Summary: An ethical system which emphasizes human values and the personal worth of each individual, as well as concern for the dignity and freedom of humankind.
- Crow S, O Donoghue D, Vannatta J, Thompson B. Meeting the family: promoting humanism in gross anatomy. Teach Learn Med. 2012;24:49-54 pubmed publisher..These results suggest that this program can provide students with the opportunity to maintain more humanistic attitudes at the beginning of their medical education career. ..
- Vannatta J, Crow S. Enhancing humanism through gross anatomy: a pre-course intervention. Med Educ. 2007;41:1108 pubmed
- Cohen J. Viewpoint: linking professionalism to humanism: what it means, why it matters. Acad Med. 2007;82:1029-32 pubmedThe terms professionalism and humanism are sometimes confused as being synonymous; even more confusing, each is sometimes regarded as a component feature of the other...
- Burks D, KOBUS A. The legacy of altruism in health care: the promotion of empathy, prosociality and humanism. Med Educ. 2012;46:317-25 pubmed publisher..Success will be further moderated by the culture of medicine's full acceptance of empathy and humanism into its customs, beliefs, values, interactions and daily practices.
- Stern D, Cohen J, Bruder A, Packer B, Sole A. Teaching humanism. Perspect Biol Med. 2008;51:495-507 pubmed publisherAs the "passion that animates authentic professionalism," humanism must be infused into medical education and clinical care as a central feature of medicine's professionalism movement...
- Moyer C, Arnold L, Quaintance J, Braddock C, Spickard A, Wilson D, et al. What factors create a humanistic doctor? A nationwide survey of fourth-year medical students. Acad Med. 2010;85:1800-7 pubmed publisher..sought to develop a conceptual framework of the factors that most influence medical students' development of humanism and to explore students' opinions regarding the role these factors play in developing or inhibiting humanism...
- Rosenthal S, Howard B, Schlussel Y, Herrigel D, Smolarz B, Gable B, et al. Humanism at heart: preserving empathy in third-year medical students. Acad Med. 2011;86:350-8 pubmed publisher..Students' clerkships included a mandatory, longitudinal "Humanism and Professionalism" (H&P) component, which included blogging about clerkship experiences, debriefing ..
- Markakis K, Beckman H, Suchman A, Frankel R. The path to professionalism: cultivating humanistic values and attitudes in residency training. Acad Med. 2000;75:141-50 pubmedThough few question the importance of incorporating professionalism and humanism in the training of physicians, traditional residency programs have given little direct attention to the processes by which professional and humanistic values,..
- Miller S, Schmidt H. The habit of humanism: a framework for making humanistic care a reflexive clinical skill. Acad Med. 1999;74:800-3 pubmedWhile many have voiced the need for increased humanism in the practice of medicine, few approaches exist for explicitly and systematically permeating the medical culture with humanistic thinking and behavior...
- Wolf G. Portrayal of negative qualities in a doctor as a potential teaching tool in medical ethics and humanism: Journey to the End of Night by Louis-Ferdinand Celine. Postgrad Med J. 2006;82:154-6 pubmed..Unfortunately, Dr Bardamu develops an unprofessional, even criminal behaviour, and may serve as a negative role model for the virtues of physicians. This article will familiarise the reader with the novel and its physician author. ..
- Branch W, Kern D, Haidet P, Weissmann P, Gracey C, Mitchell G, et al. The patient-physician relationship. Teaching the human dimensions of care in clinical settings. JAMA. 2001;286:1067-74 pubmed..humanistic dimensions of care during medical education, these are few known techniques for effective teaching of humanism. We describe the barriers that inhibit humanistic teaching and suggest pragmatic teaching methods to overcome ..
- Lypson M, Hauser J. Talking medicine: a course in medical humanism--what do third-year medical students think?. Acad Med. 2002;77:1169-70 pubmed..The course "Talking Medicine" was developed to create a series of small-group discussions on humanism and professionalism where students can reflect on the process of becoming a physician and share personally or ..
