virtues

Summary

Summary: Character traits that are considered to be morally praiseworthy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)

Top Publications

  1. Hughes J. Using neurotechnologies to develop virtues: a Buddhist approach to cognitive enhancement. Account Res. 2013;20:27-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Then the ten paramitas of Theravadan Buddhism are explored to frame an exploration of the potential genes, neurochemicals and brain structures that could be targeted as part of a program of neurotechnological moral enhancement. ..
  2. Gardiner P. A virtue ethics approach to moral dilemmas in medicine. J Med Ethics. 2003;29:297-302 pubmed
    ..Two different moral dilemmas are analysed using virtue ethics in order to illustrate how it can enhance our approach to ethics in medicine. ..
  3. Campbell A. The virtues (and vices) of the four principles. J Med Ethics. 2003;29:292-6 pubmed
    ..Together they provide a more adequate account of the moral life than either can offer on its own. The virtues of principlism are clarity, simplicity and (to some extent) universality...
  4. Houtepen R, Hendrikx D. Nurses and the virtues of dealing with existential questions in terminal palliative care. Nurs Ethics. 2003;10:377-87 pubmed
    ..show that the subtleties of the communicative dimension of palliative terminal care require an intricate set of virtues on the part of the nurse...
  5. Holland S. Scepticism about the virtue ethics approach to nursing ethics. Nurs Philos. 2010;11:151-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The upshot is that virtue ethics is best left where it belongs - in personal moral life, not professional ethics - and nursing ethics is best done by taking other approaches. ..
  6. Bolsin S, Faunce T, Oakley J. Practical virtue ethics: healthcare whistleblowing and portable digital technology. J Med Ethics. 2005;31:612-8 pubmed
    ..whether healthcare whistleblowing should be considered central to any medical ethics emphasising professional virtues and conscience...
  7. Armstrong A. Towards a strong virtue ethics for nursing practice. Nurs Philos. 2006;7:110-24 pubmed
    ..I examine the work of Hursthouse on virtue ethics' action guidance and the v-rules. I argue that the moral virtues and a strong (action-guiding) version of virtue ethics provide a plausible and viable alternative for nursing ..
  8. Miller G. Sexual selection for moral virtues. Q Rev Biol. 2007;82:97-125 pubmed
    ..Yet, moral virtues are also sexually attractive...
  9. Pellegrino E. Professionalism, profession and the virtues of the good physician. Mt Sinai J Med. 2002;69:378-84 pubmed
    ..This essay undertakes to provide a philosophical grounding for ethically responsible professionalism in the phenomena of clinical medicine, in the character of the professional, and in virtue theory. ..
  10. Carnevale F. The birth of tragedy in pediatrics: a phronetic conception of bioethics. Nurs Ethics. 2007;14:571-82 pubmed
    ..The phronetic agent addresses tragic dilemmas involving children as a narrator of contextualized temporal embodied human (counter)stories. ..

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. Hughes J. Using neurotechnologies to develop virtues: a Buddhist approach to cognitive enhancement. Account Res. 2013;20:27-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Then the ten paramitas of Theravadan Buddhism are explored to frame an exploration of the potential genes, neurochemicals and brain structures that could be targeted as part of a program of neurotechnological moral enhancement. ..
  2. Gardiner P. A virtue ethics approach to moral dilemmas in medicine. J Med Ethics. 2003;29:297-302 pubmed
    ..Two different moral dilemmas are analysed using virtue ethics in order to illustrate how it can enhance our approach to ethics in medicine. ..
  3. Campbell A. The virtues (and vices) of the four principles. J Med Ethics. 2003;29:292-6 pubmed
    ..Together they provide a more adequate account of the moral life than either can offer on its own. The virtues of principlism are clarity, simplicity and (to some extent) universality...
  4. Houtepen R, Hendrikx D. Nurses and the virtues of dealing with existential questions in terminal palliative care. Nurs Ethics. 2003;10:377-87 pubmed
    ..show that the subtleties of the communicative dimension of palliative terminal care require an intricate set of virtues on the part of the nurse...
  5. Holland S. Scepticism about the virtue ethics approach to nursing ethics. Nurs Philos. 2010;11:151-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The upshot is that virtue ethics is best left where it belongs - in personal moral life, not professional ethics - and nursing ethics is best done by taking other approaches. ..
  6. Bolsin S, Faunce T, Oakley J. Practical virtue ethics: healthcare whistleblowing and portable digital technology. J Med Ethics. 2005;31:612-8 pubmed
    ..whether healthcare whistleblowing should be considered central to any medical ethics emphasising professional virtues and conscience...
