Summary: Persons as individuals (e.g., ABORTION APPLICANTS) or as members of a group (e.g., HISPANIC AMERICANS). It is not used for members of the various professions (e.g., PHYSICIANS) or occupations (e.g., LIBRARIANS) for which OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS is available.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi [Evaluation of the quality of care for diabetic patients in Latin America]
    J J Gagliardino
    Centro de Endocrinología Experimental y Aplicada CENEXA, Universidad Nacional de La Plata Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas UNLP CQNICET, La Plata, Argentina
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 10:309-17. 2001
  2. ncbi Immunity to Candida
    P L Fidel
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Parasitology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, USA
    Oral Dis 8:69-75. 2002
  3. ncbi The profile and distribution of myosin heavy chain isoforms in middle-aged sedentary persons
    R Puhke
    Institute of Exercise Biology and Physiotherapy, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 46:176-82. 2006
  4. ncbi Revolutionary advances in adaptive seating systems for the elderly and persons with disabilities that assist sit-to-stand transfers
    Richard F Edlich
    Plastic Surgery Research Program, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virgnia, USA
    J Long Term Eff Med Implants 13:31-9. 2003
  5. ncbi Changes needed in the care for sheltered persons: a multistate analysis from Hurricane Katrina
    Jennifer Lee Jenkins
    Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Am J Disaster Med 4:101-6. 2009
  6. ncbi [The success of hygiene in the last 40 years]
    E Thofern
    Hygiene Institut,
    Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg B 187:271-94. 1989
  7. pmc Current CDC efforts to prevent and control human immunodeficiency virus infection and AIDS in the United States through information and education
    J O Mason
    Centers for Disease Control (CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333
    Public Health Rep 103:255-60. 1988
  8. pmc Design, characteristics, and usefulness of state-based behavioral risk factor surveillance: 1981-87
    P L Remington
    Division of Nutrition, Centers for Disease Control (CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333
    Public Health Rep 103:366-75. 1988
  9. ncbi [Present state of countermeasure to AIDS in the world today]
    E Takakuwa
    Hokkaido University
    Kansenshogaku Zasshi 71:1097-107. 1997
  10. ncbi Menstrual experiences and beliefs: a multicountry study of relationships with fertility and fertility regulating methods
    L J Severy
    College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611
    Women Health 20:1-20. 1993

Detail Information

Publications252 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi [Evaluation of the quality of care for diabetic patients in Latin America]
    J J Gagliardino
    Centro de Endocrinología Experimental y Aplicada CENEXA, Universidad Nacional de La Plata Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas UNLP CQNICET, La Plata, Argentina
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 10:309-17. 2001
  2. ncbi Immunity to Candida
    P L Fidel
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Parasitology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, USA
    Oral Dis 8:69-75. 2002
    ..In immunocompromised persons, however, fungal infections caused primarily by C. albicans often occur...
  3. ncbi The profile and distribution of myosin heavy chain isoforms in middle-aged sedentary persons
    R Puhke
    Institute of Exercise Biology and Physiotherapy, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 46:176-82. 2006
    ..the present study was to examine the distribution of myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms in middle-aged sedentary persons, to compare the proportion of MHC isoforms of middle-aged and young sedentary persons and to demonstrate the ..
  4. ncbi Revolutionary advances in adaptive seating systems for the elderly and persons with disabilities that assist sit-to-stand transfers
    Richard F Edlich
    Plastic Surgery Research Program, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virgnia, USA
    J Long Term Eff Med Implants 13:31-9. 2003
    The independence of elderly and arthritic patients as well as persons with disabilities is influenced considerably by their ability to stand from a chair...
  5. ncbi Changes needed in the care for sheltered persons: a multistate analysis from Hurricane Katrina
    Jennifer Lee Jenkins
    Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Am J Disaster Med 4:101-6. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to summarize the health needs of approximately 30,000 displaced persons who resided in shelters in eight states, including prescription medication needs, dispersement of durable medical ..
  6. ncbi [The success of hygiene in the last 40 years]
    E Thofern
    Hygiene Institut,
    Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg B 187:271-94. 1989
    ..The reconstruction of the towns resulted in improved housing conditions and a decreasing number of persons per housing area, reducing the intensity of physical contacts of the inhabitants with each other...
  7. pmc Current CDC efforts to prevent and control human immunodeficiency virus infection and AIDS in the United States through information and education
    J O Mason
    Centers for Disease Control (CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333
    Public Health Rep 103:255-60. 1988
    ..The target populations include the general public, school- and college-aged populations, persons infected or at increased risk of infection, minorities, and health workers...
  8. pmc Design, characteristics, and usefulness of state-based behavioral risk factor surveillance: 1981-87
    P L Remington
    Division of Nutrition, Centers for Disease Control (CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333
    Public Health Rep 103:366-75. 1988
    ..This weighting accounts for the underrepresentation of men, whites, and younger persons (18-24 years) in the telephone surveys and, for many health practices, provides prevalence estimates comparable ..
  9. ncbi [Present state of countermeasure to AIDS in the world today]
    E Takakuwa
    Hokkaido University
    Kansenshogaku Zasshi 71:1097-107. 1997
    ..This then possesses the possibility of more frequent contact with such persons and thus means we must look for how to protect ourselves...
  10. ncbi Menstrual experiences and beliefs: a multicountry study of relationships with fertility and fertility regulating methods
    L J Severy
    College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611
    Women Health 20:1-20. 1993
    ..33 to .73, and for behavior the range was .40 to .59. The cluster analysis of type of persons identified 3 groups of women: type I (26...
  11. ncbi Correlates of daytime sleepiness in 4578 elderly persons: the Cardiovascular Health Study
    C W Whitney
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Sleep 21:27-36. 1998
    ..Surprisingly, anatomic abnormalities such as evidence of previous strokes and brain atrophy (as seen on brain MRI scans) were not associated with daytime sleepiness in these non-institutionalized elderly persons.
  12. ncbi Surveillance for violent deaths--National Violent Death Reporting System, 16 States, 2007
    Debra L Karch
    Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC, 4770 Buford Hwy, N E, MS F 64, Atlanta, GA, 30341 3724, USA
    MMWR Surveill Summ 59:1-50. 2010
    An estimated 50,000 persons die annually in the United States as a result of violence-related injuries...
  13. ncbi The Saradidi, Kenya, rural health development programme: retrospective demographic analysis
    H C Spencer
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Clinical Research Centre, Nairobi
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 81:24-35. 1987
    ..The population was 42,755 (excluding 39 persons of unknown age or sex); 17.1% were less than five years old, 46.9% were below age 15, 4...
  14. ncbi Risk stratification in hypertension: new insights from the Framingham Study
    W B Kannel
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Medicine and Public Health, Boston University School of Medicine, Massachusetts 01702, USA
    Am J Hypertens 13:3S-10S. 2000
    ..Among persons with hypertension, about 40% of coronary events in men and 68% in women are attributable to the presence of two ..