- Belkin G. Moving beyond bioethics: history and the search for medical humanism. Perspect Biol Med. 2004;47:372-85 pubmed..Instead, history can be employed to counter the preoccupation with translating concerns about medicine into moral terms and to move towards what is more sorely needed: a true medical humanism.
- Gracey C, Haidet P, Branch W, Weissmann P, Kern D, Mitchell G, et al. Precepting humanism: strategies for fostering the human dimensions of care in ambulatory settings. Acad Med. 2005;80:21-8 pubmedHumanistic medical care is an important element of quality health care, and teaching humanism is increasingly recognized as an integral component of medical education...
- Munch S. A qualitative analysis of physician humanism: women's experiences with hyperemesis gravidarum. J Perinatol. 2000;20:540-7 pubmed..This study highlights the importance of physicians "believing a patient's story" in contributing to patient satisfaction and possibly health outcomes. ..
- Misch D. Evaluating physicians' professionalism and humanism: the case for humanism "connoisseurs". Acad Med. 2002;77:489-95 pubmedPhysicians' professionalism and humanism have become central foci of the efforts of medical educators as the public, various accrediting and licensing agencies, and the profession itself have expressed concerns about the apparent erosion ..
- Mangione S, Kane G, Caruso J, Gonnella J, Nasca T, Hojat M. Assessment of empathy in different years of internal medicine training. Med Teach. 2002;24:370-3 pubmed..72). Correlation between empathy and ratings on humanism was 0.17...
- Kissoon N. Bench-to-bedside review: humanism in pediatric critical care medicine - a leadership challenge. Crit Care. 2005;9:371-5 pubmed..Ultimately, humanistic leadership creates an ICU culture that supports all, is conducive to enriching lives, and is sensitive to the needs of patients and their families. ..
- Cheng Y, Raisch D, Borrego M, Gupchup G. Economic, clinical, and humanistic outcomes (ECHOs) of pharmaceutical care services for minority patients: a literature review. Res Social Adm Pharm. 2013;9:311-29 pubmed publisher..However, more studies are needed to document the effects of pharmaceutical care on reducing racial/ethnic health disparities and to determine which interventions are most effective among certain groups with health disparities. ..
- Authors in this section have noted that humanism is intrinsic to psychotherapy, although disagreements remain. One of the disagreements is about the role of science in humanism...
- Lapid M, Moutier C, Dunn L, Hammond K, Roberts L. Professionalism and ethics education on relationships and boundaries: psychiatric residents' training preferences. Acad Psychiatry. 2009;33:461-9 pubmed publisher..Residents who reported encountering ethical dilemmas more frequently wanted more education on these topics. ..
- Bergseth K, Bouffard J. Examining the effectiveness of a restorative justice program for various types of juvenile offenders. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol. 2013;57:1054-75 pubmed publisher..Results generally support the effectiveness of the program for many types of offenders. Implications for future research and potential improvements to the RJ model are discussed. ..
- de Souza T, Gaíva M, Modes P. [The humanization of birth: how health professionals working in delivery care perceive it]. Rev Gaucha Enferm. 2011;32:479-86 pubmed..We conclude that it is essential to change the biomedical model from a mainly technical approach to an approach that values the social and cultural aspects of pregnancy and delivery. ..
- Sun J. Medical implication in the Bible and its relevance to modern medicine. J Integr Med. 2013;11:416-21 pubmed publisher..which is not at odds, but in harmony with the modern medicine. ..
- McCarthy M. Bruteau's philosophy of spiritual evolution and consciousness: foundation for a nursing cosmology. Nurs Philos. 2011;12:67-75 pubmed publisher..The author suggests spiritual evolution and a participatory consciousness as an ontological foundation for a cosmology congruent with nursing's social mandate. ..
- Farren A. Power, uncertainty, self-transcendence, and quality of life in breast cancer survivors. Nurs Sci Q. 2010;23:63-71 pubmed publisher..Implications for theory, research, and practice are discussed. ..
- ..In these times, there is a lack of regard for what patients want and need in living their quality of life. Since nurses are the facilitators of patient care, they must define how they are with patients and advocate for all people. ..
