Summary: A species of protozoa infecting humans via the intermediate tick vector IXODES scapularis. The other hosts are the mouse PEROMYSCUS leucopus and meadow vole MICROTUS pennsylvanicus, which are fed on by the tick. Other primates can be experimentally infected with Babesia microti.
Publications191 found, 100 shown here
- Serological diagnosis of human babesiosis by IgG enzyme-linked immunosorbent assayChien Chang Loa
Department of Research and Development, Medical Diagnostic Laboratories, L L C, Mount Laurel, NJ 08054, USA
Curr Microbiol 49:385-9. 2004An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of IgG antibodies to Babesia microti antigen was developed. B. microti antigens were harvested from experimentally infected hamster blood and used as a coating antigen...
- Transfusion-transmitted Babesia spp.: bull's-eye on Babesia microtiDavid A Leiby
Transmissible Diseases Department, American Red Cross Holland Laboratory, 15601 Crabbs Branch Way, Rockville, MD 20855, USA
Clin Microbiol Rev 24:14-28. 2011..or types of Babesia have been described in the literature as causing infection in humans, the rodent parasite Babesia microti has emerged as the focal point of human disease, especially in the United States. Not only has B...
- Relative importance of Ixodes ricinus and Ixodes trianguliceps as vectors for Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia microti in field vole (Microtus agrestis) populationsK J Bown
Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Liverpool, Neston, Cheshire, United Kingdom
Appl Environ Microbiol 74:7118-25. 2008..ricinus and I. trianguliceps in the transmission of Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia microti among United Kingdom field voles (Microtus agrestis), which serve as reservoir hosts for both pathogens...
- Babesiosis in humans: a treatment reviewLouis M Weiss
Division of Infectious Diseases, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Room 504 Forchheimer Building, Bronx, New York, 10461, USA
Expert Opin Pharmacother 3:1109-15. 2002Human infections with Babesia species, in particular Babesia microti, are tick-borne illnesses that are being recognised with increased frequency...
- Transfusion-associated babesiosis in the United States: a description of casesBarbara L Herwaldt
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Ann Intern Med 155:509-19. 2011..Tickborne transmission of Babesia microti mainly occurs in 7 states in the Northeast and the upper Midwest of the United States...
- The molecular evidence of Babesia microti infection in small mammals collected in SloveniaD Duh
Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical Faculty, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Parasitology 126:113-7. 2003In Europe, the zoonotic cycle of Babesia microti has not been determined so far. Recently, B. microti was detected in Ixodes ricinus ticks in Slovenia by using molecular methods. In order to investigate the mammalian hosts of B...
- Babesia microti-group parasites compared phylogenetically by complete sequencing of the CCTeta gene in 36 isolatesRui Nakajima
School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen University, 582 1 Bunkyodai Midorimachi, Ebetsu, Japan
J Vet Med Sci 71:55-68. 2009b>Babesia microti, the erythroparasitic cause of human babesiosis, has long been taken to be a single species because classification by parasite morphology and host spectrum blurred distinctions between the parasites...
- Correlation between tick density and pathogen endemicity, New HampshireSeth T Walk
University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 15:585-7. 2009..Pathogens were more prevalent in areas of high tick density, suggesting a correlation between tick establishment and pathogen endemicity. Infection rates in ticks correlated with disease frequency in humans...
- The common shrew (Sorex araneus): a neglected host of tick-borne infections?Kevin J Bown
Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Liverpool, Neston, Cheshire, United Kingdom
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 11:947-53. 2011..7%) showed evidence of infection with Anaplasma phagocytophilum and 196 (30.3%) with Babesia microti. By comparison, of 1505 blood samples from field voles, 96 (6.4%) were positive for A...
- Molecular survey of Babesia microti in wild rodents in central CroatiaRelja Beck
Department for Bacteriology and Parasitology, Croatian Veterinary Institute, Zagreb, Croatia
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 11:81-3. 2011..Recently, the first case of human infection with Babesia microti was confirmed in Germany, implicating the presence of zoonotic isolates...
- Sequencing of the smallest Apicomplexan genome from the human pathogen Babesia microtiEmmanuel Cornillot
Laboratoire de Biologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire LBCM EA4558, UFR Pharmacie, Universite Montpellier 1, 15, Av Charles Flahault, 34093 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
Nucleic Acids Res 40:9102-14. 2012We have sequenced the genome of the emerging human pathogen Babesia microti and compared it with that of other protozoa. B...
- Ixodes ricinus as a vector of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia microti in urban and suburban forestsJoanna Stanczak
Medical University of Gdansk, Interfaculty Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine, 9B Powstania Styczniowego str, 81 519 Gdynia, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med 11:109-14. 2004..human anaplasmosis (HA) and babesiosis: Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia microti, respectively...
- Assessment of polymicrobial infections in ticks in New York stateRafal Tokarz
Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 10:217-21. 2010..We determined the prevalence of polymicrobial infection with Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia microti, Borrelia miyamotoi, and Powassan virus in 286 adult ticks from the two counties in New York State where Lyme ..
- Molecular evidence of coinfection of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, human granulocytic ehrlichiosis agent, and Babesia microti in ticks from northwestern PolandB Skotarczak
Faculty of Biology, Department of Genetics, University of Szczecin, Piastow 40B, 71 065 Szczecin, Poland
J Parasitol 89:194-6. 2003..l.), human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE) agent, and Babesia microti. Of the 533 processed ticks, 16.7% were positive for B. burgdorferi s. l., 13.3% for B. microti, and 4...