  15. pmc Risk and surveillance of individuals with heritable factors for colorectal cancer. WHO Collaborating Centre for the Prevention of Colorectal Cancer
    R W Burt
    University Medical Center, Salt Lake City, UT 84132
    Bull World Health Organ 68:655-65. 1990
    ..Genetic epidemiological studies have consistently shown that first-degree relatives of persons with colon cancer have a twofold to threefold increased risk of having colon malignancy...
  16. ncbi [A study of the literature on the concentrations of arsenic, lead, cadmium and mercury in body fluids and tissues to define normal values and detection of overload. 1. Description of analytical methods and arsenic]
    P Baron
    , Abt Allgemeine und Umwelthygiene
    Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg B 186:289-310. 1988
    ..In a number of studies, metal concentrations are measured in symptom-free persons which cause symptoms in persons examined in other studies...
  17. ncbi Outbreak of cryptosporidiosis after contamination of the public water supply in Saitama Prefecture, Japan, in 1996
    N Yamamoto
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Saitama Institute of Public Health
    Kansenshogaku Zasshi 74:518-26. 2000
    ..No deaths were attributed to the outbreak. Among the visitors to Ogose who were traced, 7 persons who stayed only one day during the outbreak and drank half a glass to 2 glasses (100 to 360 ml) of tap water had ..
  18. ncbi [Bacteriological study of traveller's diarrhoea. 4) Isolation of enteropathogenic bacteria from patients with traveller's diarrhoea at Osaka Airport Quarantine Station during 1984-1991]
    A Yoshida
    Osaka Airport Quarantine Station
    Kansenshogaku Zasshi 66:1422-35. 1992
    ..Bacteriological examination of stools from 12,573 persons revealed the following results. 1) Various enteropathogenic bacteria were isolated from 3,669 cases (29...
  19. ncbi Does calcium aggravate and cause hypertension?
    R B Singh
    Medical Hospital and Research Centre, Moradabad, India
    Acta Cardiol 42:445-67. 1987
    ..It has been suggested that in susceptible persons, in the presence of high Na intake, Ca accumulation in the arterial cell becomes rapid due to impaired Na-Ca ..
  20. pmc The role of the FDA in the effort against AIDS
    F E Young
    Office of Public Affairs, Rockville, MD 20857
    Public Health Rep 103:242-5. 1988
    ..of promising experimental treatments to patients with immediately life-threatening conditions, including persons with AIDS...
  21. pmc A church-based cholesterol education program
    W H Wiist
    Department of Social Sciences and Health Behavior, College of Public Health, University of Oklahoma
    Public Health Rep 105:381-8. 1990
    ..A total of 348 persons with cholesterol levels of 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg per dl) or higher were identified...
  22. pmc PHS grants for minority group HIV infection education and prevention efforts
    J Bowles
    University of Pennsylvania
    Public Health Rep 104:552-9. 1989
    ..after epidemiologic data showed that the representation of blacks and Hispanics was disproportionately high among persons reported with AIDS...
  23. ncbi Mismatch of coronary risk and treatment intensity under the National Cholesterol Education Program guidelines
    W J McIsaac
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Toronto Hospital, Ontario, Canada
    J Gen Intern Med 6:518-23. 1991
    ..Controlling for the effects of age and gender, there is little difference in the ranges of absolute CHD risks for persons who would receive interventions of differing intensities (i.e...
  24. ncbi Strategies for the fight against tuberculosis
    D A Enarson
    IUATLD, Paris, France
    Pneumologie 48:140-3. 1994
    Tuberculosis killed 1 of every 150 persons in the general population in cities such as London, Stockholm, New York, Hamburg, Taipei, and Tokyo in the late 18th, early 19th, and late 19th century...
  25. ncbi Risk indicators of edentulism, partial tooth loss and prosthetic status among black and white middle-aged and older adults
    T A Dolan
    Division of Public Health Services and Research, University of Florida College of Dentistry, Gainesville, FL, USA
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 29:329-40. 2001
    ..restorations; to test the hypothesis that fixed prosthetic restorations are most likely to have been placed in persons at lower risk for dental and periodontal diseases, and to test the hypothesis that, with dental disease, dental ..
  26. pmc The nutritional status and dietary adequacy of single homeless women and their children in shelters
    M A Drake
    Central Missouri State University, Department of Human Environmental Sciences, Warrensburg 64093
    Public Health Rep 107:312-9. 1992
    ..of the study was to provide information on the dietary adequacy of a newly identified subgroup of homeless persons, single women and their dependent children...
  27. ncbi Rationale and design for the Antihypertensive and Lipid Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT). ALLHAT Research Group
    B R Davis
    University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, USA
    Am J Hypertens 9:342-60. 1996
    ..the combined incidence of fatal coronary heart disease (CHD) and nonfatal myocardial infarction differs between persons randomized to diuretic (chlorthalidone) treatment and each of three alternative treatments--a calcium antagonist (..
  28. ncbi [Responsiveness of a new parvovirus B19 antigen produced in baculovirus expression system to B19-specific IgG and IgM antibodies in every epidemic, 1968, 1980, 1987 and 1992 in Japan]
    T Nunoue
    School of Health Sciences, Kyushu University
    Kansenshogaku Zasshi 69:546-52. 1995
    ..derived from 67 patients with erythema infectiosum, fever and/or non-specific exanthem and aplastic crisis in persons with hereditary spherocytosis...
  29. ncbi [An outbreak of waterborne Cryptosporidiosis in Kanagawa, Japan]
    T Kuroki
    Department of Bacteriology and Pathology, Kanagawa Prefectural Public Health Laboratory
    Kansenshogaku Zasshi 70:132-40. 1996
    ..The epidemiological surveys by a questionnaire revealed that 461 out of 736 persons investigated complained of cholera-like or flu-like illness...
  30. pmc Low-income persons' access to health care: NMCUES Medicaid data
    E M Howell
    SysteMetrics/McGraw-Hill, Inc, Washington, DC 20016
    Public Health Rep 103:507-14. 1988
    ..information can provide a comparison between access to care for those covered by Medicaid, and other low-income persons. In 1980 Medicaid covered a minority of poor and low-income people, only 44 percent of the poor younger than 65 ..
  31. ncbi Studies of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with subacute thyroiditis in severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice: less production of human interferon gamma than that seen for Graves' disease
    N Yoshikawa
    Endocrinology Research Laboratory, Wellesley Hospital, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Horm Metab Res 26:419-23. 1994
    ..PBMC) from 2 patients with de Quervain's subacute thyroiditis (SAT), 2 with Graves' disease (GD), and 3 normal persons (N) were engrafted into severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice so as to study whether SAT PBMC would differ ..
  32. pmc Renal effects of environmental and occupational lead exposure
    M Loghman-Adham
    Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 105:928-38. 1997
    ..A high incidence of nephropathy was reported during the early part of this century from Queensland, Australia, in persons with a history of childhood lead poisoning...
  33. ncbi Differences in access to zidovudine (AZT) among symptomatic HIV-infected persons
    M D Stein
    Department of Medicine, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island
    J Gen Intern Med 6:35-40. 1991
    OBJECT: To evaluate socioeconomic factors that determine whether symptomatic HIV-infected persons are offered zidovudine (AZT)...