- Véret J. [Health education professions]. Sante Publique. 2007;19 Suppl 1:S65-72 pubmed
- Lindwall L, von Post I. Continuity created by nurses in the perioperative dialogue--a literature review. Scand J Caring Sci. 2009;23:395-401 pubmed publisher..This study suggests further research and that a means of measuring caring in the perioperative dialogue should be more developed. ..
- Medeiros H, da Motta M. [HIV/AIDS children living in shelters under the perspective of humanistic nursing]. Rev Gaucha Enferm. 2008;29:400-7 pubmed
- Branch W. Treating the whole patient: passing time-honoured skills for building doctor-patient relationships on to generations of doctors. Med Educ. 2014;48:67-74 pubmed publisher..A modern way of practice is emerging; this emphasises the human side of medicine and its rewards, despite barriers such as those imposed by time limitations. ..
- Grossi E. Technology transfer from the science of medicine to the real world: the potential role played by artificial adaptive systems. Subst Use Misuse. 2007;42:267-304 pubmed..partially escape from the probability theory trap in situations where it is fundamental to express a judgement based on a single case and favor a novel humanism directed to the management of the patient as an individual subject person.
- jiménez Ramos F. [Humanism in medicine practice]. Bol Asoc Med P R. 2007;99:4-7 pubmed
- Smith D. Viewpoint: envisioning the successful integration of EBM and humanism in the clinical encounter: fantasy or fallacy?. Acad Med. 2008;83:268-73 pubmed publisher..the development of models of medical education and clinical practice that appropriately acknowledge both EBM and humanism. Striking the right balance between these two elements will require much additional research, but those who ..
- Marques I, Souza A. [Technology and humanization in critical care environments]. Rev Bras Enferm. 2010;63:141-4 pubmed..However, if it is associated with humanization can achieves satisfactory results, improving the host of customer who receives the care provided by technology. ..
- Garvey K, Kesselheim J, Herrick D, Woolf A, Leichtner A. Graduate medical education in humanism and professionalism: a needs assessment survey of pediatric gastroenterology fellows. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014;58:34-7 pubmed publisherThe deterioration of humanism and professionalism during graduate medical training is an acknowledged concern, and programs are required to provide professionalism education for pediatric fellows...
- Lipscomb M, Ishmael A. Humanistic educational theory and the socialization of preregistration mental health nursing students. Int J Ment Health Nurs. 2009;18:173-8 pubmed publisher..Although the paper is UK specific, it nonetheless raises questions that are pertinent to nurse training in other countries, where the state plays a dominant coordinating role in service organization and delivery. ..
- Roqué M, Ruival C, Roqué C. [The representation of physical pain in art and the Greek escultural group of the Laocoonte]. Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba. 2006;63:57-9 pubmed..A demonstration of the importance of literature and sculpture as an humanistic complement for teaching History of Medicine. ..
- Stacey G, Felton A, Joynson K. Masters at work: a narrative inquiry into the experiences of mental health nurses qualifying with an undergraduate Masters degree. Nurse Educ Today. 2010;30:333-7 pubmed publisher..The findings demonstrate the importance of supportive networks to maintain values and criticality. ..
- Manninen B. Are human embryos Kantian persons?: Kantian considerations in favor of embryonic stem cell research. Philos Ethics Humanit Med. 2008;3:4 pubmed publisher..Finally, I will end the paper by drawing from Allen Wood's work in Kantian philosophy in order to generate an argument in favor of hESCR. ..
- Rollin B. Of mice and men. Am J Bioeth. 2007;7:55-7 pubmed
- Traynor M. Humanism and its critiques in nursing research literature. J Adv Nurs. 2009;65:1560-7 pubmed publisher..Many nurses from the mid-1970s onwards have described and promoted humanism as an appropriate philosophical basis for nursing practice and research...
- de Goulart B, Chiari B. [Thinking about health related professions humanized practice]. Cien Saude Colet. 2010;15:255-68 pubmed
- Nascimento A, Moyses S, Bisinelli J, Moysés S. Oral health in the family health strategy: a change of practices or semantics diversionism. Rev Saude Publica. 2009;43:455-62 pubmed..Local health managers and oral health program coordinators must bring more weight to bear in the arena that defines public policy priorities. ..
