fiscal Year: 2010..In yet another study, results suggest that maternal occupational exposure to agricultural chemicals may increase the risk of giving birth to a child with limb defects. ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 2JM J TOOEY; Fiscal Year: 2012..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 2JM J TOOEY; Fiscal Year: 2013..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 2JM J TOOEY; Fiscal Year: 2011..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 3Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Identification of Genetic and Epigenetic Alterations in SpondyloarthritisTibor T Glant; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 3Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2012
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 3Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2013
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 3Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2011
- H1R Signaling and Immune Deviation in EAECory Teuscher; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Role of NGF in inflammatory and proliferative cascades of psoriatic diseaseSiba P Raychaudhuri; Fiscal Year: 2012..The success of this project will help the VA patient population immensely because both psoriasis and arthritis related sickness is a major problem among this group of patients. ..
- Role of Chromogranin A in Metabolic SyndromeSushil K Mahata; Fiscal Year: 2013..2. Evaluate the potential therapeutic effects of CST and its variants on insulin sensitivity and baroreflex sensitivity and heart rate variability in high fat diet-induced insulin resistant and in db/db diabetic mice. ..
- Cross-talk Between Coagulation, Inflammation, and ImmunityLawrence L Leung; Fiscal Year: 2013..We believe that this crosstalk between blood clotting, inflammation and immunity is important and highly relevant to our understanding of many diseases including cancer, inflammatory diseases, and abnormal blood clotting. ..
- The gastric X/A-like (ghrelin) cell: A peripheral regulator of food intakeNILS WG LAMBRECHT; Fiscal Year: 2012..The proposed studies will address important pathophysiological questions regarding the mechanisms regulating appetite and satiety as well as provide potentially important clinical treatment strategies. ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) region 4Claire Hamasu; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Importance of antigen specific immunoglobulin responses in controlling SIV/SHIV iBapi Pahar; Fiscal Year: 2010..Using this approach, we predict that we will be able to correlate SIV specific mucosal immune responses with reduction of viremia and protection from disease progression in macaques infected with pathogenic viruses. ..
- FASEB SRC on Lysophospholipd Mediators in Health and DiseaseJulie D Saba; Fiscal Year: 2011....
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 5MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Vitamin D3, Interference with Androgen Signal and Inhibition of Prostate CancerBandana Chatterjee; Fiscal Year: 2013..Information gleaned from our research may open up new strategies for prevention and clinical management of prostate cancer. ..
- Targeting Galectin-3 with novel drugs for treatment of eczemaFu Tong Liu; Fiscal Year: 2010..We hope the proposed studies will definitively validate galectin-3 as a target for treating atopic dermatitis and lead to the development of a novel therapy for this disease. ..
- Role of SAMe on UBC9 and sumolyation in liver cancer and alcoholic liver injuryMaria Lauda Tomasi; Fiscal Year: 2012..Three aims are proposed in this application to test these hypotheses and elucidate how SAMe affects signaling pathways that are important in hepatocarcinogenesis and development of alcoholic liver injury. ..
- ORGANIZATION OF CENTRAL SYMPATHETIC PATHWAYSPatrice G Guyenet; Fiscal Year: 2013..This research focuses on specific neuronal networks located in the lower part of the brain called the medulla oblongata and its ultimate goal is to uncover novel treatments for OSA and other sleep-related respiratory disorders. ..
- CRF-Oxytocin Interaction in the Regulation of Stress and AffectJoanna Dabrowska; Fiscal Year: 2013..My career objective is to conduct independent research to understand how stress and affect interact and elucidate their respective roles in the etiology of mental disorders like depression and anxiety. ..
- Structure and function of urea transportersMing Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2013..Compounds that selectively block urea transporter will have diuretic effect but will not interfere with the salt balance. ..
- Discovery of Small Molecule MBT Domain AntagonistsSTEPHEN VERNON FRYE; Fiscal Year: 2010..The chemical probes designed, synthesized and validated in this proposal will have applications in the discovery of molecular targets to treat diseases such as cancer and in the development of safe stem cell based therapeutics. ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 7TAMARA COMBS; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Agrin/alpha 3 Na,K-ATPase signaling at the neuromuscular junctionMartin A Smith; Fiscal Year: 2012..This novel signal pathway represents a new therapeutic target for the treatment of neuromuscular disease. ..
- Sphingolipid Metabolism in Drosophila DevelopmentJulie D Saba; Fiscal Year: 2013..Thus, our research plan has potentially broad translational significance. ..