  34. pmc A community project to encourage compliance with mental health treatment aftercare
    S Bostelman
    University of Maryland at Baltimore, School of Nursing 21201
    Public Health Rep 109:153-7. 1994
    Rehospitalization of mentally ill persons has been associated mainly with two major factors, noncompliance with the prescribed course of medication and noncompliance with planned aftercare...
  35. ncbi The Ste-Justine Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Cohort Study. Part III: Back pain
    N E Mayo
    Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 19:1573-81. 1994
    OBJECTIVES. This study determined health and well being of persons with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) more than 10 years after referral. This communication will present results related to back pain. STUDY DESIGN...
  36. pmc Using 1990 national MCH objectives to assess health status and risk in an American Indian community
    B C Campbell
    Yellowhawk Indian Health Center, Pendleton, OR 97801
    Public Health Rep 104:627-31. 1989
    ..They compared the AI health risks and health status with those of other persons (non-AI) living in Umatilla County, and assessed the progress of both AI and non-AI populations toward selected ..
  37. ncbi Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory profiles in persons with or without low back pain. A 20-year follow-up study
    F R Hansen
    Department of Rheumatology, Copenhagen Municipality Hospital, Denmark
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 20:2716-20. 1995
    ..A general health survey including a cross-sectional study of 404 men and women aged 50 years who underwent follow-up evaluation at ages 60 and 70 years...
  38. pmc A framework for assessing the performance of health systems
    C J Murray
    Global Programme on Evidence for Health Policy, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 78:717-31. 2000
    ..Responsiveness includes two major components: (a) respect for persons (including dignity, confidentiality and autonomy of individuals and families to decide about their own health); ..
  39. ncbi [Food poisoning caused by enteroinvasive Escherichia coli (O164:H-)--a case in which the causative agent was identified]
    K Yamamura
    Saga Prefectural Institute of Public Health
    Kansenshogaku Zasshi 66:761-8. 1992
    ..There were 670 out of 918 persons who ingested this food who became ill (incidence 73.0%). The main symptoms were diarrhea (93.4%), fever (77...
  40. ncbi Ligamentous ossification of the cervical spine in the late middle-aged Japanese men. Its relation to body mass index and glucose metabolism
    Y Shingyouchi
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Self Defense Force Hanshin Hospital, Kawanishi City, Hyogo, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 21:2474-8. 1996
    STUDY DESIGN: The present study investigated the relationship of obesity and glucose metabolism in persons with ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament, ossification of the nucal ligament, and ossification of the posterior ..
  41. pmc The economic impact of alcohol abuse and alcoholism
    T R Burke
    Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC 20201
    Public Health Rep 103:564-8. 1988
    ..of alcohol abuse are as damaging to the nation as the health effects, affecting the family, the community, and persons of all ages...
  42. ncbi Incidence and remission of insomnia among elderly adults: an epidemiologic study of 6,800 persons over three years
    D J Foley
    Epidemiology, Demography, and Biometry Program, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, MD 20892-9205, USA
    Sleep 22:S366-72. 1999
    ..Because the vast majority of incident cases of insomnia were among persons with one or more of these risk factors, these data do not support a model of incident insomnia caused by the ..
  43. ncbi Prevalence of perceived symptoms of dry mouth in an adult Swedish population--relation to age, sex and pharmacotherapy
    T Nederfors
    Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Odontology,
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 25:211-6. 1997
    ..Four-thousand-two-hundred persons were selected at random from the national census register of the adult population of the southern part of the ..
  44. pmc Human immunodeficiency virus-related risk behavior among African-American females
    L J Cornelius
    School of Social Work, University of Maryland, Baltimore 21201, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 92:183-95. 2000
    ..low-income, unmarried homosexual, and injecting drug users to female, heterosexual, higher income, and older persons. We used data from the 1995 Survey of Family Growth, sponsored by the National Center for Health Statistics, to ..
  45. ncbi Molecular genetics of renal carcinogenesis
    C Walker
    The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Science Park Research Division, Smithville 78957, USA
    Toxicol Pathol 26:113-20. 1998
    ..Individuals at high risk for this disease include persons with end-stage renal disease, those with hereditary predispositions such as von Hippel-Lindau syndrome (VHL) or ..
  46. pmc HIV/AIDS patients' perspectives on adhering to regimens containing protease inhibitors
    V E Stone
    Department of Medicine, Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, Pawtucket 02860, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 13:586-93. 1998
    ..DESIGN: Six focus groups of persons under care for HIV were conducted between September and November 1996 regarding participants' knowledge, ..
  47. ncbi An epidemiologic study of episodes of back pain care
    P G Shekelle
    West Los Angeles VAMC, California, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 20:1668-73. 1995
    ..Six-hundred-eighty-six persons (22%) had a total 1020 episodes of back pain care, representing 8825 visits...
  48. pmc HIV-related Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in older patients hospitalized in the early HAART era
    B Kim
    Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Ill, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 16:583-9. 2001
    ..To determine whether older age continues to influence patterns of care and in-hospital mortality for hospitalized persons with HIV-related Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), as determined in our prior study from the 1980s...
  49. ncbi [Exogenous factors in the aetiology of multiple sclerosis in Cuba. A study of cases and controls]
    H J Martínez Sobrepera
    Servicio de Neurología Instituto Nacional de Neurología y Neurocirugía, La Habana, 10400, Cuba
    Rev Neurol 33:931-7. 2001
    ..Descriptive epidemiological studies indicate that the prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Cuba is in the mid range of risk. It is not known what exogenous factors may be related to the aetiology of MS...
  50. pmc Characteristics and causes of penetrating eye injuries reported to the National Eye Trauma System Registry, 1985-91
    L M Parver
    Wilmer Eye Institute, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University
    Public Health Rep 108:625-32. 1993
    ..At the time of the injury, 1.5 percent of the injured persons were wearing safety glasses and 2.9 percent were wearing nonsafety glasses...
  51. ncbi Involvement and satisfaction: a Norwegian study of health care among 1,024 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and 1,509 patients with chronic noninflammatory musculoskeletal pain
    M Brekke
    Norwegian Resource Center for Rheumatological Rehabilitation, Oslo City Department of Rheumatology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Oslo
    Arthritis Rheum 45:8-15. 2001
    ..To investigate involvement in and satisfaction with health care among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and persons with chronic noninflammatory musculoskeletal pain, to identify target areas for improvement...
  52. ncbi Health problems in a large cohort of Americans traveling to developing countries
    D R Hill
    The International Traveler s Medical Service, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, Connecticut, USA
    J Travel Med 7:259-66. 2000
    ..METHODS: A 2-year survey of 784 travelers (95% follow-up) was conducted for persons traveling for < or = 90 days...
  53. ncbi Validation of a clinical prediction rule for the differential diagnosis of acute meningitis
    W P McKinney
    Department of Internal Medicine, UT/Southwestern Medical School, Dallas, Texas
    J Gen Intern Med 9:8-12. 1994
    ..PATIENTS: All persons aged more than 17 years who were hospitalized over a ten-year period at one of five academically affiliated ..
