Summary: The common name for the genus Mus.

Top Publications

  1. doi Mapping and quantifying mammalian transcriptomes by RNA-Seq
    Ali Mortazavi
    Division of Biology, MC 156 29, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Nat Methods 5:621-8. 2008
  2. pmc Transcript assembly and quantification by RNA-Seq reveals unannotated transcripts and isoform switching during cell differentiation
    Cole Trapnell
    Department of Computer Science, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA
    Nat Biotechnol 28:511-5. 2010
  3. ncbi Analyzing real-time PCR data by the comparative C(T) method
    Thomas D Schmittgen
    Division of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, Ohio State University, Parks Hall, 500 West 12th Avenue, Columbus, Ohio, OH 43210 USA
    Nat Protoc 3:1101-8. 2008
  4. pmc Ensembl 2011
    Paul Flicek
    European Bioinformatics Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SD, UK
    Nucleic Acids Res 39:D800-6. 2011
  5. ncbi Embryonic stem cell lines derived from human blastocysts
    J A Thomson
    Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53715, USA
    Science 282:1145-7. 1998
  6. ncbi Induction of pluripotent stem cells from mouse embryonic and adult fibroblast cultures by defined factors
    Kazutoshi Takahashi
    Department of Stem Cell Biology, Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606 8507, Japan
    Cell 126:663-76. 2006
  7. pmc A mammalian microRNA expression atlas based on small RNA library sequencing
    Pablo Landgraf
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Laboratory of RNA Molecular Biology, Box 186, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Cell 129:1401-14. 2007
  8. pmc Circulating microRNAs as stable blood-based markers for cancer detection
    Patrick S Mitchell
    Divisions of Human Biology, Clinical Research, and Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:10513-8. 2008
  9. ncbi Induction of pluripotent stem cells from adult human fibroblasts by defined factors
    Kazutoshi Takahashi
    Department of Stem Cell Biology, Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606 8507, Japan
    Cell 131:861-72. 2007
  10. ncbi Identification of human brain tumour initiating cells
    Sheila K Singh
    The Arthur and Sonia Labatt Brain Tumor Research Centre, The Hospital for Sick Children and University of Toronto, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, M5G 1X8, Canada
    Nature 432:396-401. 2004

Detail Information

Publications566 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi Mapping and quantifying mammalian transcriptomes by RNA-Seq
    Ali Mortazavi
    Division of Biology, MC 156 29, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Nat Methods 5:621-8. 2008
    ..We observed 1.45 x 10(5) distinct splices, and alternative splices were prominent, with 3,500 different genes expressing one or more alternate internal splices...
  2. pmc Transcript assembly and quantification by RNA-Seq reveals unannotated transcripts and isoform switching during cell differentiation
    Cole Trapnell
    Department of Computer Science, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA
    Nat Biotechnol 28:511-5. 2010
    ..These results suggest that Cufflinks can illuminate the substantial regulatory flexibility and complexity in even this well-studied model of muscle development and that it can improve transcriptome-based genome annotation...
  3. ncbi Analyzing real-time PCR data by the comparative C(T) method
    Thomas D Schmittgen
    Division of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, Ohio State University, Parks Hall, 500 West 12th Avenue, Columbus, Ohio, OH 43210 USA
    Nat Protoc 3:1101-8. 2008
    ..This protocol provides an overview of the comparative C(T) method for quantitative gene expression studies. Also presented here are various examples to present quantitative gene expression data using this method...
  4. pmc Ensembl 2011
    Paul Flicek
    European Bioinformatics Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SD, UK
    Nucleic Acids Res 39:D800-6. 2011
    ..Since our previous report, we have substantially improved the presentation and integration of both data of disease relevance and the regulatory state of different cell types...
  5. ncbi Embryonic stem cell lines derived from human blastocysts
    J A Thomson
    Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53715, USA
    Science 282:1145-7. 1998
    ..These cell lines should be useful in human developmental biology, drug discovery, and transplantation medicine...
  6. ncbi Induction of pluripotent stem cells from mouse embryonic and adult fibroblast cultures by defined factors
    Kazutoshi Takahashi
    Department of Stem Cell Biology, Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606 8507, Japan
    Cell 126:663-76. 2006
    ..Subcutaneous transplantation of iPS cells into nude mice resulted in tumors containing a variety of tissues from all three germ layers...
  7. pmc A mammalian microRNA expression atlas based on small RNA library sequencing
    Pablo Landgraf
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Laboratory of RNA Molecular Biology, Box 186, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Cell 129:1401-14. 2007
    ..We also propose a subclassification scheme for miRNAs for assisting future experimental and computational functional analyses...
  8. pmc Circulating microRNAs as stable blood-based markers for cancer detection
    Patrick S Mitchell
    Divisions of Human Biology, Clinical Research, and Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:10513-8. 2008
    ..cancer xenografts enter the circulation, are readily measured in plasma, and can robustly distinguish xenografted mice from controls...
  9. ncbi Induction of pluripotent stem cells from adult human fibroblasts by defined factors
    Kazutoshi Takahashi
    Department of Stem Cell Biology, Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606 8507, Japan
    Cell 131:861-72. 2007
    ..Furthermore, these cells could differentiate into cell types of the three germ layers in vitro and in teratomas. These findings demonstrate that iPS cells can be generated from adult human fibroblasts...