- Babesia microti-like infections are prevalent in North American foxesAdam J Birkenheuer
Department of Clinical Sciences, North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Raleigh, NC 27606, USA
Vet Parasitol 172:179-82. 2010b>Babesia microti-like organisms have recently been identified as a cause of hemolytic anemia and azotemia in European dogs. A genetically and morphologically similar B...
- Zoonotic reservoir of Babesia microti in PolandGrzegorz Karbowiak
W Stefański Institute of Parasitology of Polish Academy of Sciences, 00 818 Warsaw, Poland
Pol J Microbiol 53:61-5. 2004..evidence of human babesiosis suggests that the majority of cases are involved by Babesia divergens and Babesia microti piroplasms. As zoonotic reservoir of B. microti serve small mammals--insectivores and rodents...
- Preventing transfusion-transmitted babesiosis: preliminary experience of the first laboratory-based blood donor screening programCarolyn Young
Department of Administration and Laboratory Department, Rhode Island Blood Center, RI, USA
Transfusion 52:1523-9. 2012..We developed and implemented the first laboratory-based blood donor screening program for Babesia microti to help reduce and prevent transfusion-transmitted babesiosis (TTB) and report results for the initial year.
- Babesia microti in rodents and raccoons from northeast FloridaKerry Clark
Department of Public Health, University of North Florida, 1 UNF Drive, Jacksonville, Florida 32224, USA
J Parasitol 98:1117-21. 2012Human babesiosis in the United States is caused most commonly by the intraerythrocytic protozoan parasite, Babesia microti ...
- Epizootiologic survey for Babesia microti among small wild mammals in northeastern Eurasia and a geographic diversity in the beta-tubulin gene sequencesAya Zamoto
School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen University, Ebetsu, Hokkaido, Japan
J Vet Med Sci 66:785-92. 2004We previously reported that small wild rodents in Japan harbor two types of novel Babesia microti-like parasites (designated as Hobetsu and Kobe types), but not the type commonly found in the northeastern United States (U.S...
- Long term monitoring of Babesia microti infection in BALB/c mice using nested PCRRenata Welc-Faleciak
Department of Parasitology, Institute of Zoology, University of Warsaw, Miecznikowa 1, 02 096 Warsaw, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med 14:287-90. 2007..microti in the blood of rodent hosts, and could therefore be a tool for environmental monitoring of naturally infected rodents which are the predominant source of infection for tick vectors...
- Serological survey in persons occupationally exposed to tick-borne pathogens in cases of co-infections with Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Bartonella spp. and Babesia microtiJolanta Chmielewska-Badora
Department of Allergology and Environmental Hazards, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med 19:271-4. 2012..burgdorferi, as anti-B. microti, A. phagocytophilum and Bartonella spp. antibodies are not more commonly prevalent in persons with occupational risk of tick bites than in healthy volunteers...
- Babesia microti infection in EuropeLaurence Meer-Scherrer
Medical Diagnostic Laboratories, Mt Laurel, NJ, USA
Curr Microbiol 48:435-7. 2004..bovis. Although Babesia microti has been detected in ticks from Switzerland, few if any cases of babesiosis have been caused by B. microti...
- Antibodies to whole-cell or recombinant antigens of Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and Babesia microti in white-footed miceLouis A Magnarelli
Department of Entomology, The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, PO Box 1106, New Haven, Connecticut 06504, USA
J Wildl Dis 42:732-8. 2006..period 2001 through 2003 and analyzed for antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and Babesia microti. Emphasis was placed on the evaluations of highly specific recombinant VlsE or protein (p) 44 antigens of B...
- Babesia microti-like parasites detected in Eurasian red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris orientis) in Hokkaido, JapanMasayoshi Tsuji
School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen University, Ebetsu, Japan
J Vet Med Sci 68:643-6. 2006..This is the first report showing molecular evidence for the presence of B. microti-like parasites in Sciuridae...
- Fay and Rausch 1969 revisited: Babesia microti in Alaskan small mammalsHeidi K Goethert
Division of Infectious Diseases, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, Massachusetts 01536, USA
J Parasitol 92:826-31. 2006The Holarctic distribution of Babesia microti within small rodents implies an ancient association. A seminal report of piroplasms in Alaskan voles suggested to us the possibility that B...
- First molecular evidence of potentially zoonotic Babesia microti and Babesia sp. EU1 in Ixodes ricinus ticks in BelgiumLaetitia Lempereur
Laboratory of Parasitology and Pathology of Parasitic Diseases, Department of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 11:125-30. 2011We report the first molecular evidence of the presence of Babesia sp. EU1 and Babesia microti in Ixodes ricinus ticks in Belgium. A 1-year national survey collected 1005 ticks from cats and dogs...
- Induction of IL-10-producing CD1dhighCD5+ regulatory B cells following Babesia microti-infectionYoung Il Jeong
Division of Malaria and Parasitic Disease, Korea National Institute of Health, Cheongwon Gun, Chungbuk, Korea
PLoS ONE 7:e46553. 2012..b>Babesia microti, an intraerythrocytic protozoan of the genus Babesia, is a major cause of the emerging human disease ..
- Atovaquone plus cholestyramine in patients coinfected with Babesia microti and Borrelia burgdorferi refractory to other treatmentRitchie C Shoemaker
Center for Research on Biotoxin Associated Illnesses Pocomoke City, Maryland 21851, USA
Adv Ther 23:1-11. 2006Ten percent of US patients with Lyme disease are coinfected with Babesia microti. A double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial enrolled 25 patients with confirmed Borrelia burgdorferi/B microti coinfection, abnormal visual ..