  54. ncbi The caregiving role: dimensions of burden and benefits
    G L Cafferata
    New England Research Institute, Inc, Watertown, Massachusetts
    Compr Gerontol A 3:57-64. 1989
    ..expenditures for nursing home care raise the policy question of how to support community care of disabled elderly persons and postpone admissions to nursing homes...
  55. pmc Survey of state health agencies' staff who practice the epidemiology of noninfectious diseases and conditions
    L P Boss
    Division of Training, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333
    Public Health Rep 109:112-7. 1994
    ..b>Persons working in State health agencies who responded to the survey had a graduate degree in epidemiology, biostatistics,..
  56. ncbi Pain and cognitive status among nursing home residents in Canada
    W R Proctor
    Department of Health Studies and Gerontology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Pain Res Manag 6:119-25. 2001
    BACKGROUND: There is little information available on the rates of pain in institutionalized elderly persons, and this is particularly true for Canada...
  57. ncbi Suitability of Krathwohl's affective taxonomy for evaluating patient attitudes to dental care
    A M Syrjälä
    Department of Periodontology, University of Oulu, Finland
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 18:299-303. 1990
    ..The material consisted of young and middle-aged persons, 206 women and 183 men, visiting two occupational health centers in Oulu...
  58. ncbi Exercise blood pressure response and 5-year risk of elevated blood pressure in a cohort of young adults: the CARDIA study
    T A Manolio
    Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892
    Am J Hypertens 7:234-41. 1994
    ..9%) at followup. Persons with exaggerated response to exercise at baseline had 5 mm Hg higher systolic and 1 mm Hg higher diastolic ..
  59. ncbi Properties of aeromonads and their occurrence and hygienic significance in drinking water
    D van der Kooij
    , KIWA AG
    Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg B 187:1-17. 1988
    ..aeromonads are potential enteric pathogens for susceptible hosts, including young children and immunocompromised persons. Aeromonads are ubiquitously present in fresh water environments, with densities depending on pollution with ..
  60. ncbi Assessing health-related quality of life in patients with sciatica
    D L Patrick
    Department of Health Services, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 20:1899-908; discussion 1909. 1995
    ..other clinical and questionnaire data obtained from the Maine Lumbar Spine Study, a prospective cohort study of persons with low back problems. OBJECTIVE...
  61. ncbi Review of regulations and guidelines for commercial and noncommercial drivers with sleep apnea and narcolepsy
    S J Pakola
    Center for Sleep and Respiratory Neurobiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    Sleep 18:787-96. 1995
    Studies show that persons with sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea and narcolepsy, have an increased incidence of automobile accidents...
  62. ncbi The cervical spine in Marfan syndrome
    W R Hobbs
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 22:983-9. 1997
    STUDY DESIGN: Prospective radiographic and clinical analysis of a consecutive unselected population of persons with Marfan Syndrome...
  63. ncbi Prevention of suicide and attempted suicide in Denmark. Epidemiological studies of suicide and intervention studies in selected risk groups
    Merete Nordentoft
    Department of Psychiatry, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Dennmark merete nordentoft dadlnet dk
    Dan Med Bull 54:306-69. 2007
    ..At the selective level, there are several important risk groups such as psychiatric patients, persons with alcohol and drug abuse, persons with newly diagnosed severe physical illness, all who previously attempted ..
  64. pmc Measuring Tijuana residents' choice of Mexican or U.S. health care services
    S Guendelman
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley 94720
    Public Health Rep 105:575-83. 1990
    ..California border, using a random, stratified analytic sample of 660 households that included a total of 2,954 persons. The dependent variables--extent and volume of contacts with health professionals--were examined according to ..
  65. ncbi Coming to terms with the era of AIDS: attitudes of physicians in U.S. residency programs
    R A Hayward
    Division of General Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor 48109-0376
    J Gen Intern Med 8:10-8. 1993
    PURPOSE: To examine factors associated with residents' willingness to provide care to persons with AIDS...
  66. ncbi Prevalence of oral soft tissue lesions in out-patients at two Malaysian and Thai dental schools
    T Axell
    Department of Oral Surgery, Faculty of Odontology, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 18:95-9. 1990
    ..5% of the study populations in CM and KL, respectively. Cigarette smoking was the predominant habit. In CM three persons chewed betel quids and nine smoked banana leaf cigars daily...
  67. pmc Projections of HIV infections and AIDS cases to the year 2000
    J Chin
    Global Programme on AIDS, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 68:1-11. 1990
    ..Such short-term projections are considered relatively reliable since most of the new AIDS cases will develop in persons already infected with HIV...
  68. pmc The control of hypertension in persons with diabetes: a public health approach
    D Bild
    Division of Diabetes Control, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333
    Public Health Rep 102:522-9. 1987
    Coexistent diabetes and hypertension affect an estimated 2.5 million persons in the United States...
  69. ncbi Socioeconomic factors associated with suicide in elderly populations in British Columbia: an 11-year review
    M O Agbayewa
    Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver
    Can J Psychiatry 43:829-36. 1998
    ..Elderly persons have the highest suicide rates of any age-group...
  70. ncbi Sexual and reproductive health of persons aged 10-24 years - United States, 2002-2007
    Lorrie Gavin
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    MMWR Surveill Summ 58:1-58. 2009
    This report presents data for 2002-2007 concerning the sexual and reproductive health of persons aged 10-24 years in the United States...
  71. ncbi Smallpox vaccination and adverse reactions. Guidance for clinicians
    Joanne Cono
    Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Program, National Center for Infectious Diseases, USA
    MMWR Recomm Rep 52:1-28. 2003
    ..S. Department of Defense (DoD). Smallpox vaccination in the preoutbreak setting is contraindicated for persons who have the following conditions or have a close contact with the following conditions: 1) a history of atopic ..
  72. pmc Risk of human papillomavirus-associated cancers among persons with AIDS
    Anil K Chaturvedi
    Infections and Immunoepidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, 6120 Executive Blvd, EPS 7072, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 101:1120-30. 2009
    ..HPV)-associated cancers of the anus, cervix, oropharynx, penis, vagina, and vulva is increased among persons with AIDS, the etiologic role of immunosuppression is unclear and incidence trends for these cancers over time, ..
  73. ncbi The factors associated with a self-perceived hearing handicap in elderly people with hearing impairment--results from a community-based study
    Hsin Pin Chang
    Community Medicine Research Center, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Ear Hear 30:576-83. 2009
    Elderly persons with a physiologic hearing deficit (hearing impairment) are not necessarily socially or emotionally disturbed by the deficit in everyday life (hearing handicap)...
  74. ncbi [Investigation and analysis of plasma trace elements of oldest elderly in longevity areas in China]
    Jian Wei Xu
    Division of Chronic Diseases Control and Community Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China
    Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 44:119-22. 2010
    ..To investigate the levels and differences of plasma selenium, manganese, iron, copper, zinc among oldest elderly in longevity areas in China...
  75. ncbi Art, alpha-1-antitrypsin polymorphisms and intense creative energy: blessing or curse?