  7. Armstrong A. Towards a strong virtue ethics for nursing practice. Nurs Philos. 2006;7:110-24 pubmed
    ..I examine the work of Hursthouse on virtue ethics' action guidance and the v-rules. I argue that the moral virtues and a strong (action-guiding) version of virtue ethics provide a plausible and viable alternative for nursing ..
  8. Miller G. Sexual selection for moral virtues. Q Rev Biol. 2007;82:97-125 pubmed
    ..Yet, moral virtues are also sexually attractive...
  9. Pellegrino E. Professionalism, profession and the virtues of the good physician. Mt Sinai J Med. 2002;69:378-84 pubmed
    ..This essay undertakes to provide a philosophical grounding for ethically responsible professionalism in the phenomena of clinical medicine, in the character of the professional, and in virtue theory. ..
  10. Carnevale F. The birth of tragedy in pediatrics: a phronetic conception of bioethics. Nurs Ethics. 2007;14:571-82 pubmed
    ..The phronetic agent addresses tragic dilemmas involving children as a narrator of contextualized temporal embodied human (counter)stories. ..
  11. Hall L, Angus J, Peter E, O Brien Pallas L, Wynn F, Donner G. Media portrayal of nurses' perspectives and concerns in the SARS crisis in Toronto. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2003;35:211-6 pubmed
    ..Some descriptions of the care and caring of nurses have made nursing seem like an important and influential profession to potential applicants who might previously have dismissed nursing as a career. ..
  12. Giordano J. Moral agency in pain medicine: philosophy, practice and virtue. Pain Physician. 2006;9:41-6 pubmed
    ..It is argued that an agent-based, virtue ethics best enable the clinician to both apprehend the complexity of this relationship and appreciate other ethical approaches in the discourse arising from issues of care. ..
  13. Chambers D. Heroes. J Am Coll Dent. 2007;74:42-7 pubmed
    ..Properly understood, we can find examples of heroes in dentistry, even if they are not the ones that come naturally to mind. ..
  14. de Araujo Sartorio N, Pavone Zoboli E. Images of a 'good nurse' presented by teaching staff. Nurs Ethics. 2010;17:687-94 pubmed publisher
    ..The results point to a transition phase from a historical introjection of religious values of obedience and service to a new sense of a secular, proactive, scientific and professional identity. ..
  15. Martinsen E. Harm in the absence of care: Towards a medical ethics that cares. Nurs Ethics. 2011;18:174-83 pubmed publisher
  16. Kovac J. Reverence and ethics in science. Sci Eng Ethics. 2013;19:745-56 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, it discusses the importance of reverence as a cardinal virtue for scientists drawing on the ideas of Paul Woodruff on the role of virtue in community. ..
  17. Mayes C, Blakely B, Kerridge I, Komesaroff P, Olver I, Lipworth W. On the fragility of medical virtue in a neoliberal context: the case of commercial conflicts of interest in reproductive medicine. Theor Med Bioeth. 2016;37:97-111 pubmed publisher
    ..about the impact of commercial arrangements on physicians' willingness and capacity to enact their professional virtues. This article examines the ways in which commercial arrangements have been negotiated to secure medical virtue ..
  18. Giblin M. Beyond principles: virtue ethics in hospice and palliative care. Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2002;19:235-9 pubmed
    ..What kind of caregiver will I be?" "What kind of community will we be? This article is a discussion of virtues that are appropriate in hospice staff and volunteers: compassion/empathy, faithfulness, justice/advocacy and ..
  19. McKie A. 'The demolition of a man': lessons from Holocaust literature for the teaching of nursing ethics. Nurs Ethics. 2004;11:138-49 pubmed
    ..By focusing on such themes as rationality, duty, witness and the virtues, potential lessons for nurses working with people in a variety of settings can be drawn...
  20. Reichlin M. Observations on the epistemological status of bioethics. J Med Philos. 1994;19:79-102 pubmed
    ..Bioethics is in fact a complex, three-level form of knowledge. The misunderstanding of this complexity has led to some confusion and to conflicts of attribution among those who are concerned with it. ..
  21. Eskine K, Kacinik N, Webster G. The bitter truth about morality: virtue, not vice, makes a bland beverage taste nice. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e41159 pubmed publisher
    ..As expected, reading about moral transgressions, moral virtues, or control events resulted in inducing gustatory disgust, delight, or neutral taste experiences, respectively...
  22. Kwok S, Matorin A, Kahn D. Clinical and ethical dilemmas in the psychiatric care of patients who border on the edge of being able to live safely and independently. J Psychiatr Pract. 2012;18:213-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Throughout medicine, physicians' professional virtues and obligations of beneficence may conflict with the need to balance respect for patient autonomy and deliver ..