- Babesiosis due to the canine Babesia microti-like small piroplasm in dogs-first report from Portugal and possible vertical transmissionPaula Brilhante Simões
Inno Serviços Especializados em Veterinária, Braga, Portugal
Parasit Vectors 4:50. 2011..Three German shepherd dogs - a bitch and its 2-month old pup and an unrelated male - clinically suspected of piroplasmosis were assessed for babesial infection...
- A new real-time PCR assay for improved detection of the parasite Babesia microtiAllen E Teal
Division of Infectious Diseases, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany New York, USA
J Clin Microbiol 50:903-8. 2012..to a wider variety of laboratories, we developed a real-time PCR assay targeting the 18S rRNA gene of Babesia microti, the dominant babesiosis pathogen in the United States...
- Molecular evidence of prevalent dual piroplasma infections in North American raccoons (Procyon lotor)A J Birkenheuer
North Carolina State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Vector Borne Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, 4700 Hillsborough Street, Raleigh, NC 27606, USA
Parasitology 135:33-7. 2008..One genotype resides in the Babesia sensu stricto clade and the other in the Babesia microti-like clade...
- U.S.-type Babesia microti isolated from small wild mammals in Eastern Hokkaido, JapanAya Zamoto
School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen University, Ebetsu, Japan
J Vet Med Sci 66:919-26. 2004Our previous report demonstrated that small wild rodents in Japan harbored two types of novel Babesia microti-like parasites (Kobe and Hobetsu types), but not the type widely distributed throughout the temperate zones of North American ..
- Prevalence of Babesia microti in Ixodes ricinus ticks from Lublin region (eastern Poland)Angelina Wójcik-Fatla
Department of Occupational Biohazards, Institute of Agricultural Medicine, Jaczewskiego 2, 20 090 Lublin, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med 13:319-22. 2006..ticks collected from 5 districts of the Lublin region (eastern Poland) were examined for the presence of Babesia microti DNA by PCR and nested-PCR. As many as 74 ticks (5.4 %) were found to be infected with Babesia microti...
- Survey of Babesia microti infection in field rodents in Japan: records of the Kobe-type in new foci and findings of a new type related to the Otsu-typeAtsuko Saito-Ito
Section of Parasitology, Division of Microbiology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan
Microbiol Immunol 51:15-24. 2007Of 247 rodents comprising 5 genera and 7 species collected at 17 sites throughout Japan from 2003 to 2005, Babesia microti was detected microscopically and by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in 36 rodents comprising 2 genera and 3 ..
- Identification and characterization of a novel secreted antigen 1 of Babesia microti and evaluation of its potential use in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunochromatographic testYuzi Luo
National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Inada cho, Obihiro, Hokkaido 080 8555, Japan
Parasitol Int 60:119-25. 2011Here, we identified a novel secreted antigen designated as Babesia microti secreted antigen 1 (BmSA1) by immunoscreening a B...
- Coincidence of three pathogens (Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia microti) in Ixodes ricinus ticks in the Lublin macroregionAngelina Wójcik-Fatla
Department of Occupational Biohazards, Institute of Agricultural Medicine, Lublin, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med 16:151-8. 2009..to determine the coincidence of 3 pathogens: Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia microti in Ixodes ricinus ticks in south-eastern Poland and to estimate the degree of infection with each of the ..
- Persistent detection of Babesia EU1 and Babesia microti in Ixodes ricinus in the Netherlands during a 5-year surveillance: 2003-2007Peter R Wielinga
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, The Netherlands
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 9:119-22. 2009We report the finding of Babesia EU1 and Babesia microti in Ixodes ricinus ticks in the Netherlands...
- Case-control study of canine infection by a newly recognised Babesia microti-like piroplasmF J Guitian
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, University of London, North Mymms, Hertfordshire AL9 7TA, UK
Prev Vet Med 61:137-45. 2003We did a case-control study to identify risk factors for prevalent infection of dogs by a newly recognised Babesia microti-like piroplasm. Clinical manifestations and haematology of infected dogs also were described...
- Effect of high- and low-molecular-weight components of Lactobacillus casei on resistance against Babesia microti in NIH miceCarlos R Bautista
CENID PAVET, INIFAP, Jiutepec, Morelos, Mexico
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1149:152-4. 2008..components (LMWc and HMWc, respectively) of Lactobacillus casei on the resistance of mice to Babesia microti infection. In the first study, 23 components were identified in a total extract of L. casei by SDS-PAGE...
- Babesiosis in Fairfield County, ConnecticutJohn F Anderson
Emerg Infect Dis 10:545-6. 2004
- Spontaneous splenic rupture caused by Babesia microti infectionDavid P Kuwayama
Department of Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
Clin Infect Dis 46:e92-5. 2008..Although this complication is rare, practitioners who commonly treat patients with babesiosis should be aware of its potential occurrence...
- First confirmed autochthonous case of human Babesia microti infection in EuropeA Hildebrandt
Institute of Medical Microbiology, Friedrich Schiller University, Semmelweiss Str 4, 07743, Jena, Germany
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 26:595-601. 2007..Suspicion of malaria was ruled out by use of a dip-stick test. The diagnosis of Babesia microti infection was finally established by specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
- Babesia microti-like parasites detected in feral raccoons (Procyon lotor) captured in Hokkaido, JapanTakako Kawabuchi
School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen University, Ebetsu, Japan
J Vet Med Sci 67:825-7. 2005Raccoons (Procyon lotor), which have recently become feral in Japan, were examined for the presence of Babesia microti-like parasites...