    Donald Everett Schmechel
    Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Medical Director, The Falls Neurology and Memory Center, 4355 Hickory Boulevard US 321, Granite Falls, NC 28630, United States
    Neurotoxicology 28:899-914. 2007
    b>Persons heterozygous for Z, S and rare alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT, SERPIN1A) polymorphisms (ca. 9% of population) are often considered 'silent' carriers with increased vulnerability to environmentally modulated liver and lung disease...
  76. pmc Relationship between vehicle emissions laws and incidence of suicide by motor vehicle exhaust gas in Australia, 2001-06: an ecological analysis
    David M Studdert
    Melbourne School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
    PLoS Med 7:e1000210. 2010
    Globally, suicide accounts for 5.2% of deaths among persons aged 15 to 44 years and its incidence is rising. In Australia, suicide rates peaked in 1997 and have been declining since...
  77. ncbi Tuberculosis along the United States-Mexico border, 1993-2001
    Eileen Schneider
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 16:23-34. 2004
  78. ncbi Malaria surveillance - United States, 2005
    Julie Thwing
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Workforce and Career Development, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    MMWR Surveill Summ 56:23-40. 2007
    ..mosquito. The majority of malaria infections in the United States occur among persons who have traveled to or from areas with ongoing malaria transmission...
  79. ncbi AIDS-related cancer and severity of immunosuppression in persons with AIDS
    Robert J Biggar
    Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Blvd, Room EPS 8014, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:962-72. 2007
    The incidence of Kaposi sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and cervical cancer has been declining among persons with AIDS. We investigated the association between cancer risk and CD4 cell count among such persons.
  80. ncbi Cost of treating seriously mentally ill persons with HIV following highly active retroviral therapy (HAART)
    Aileen B Rothbard
    School of Social Policy and Practice, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Ment Health Policy Econ 12:187-94. 2009
    Mounting evidence of high HIV prevalence rates among persons with serious mental illness underscores the importance of identifying and treating this population in order to prevent morbidity, mortality and the spread of the disease...
  81. ncbi Malaria surveillance--United States, 2004
    Jacek Skarbinski
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Workforce and Career Development, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    MMWR Surveill Summ 55:23-37. 2006
    ..mosquito. The majority of malaria infections in the United States occur among persons who have traveled to areas with ongoing malaria transmission...
  82. ncbi Levels in the U.S. population of those persistent organic pollutants (2003-2004) included in the Stockholm Convention or in other long range transboundary air pollution agreements
    Donald G Patterson
    National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, NE, Mailstop F 17, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 43:1211-8. 2009
    ..percentile, the dioxin total toxic equivalency (TEQ), using the 2005 toxic equivalency factors (TEFs) for all persons 12 years of age and older was 30.9 pg/g lipid (95% confidence interval (CI): 28.2-33.9 pg/g lipid) and 37...
  83. pmc Caffeine for the prevention of injuries and errors in shift workers
    Katharine Ker
    Cochrane Injuries Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Room 280, North Courtyard, Keppel Street, London, UK, WC1E 7HT
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 5:CD008508. 2010
    ..Consequently there is also a need for interventions to help ensure that these persons can do so safely...
  84. ncbi [The contribution of living arrangements in the provision of care for elderly persons with functional impairments in São Paulo, Brazil]
    Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte
    Universidade de Sao Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 17:370-8. 2005
    To describe the functional performance, need for assistance, and living arrangements of elderly persons in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, as part of a project called Health, Well-being, and Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean (the "..
  85. ncbi New testing strategy to detect early HIV-1 infection for use in incidence estimates and for clinical and prevention purposes
    R S Janssen
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 280:42-8. 1998
    ..Differentiating individuals with early human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) infection from those infected for longer periods is difficult but important for estimating HIV incidence and for purposes of clinical care and prevention...
  86. pmc Genetics of ischaemic stroke among persons of non-European descent: a meta-analysis of eight genes involving approximately 32,500 individuals
    Roshan Ariyaratnam
    Imperial College Cerebrovascular Research Unit ICCRU, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Hammersmith Hospitals and Imperial College, London
    PLoS Med 4:e131. 2007
    Ischaemic stroke in persons of European descent has a genetic basis, but whether the stroke-susceptibility alleles, the strength of any association, and the extent of their attributable risks are the same in persons of non-European ..
  87. ncbi [Preventive therapy in middle-aged and elderly persons selected from the population-based screening by mass miniature radiography--methodological aspect and adverse reactions]
    Masako Ohmori
    Research Institute of Tuberculosis, Okayama Institute of Health and Prevention, Japan
    Kekkaku 77:647-58. 2002
    ..We conducted a study of preventive therapy in middle-aged and elderly persons selected from the population-based screening by the mass miniature radiography...
  88. ncbi Malaria surveillance--United States, 2006
    Sonja Mali
    Division of Parasitic Diseases National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    MMWR Surveill Summ 57:24-39. 2008
    ..The majority of malaria infections in the United States occur among persons who have traveled to areas with ongoing malaria transmission...
  89. ncbi Estimation of blindness in India from 2000 through 2020: implications for the blindness control policy
    L Dandona
    International Centre for Advancement of Rural Eye Care, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
    Natl Med J India 14:327-34. 2001
    ..We used these population-based data to estimate blindness in India in 2000 and project the possible scenarios of blindness through 2020 with different emphases of the blindness control policy in India...
  90. ncbi Overseas screening for tuberculosis in U.S.-bound immigrants and refugees
    Yecai Liu
    Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    N Engl J Med 360:2406-15. 2009
    ..8% of the 13,293 new cases of tuberculosis in the United States were diagnosed in foreign-born persons, and the tuberculosis rate among foreign-born persons was 9.8 times as high as that among U.S.-born persons (20...
  91. ncbi Use of protease inhibitors among persons with AIDS in Los Angeles County
    F Sorvillo
    Los Angeles County Department of Health Services, HIV Epidemiology Program, California 90005, USA
    AIDS Care 11:147-55. 1999
    We evaluated the access to, and the factors associated with, protease inhibitor use among persons with AIDS in Los Angeles County...
  92. ncbi Homicide rates among US teenagers and young adults: differences by mechanism, level of urbanization, race, and sex, 1987 through 1995
    L A Fingerhut
    Office of Analysis, Epidemiology, and Health Promotion, National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
    JAMA 280:423-7. 1998
    Homicide rates for persons 15 through 24 years old began to decline between 1993 and 1994, but recent trends in homicide rates by mechanism of homicide and urbanization group have not been described.
  93. ncbi [Comparison of O-serotype distribution of Escherichia coli isolated from faecal specimens of patients with sporadic diarrhea and healthy persons and regional difference in Japan]
    N Kimura
    Ishikawa Health Service Association
    Kansenshogaku Zasshi 73:53-61. 1999
    ..coli. Between August 1996 and May 1997, E. coli isolation from faecal samples of 51,893 healthy persons and O-serotyping of isolated strains using commercial antisera to 6 predominant O-serotypes (O-26, 111, 114, 128, ..