  10. ncbi Identification of human brain tumour initiating cells
    Sheila K Singh
    The Arthur and Sonia Labatt Brain Tumor Research Centre, The Hospital for Sick Children and University of Toronto, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, M5G 1X8, Canada
    Nature 432:396-401. 2004
  11. pmc miRBase: tools for microRNA genomics
    Sam Griffiths-Jones
    Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Michael Smith Building, Oxford Road, Manchester, UK
    Nucleic Acids Res 36:D154-8. 2008
    ..miRBase is available at http://microrna.sanger.ac.uk/...
  12. ncbi Conserved seed pairing, often flanked by adenosines, indicates that thousands of human genes are microRNA targets
    Benjamin P Lewis
    Cell 120:15-20. 2005
    ..Targeting was also detected in open reading frames. In sum, well over one third of human genes appear to be conserved miRNA targets...
  13. ncbi Controlling the false discovery rate in behavior genetics research
    Y Benjamini
    Department of Statistics and O R, The Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Behav Brain Res 125:279-84. 2001
    ..We explain the FDR criterion, and present two simple procedures that control the FDR. We demonstrate their increased power when used in the above two studies...
  14. ncbi Glioma stem cells promote radioresistance by preferential activation of the DNA damage response
    Shideng Bao
    Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Nature 444:756-60. 2006
    ..In both cell culture and the brains of immunocompromised mice, CD133-expressing glioma cells survive ionizing radiation in increased proportions relative to most tumour cells, ..
  15. ncbi Exploration, normalization, and summaries of high density oligonucleotide array probe level data
    Rafael A Irizarry
    Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Biostatistics 4:249-64. 2003
    ..We conclude that there is no obvious downside to using RMA and attaching a standard error (SE) to this quantity using a linear model which removes probe-specific affinities...
  16. pmc Functional demarcation of active and silent chromatin domains in human HOX loci by noncoding RNAs
    John L Rinn
    Program in Epithelial Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Cell 129:1311-23. 2007
    ..Thus, transcription of ncRNA may demarcate chromosomal domains of gene silencing at a distance; these results have broad implications for gene regulation in development and disease states...
  17. pmc One-step generation of mice carrying mutations in multiple genes by CRISPR/Cas-mediated genome engineering
    Haoyi Wang
    Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
    Cell 153:910-8. 2013
    b>Mice carrying mutations in multiple genes are traditionally generated by sequential recombination in embryonic stem cells and/or time-consuming intercrossing of mice with a single mutation...
  18. pmc Genome-wide maps of chromatin state in pluripotent and lineage-committed cells
    Tarjei S Mikkelsen
    Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA
    Nature 448:553-60. 2007
    ..This study provides a framework for the application of comprehensive chromatin profiling towards characterization of diverse mammalian cell populations...
  19. pmc The impact of microRNAs on protein output
    Daehyun Baek
    Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, 9 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA
    Nature 455:64-71. 2008
    ..The impact of microRNAs on the proteome indicated that for most interactions microRNAs act as rheostats to make fine-scale adjustments to protein output...
  20. ncbi Generalized lacZ expression with the ROSA26 Cre reporter strain
    P Soriano
    Nat Genet 21:70-1. 1999
  21. doi Blinded by the Light: The Growing Complexity of p53
    Karen H Vousden
    The Beatson Institute for Cancer Research, Garscube Estate, Glasgow, UK
    Cell 137:413-31. 2009
    ..Control of p53's transcriptional activity is crucial for determining which p53 response is activated, a decision we must understand if we are to exploit efficiently the next generation of drugs that selectively activate or inhibit p53...
  22. pmc Chronic inflammation in fat plays a crucial role in the development of obesity-related insulin resistance
    Haiyan Xu
    Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    J Clin Invest 112:1821-30. 2003
    ..The upregulation is progressively increased in WAT of mice with DIO and precedes a dramatic increase in circulating-insulin level...
  23. ncbi A bivalent chromatin structure marks key developmental genes in embryonic stem cells
    Bradley E Bernstein
    Molecular Pathology Unit and Center for Cancer Research, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Cell 125:315-26. 2006
    ..These results highlight the importance of DNA sequence in defining the initial epigenetic landscape and suggest a novel chromatin-based mechanism for maintaining pluripotency...
  24. pmc ALDH1 is a marker of normal and malignant human mammary stem cells and a predictor of poor clinical outcome
    Christophe Ginestier
    Department of Internal Medicine, Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Cell Stem Cell 1:555-67. 2007
    ..These findings offer an important new tool for the study of normal and malignant breast stem cells and facilitate the clinical application of stem cell concepts...
  25. pmc BLAT--the BLAST-like alignment tool
    W James Kent
    Department of Biology and Center for Molecular Biology of RNA, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    Genome Res 12:656-64. 2002
    ..BLAT is compared with other alignment programs on various test sets and then used in several genome-wide applications. http://genome.ucsc.edu hosts a web-based BLAT server for the human genome...
  26. doi Global quantification of mammalian gene expression control
    Björn Schwanhäusser
    Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine, Robert Rossle Str 10, D 13092 Berlin, Germany
    Nature 473:337-42. 2011
    ..Quantitative information about all stages of gene expression provides a rich resource and helps to provide a greater understanding of the underlying design principles...