- Seroprevalence of Babesia microti in blood donors from Babesia-endemic areas of the northeastern United States: 2000 through 2007Stephanie T Johnson
Transmissible Diseases Department, Jerome H Holland Laboratory, and Biomedical Services, American Red Cross, Farmington, Connecticut 06032, USA
Transfusion 49:2574-82. 2009Current estimates of 70 cases of transfusion-transmitted Babesia microti, with 12 associated deaths, suggest that Babesia is a growing blood safety concern. The extent of Babesia infections among blood donors has not been well defined...
- Molecular survey of Babesia microti, Ehrlichia species and Candidatus neoehrlichia mikurensis in wild rodents from Shimane Prefecture, JapanKenji Tabara
The Shimane Prefectural Institute of Public Health and Environmental Science, Matsue, Shimane, Japan
Microbiol Immunol 51:359-67. 2007..We conducted molecular surveys for Babesia microti, Ehrlichia species, and Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis in 62 FUO cases and 62 wild rodents from Shimane ..
- Babesia microti: prevalence in wild rodents and Ixodes ricinus ticks from the Mazury Lakes District of North-Eastern PolandEdward Sinski
Department of Parasitology, Institute of Zoology, Warsaw University, Miecznikowa 1 Street, PL 02096 Warsaw, Poland
Int J Med Microbiol 296:137-43. 2006Infections of Babesia microti (Apicomplexa, Piroplasmida), a common erythroparasitic protozoon of Holarctic rodents, are not widely acknowledged in Poland...
- Demonstrable parasitemia among Connecticut blood donors with antibodies to Babesia microtiDavid A Leiby
Department of Transmissible Diseases, American Red Cross, Rockville, MD 20855, USA
Transfusion 45:1804-10. 2005Reports of transfusion-transmitted Babesia microti have risen steadily during the past several years, reflecting a concurrent increase in US cases of human babesiosis. Although several studies have measured B...
- What is Babesia microti?H K Goethert
Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, 665 Huntington Avenue, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Parasitology 127:301-9. 2003b>Babesia microti (Apicomplexa: Piroplasmida) has historically been considered a common parasite of Holarctic rodents...
- Azotemia and mortality among Babesia microti-like infected dogsA Tomas Camacho
Laboratorio Lema and Bandin, Calle Lepanto 5, bajo, 36201 Vigo, Spain
J Vet Intern Med 18:141-6. 2004b>Babesia microti-like piroplasms are a recently recognized cause of illness in dogs in northwest Spain...
- The treatment of mice with Lactobacillus casei induces protection against Babesia microti infectionC R Bautista-Garfias
CENID PAVET, INIFAP Apdo, Postal 206, CIVAC, 62500 Estado de Morelos, Mexico
Parasitol Res 97:472-7. 2005..that administration of Lactobacillus casei confers protection to mice against the intracellular protozoan Babesia microti. Mice treated with L...
- Emergence of resistance to azithromycin-atovaquone in immunocompromised patients with Babesia microti infectionGary P Wormser
Divisions of 1Infectious Diseases, Departments of Medicine and 3Pathology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA
Clin Infect Dis 50:381-6. 2010Babesiosis is an emerging tickborne malaria-like infection principally caused by Babesia microti. This infection typically resolves either spontaneously or after administration of a 7-10-day course of azithromycin plus atovaquone or ..
- Glucose uptake activity in murine red blood cells infected with Babesia microti and Babesia rodhainiTakashi Ohmori
Department of Veterinary Clinical Pathobiology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Japan
J Vet Med Sci 66:945-9. 2004..One of two systems had no kinetical difference between B. rodhaini and B. microti IRBC, however another one might have higher uptake activity in B. microti IRBC compared to that in B. rodhaini IRBC...
- Prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi, Bartonella spp., Babesia microti, and Anaplasma phagocytophila in Ixodes scapularis ticks collected in Northern New JerseyMartin E Adelson
Medical Diagnostic Laboratories L L C, 133 Gaither Dr, Suite C, Mt Laurel, NJ 08054, USA
J Clin Microbiol 42:2799-801. 2004..6%), Babesia microti (8.4%), Anaplasma phagocytophila (1.9%), and Bartonella spp. (34.5%). The I...
- Treatment of refractory Babesia microti infection with atovaquone-proguanil in an HIV-infected patient: case reportJatin M Vyas
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Clin Infect Dis 45:1588-90. 2007..Atovaquone-proguanil appears to have activity against babesiosis and should be studied as a potential therapy for patients with refractory babesiosis...
- Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia microti, and Borrelia burgdorferi in Ixodes scapularis, southern coastal MaineMary S Holman
Maine Medical Center Research Institute, Portland, Maine, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 10:744-6. 2004..5%, 9.5%, and 1.9% of deer ticks were infected with Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and Babesia microti, respectively. In 1996 and 1997, the number of A. phagocytophilum-infected ticks markedly declined...
- Investigation of transfusion transmission of a WA1-type babesial parasite to a premature infant in CaliforniaAnne M Kjemtrup
Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis 95616 8745, USA
Transfusion 42:1482-7. 2002..The infant had received two blood transfusions, one from the father and one from an anonymous donor (Donor A). This study describes the follow-up required to identify the source and species of Babesia that infected the infant...
- Identification of Babesia microti-specific immunodominant epitopes and development of a peptide EIA for detection of antibodies in serumRaymond L Houghton
Department of Antigen Discovery, Corixa Corporation, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
Transfusion 42:1488-96. 2002b>Babesia microti is a tick-borne agent that is increasingly implicated in transfusion-acquired infection, especially in immunocompromised and elderly recipients. To develop a test that can detect antibody responses to B...