  94. ncbi Costs and effectiveness of substance abuse treatments for homeless persons
    Joseph E Schumacher
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1717 11th Ave South, Medical Towers Bld 616, Birmingham, Alabama 35205, USA
    J Ment Health Policy Econ 5:33-42. 2002
    ..Consequently, policy decisions regarding substance abuse treatment have utilized educated guesses or consensus of experts in the absence of controlled and scientifically rigorous studies of the benefits and costs of treatment...
  95. ncbi Patterns of drug use and factors associated with polypharmacy and excessive polypharmacy in elderly persons: results of the Kuopio 75+ study: a cross-sectional analysis
    Johanna Jyrkkä
    School of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland
    Drugs Aging 26:493-503. 2009
    Although the increasing use of drugs in elderly persons has raised many concerns in recent years, the process leading to polypharmacy (PP) and excessive polypharmacy (EPP) remains largely unknown.
  96. ncbi [Morphological and biochemical features of fungi isolated from patients with renal failure]
    Agata Drozdowska
    Zakładzie Biologii i Parazytologii Lekarskiej, Katedry Biologii i Genetyki Medycznej, Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Lodzi
    Wiad Parazytol 53:145-8. 2007
    ..The study group comprised 136 persons, including 56 patients with end-stage renal failure dialysed for the mean period of 36.2 (+/- 1...
  97. ncbi Results of a general hepatitis C lookback program for persons who received blood transfusions in a neonatal intensive care unit between January 1975 and July 1992
    Henry H Cagle
    Liver Disease and Hepatitis Program, Division of Community Health, Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, Anchorage 99508, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:125-30. 2007
    To notify persons who received a blood transfusion in a neonatal intensive care unit between January 1975 and July 1992 of their risk for hepatitis C infection and to encourage them to seek hepatitis C antibody testing.
  98. ncbi The Unidentified Decedent Reporting System: a model national website registry for the unidentified deceased
    Randy Hanzlick
    Department of Forensic Pathology, Emory School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 29:106-13. 2008
    Although electronic data systems exist for information about missing and unidentified deceased persons, there are many such databases and federally operated ones such as the National Crime Information Center are not readily accessible to,..
  99. ncbi Causes of death among persons with AIDS in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: New York City
    Judith E Sackoff
    HIV Epidemiology Program, Bureau of HIV AIDS Prevention and Control, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, New York 10013, USA
    Ann Intern Med 145:397-406. 2006
    Monitoring the full spectrum of causes of death among persons with AIDS is increasingly important as survival improves because of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  100. ncbi Magnitude and causes of unilateral absolute blindness in a region of Oman: a hospital-based study
    R K Bansal
    Ophthalmology Department, Rustaq Hospital, Ministry of Health, Rustaq, Oman
    Eur J Ophthalmol 17:418-23. 2007
    To report the magnitude and causes of unilateral absolute blindness (no light perception) and barriers faced by persons with unilateral blindness in the South Batinah region of Oman.
  101. pmc Functional status of persons with chronic fatigue syndrome in the Wichita, Kansas, population
    Laura Solomon
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 1:48. 2003
    ..This study addresses issues of functional status in persons with chronic fatigue syndrome and other fatiguing illnesses in a population based sample, which can be ..

Research Grants79

  1. High Force Resistance Training and Dopamine Replacement Effects on Hypokinesia in
    LELAND DIBBLE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Previous studies have suggested that resistance training is beneficial in the management of persons with PD...
  2. Cardiotrophin-Like Cytokine 1, a Candidate Molecule for the FSGS Factor
    Virginia J Savin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Plasma from normal persons and from non-FSGS patients undergoing plasmapheresis prior to renal transplantation will be used as a controls...
  3. Cardiovascular Responses to Sleep Apnea in Tetraplegia: A Pilot Study
    Jill M Wecht; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..applicant): Screening studies suggest that the prevalence of moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in persons with tetraplegia ranges from 22% to 36%, thus greatly exceeding prevalence estimates of 9...
  4. Autonomic, Endothelial, and Inflammatory Correlates of Sleep Duration
    ..concern is whether these pathophysiologic mechanisms are apparent in association with short sleep duration in persons without SDB...
  5. Ang II and Aldosterone Effects on Insulin Resistance in Cardiovascular Tissue
    JAMES RUSSELL SOWERS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..strategies that can prevent excessive Ser phosphorylation of IRS-1 associated with a heightened RAAS in persons with hypertension and diabetes...
  6. Retinoid and Carotenoid Depletion in Patients at High-Risk for Liver Cancer
    Peter H Gann; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..2 million people are chronically infected and their annual incidence of HCC is 3-4%. Fortuitously, persons at high-risk can easily be identified - virtually all who develop HCC first have cirrhosis or chronic hepatitis, ..
  7. Natural History and Prevention of Viral Hepatitis Among Alaska Natives
    BRIAN JAMES MCMAHON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Summary Prior to implementing universal childhood vaccination in Alaska, rates of hepatitis A in Alaska Native persons were more than five times higher than those in other racial/ethnic populations...
  8. Ang II and Overnutrition and Insulin resistance in Cardiovascular Tissue
    JAMES RUSSELL SOWERS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Tissue resistance to the normal metabolic actions of insulin is often present in persons with hypertension and is a precursor for type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease...
  9. Comparative Resistance Exercise Effects on Knee Osteoarthritis Pain, Functional I
    KEVIN ROBERT VINCENT; Fiscal Year: 2013 of two resistance exercise protocols improves pain, physical function, and cartilage metabolism in older persons with knee OA. This is a repeated-measures, three group design...
  10. Trichothecene Toxicity and the Ribotoxic Stress Response
    James J Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..exposure to trichothecenes and other ribotoxins, and 3) mechanism-based strategies for preventing and/or treating persons exposed to trichothecenes and ribotoxic chemicals via natural contamination or chemical terrorism...
  11. Community Participation Research of Breastfeeding Disparities in African American
    Tamar Ringel Kulka; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..representatives of academic and community-based partners including community organizations, business and lay persons in partnering and collaborating to assess, address and improve breast feeding among African American women in ..
    Sarah Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2013 will publish a collection of oral histories documenting the family and community perspective on missing persons in a book series for lay readers called Voice of Witness...
  13. Parathyroid Hormone & Vitamin D Effects on Salt Sensitivity and Vascular Function
    ANNA LIZA BELEN VALINA TOTH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..salt loading Relevance: Vitamin D deficiency and secondary increase in PTH are common, particularly amongst obese persons and African Americans...
  14. Dietary Lipids and Silica-Accelerated Autoimmunity
    James J Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..from the immune system attacking the body's own tissues, are estimated to adversely affect up to 25 million persons in the U.S. The prevalence of autoimmune diseases is markedly impacted by environmental factors (e.g...
  15. Mechanisms of Endothelin 1-Induced Sickle Cell Pathology
    Alicia Rivera; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..prevalent genetic blood disorders and a major health problem in the United States (US) affecting nearly 80,000 persons and millions in other parts of the world, especially on the continent of Africa...
  16. Chronic Electrical Stimulation to Reduce Bladder Hyperreflexia after SCI
    Kenneth J Gustafson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..goal of this research program is to develop neural prostheses to chronically restore urinary continence in persons with SCI...