  27. pmc Simple combinations of lineage-determining transcription factors prime cis-regulatory elements required for macrophage and B cell identities
    Sven Heinz
    Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Mol Cell 38:576-89. 2010
  28. ncbi Positional cloning of the mouse obese gene and its human homologue
    Y Zhang
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10021
    Nature 372:425-32. 1994
    ..The ob gene product may function as part of a signalling pathway from adipose tissue that acts to regulate the size of the body fat depot...
  29. ncbi A human colon cancer cell capable of initiating tumour growth in immunodeficient mice
    Catherine A O'Brien
    Division of Cell and Molecular Biology, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1L7, Canada
    Nature 445:106-10. 2007
    ..Here we use renal capsule transplantation in immunodeficient NOD/SCID mice to identify a human colon cancer-initiating cell (CC-IC)...
  30. doi Integration of external signaling pathways with the core transcriptional network in embryonic stem cells
    Xi Chen
    Gene Regulation Laboratory, Genome Institute of Singapore, Singapore 138672
    Cell 133:1106-17. 2008
    ..Collectively, the comprehensive mapping of TF-binding sites identifies important features of the transcriptional regulatory networks that define ES-cell identity...
  31. ncbi Reciprocal developmental pathways for the generation of pathogenic effector TH17 and regulatory T cells
    Estelle Bettelli
    Center for Neurologic Diseases, Beth Israel Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 77 Avenue Louis Pasteur, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nature 441:235-8. 2006
    ..Here we show, using mice with a reporter introduced into the endogenous Foxp3 locus, that IL-6, an acute phase protein induced during ..
  32. ncbi Monocyte and macrophage heterogeneity
    Siamon Gordon
    Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3RE, UK
    Nat Rev Immunol 5:953-64. 2005
    ..However, as we discuss here, recent studies have shown that monocyte heterogeneity is conserved in humans and mice, allowing dissection of its functional relevance: the different monocyte subsets seem to reflect developmental ..
  33. pmc Genome-scale DNA methylation maps of pluripotent and differentiated cells
    Alexander Meissner
    Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, 9 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA
    Nature 454:766-70. 2008
    ..More generally, the results establish reduced representation bisulphite sequencing as a powerful technology for epigenetic profiling of cell populations relevant to developmental biology, cancer and regenerative medicine...
  34. pmc Mouse genomic variation and its effect on phenotypes and gene regulation
    Thomas M Keane
    The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1HH, UK
    Nature 477:289-94. 2011
    We report genome sequences of 17 inbred strains of laboratory mice and identify almost ten times more variants than previously known...
  35. pmc lincRNAs act in the circuitry controlling pluripotency and differentiation
    Mitchell Guttman
    Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, 7 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA
    Nature 477:295-300. 2011
    ..Together, the results demonstrate that lincRNAs have key roles in the circuitry controlling ES cell state...
  36. pmc TRANSFAC and its module TRANSCompel: transcriptional gene regulation in eukaryotes
    V Matys
    BIOBASE GmbH, Halchtersche Strasse 33, D 38304 Wolfenbuttel, Germany
    Nucleic Acids Res 34:D108-10. 2006
    ..The here described public releases, TRANSFAC 7.0 and TRANSCompel 7.0, are accessible under http://www.gene-regulation.com/pub/databases.html...
  37. ncbi Resting microglial cells are highly dynamic surveillants of brain parenchyma in vivo
    Axel Nimmerjahn
    Abteilung Zellphysiologie, Max Planck Institut fur medizinische Forschung, Jahnstrasse 29, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Science 308:1314-8. 2005
    ..Microglia thus are busy and vigilant housekeepers in the adult brain...
  38. ncbi Identification and expansion of human colon-cancer-initiating cells
    Lucia Ricci-Vitiani
    Department of Hematology and Oncology, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, Rome 00161, Italy
    Nature 445:111-5. 2007
    ..Subcutaneous injection of colon cancer CD133+ cells readily reproduced the original tumour in immunodeficient mice, whereas CD133- cells did not form tumours...
  39. ncbi Targeting HIF-1 for cancer therapy
    Gregg L Semenza
    McKusick Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287 3914, USA
    Nat Rev Cancer 3:721-32. 2003
    ..In preclinical studies, inhibition of HIF-1 activity has marked effects on tumour growth. Efforts are underway to identify inhibitors of HIF-1 and to test their efficacy as anticancer therapeutics...
  40. pmc NF-kappaB-dependent induction of microRNA miR-146, an inhibitor targeted to signaling proteins of innate immune responses
    Konstantin D Taganov
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:12481-6. 2006
  41. doi Characterization of microRNAs in serum: a novel class of biomarkers for diagnosis of cancer and other diseases
    Xi Chen
    Jiangsu Diabetes Center, State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210093, China
    Cell Res 18:997-1006. 2008
    ..Here we demonstrate that miRNAs are present in the serum and plasma of humans and other animals such as mice, rats, bovine fetuses, calves, and horses...