  23. Hasselaar J. Palliative sedation until death: an approach from Kant's ethics of virtue. Theor Med Bioeth. 2008;29:387-96 pubmed publisher
    ..Because the latter can be difficult to diagnose properly, safeguards may be needed in order to prevent the application of CDS for the wrong reasons. ..
  24. Lachman V. Moral courage in action: case studies. Medsurg Nurs. 2007;16:275-7 pubmed
  25. Maher K. Physician socialization and the loss of idealism. J S C Med Assoc. 2006;102:67-9 pubmed
  26. Larkin G, Fowler R. Essential ethics for EMS: cardinal virtues and core principles. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2002;20:887-911 pubmed
    ..Ultimately, humans perform best when they share themselves unselfconsciously, surrendering to an enterprise and cause far greater than themselves. Our citizens, patients, and heroic colleagues deserve no less. ..
  27. Park N, Peterson C. Moral competence and character strengths among adolescents: the development and validation of the Values in Action Inventory of Strengths for Youth. J Adolesc. 2006;29:891-909 pubmed
    ..g., hope, religiousness, love), and other-directed (interpersonal) strengths (e.g., kindness, modesty). The uses of the VIA-Youth in research and practise are discussed along with directions for future research. ..
  28. Boyd A. Medical marijuana and personal autonomy. John Marshall Law Rev. 2004;37:1253-88 pubmed
  29. Bloch S, Green S. An ethical framework for psychiatry. Br J Psychiatry. 2006;188:7-12 pubmed
  30. Jolanki O. Moral argumentation in talk about health and old age. Health (London). 2004;8:483-503 pubmed
    ..Finally, the results are discussed in relation to cultural discourses of old age and health, and their moral implications. ..
  31. Zarkovich E, Upshur R. The virtues of evidence. Theor Med Bioeth. 2002;23:403-12 pubmed
    ..In addition, a unification of virtue theories and evidence-based medicine will illustrate the need for future research in order to combine the fields of virtue-based approaches and clinical practice. ..
  32. Sellman D. The importance of being trustworthy. Nurs Ethics. 2006;13:105-15 pubmed
    ..In this article some of the reasons for the importance of being trustworthy are offered together with a preliminary discussion about how being a trustworthy nurse is far from straightforward. ..
  33. Gillon R. Ethics needs principles--four can encompass the rest--and respect for autonomy should be "first among equals". J Med Ethics. 2003;29:307-12 pubmed
    ..A plea is made for bioethicists to celebrate the approach as a basis for global moral ecumenism rather than mistakenly perceiving and denigrating it as an attempt at global moral imperialism. ..
  34. Sellman D. The practice of nursing research: getting ready for 'ethics' and the matter of character. Nurs Inq. 2016;23:24-31 pubmed publisher
  35. Rhodes R. Ethical considerations for residents. Acad Med. 1998;73:854-64 pubmed
  36. Ferguson M. Ethical postures of futility and California's Uniform Health Care Decisions Act. South Calif Law Rev. 2002;75:1217-56 pubmed
  37. Kuko─Ź M. Development of integrative bioethics in the Mediterranean area of South-East Europe. Med Health Care Philos. 2012;15:453-60 pubmed publisher
    ..In this paper, the author follows the formation, development and prospects of integrative bioethics in the wider region of the Mediterranean and Southeast Europe. ..
  38. Braude H. Normativity unbound: liminality in palliative care ethics. Theor Med Bioeth. 2012;33:107-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, this article argues for the importance of liminality for providing an ethical structure that grounds the doctrine of double effect and overcomes the impasse of phronesis in the treatment of the terminally ill. ..
  39. McDougall R. Understanding doctors' ethical challenges as role virtue conflicts. Bioethics. 2013;27:20-7 pubmed publisher
    ..I articulate a possible set of role virtues for each of these four roles, as a basis for a virtue ethics approach to analysing doctors' ethical challenges...
  40. Aulisio M, Arnold R, Youngner S. Health care ethics consultation: nature, goals, and competencies. A position paper from the Society for Health and Human Values-Society for Bioethics Consultation Task Force on Standards for Bioethics Consultation. Ann Intern Med. 2000;133:59-69 pubmed
  41. Logan D, Kilmer J, Marlatt G. The virtuous drinker: character virtues as correlates and moderators of college student drinking and consequences. J Am Coll Health. 2010;58:317-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Each of the virtues of wisdom, courage, humanity, justice, temperance, and transcendence were examined as protective factors and ..
  42. Souder L. A rhetorical analysis of apologies for scientific misconduct: do they really mean it?. Sci Eng Ethics. 2010;16:175-84 pubmed publisher
  43. Howsepian A. Treating homosexuality: a response to Yarhouse. Christ Bioeth. 2004;10:259-67 pubmed
    ..I do not believe that Christians involved in the care of homosexuals can licitly participate in such referrals. ..