- Braude H. Colonialism, Biko and AIDS: reflections on the principle of beneficence in South African medical ethics. Soc Sci Med. 2009;68:2053-60 pubmed publisher..This paper argues for a South African bioethics informed by a critical humanism that takes account of the colonial past, and that does not model itself on an "original wound" or ..
- De Oliveira R, Oselka G, Cohen C, Costa S. Clinical bioethics. J Int Bioethique. 2008;19:157-64, 204 pubmed..These discussions entail analysis of not only the facts and circumstances surrounding each case, but also the values which lead to patients, health teams and institutions opting to recommend, accept or refuse a given conduct. ..
- O Malley B. Cellular proteome, coregulators, endocrine system and the human brain: the Regulatory biology of humanism. Aging (Albany NY). 2011;3:22-5 pubmed
- Bricker J, Tollison S. Comparison of motivational interviewing with acceptance and commitment therapy: a conceptual and clinical review. Behav Cogn Psychother. 2011;39:541-59 pubmed publisher..Despite their conceptual and clinical differences, MI and ACT are complementary interventions. Collaborations between MI and ACT researchers may yield fruitful cross-fertilization research on core processes and clinical outcomes. ..
- Pahlman I, Tohmo H, Gylling H. Pandemic influenza: human rights, ethics and duty to treat. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2010;54:9-15 pubmed publisher..Until disaster threatens humanity, volunteering to work during a pandemic might be the best way to ensure that physicians and other health-care workers stay at their workplace. Broad discussion in society is needed. ..
- Lippel K. Preserving workers' dignity in workers' compensation systems: an international perspective. Am J Ind Med. 2012;55:519-36 pubmed publisher..Systems that succeed in reducing opportunities for adversarial interactions and that provide substantive protection could better promote the dignity of claimants. ..
- ..The findings are discussed in relation to the human becoming school of thought and related literature. ..
- Koch T. Enhancing who? Enhancing what? Ethics, bioethics, and transhumanism. J Med Philos. 2010;35:685-99 pubmed publisher..The paper concludes with the argument that species advancement is possible but in a manner thoroughly distinct from that advanced by either of these groups. ..
- Waterman A. The humanistic psychology-positive psychology divide: contrasts in philosophical foundations. Am Psychol. 2013;68:124-33 pubmed publisher..Because of this philosophical divide, adherents of the two perspectives may best be advised to pursue separately their shared desire to understand and promote human potentials and well-being. ..
- Shabanzadeh A, Sadr S, Ghafari A, Nozari B, Toushih M. Organ and tissue donation knowledge among intensive care unit nurses. Transplant Proc. 2009;41:1480-2 pubmed publisher..It was concluded that the "concept of brain death" and the "preferences of transplant over other treatment modalities" are the two items that need further attention in educational programs for nurses. ..
- Bellver Capella V. [Crisis and future of humanity]. Rev Enferm. 2012;35:6-14 pubmed
- Jacob J, Holmes D, Buus N. Humanism in forensic psychiatry: the use of the tidal nursing model. Nurs Inq. 2008;15:224-30 pubmed publisher..This article will engage in a critical reflection on how humanism has influenced nursing theorists and the subsequent production of conceptual models and theories, especially as ..
- Wu H, Volker D. Humanistic Nursing Theory: application to hospice and palliative care. J Adv Nurs. 2012;68:471-9 pubmed publisher..Future research efforts in hospice and palliative nursing should define and evaluate these concepts for efficacy in practice settings. ..
- Akerjordet K, Severinsson E. Emotional intelligence: a review of the literature with specific focus on empirical and epistemological perspectives. J Clin Nurs. 2007;16:1405-16 pubmed..Emotional intelligence seems to lead to more positive attitudes, greater adaptability, improved relationships and increased orientation towards positive values. ..
- Hennington E. [Management of work processes and humanization in health care: an ergological perspective]. Rev Saude Publica. 2008;42:555-61 pubmed..It was crucial to the Brazilian National Health System humanization to promote inclusion and appreciation of health workers. ..