- Identification and characterization of putative secreted antigens from Babesia microtiMary J Homer
Corixa Corporation, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
J Clin Microbiol 41:723-9. 2003The need for improved diagnostic reagents to identify human long-term carriers of the zoonotic parasite Babesia microti is evidenced by numerous reported cases of transfusion-acquired infections...
- Human Babesia microti incidence and Ixodes scapularis distribution, Rhode Island, 1998-2004Sarah E Rodgers
University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island 02881, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 13:633-5. 2007..Although the incidence of babesiosis is increasing in southern Rhode Island, large areas of the state are free of babesiosis risk...
- Case report: spontaneous splenic rupture during acute parasitemia of Babesia microtiM Kent Froberg
Department of Pathology, University of Minnesota, School of Medicine, and Duluth Clinic, Duluth, MN, USA
Ann Clin Lab Sci 38:390-2. 2008..Typically it causes subclinical disease, but occasionally causes acute febrile disease with hepatosplenomegaly. We report a case of spontaneous splenic rupture of a 56-yr-old man with acute Babesia microti infection.
- Increasing health burden of human babesiosis in endemic sitesPeter J Krause
Department of Pediatrics, University of Connecticut School of Medicine and Connecticut Children s Medical Center, Hartford, Connecticut 06106, USA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:431-6. 2003Human infection due to Babesia microti has been regarded as infrequent and a condition primarily affecting the elderly or immunocompromised...
- Babesia microti, upstate New YorkSarah J Kogut
New York State Department of Health, Troy, New York, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 11:476-8. 2005..An investigation to determine if Babesia microti was present in local Ixodes scapularis ticks yielded 5 positive pools in 123 pools tested, the first ..
- Evidence of Babesia microti infection in multi-infected Ixodes persulcatus ticks in RussiaAndrey N Alekseev
Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Universitetskaya Nab, 1, 199034 St Petersburg, Russia
Exp Appl Acarol 29:345-53. 2003..Ehrlichia spp. and tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV). All 7 ticks infected with Babesia microti, were also infected with other pathogens (all 7 among 417 infected ticks, zero amongst the remaining 321 ..
- Enzootic Babesia microti in MaineH K Goethert
Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
J Parasitol 89:1069-71. 2003Human babesiosis in the northeastern United States caused by Babesia microti (Apicomplexa: Piroplasmida) is mainly reported from coastal New England sites, where deer ticks (Ixodes dammini) are common...
- Babesia sp.: emerging intracellular parasites in EuropeJeremy S Gray
Department of Environmental Resource Management, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, Republic of Ireland
Pol J Microbiol 53:55-60. 2004..tools has made possible a reappraisal of the main parasites involved (Babesia divergens in Europe and Babesia microti in the USA). B...
- [Babesosis--difficulty of diagnosis]A Cichocka
Katedra Genetyki, , 71-065 Szczecin,
Wiad Parazytol 47:527-33. 2001..With the evolution PCR--based techniques, the diagnosis and monitoring of babesial infections became more sensitive and reliable...
- Transmission of Babesia microti in Minnesota through four blood donations from the same donor over a 6-month periodBarbara L Herwaldt
Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3724, USA
Transfusion 42:1154-8. 2002Babesiosis is a tick-borne zoonosis caused by intraerythrocytic protozoa. More than 40 US cases of Babesia microti infection acquired by blood transfusion have been reported...
- Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Weekly clinicopathological exercises. Case 29-2003. A 60-year-old man with fever, rigors, and sweatsJoshua D Gutman
Family Medicine Associates, South Attleboro, Mass, USA
N Engl J Med 349:1168-75. 2003
- Can ticks be vectors for hepatitis C virus?Lois Gitlin Wurzel
N Engl J Med 347:1724-5. 2002
- Babesia microti and Borrelia burgdorferi coinfection associated with increased severity of arthritisManuel H Moro
J Infect Dis 194:716. 2006
- Odour learning and immunity costs in miceC J Barnard
Animal Behaviour Research Group, School of Biology, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
Behav Processes 72:74-83. 2006..That subsequent infection with Babesia microti increased with the number of odours mice had to learn is then consistent with an increased cost to learning ..
- Chemotherapy against babesiosisHenri J Vial
Dynamique Moleculaire des Interactions Membranaires, UMR 5539 CNRS Université Montpellier II, Case 107, Place Eugene Bataillon, F 34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
Vet Parasitol 138:147-60. 2006..Some Babesia spp. can infect humans, particularly Babesia microti and Babesia divergens, and human babesiosis is a significant emerging tick-borne zoonotic disease...
- [Prevalence of antibodies against Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia microti i Borrelia burgdorferi in adults in North-Eastern Poland]Jarosław Walory
Zespół Badarń Mikrobiologicznych, Narodowy Instytut Zdrowia Publicznego w Warszawie
Pol Merkur Lekarski 19:754-7. 2005of the study was to evaluate the seroprevalance of antibodies against Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia Microti in healthy north-eastern Poland, adult population.
- The prevalence of piroplasms in a population of Ixodes ricinus (Acari: Ixodidae) from north-western PolandWanda Kuzna-Grygiel
Department of Biology and Medical Parasitology, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med 9:175-8. 2002..The same ticks were also hosts to Babesia microti, which was determined by PCR amplification with primers specific to the fragment of a gene encoding the ..
- Japanese Babesia microti cytologically detected in salivary glands of naturally infected tick Ixodes ovatusYasuhiro Yano
Department of Pathological Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Japan
Microbiol Immunol 49:891-7. 2005b>Babesia microti protozoa were detected by light and electron microscopy in the salivary glands of field-collected Ixodes ovatus ticks; 6 of 85 adult ticks were demonstrated to be positive for B...