- Cellular &Inflammatory Pathways in Ashtma &Allergic Diseases: From IgE to CellsLAWRENCE BARRY SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2012..Understanding more precisely the characteristics of and the mechanism(s) behind desensitization will enable physicians to better utilize this approach to reduce mast cell/basophil-mediated contributions to asthma and allergic diseases. ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 4HAMASU CLAIRE; Fiscal Year: 2011
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 8Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2013
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 4HAMASU CLAIRE; Fiscal Year: 2013
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 8Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2011
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 8Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2012
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 4HAMASU CLAIRE; Fiscal Year: 2012
- Med1 in Liver Metabolism, Regeneration and CancerJanardan K Reddy; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- MOLECULAR BASIS OF INSULIN RESISTANCEMaureen J Charron; Fiscal Year: 2010..Results of these studies may yield new information for setting guidelines for pregnant and lactating women that may protect offspring from enhanced susceptibility to these metabolic diseases. ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 1Colleen Cuddy; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Targeted siRNA nanotechnology for intravesical treatment of urologicaldiseasesRobert M Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2010..Our first test of these nanoparticles will use a mouse model of bladder cancer. Thus, we can determine the therapeutic potential of siRNA for treatment of urologic diseases. ..
- Functional Genomics of the Mitochondrial ProteomeDennis R Winge; Fiscal Year: 2011..The function of up to 30% of the mitochondrial proteome is unknown. This proposal will elucidate the function of these un-annotated mitochondrial proteins, providing new insights into the role of mitochondria in human disease. ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 6CATHY BURROUGHS; Fiscal Year: 2013..abstract_text> ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 6CATHY BURROUGHS; Fiscal Year: 2012..abstract_text> ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 5MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2013
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 5MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2011
- Insulin Signaling and the Heart in DiabetesEVAN DALE ABEL; Fiscal Year: 2011..Moreover, elucidation of the signaling mechanisms that regulate autophagy in cardiomyocytes may lead to novel therapies for preventing or modulating heart injury as occurs in diabetes, cardiac ischemia or cardiac hypertrophy. ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 6CATHY BURROUGHS; Fiscal Year: 2011
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 5MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2012
- Skeletal Muscle. Ca Release Control Inside the Sarcoplasmic Reticulum.Eduardo Rios; Fiscal Year: 2013..As a result there will be multiple repercussions to their defects or failures. It can be anticipated, therefore, that our research will have consequences outside its field of muscle and exercise. ..
- Nanoparticle Coupled Antioxidants for Respiratory Illness in VeteransRODNEY JON SCHLOSSER; Fiscal Year: 2013..We will use a murine model of allergic fungal rhinosinusitis with exacerbation by smoke or DEP exposure to determine the efficacy of antiMUC1-SOD/CAT-NPs. ..
- Remodeling Neuronal Chromatin in Mouse Models for DepressionSchahram Akbarian; Fiscal Year: 2013..Then, indirectly, the chromatin changes brought about by Setdb1 result in certain adaptations in the communication between nerve cells, ultimately resulting in an antidepressant-like effect. ..
- Hydrodynamic forces modulate renal tubular functionRajeev Rohatgi; Fiscal Year: 2012....
- Role and Regulation of INrf2ANIL KUMAR JAISWAL; Fiscal Year: 2013..The studies may also provide the basis for further analysis of identified targets (cis- and trans-elements) that could ultimately allow us to increase the chemoprotective capacity of cells. ..
- Effect of diet & commensal bacteria on diabetes outcome in NOD mouseLi Wen; Fiscal Year: 2010..Although we use a diabetes model system, the impact of our study is beyond T1D and could potentially apply to allergy, asthma and possibly other diseases that affect by environments. ..
- Site-directed Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer using Novel Angiogenesis InhibitorShaker A Mousa; Fiscal Year: 2010..A novel technology, the use of nanoparticles to encapsulate the test drugs, and direct them to tumors will be tested to determine whether these nanoparticles can improve the delivery of drugs and minimize the associated toxicities. ..
- Therapeutic for Intracerebral HemorrhageDale Christensen; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Genetic Control of Axial Patterning in Drosophila EyeAmit Singh; Fiscal Year: 2010..It will also help to understand the molecular basis of developmental defects caused by mutations in the human homolog of Drosophila. ..
- Use of Interactive Gaming for Enhanced Function after Spinal Cord InjuryBEATRICE JENNY KIRATLI; Fiscal Year: 2011..Health maintenance and prevention of further disablement and chronic illness is a high priority for VHA. ..
- Mechanisms of Astrocyte DevelopmentTeri L Belecky Adams; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Molecular mechanisms of oxidative stress resistance in an animal model of aging wSarah Milton; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- ALCOHOL AND LIVER ENDOTHELIAL CELLS IN IMMUNE RESPONSESGeoffrey Thiele; Fiscal Year: 1999..These studies should contribute to the clarification of the role of ethanol modified LEC function and subsequent immune responses in the pathogenesis of alcohol liver injury. ..
- Improving Production of Attenuated Malaria Sporozoite Vaccines through Genetic MoPeter Billingsley; Fiscal Year: 2009..Success in this project will significantly decrease the cost of development and production of the vaccine, and reduce the time to market for this malaria vaccine. ..
- JAK-3 AND MYELOID CELL DIFFERENTIATIONE Reddy; Fiscal Year: 2000....