  17. Use of Interactive Gaming for Enhanced Function after Spinal Cord Injury
    BEATRICE JENNY KIRATLI; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..function in order to improve and maintain physical status, self-care activities, and community participation for persons with stable SCI...
  18. Runx Proteins and Sex Steroid Signaling in Bone
    Baruch Frenkel; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Frenkel requests not to be released to persons outside the Government, except for purposes of review and evaluation...
  19. Mechanisms of Neutralizing Antibody Resistance in Chronic HCV and HIV Infection
    JUSTIN RICHARD BAILEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Relevance The World Health Organization estimates there are 170 million persons with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection worldwide, and in most countries, HCV infection is found in 1-2% of the ..
  20. Mitochondrial and Nuclear Mechanisms of Estrogen Receptor-Mediated Cardioprotecti
    DONNA HOPE KORZICK; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The leading cause of death among persons aged 75 years or older is heart disease, and deaths due to heart disease have actually increased by 60% from 1970 ..
  21. Therapeutic Approaches for Extinction of Conditioned Drug Reward
    Gary B Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Significance- Substance use is an enormous societal problem affecting 21 million persons in the US...
  22. Cell stress, development, and stimulant-induced behavior: Regulation by GSK3
    Marjelo A Mines; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..development, and there has recently been a rapid increase in the prevalence of psychiatric diseases in young persons, particularly in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
  23. Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease with Ceramidase Inhibitors
    Lynn W Maines; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..4 million persons, with an overall health care cost of more than $1.7 billion...
  24. New drug VS-110 for treating inflammatory bowel diseases
    Jinshyun Ruth Wu-Wong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In the West, the prevalence has increased in the past 50 years to 120-200/100,000 persons for UC and 50-200/100,000 persons for CD...
    The recent large-scale introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART) among persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in sub-Saharan Africa, while lifesaving for many, has been attended by a high early mortality rate...
  26. A multicenter clinical trial of allopurinol to prevent GFR loss in T1D
    S MICHAEL MAUER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..predictor of an increased risk of chronic kidney disease and increased rates of loss of kidney function among T1D persons. To study whether uric acid lowering can reduce glomerular filtration rate (GFR) loss in T1D, we have established ..
  27. Biomarkers to Assess Selenium Chemoprevention for NSCLC
    Steven A Belinsky; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..has led to the implementation of ECOG 5597, "A Phase III Chemoprevention Trial of Selenium Supplementation in Persons with Resected Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer...
  28. Vitamin D and Fish Oil for Autoimmune Disease, Inflammation and Joint Pain
    Karen H Costenbader; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..2 million persons, including members of AARP (formerly known as the American Association of Retired Persons), and others...
    CLAIRE L MURPHY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Older persons are more frequent consumers of health care services and, when health fails, of long-term care facilities...
  30. Improving Hmong Health through Community Based Participatory Research
    DIAN LORENE BAKER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The CBPR partnership conducted a community needs assessment persons of Hmong origin with T2DM and found that only 13 percent had ever received a foot check, 30 percent reported ..
  31. Identifying underlying mechanisms of intracellular changes in response to caregiv
    MELANIE SARAH FLINT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..descriptive study (R01 CA117811;Sherwood PI) evaluating bio behavioral interaction in family caregivers of persons with a brain tumor...
  32. Pharmacological strategies to improve breathing after cervical spinal cord injury
    FRANCIS GOLDER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..To this end, we propose investigating a promising pharmacological approach that persistently increases respiratory motoneuron function, thereby improving breathing after spinal cord injury. ..
  33. Statins &Lymphoid Malignancy Risk in a Large Multi-Site Population-Based Cohort
    Marianne Ulcickas Yood; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..overall and by lymphoma subtypes;and 2) To assess the association of lymphoma risk with statin use among persons at high risk for lymphoma...
  34. Implantation of physiologically functional bioengineered innervated IAS construct
    Khalil N Bitar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..associated with these conditions pose significant barriers to seeking professional treatment, resulting in many persons who suffer from these conditions without help...
  35. Optimizing Chronic Disease Prevention and Management in Advanced Dementia
    Jennifer Tjia; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the comparative value of different strategies in the prevention and management of chronic illness in persons with multiple chronic conditions...
  36. Mechanisms of tumor suppressor gene reactivation in colon cancer by berries
    Li Shu Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..For persons with distant metastases at diagnosis, the 5-year survival is only 10%...
  37. Design of a Multicenter Clinical Trial of Allopurinol to Prevent GFR Loss in T1D
    S MICHAEL MAUER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..predictor of an increased risk of chronic kidney disease and increased rates of loss of kidney function among T1D persons. To study whether uric acid lowering can reduce glomerular filtration rate (GFR) loss in T1D, we have established ..
  38. Tick-Mammal Interface of Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis
    ULRIKE GERTRUD MUNDERLOH; Fiscal Year: 2013 black-legged ticks (deer ticks) primarily in the Northeast and upper Midwest of the US, but mostly affects persons 60 years of age or older...
  39. Neural Representation of Reach-to-Grasp for Cortical FES Neuroprostheses
    Abidemi Bolu Ajiboye; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of electrical activation to peripheral nerves to achieve movement restoration in spinal cord injured (SCI) persons. Upper-extremity FES systems typically require SCI persons to retain some volitional movement such as contraction ..
  40. Multiplexed DNA Origami-Based Biomarker Detection Assay for Early Dx of Arthritis
    John E Mueller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..result in a clinical paradigm shift from therapies tha are largely palliative to one that focuses on identifying persons with early stage AR...
  41. A dataset for the study of the social determinants of health.
    Peter A Muennig; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The problem: African-Americans and persons of low socio-economic status (SES) tend to have less access to social resources, such as good schools, than do ..
  42. Daily Experience in Adolescence and Biomarkers of Early Risk for Adult Health
    Andrew J Fuligni; Fiscal Year: 2013 conditions, there has been little longitudinal research on biomarkers of health that has been conducted in persons younger than 25 years of age...
  43. Enzymology of Chlamydia Pathogenesis
    Dewey G McCafferty; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common sexually-transmitted pathogen in the developed world, >100 million persons are infected worldwide annually. C...
    Burton M Wice; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..insulin release in healthy individuals, this peptide product of the intestinal K cells is inactive in persons with T2DM...
  45. Nikkomycin Z treatment of early coccidioidal pneumonia: Phase II clinical trial
    DAVID LARWOOD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Valley Fever) is an orphan fungal infection endemic to the US southwest, for which approximately 50,000 persons seek medical attention each year...
  46. Endogenous Cardiac Glycosides in AASK
    Brad C Astor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These hormones are significantly higher in persons with CKD, and may have effects on the cardiovascular system through several different pathways...
  47. Effect of Prone Position on Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury
    Guido Musch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..2 per 100,000 person-years and its mortality rate at 38.5%. These figures imply that 74,500 persons die from ALI each year in the United States, a figure comparable to the deaths from breast cancer or HIV, and ..