  42. ncbi The phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase AKT pathway in human cancer
    Igor Vivanco
    Department of Medicine and Molecular Biology Institute, UCLA School of Medicine, 11 935 Factor Building, 10833 LeConte Avenue, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Nat Rev Cancer 2:489-501. 2002
  43. pmc The microRNA.org resource: targets and expression
    Doron Betel
    Computational and Systems Biology Center, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, NY, USA
    Nucleic Acids Res 36:D149-53. 2008
    ..The web resource provides users with functional information about the growing number of microRNAs and their interaction with target genes in many species and facilitates novel discoveries in microRNA gene regulation...
  44. ncbi Exosome-mediated transfer of mRNAs and microRNAs is a novel mechanism of genetic exchange between cells
    Hadi Valadi
    Department of Internal Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Goteborg University, Sweden
    Nat Cell Biol 9:654-9. 2007
    ..In summary, we show that exosomes contain both mRNA and microRNA, which can be delivered to another cell, and can be functional in this new location. We propose that this RNA is called "exosomal shuttle RNA" (esRNA)...
  45. pmc NCBI Reference Sequences: current status, policy and new initiatives
    Kim D Pruitt
    National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Rm 4As 47B, 45 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Nucleic Acids Res 37:D32-6. 2009
    ..In addition, we introduce RefSeqGene, a new initiative to support reporting variation data on a stable genomic coordinate system...
  46. pmc Real-time quantification of microRNAs by stem-loop RT-PCR
    Caifu Chen
    Applied Biosystems, 850 Lincoln Centre Drive, Foster City, CA 94404, USA
    Nucleic Acids Res 33:e179. 2005
    ..Furthermore, the concept of stem-loop RT primer design could be applied in small RNA cloning and multiplex assays for better specificity and efficiency...
  47. pmc Development of monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells
    Frederic Geissmann
    Centre for Molecular and Cellular Biology of Inflammation, Division of Immunology, Infection, and Inflammatory Diseases, King s College London, Great Maze Pond, London SE1 1UL, UK
    Science 327:656-61. 2010
    ..Despite this, the origin and differentiation cues for many tissue macrophages, monocytes, and dendritic cell subsets in mice, and the corresponding cell populations in humans, remain to be elucidated.
  48. pmc The epithelial-mesenchymal transition generates cells with properties of stem cells
    Sendurai A Mani
    Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, 9 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
    Cell 133:704-15. 2008
    ..These findings illustrate a direct link between the EMT and the gain of epithelial stem cell properties...
  49. doi Cancer stem cells in solid tumours: accumulating evidence and unresolved questions
    Jane E Visvader
    VBCRC Laboratory, The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Melbourne, Victoria 3050, Australia
    Nat Rev Cancer 8:755-68. 2008
    ..The clinical relevance of CSCs remains a fundamental issue but preliminary findings indicate that specific targeting may be possible...
  50. ncbi Stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture, SILAC, as a simple and accurate approach to expression proteomics
    Shao En Ong
    Protein Interaction Laboratory, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
    Mol Cell Proteomics 1:376-86. 2002
    ..SILAC is a simple, inexpensive, and accurate procedure that can be used as a quantitative proteomic approach in any cell culture system...
  51. pmc Integrative genomic profiling of human prostate cancer
    Barry S Taylor
    Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA
    Cancer Cell 18:11-22. 2010
    ..The genomic and clinical outcome data from these patients are now made available as a public resource...
  52. pmc Rapamycin fed late in life extends lifespan in genetically heterogeneous mice
    David E Harrison
    The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine 04609, USA
    Nature 460:392-5. 2009
    ..that rapamycin, an inhibitor of the mTOR pathway, extends median and maximal lifespan of both male and female mice when fed beginning at 600 days of age...
  53. doi Cancer immunoediting: integrating immunity's roles in cancer suppression and promotion
    Robert D Schreiber
    Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Science 331:1565-70. 2011
    ..Here, we discuss a unifying conceptual framework called "cancer immunoediting," which integrates the immune system's dual host-protective and tumor-promoting roles...
  54. ncbi Cancer stem cells--perspectives on current status and future directions: AACR Workshop on cancer stem cells
    Michael F Clarke
    Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA
    Cancer Res 66:9339-44. 2006
  55. pmc Long non-coding RNA HOTAIR reprograms chromatin state to promote cancer metastasis
    Rajnish A Gupta
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Program in Epithelial Biology, California 94305, USA
    Nature 464:1071-6. 2010
    ..These findings indicate that lincRNAs have active roles in modulating the cancer epigenome and may be important targets for cancer diagnosis and therapy...
  56. ncbi Tumour invasion and metastasis initiated by microRNA-10b in breast cancer
    Li Ma
    Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research and Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA
    Nature 449:682-8. 2007
  57. pmc Tet-mediated formation of 5-carboxylcytosine and its excision by TDG in mammalian DNA
    Yu Fei He
    Group of DNA Metabolism, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China
    Science 333:1303-7. 2011
    ..These data suggest that oxidation of 5mC by Tet proteins followed by TDG-mediated base excision of 5caC constitutes a pathway for active DNA demethylation...
  58. pmc Fate mapping analysis reveals that adult microglia derive from primitive macrophages
    Florent Ginhoux
    Department of Gene and Cell Medicine and the Immunology Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 1425 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Science 330:841-5. 2010
    ..In contrast to many macrophage populations, we show that microglia develop in mice that lack colony stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) but are absent in CSF-1 receptor-deficient mice...