  44. Burke G. The conscience of the physician. Ethics Medics. 2004;29:2-3 pubmed
  45. Sawicki N. Without consent: moral imperatives, special abilities, and the duty to treat. Am J Bioeth. 2008;8:33-5 pubmed publisher
  46. Swift T, Ashcroft R, Tadd W, Campbell A, Dieppe P. Living well through chronic illness: the relevance of virtue theory to patients with chronic osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 2002;47:474-8 pubmed
    b>Virtues and vices possessed by patients may affect their quality of life and how well they cope with disease. The objective of this study is to assess the relevance of the concept of virtue and vice to patients with chronic arthritis...
  47. Bryan C. The seven basic virtues in medicine: V. Faith. J S C Med Assoc. 2006;102:348-9 pubmed
  48. Aronson S. The perils and virtues of medical privacy. Med Health R I. 2006;89:53 pubmed
  49. DuBois J. Is compliance a professional virtue of researchers? Reflections on promoting the responsible conduct of research. Ethics Behav. 2004;14:383-95 pubmed
    ..This, in turn, requires a series of changes in the way society develops, promulgates, and enforces regulatory and IRB rules. The challenge is, simply put, to embed compliance into the world of living morality. ..
  50. Angoff N. Do physicians have an ethical obligation to care for patients with AIDS?. Yale J Biol Med. 1991;64:207-46 pubmed
    ..Not to do so diminishes the physician's ethical ideal, a vision of the physician as good physician, which has consequences for the physician's capacity to care and for the practice of medicine. ..
  51. Kuczewski M. Casuistry and principlism: the convergence of method in biomedical ethics. Theor Med Bioeth. 1998;19:509-24 pubmed
    ..That is, if the gaps in each method are filled by a concept of judgment or Aristotelian practical wisdom, these methods converge. ..
  52. Duggan P, Geller G, Cooper L, Beach M. The moral nature of patient-centeredness: is it "just the right thing to do"?. Patient Educ Couns. 2006;62:271-6 pubmed
    ..In order to sustain patient-centeredness as a moral concept, practitioners and students ought to examine these ideas to determine what their own personal reasons are for or against adopting a patient-centered approach. ..
  53. Shapiro P. Moral agency in other animals. Theor Med Bioeth. 2006;27:357-73 pubmed
    ..But, while moral agency is sufficient for significant moral status, it is by no means necessary. ..
  54. Leone S. The features of a "Mediterranean" Bioethics. Med Health Care Philos. 2012;15:431-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The ethical pattern of Aristotle was based on "virtues" and their practice...
  55. Risse G. New medical challenges during the Scottish enlightenment. Clio Med. 2005;78:1-386 pubmed
  56. McCullough L. Hume's influence on John Gregory and the history of medical ethics. J Med Philos. 1999;24:376-95 pubmed
    ..Hume's principle of sympathy is at the core of Gregory's medical ethics and the histories of Western medical ethics and bioethics pivot on Gregory--and, therefore, on Hume--as it does on few other figures. ..
  57. McDougall R. Parental virtue: a new way of thinking about the morality of reproductive actions. Bioethics. 2007;21:181-90 pubmed
    ..I posit three parental virtues and argue that we can see the moral status of a reproductive action as determined by the relationship between ..
  58. Rudnick A. A meta-ethical critique of care ethics. Theor Med Bioeth. 2001;22:505-17 pubmed
    ..primarily of the rejection of principles such as impartiality, and the endorsement of emotional or moral virtues such as compassion, as well as the notion that the preservation of relations may override the interests of the ..
  59. Santos y Vargas L. [Historical development of ethics: outstanding milestones in the ethical discourse of the West]. P R Health Sci J. 2002;21:137-43 pubmed
  60. Brady M. Hospitalized children's views of the good nurse. Nurs Ethics. 2009;16:543-60 pubmed publisher
    ..nurse emerged from the analysis: communication; professional competence; safety; professional appearance; and virtues. Each of these will be discussed in relation to good nurse literature and recommendations made for children's ..
  61. Harris C. The good engineer: giving virtue its due in engineering ethics. Sci Eng Ethics. 2008;14:153-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Four of the many professional virtues that are important for engineers correspond to the four aspects of engineering professionalism listed above...
  62. Larkin G, Iserson K, Kassutto Z, Freas G, Delaney K, Krimm J, et al. Virtue in emergency medicine. Acad Emerg Med. 2009;16:51-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Recognizing historical roots that are relevant to the modern context, this article describes 10 core virtues important for EPs...