- Transverse myelitis secondary to coexistent Lyme disease and babesiosisChristina V Oleson
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
J Spinal Cord Med 26:168-71. 2003..To describe transverse myelitis secondary to coexistent Lyme disease and babesiosis...
- Atovaquone and azithromycin treatment for babesiosis in an infantMina Raju
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, USA
Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:181-3. 2007An 8-month-old infant with cyanotic heart disease and transfusion-associated Babesia microti infection is reported here. At initial presentation, she was ill appearing, febrile and cyanotic...
- Coinfection in patients with lyme disease: how big a risk?Raphael B Stricker
Clin Infect Dis 37:1277-8; author reply 1278-9. 2003
- Age-associated decline in resistance to Babesia microti is genetically determinedEdouard Vannier
Division of Infectious Diseases, Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA
J Infect Dis 189:1721-8. 2004Although infection by the protozoan Babesia microti is rarely symptomatic in immunocompetent young people, healthy individuals aged >50 years may experience life-threatening disease...
- Babesia: the protective effects of killed Propionibacterium acnes on the infections of two rodent Babesia parasites in miceHiroshi Iseki
National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Inada cho, Obihiro, Hokkaido 080 8555, Japan
Exp Parasitol 118:543-8. 2008..acnes on rodent babesiosis even with different immune responses between the B. microti and B. rodhaini infections. Killed P. acnes might be a powerful tool for the control of serious livestock babesiosis...
- [Tick-borne diseases and ecosystem modifications in Lorraine]M Marjolet
Bull Soc Pathol Exot 95:304. 2002
- Factors affecting the component community structure of haemoparasites in common voles ( Microtus arvalis) from the Mazury Lake District region of PolandA Pawelczyk
Department of Parasitology, Institute of Zoology, University of Warszawa, Miecznikowa 1 Street, 02 096 Warszawa, Poland
Parasitol Res 92:270-84. 2004..Total species richness was five (prevalence= Haemobartonella sp. 63.9%, Bartonella spp. 27.7%, Babesia microti 9.0%, Trypanosoma sp. 8.4% and and Hepatozoon lavieri 3.1%) with 76...
- Photochemical inactivation with amotosalen and long-wavelength ultraviolet light of Plasmodium and Babesia in platelet and plasma componentsPhilippe Grellier
Biologie Fonctionnelle des Protozoaires, Museum national d histoire naturelle, Paris, France
Transfusion 48:1676-84. 2008....
- [Babesia microti: a new form of human babesiosis in Europe?]Angel Tomas Camacho
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 20:417-8. 2002
- Babesia microti: parasitaemia and antibody responses to primary and challenge infections in BALB/c miceKatarzyna Pastusiak
Witold Stefański Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51 55, 00 818 Warszawa, Poland
Folia Parasitol (Praha) 50:237-9. 2003
- Survey of rodents and ticks in human babesiosis emergence area in Japan: first detection of Babesia microti-like parasites in Ixodes ovatusAtsuko Saito-Ito
Section of Parasitology, Department of Genome Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe 650 0017, Japan
J Clin Microbiol 42:2268-70. 2004b>Babesia microti-like parasites were detected for the first time in Ixodes ovatus in Hyogo Prefecture, Japan, where two reported types of B. microti-like parasites were recognized in many rodents. Of 80 adult I...
- Susceptibility of Chinese hamsters (Cricetulus griseus) to the infection of Babesia microtiKazunori Ike
Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Nippon Veterinary and Animal Science University, Musashino, Tokyo 180 8602, Japan
J Vet Med Sci 67:333-6. 2005Chinese hamsters were examined for the susceptibility to the infection with Babesia microti based on the hematological parameters during the course of infection...
- Detection of extracellular forms of babesia in the blood by electron microscopy: a diagnostic method for differentiation from Plasmodium falciparumWilliam J Carter
New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
Ultrastruct Pathol 27:211-6. 2003..The test had a reasonably fast turnaround time and allowed detailed visualization of the organisms and reliable distinction from Plasmodium falciparum...
- Detection of Kobe-type Babesia microti associated with Japanese human babesiosis in field rodents in central Taiwan and southeastern mainland ChinaA Saito-Ito
Section of Parasitology, Division of Microbiology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe 650 0017, Japan
Parasitology 135:691-9. 2008..b>Babesia microti was identified by microscopical examination and/or PCR in 1 Rattus coxinga and 1 Crocidura horsfieldii in ..
- Infection and co-infection rates of Anaplasma phagocytophilum variants, Babesia spp., Borrelia burgdorferi, and the rickettsial endosymbiont in Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) from sites in Indiana, Maine, Pennsylvania, and WisconsinFresia E Steiner
Department of Biology, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
J Med Entomol 45:289-97. 2008..sites were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for five microbial species: Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia microti, Babesia odocoilei, Borrelia burgdorferi, and the rickettsial I. scapularis endosymbiont...
- Pathogens and symbionts in ticks: prevalence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum (Ehrlichia sp.), Wolbachia sp., Rickettsia sp., and Babesia sp. in Southern GermanyKathrin Hartelt
Baden Wuerttemberg State Health Office, Stuttgart, Germany
Int J Med Microbiol 293:86-92. 2004..0%) were identified as Babesia divergens. Three of all Babesia-positive ticks were identified as harboring Babesia microti. The detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Rickettsia sp. and Babesia sp...