  59. ncbi Involvement of chemokine receptors in breast cancer metastasis
    A Muller
    Department of Immunology, DNAX Research Institute, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA
    Nature 410:50-6. 2001
    ..Our findings indicate that chemokines and their receptors have a critical role in determining the metastatic destination of tumour cells...
  60. pmc Widespread transcription at neuronal activity-regulated enhancers
    Tae Kyung Kim
    Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, 220 Longwood Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nature 465:182-7. 2010
    ..These findings reveal that a widespread mechanism of enhancer activation involves RNAPII binding and eRNA synthesis...
  61. ncbi ATM and ATR substrate analysis reveals extensive protein networks responsive to DNA damage
    Shuhei Matsuoka
    Department of Genetics and Center for Genetics and Genomics, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Science 316:1160-6. 2007
    ..This database paints a much broader landscape for the DDR than was previously appreciated and opens new avenues of investigation into the responses to DNA damage in mammals...
  62. ncbi An obesity-associated gut microbiome with increased capacity for energy harvest
    Peter J Turnbaugh
    Center for Genome Sciences, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
    Nature 444:1027-31. 2006
    ..Comparisons of the distal gut microbiota of genetically obese mice and their lean littermates, as well as those of obese and lean human volunteers have revealed that obesity is ..
  63. pmc Antiangiogenic therapy elicits malignant progression of tumors to increased local invasion and distant metastasis
    Marta Pàez-Ribes
    Translational Research Laboratory, Catalan Institute of Oncology, IDIBELL, 08907 L Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain
    Cancer Cell 15:220-31. 2009
  64. pmc Topological domains in mammalian genomes identified by analysis of chromatin interactions
    Jesse R Dixon
    Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
    Nature 485:376-80. 2012
  65. pmc Macrophage plasticity and polarization: in vivo veritas
    Antonio Sica
    Istituto Clinico Humanitas IRCCS, Rozzano, Italy
    J Clin Invest 122:787-95. 2012
    ..The identification of mechanisms and molecules associated with macrophage plasticity and polarized activation provides a basis for macrophage-centered diagnostic and therapeutic strategies...
  66. ncbi The chemokine system in diverse forms of macrophage activation and polarization
    Alberto Mantovani
    Centro di Eccellenza per l Innovazione Diagnostica e Terapeutica IDET, Institute of General Pathology, University of Milan, I 20133 Milan, Italy Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, I 20157 Milan, Italy
    Trends Immunol 25:677-86. 2004
  67. pmc WGCNA: an R package for weighted correlation network analysis
    Peter Langfelder
    Department of Human Genetics and Department of Biostatistics, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    BMC Bioinformatics 9:559. 2008
    ..While parts of the correlation network methodology have been described in separate publications, there is a need to provide a user-friendly, comprehensive, and consistent software implementation and an accompanying tutorial...
  68. pmc Prospective identification of tumorigenic breast cancer cells
    Muhammad Al-Hajj
    Department of Internal Medicine, Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:3983-8. 2003
    ..Using a model in which human breast cancer cells were grown in immunocompromised mice, we found that only a minority of breast cancer cells had the ability to form new tumors...
  69. doi miRWalk--database: prediction of possible miRNA binding sites by "walking" the genes of three genomes
    Harsh Dweep
    Medical Research Center, Medical Faculty Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, D 68167 Mannheim, Germany
    J Biomed Inform 44:839-47. 2011
    ..The 'Validated Target module' is updated every month and the 'Predicted Target module' is updated every 6 months. miRWalk is freely available at http://mirwalk.uni-hd.de/...
  70. ncbi Multilineage cells from human adipose tissue: implications for cell-based therapies
    P A Zuk
    Laboratory for Regenerative Bioengineering and Repair, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Tissue Eng 7:211-28. 2001
    ..In conclusion, the data support the hypothesis that a human lipoaspirate contains multipotent cells and may represent an alternative stem cell source to bone marrow-derived MSCs...
  71. pmc Conversion of 5-methylcytosine to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine in mammalian DNA by MLL partner TET1
    Mamta Tahiliani
    Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School and Immune Disease Institute, 200 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Science 324:930-5. 2009
    ..hmC is present in the genome of mouse embryonic stem cells, and hmC levels decrease upon RNA interference-mediated depletion of TET1. Thus, TET proteins have potential roles in epigenetic regulation through modification of 5mC to hmC...
  72. pmc Histone H3K27ac separates active from poised enhancers and predicts developmental state
    Menno P Creyghton
    Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:21931-6. 2010
    ..Furthermore, poised enhancer networks provide clues to unrealized developmental programs. Finally, we show that enhancers are reset during nuclear reprogramming...
  73. ncbi Identification of stem cells in small intestine and colon by marker gene Lgr5
    Nick Barker
    Hubrecht Institute, Uppsalalaan 8, 3584CT Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Nature 449:1003-7. 2007
    ..Cre knock-in allele and the Rosa26-lacZ reporter strain, lineage-tracing experiments were performed in adult mice. The Lgr5-positive crypt base columnar cell generated all epithelial lineages over a 60-day period, suggesting that ..