  48. Structure and function of Helicobacter pylori VacA
    Timothy L Cover; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Although most H. pylori-infected persons remain asymptomatic, potentially serious sequelae of infection include gastric adenocarcinoma, duodenal ..
  49. North Lawndale Diabetes Community Action Project
    STEVEN contact WHITMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our goal is to survey 2,500 persons in the neighborhood identifying persons with both confirmed diabetes status and those at high risk for the ..
  50. Liver cancer risk and prevention among persons living with HIV/AIDS
    LESLEY SUEJEAN PARK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) have longer lifespans, thanks to antiretroviral treatment;however, the burden of non-AIDS-defining cancers, such as liver cancer, is increasing over time...
  51. Rapid Analysis of Single T Cell Immunity Signatures in Tuberculosis
    Sanjay Tyagi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Here we propose to develop a new immunological test that can identify, from among persons carrying an asymptomatic infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (the bacteria that cause tuberculosis), those ..
  52. Development of a Wearable Passive Vibration Therapy System for the Lower Extremit
    JEFFREY MICHAEL LEISMER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..However, exercise programs have a high dropout rate and persons with the most serious conditions cannot use equipment available on the market...
  53. Integrated PTSD and Smoking Treatment
    Mark B Powers; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PTSD is associated with increased smoking and failed cessation attempts.2-7 The prevalence of smoking in persons with PTSD is 44.6 %, compared to 22.5% in persons with no psychiatric disorder...
  54. Prevention and Treatment of Chlorine Gas Induced Injury to the Pulmonary System
    Sadis Matalon; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..b>Persons exposed to chlorine gas, may experience mild symptoms for the first 6-24 hours (h)...
  55. Effect of D-cycloserine on treatment of PTSD in youth
    Michael S Scheeringa; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..But complete cure is rare. Most persons who remit below the level of full diagnosis still have enduring symptoms and impairment...
  56. Conservative Versus Dialytic Management in Stage V Chronic Kidney Disease
    GLENN MATTHEW CHERTOW; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a pilot study to test the feasibility, safety and efficacy of conservative versus dialytic management in elderly persons with stage V chronic kidney disease (CKD)...
  57. Drug Transport at the Blood-Testis Barrier
    Nathan J Cherrington; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the presence of HIV virus in the ejaculate of infected men is the major means of transmission to uninfected persons. Therefore, even while a patient is being effectively treated with a cocktail of antiretroviral drugs, the ..
  58. Statins for Pulmonary and Cardiac Complications of Chronic HIV (The SPARC Trial)
    Stephen R Wisniewski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an important cause of respiratory impairment in HIV+ persons and will likely increase as the HIV+ population continues to age...
  59. The role of polyphosphate and acidocalcisomes in Trypanosoma brucei
    Roberto Docampo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..According to the World Health Organization, over 60 million persons in sub-Saharan Africa are at risk of infection with an incidence of 300-500,000 cases per year resulting in 55,..
  60. Mutational Cloning in Familial Dementia and Alzheimers Disease
    Wendy H Raskind; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Previously there were no methods for identification of novel causative genes when DNA from only a few affected persons was available, despite an extensive family history of disease...
    Jay A Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..discovered (HHV-8 or KSHV) is associated with Kaposi's sarcoma in AIDS patients and other immunosuppressed persons and in other groups...
  62. Predictors of tuberculosis by stage of insulin resistance
    Alicia Hsin Ming Chang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Active TB in persons with diabetes could be prevented if the risks are better understood and screening programs are appropriately ..
    Veronique L Roger; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of death and the decline in age-adjusted mortality reflects a shift in the occurrence of death towards older persons. Further, the staggering morbidity of cardiovascular disease will likely increase with the obesity and diabetes ..
  64. Advanced Center for Latino and MH Systems Research
    Margarita Alegria; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed analyses will generate new evidence on service use and outcomes for Latino SMIH persons treated with ACT, and will broaden our understanding of the effects of quality improvement interventions for ..
  65. The Prevalence of Blood Pressure Abnormalities among Veterans with SCI
    Jill Wecht; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In persons with tetraplegia arterial blood pressure is usually low (11), however the prevalence of hypotension (i.e...
    Gregory Mertz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..2, Treatment and Prevention of HCPS, we will complete a controlled trial of intravenous methylprednisolone in persons with suspected HCPS in the cardiopulmonary phase, continue collection of plasma by plasmapheresis of survivors of ..
  67. Telephone screening test for hearing using three-digit sequences in noise.
    Charles Watson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of such a test has the potential to greatly increase awareness of hearing disorders and the numbers of persons with hearing impairment who seek services...
  68. Community-Academic Partnership: Building an Infrastructure to Improve Health for
    Beth A Marks; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..CAP for Persons Aging with DD (CAP: PADD) will continue an ongoing relationship between North Pointe Resources, Inc (NRI) and ..
  69. Peripheral Biomarkers in Familial Alzheimer's Disease
    Paul Coleman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..blood leukocytes? To answer this question requires obtaining blood samples from a cohort of non-demented persons then following them longitudinally for years to detect new AD cases in the cohort...
  70. Wound EMR to Decrease Limb Amputations in Persons with Diabetes
    Harold Brem; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Persons with diabetes have a high risk of developing chronic non-healing DFUs that progress to lower-limb amputation, ..
  71. Raising Literacy and Capacity for Incontinence and Skin Care in Dementia
    Donna Bliss; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..unmet needs of informal caregivers from diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds and healthcare providers caring for persons with AD in relation to incontinence and skin care...
    Innocent Mbawuike; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..the mechanisms of deficient cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CD8+ CTL) activity against influenza virus among elderly persons and how this deficiency can be corrected...
  73. Pulmonary Biomarkers of Inflammation in Chronic Tetraplegia
    Miroslav Radulovic; Fiscal Year: 2009
    b>Persons with tetraplegia exhibit pulmonary dysfunction attributed to paralysis of respiratory muscles leading to inadequate ventilation and inability to clear secretions, predisposing this population to be more susceptible to repeated ..
  74. Personality and Health Services Use and Expenditures of Older Persons
    Bruce Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..provided by applicant): The presence of extremely high healthcare expenditures per capita, including for elderly persons, is a major clinical, public health, and public policy problem in the U.S. The lack of efficiency in U.S...
    Donna Fick; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): By 2050, 14 million older persons in the United States are expected to have dementia...
  76. A Study of Cancer Diagnosis as a Risk Factor for Personal Bankruptcy
    Scott D Ramsey; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Persons entering bankruptcy following a severe illness may experience difficulties obtaining health insurance or ..
    Richard Rothenberg; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The use-effectiveness of these drugs, and their impact on persons and on the AIDS epidemic, will depend not only on pharmacologic and molecular biologic factors (e.g...
  78. Blue-White Light Therapy for Circadian Sleep Disorders in Alzheimer's Disease
    Philip Sloane; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Disturbed night-time sleep is common in older persons with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD), leading to significant negative effects on the daytime function of the affected ..
    Thomas Olson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..ranks tenth in the World Bank's and World Health Organization's leading causes of disability for persons age five and older...