- Ticks and associated pathogens collected from domestic animals in the NetherlandsArd M Nijhof
Utrecht Centre for Tick borne Diseases UCTD, Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 7:585-95. 2007..4%), Anaplasma phagocytophilum (1.6%), Babesia sp. (EU1) (1.2%), Babesia divergens (0.4%), and Babesia microti (0.4%). A. phagocytophilum (5.9%) and R. helvetica (0.8%) were also detected in adult I. hexagonus ticks...
- Risk of Lyme disease: perceptions of residents of a Lone Star tick-infested communityP M Armstrong
Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston MA, USA
Bull World Health Organ 79:916-25. 2001..typhi (0%), Coxiella burneti (0%), Francisella tularensis (0%), and Babesia microti (0%) by standard serological methods for 325 residents (97% of the total population) of Gibson Island, ..
- Coexistence DNA of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and Babesia microti in Ixodes ricinus ticks from north-western PolandBogumiła Skotarczak
Faculty of Biology, Department of Genetics, University of Szczecin, Piastow 40B, 71 065 Szczecin, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med 9:25-8. 2002..caused by the spirochaete Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and babesiosis, induced by the protozoan Babesia microti. Both microbe species may co-occur in the same and other species of the genus tick and produce a mixed ..
- Infection with agents of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis, lyme disease, and babesiosis in wild white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus) in ConnecticutK C Stafford
The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, Connecticut 06504, USA
J Clin Microbiol 37:2887-92. 1999..Borrelia burgdorferi, and Babesia microti. Of the 50 mice captured and recaptured, 25 of 47 (53.2%) and 23 of 48 (47...
- Co-circulating microorganisms in questing Ixodes scapularis nymphs in MarylandKatherine I Swanson
W Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
J Vector Ecol 32:243-51. 2007Ixodes scapularis can be infected with Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Bartonella spp., Babesia microti, and Rickettsia spp., including spotted-fever group Rickettsia...
- Detection of enzootic babesiosis in baboons (Papio cynocephalus) and phylogenetic evidence supporting synonymy of the genera Entopolypoides and BabesiaM A Bronsdon
Regional Primate Research Center, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
J Clin Microbiol 37:1548-53. 1999..macaci demonstrated this parasite to be most closely related to Babesia microti (97...
- Theobald Smith--the discoverer of ticks as vectors of diseaseOjan Assadian
Clinical Institute of Hygiene and Medical Microbiology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Wien Klin Wochenschr 114:479-81. 2002..Furthermore, by proving that ticks carry Babesia microti--which causes babesiosis in animals and humans--this is the first account of a zoonotic disease and the ..
- Immunoserologic evidence of coinfection with Borrelia burgdorferi, Babesia microti, and human granulocytic Ehrlichia species in residents of Wisconsin and MinnesotaP D Mitchell
Microbiology Section, Marshfield Laboratories, WI 54449, USA
J Clin Microbiol 34:724-7. 1996..diseases include Lyme borreliosis, which is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, babesiosis, which is caused by Babesia microti, and human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE), which is caused by an apparently new species in the genus ..
- Human exposure to a granulocytic Ehrlichia and other tick-borne agents in ConnecticutL A Magnarelli
Department of Entomology, The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, Connecticut 06504, USA
J Clin Microbiol 36:2823-7. 1998..Also included were other tests for Ehrlichia chaffeensis, the agent of human monocytic ehrlichiosis (HME), Babesia microti, and Borrelia burgdorferi. Thirty-three (8...
- Coexistence of Borrelia spp. and Babesia spp. in Ixodes ricinus ticks in Middle GermanyAnke Hildebrandt
Institute of Medical Microbiology, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 10:831-7. 2010..occurred. Babesia spp.-specific DNA was detected in 5.0% of ticks. Babesia microti was slightly more prevalent (28/50) than Babesia divergens (20/50). Moreover, 5.9% (16/270) of Borrelia spp...
- Tick Midgut Proteins Critical for Borrelia TransmissionSukanya Narasimhan; Fiscal Year: 2010..burgdorferi (agent of Lyme disease), Anaplasma phagocytophilum (agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis) and Babesia microti (agent of human babesiosis) among other pathogens. A. phagocytophilum and B...
- Babesiosis Emergence in the United StatesMARIA ANA DIUK-WASSER; Fiscal Year: 2013..Human babesiosis is a rapidly emerging tick-borne zoonosis in the United States caused by the protozoan Babesia microti and transmitted by Ixodes scapularis, the Lyme disease vector...
- Babesiosis: An Emerging Infectious Threat to Transfusion MedicineCheryl Ann Lobo; Fiscal Year: 2013..The rodent parasite, Babesia microti and the bovine pathogen, Babesia divergens are responsible for most of the human infections that have been ..
- R&D- MEDICAL: BIOMEDICAL (BASIC RESEARCH)Andrew Levin; Fiscal Year: 2012..This project is aimed at the development of an enzyme immunoassay (ELISA) for screening blood for antibodies to Babesia microti. Human babesiosis is a malaria-like illness due to infection of red blood cells by various species of ..
- Babesiosis as a model of age-related immunosenescenceHenry H Wortis; Fiscal Year: 2012..We developed a mouse model of human babesiosis due Babesia microti, an emerging infection particularly severe in the aged...
- A prospective evaluation of chronic B.microti infection in seroreactive blood donEVAN MARTIN BLOCH; Fiscal Year: 2013..is well described: 162 cases of TTB have been reported in the US alone, the overwhelming majority caused by Babesia microti, which is widely endemic in the Northeastern and upper Midwestern US...
- Coinfection of Tick-borne Diseases in Areas of WisconsinDIANE CAPORALE; Fiscal Year: 2001..The genes targeted will be OspB for B. burgdorferi, the 16S-like gene for Babesia microti and the 1 6S rRNA gene for Ehrlichia (HGE)...