  74. doi Transitions between epithelial and mesenchymal states: acquisition of malignant and stem cell traits
    Kornelia Polyak
    Department of Medical Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nat Rev Cancer 9:265-73. 2009
  75. pmc GREAT improves functional interpretation of cis-regulatory regions
    Cory Y McLean
    Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    Nat Biotechnol 28:495-501. 2010
    ..The utility of GREAT is not limited to ChIP-seq, as it could also be applied to open chromatin, localized epigenomic markers and similar functional data sets, as well as comparative genomics sets...
  76. ncbi Prediction of mammalian microRNA targets
    Benjamin P Lewis
    Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Cell 115:787-98. 2003
    ..The predicted regulatory targets of mammalian miRNAs were enriched for genes involved in transcriptional regulation but also encompassed an unexpectedly broad range of other functions...
  77. ncbi Identification of the transforming EML4-ALK fusion gene in non-small-cell lung cancer
    Manabu Soda
    Division of Functional Genomics, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi 329 0498, Japan
    Nature 448:561-6. 2007
    ..to express this human fusion tyrosine kinase generated transformed foci in culture and subcutaneous tumours in nude mice. The EML4-ALK fusion transcript was detected in 6...
  78. ncbi Induced pluripotent stem cell lines derived from human somatic cells
    Junying Yu
    Genome Center of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 1580, USA
    Science 318:1917-20. 2007
  79. doi Universal sample preparation method for proteome analysis
    Jacek R Wisniewski
    Department of Proteomics and Signal Transduction, Max Planck Institute for Biochemistry, Martinsried, Germany
    Nat Methods 6:359-62. 2009
    ..Peptides eluted after digestion on the filter were pure, allowing single-run analyses of organelles and an unprecedented depth of proteome coverage...
  80. ncbi Generation of germline-competent induced pluripotent stem cells
    Keisuke Okita
    Department of Stem Cell Biology, Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606 8507, Japan
    Nature 448:313-7. 2007
    ..Thus, iPS cells competent for germline chimaeras can be obtained from fibroblasts, but retroviral introduction of c-Myc should be avoided for clinical application...
  81. ncbi Complex networks orchestrate epithelial-mesenchymal transitions
    Jean Paul Thiery
    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS Unité Mixte Recherche UMR 144 and Institut Curie, 26 Rue d Ulm, 75248 Paris Cedex 05, France
    Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 7:131-42. 2006
    ..Understanding how mesenchymal cells arise from an epithelial default status will also have a strong impact in unravelling the mechanisms that control fibrosis and cancer progression...
  82. ncbi The role of site accessibility in microRNA target recognition
    Michael Kertesz
    Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
    Nat Genet 39:1278-84. 2007
    ..Our study thus demonstrates that target accessibility is a critical factor in microRNA function...
  83. ncbi Dose translation from animal to human studies revisited
    Shannon Reagan-Shaw
    Department of Dermatology, University of Wisconsin, 1300 University Ave, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    FASEB J 22:659-61. 2008
    ..authors have shown that resveratrol, a compound found in grapes and red wine, improves the health and life span of mice. Immediately after the online publication of these papers, the scientific community and popular press voiced ..
  84. pmc The ground state of embryonic stem cell self-renewal
    Qi Long Ying
    Center for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, Department of Cell and Neurobiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1501 San Pablo Street, ZNI 529, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    Nature 453:519-23. 2008
    ..This property may account for their latent tumorigenicity. The delineation of minimal requirements for self-renewal now provides a defined platform for the precise description and dissection of the pluripotent state...
  85. pmc Genome-wide generation and systematic phenotyping of knockout mice reveals new roles for many genes
    Jacqueline K White
    Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, UK
    Cell 154:452-64. 2013
    ..Phenotypic data and more than 900 mutants are openly available for further analysis. PAPERCLIP: ..
  86. pmc Autophagy regulates lipid metabolism
    Rajat Singh
    Department of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    Nature 458:1131-5. 2009
    ..This study identifies a critical function for autophagy in lipid metabolism that could have important implications for human diseases with lipid over-accumulation such as those that comprise the metabolic syndrome...
  87. pmc Chromatin signature reveals over a thousand highly conserved large non-coding RNAs in mammals
    Mitchell Guttman
    Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, 7 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA
    Nature 458:223-7. 2009
    ..Together, these results define a unique collection of functional lincRNAs that are highly conserved and implicated in diverse biological processes...
  88. doi Autophagy: renovation of cells and tissues
    Noboru Mizushima
    Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo 113 8519, Japan
    Cell 147:728-41. 2011
  89. ncbi Alternative activation of macrophages
    Siamon Gordon
    Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3RE, UK
    Nat Rev Immunol 3:23-35. 2003
    ..In this review, I assess the evidence in favour of alternative macrophage activation in the light of macrophage heterogeneity, and define its limits and relevance to a range of immune and inflammatory conditions...
  90. pmc Mammalian microRNAs predominantly act to decrease target mRNA levels
    Huili Guo
    Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA
    Nature 466:835-40. 2010
    ..These results show that changes in mRNA levels closely reflect the impact of miRNAs on gene expression and indicate that destabilization of target mRNAs is the predominant reason for reduced protein output...