- NOVEL ANTIGENS FOR THE SERODIAGNOSIS OF HUMAN BABESIOSISRaymond Houghton; Fiscal Year: 2001..of tick-borne infections has shown that many individuals infected with Lyme disease have co-infections with Babesia microti (agent of human babesiosis) and Ehrlichia, both of which are potentially fatal in immunocompromised ..
- NATURAL HISTORY OF BABESIOSISPeter Wettstein; Fiscal Year: 1999The blood parasite Babesia microti and the spirochetal agent of Lyme disease, B. burgdorferi, are both transmitted by the deer tick, Ixodes dammini ( also called I...
- RISK OF TBE IN NORTH AMERICA FOCI OF LYME DISEASEAndrew Spielman; Fiscal Year: 1992..with the prevalence of spirochetal and of viral infection in the vector; (3) measure the prevalence of Babesia microti and of Ba...
- TRANSMISSION OF GRANULOCYTIC EHRLICHIOSISSam Telford; Fiscal Year: 2000..and inbred mice, as well as Peromyscus leucopus, the main enzootic reservoir of Borrelia burgdorferi and Babesia microti in the northeastern U.S...
- Vaccination Against Ixodes scapularis Tick BitesRaymond Koski; Fiscal Year: 2001..burgdorferi, the agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis, and Babesia microti. The commercial market would overlap with the market for LYMErix, a Lyme disease vaccine successfully sold by ..
- DEVELOPMENT OF PCR BASED ASSAY FOR BABESIOSISBITA NAKHAI; Fiscal Year: 1999..Ultimately, (in Phase II) a multiplex PCR assay for simultaneous detection of Borrelia burgdorferi, Babesia microti, Ehrlichia chaffeensis and E...
- Vaccination Against Ixodes scapularis Tick BitesMichel Ledizet; Fiscal Year: 2003..burgdorferi, Babesia microti, and the agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis...
- Comparison of US and European Babesia divergens IsolatesPatricia Holman; Fiscal Year: 2004..Two other Babesia species that cause human Babesiosis in the US, Babesia microti, occurring mostly in the northeastern U.S...
- HEALTH BURDERN OF COINFECTING DEER ASSOCIATED ZOONOSESPeter Krause; Fiscal Year: 2001..The density of deer will be estimated in each site. This proposed effort will help define the health burden imposed on people residing in proximity to deer and will contribute to diagnosis and case-management of apparent Lyme disease. ..
- LYME ARTHRITIS: A NEW EPIDEMIC DISEASEAllen C Steere; Fiscal Year: 2010..Furthermore, this work brings us closer to the long-term goal of direct comparisons of antigens in Lyme arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis synovia. ..
- A C.elegans high-throughput assay for the identification of new antifungal agentsEleftherios Mylonakis; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Perpetuation of Francisella tularensisSam R Telford; Fiscal Year: 2010..Taken together, these observations will provide a basis for understanding how the agent of tularemia is perpetuated on Martha's Vineyard, and why pneumonic human disease is prevalent there. ..
- ROLE OF TICK SALIVA IN LYME DISEASE AND VACCINE STRATEGYThomas Mather; Fiscal Year: 2006..We expect these studies to lead to new vaccination strategies that combine tick and bacterial elements for preventing Lyme disease, and possibly a broader range of tick-transmitted infections. ..
- Assessing Community-Based Tick Control for LD MitigationThomas Mather; Fiscal Year: 2007..Efforts will focus on identifying strategiesfor engaging the community and individuals at risk. ..
- Proximal determinants of risk for tularemia outbreaksSam Telford; Fiscal Year: 2004..tularensis in the environment; and, ultimately, a better understanding of F. tularensis-host interactions. ..
- TOXOPLASMA ENCEPHALITIS IN AIDS: BRADYZOITE REGULATIONLouis Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- C.elegans as a model system forC.neoformans pathogenesisEleftherios Mylonakis; Fiscal Year: 2007..Because C. neoformanshas similarities with other pathogenic yeasts, we expect that our findings will facilitate the study of fungus/host interaction in general. ..
- Microsporidiosis:A Therapeutic TargetLouis Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Gene expression of Borrelia during Babesia coinfectionJames Coleman; Fiscal Year: 2004Coinfection with Borrelia burgdorferi and Babesia microti is a clinically documented, emerging public health concern in the Northeastern United States...
- Diagnosis and Pathogenesis of Early Lyme DiseaseAllen Steere; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, greater knowledge of spirochetal virulence and host factors associated with severe disease may allow the development of laboratory markers for patients who would benefit from more intensive treatment. ..
- Second International Workshop on Microsporidia from Vertebrate and Invertebrate HLouis Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2007..Overall, the goal of this[unreadable] congress is to foster the exchange of information between these diverse groups of[unreadable] scientists leading to advances in research on these emergent pathogens. ..
- International Congress on MicrosporidiosisLouis Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2004..Overall, the goal of this congress is to foster the exchange of information between these diverse groups of scientists leading to advances in research on these emergent pathogens. ..
- A Therapeutic Target for MicrosporidiosisLouis Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, the approaches and methods developed in this R21 should also prove useful for studies on methionine aminopeptidases as therapeutic targets in other pathogenic protists. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Topical Antibiotics to Prevent Lyme DiseaseGary Wormser; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Modulation of Dendritic Cell Function by CytomegalovirusJATIN VYAS; Fiscal Year: 2008..The proposed program will allow the candidate to obtain the skills, knowledge and experience to become an independent investigator. ..