  91. ncbi Mutations of the BRAF gene in human cancer
    Helen Davies
    Cancer Genome Project, The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, CB10 1SA, UK
    Nature 417:949-54. 2002
    ..As BRAF is a serine/threonine kinase that is commonly activated by somatic point mutation in human cancer, it may provide new therapeutic opportunities in malignant melanoma...
  92. pmc Obesity is associated with macrophage accumulation in adipose tissue
    Stuart P Weisberg
    Division of Moleuclar Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Clin Invest 112:1796-808. 2003
    ..tissue with increasing adiposity, we profiled transcript expression in perigonadal adipose tissue from groups of mice in which adiposity varied due to sex, diet, and the obesity-related mutations agouti (Ay) and obese (Lepob)...
  93. pmc A PGC1-α-dependent myokine that drives brown-fat-like development of white fat and thermogenesis
    Pontus Boström
    Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nature 481:463-8. 2012
    ..Irisin is induced with exercise in mice and humans, and mildly increased irisin levels in the blood cause an increase in energy expenditure in mice with no ..
  94. ncbi A global double-fluorescent Cre reporter mouse
    Mandar Deepak Muzumdar
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Genesis 45:593-605. 2007
    The Cre/loxP system has been used extensively for conditional mutagenesis in mice. Reporters of Cre activity are important for defining the spatial and temporal extent of Cre-mediated recombination...
  95. pmc A conditional knockout resource for the genome-wide study of mouse gene function
    William C Skarnes
    Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, UK
    Nature 474:337-42. 2011
  96. ncbi Toll-like receptor signalling
    Shizuo Akira
    Department of Host Defense, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, and ERATO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, 3 1 Yamada oka, Suita, Osaka 565 0871, Japan
    Nat Rev Immunol 4:499-511. 2004
  97. pmc Identification of human triple-negative breast cancer subtypes and preclinical models for selection of targeted therapies
    Brian D Lehmann
    Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA
    J Clin Invest 121:2750-67. 2011
    ..These data may be useful in biomarker selection, drug discovery, and clinical trial design that will enable alignment of TNBC patients to appropriate targeted therapies...
  98. ncbi DNA double-stranded breaks induce histone H2AX phosphorylation on serine 139
    E P Rogakou
    Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology, Division of Basic Sciences, NCI, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    J Biol Chem 273:5858-68. 1998
    When mammalian cell cultures or mice are exposed to ionizing radiation in survivable or lethal amounts, novel mass components are found in the histone H2A region of two-dimensional gels...
  99. pmc Extending healthy life span--from yeast to humans
    Luigi Fontana
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Science, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Science 328:321-6. 2010
    ..We discuss these findings and their potential application to prevention of age-related disease and promotion of healthy aging in humans, and the challenge of possible negative side effects...
  100. doi Stochastic state transitions give rise to phenotypic equilibrium in populations of cancer cells
    Piyush B Gupta
    Broad Institute, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
    Cell 146:633-44. 2011
    ..These findings contribute to our understanding of cancer heterogeneity and reveal how stochasticity in single-cell behaviors promotes phenotypic equilibrium in populations of cancer cells...
  101. pmc BET bromodomain inhibition as a therapeutic strategy to target c-Myc
    Jake E Delmore
    Department of Medical Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, 450 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Cell 146:904-17. 2011
    ..Efficacy of JQ1 in three murine models of multiple myeloma establishes the therapeutic rationale for BET bromodomain inhibition in this disease and other malignancies characterized by pathologic activation of c-Myc...

Research Grants124 found, 100 shown here

  1. Discovery metabolite profiling of the prolyl peptidases
    Alan Saghatelian; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Furthermore, the application of DMP to peptidases will demonstrate the generality of this approach for the future characterization of medically relevant enzymes and signaling pathways. ..
  2. Genetic variation and regulatory networks: Mechanisms and complexity
    DANA PE ER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These tools will be made publicly available, including a friendly graphical user interface and visualization. ..
  3. Variation in M. tuberculosis in response to host selection
    Sarah Fortune; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..in a simple experimental model of disease chosen to create different immune pressures on the bacteria [unreadable]mice of different MHC haplotypes...
  4. NIH Director's Pioneer Award
    Junying Yuan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..No Abstract provided ..
  5. High Throughput Genotyping and DNA Sequencing for Studying the Genetic Contributi
    Sonia Dua; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Employ methods for carrying out genome-wide linkage studies in humans and mice using panels of SNP markers or sample sequencing methods documented to cover the genome (mouse or human) at a ..
  6. Transcription factors regulating sensory gene expression and pain pathways
    Eric E Turner; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..b>Mice lacking Brn3a exhibit abnormal sensory axon growth, fail to develop proprioceptors, and have a profound defect in ..
  7. Mice Humanized with Hepatocytes and iPS Cells from Patients with Metabolic Diseas
    Stephen C Strom; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Mice (and rats) are particularly poor models for studying liver fibrosis and cirrhosis, common features of many human ..
  8. Lauren Endres; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..Additionally, to investigate a potential cancer predisposition phenotype, Abh8-/- mice will be monitored for spontaneous tumor development for up to 1 year...
  9. Pyruvate Dehydrogenase kinase as Therapeutic Target for Hepatic Steatosis, Obesit
    Robert A Harris; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The immediate objective is to perform proof-of- principle studies with PDK knockout mice generated in my laboratory...
  10. Serpin Modulation of Inflammatory Vasculitis; Potential for Immunomodulatory Ther
    ALEXANDRA ROSE LUCAS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We have successfully tested one of these serpins, Serp-1, in a small phase 2A clinical trial for anti-inflammatory activity in unstable coronary syndromes (Viron Therapeutics, Inc;proprietary information). ..
  11. Human embryonic stem cell-derived neural crest stem cells and Hirschsprung disea
    Sean J Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These studies will test whether NCSCs with specific regional characteristics can be derived from hES cells and whether these cells engraft in the gut of an animal model of Hirschsprung disease. ..
  12. Anti-tumor properties of curcumin in oral cancers: role of thioredoxin reductase
    STEPHEN WILLIAM TUTTLE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..lines, and the parental cell lines, will be grown as tumors in the cervical subcutaneous tissue of athymic nude mice. The efficacy of curcumin administered in the diet alone or in combination with ionizing radiation on orthotopic ..
  13. Yun Fai Chris Lau; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..G2/M checkpoints, binds cyclin B and enhances cyclin B-CDK1 kinase activities, and promotes tumor growth in athymic mice. TSPY induces gonadoblastoma-like structure in the ovaries of transgenic mice. TSPX is a tumor suppressor...
  14. MERVYN N WEITZMANN; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..However, recently we found that in mice B cells are a critical additional source of OPG in vivo, and that B cell OPG production is regulated by ..
  15. Tibor T Glant; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..Proteoglycan [PG]-induced spondyloarthritis (PGISpA), which develops in genetically homogeneous inbred BALB/c mice upon immunization with cartilage PG, is permissive to genetic manipulation...
  16. Cory Teuscher; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..We also have evidence of a functional, complementary mechanism that can overcome the ER retention process in BphsR mice. Compilation of Hrh1 sequence data and Bphs data from ~100 inbred mouse strains, revealed strains that were ..
  17. Carole R Mendelson; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..In the proposed research, we will utilize fetal lung tissues from humans and mice to further define the underlying biochemical and molecular mechanisms for epigenetic and genetic changes associated ..
  18. Pilot and definitive studies to evaluate Insertional Mutagenesis
    LU TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Perinatal study of polybrominated diphenyl ether congener DE-47 in CB6F1-Tg(HRAS2) transgenic mice: A pilot study is being performed at the lab and the results are expected in FY 2007...
  19. Cross-talk Between Coagulation, Inflammation, and Immunity
    Lawrence L Leung; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Based on studies with the pCPB KO mice, we have obtained compelling data to support our general hypothesis that thrombin-activatable carboxypeptidase B (CPB or TAFIa) plays a broad anti-inflammatory ..
  20. Role of NGF in inflammatory and proliferative cascades of psoriatic disease
    Siba P Raychaudhuri; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These NGF treated cells will be injected into the transplanted human skin on mice. We expect that the injection of NGF treated blood cells from psoriasis patients will create psoriasis only in the ..
  21. Studies to Evaluate the Toxicological Potential of Test Articles
    LU TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Perinatal study of polybrominated diphenyl ether congener DE-47 in CB6F1-Tg(HRAS2) transgenic mice: A pilot study is being performed at the lab and the results are expected in FY 2007...
  22. Role of Chromogranin A in Metabolic Syndrome
    Sushil K Mahata; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To gain a better insight into the role of Chga in metabolic disorder, we have generated Chga knockout mice (Chga-KO), which display hypertension, high plasma catecholamines, increased hepatic sensitivity to insulin and ..
  23. Genome-wide recombination as a risk factor for nondisjunction
    NATASHA D HOLLIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..where her research examined the effect of ozone exposure on mitochondrial DNA damage and TNFa response in c57 mice. She has presented the results of her summer research at Annual Biomedical Research Conference for Minority ..
  24. Physiological role of PRDM16 in brown fat development and energy balance
    Patrick Seale; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..1: We test the hypothesis that PRDM16 can drive the formation of functional brown adipocytes in white fat depots of mice to raise energy expenditure and protect against obesity and cold exposure. Diet-Induced Obesity (DIP)...
  25. Ligand Directed Transdermal siRNA Delivery to Improve Wound Healing
    David M Evans; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..may be unmodified), Aim 3 will evaluate the multi- targeted siRNA cocktail formulation in young versus elderly mice in animal models of wound healing...
  26. Brain mast cells and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
    Theoharis C Theoharides; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..neurotensin (NT), substance P (SP) and thymus stromal lymphopoietin (TSMP) or restraint stress using female C57BL/6 mice on: (a) Fatigue using the forced water immersion test, (b) BBB disruption by measuring brain levels of the ..
    ..Fam20C null mice develop hypophosphatemic rickets (HR) as a result of elevated secretion of FGF23, a bone- derived hormone ..
  28. Principles of Therapy in Cerebellar Disease: Explorations in Ion Channel Mutants
    JOHN SAMUEL STAHL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..drugs that influence neuronal potassium channels have been shown to ameliorate cerebellar deficits in humans and mice, and may provide starting points to develop more efficacious and tolerable drugs...
  29. Qinghua Sun; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..vascular dysfunction in wild type (C57BL/6) and CHOP[CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP) homologous protein]-/- mice in wild type and CHOP-/- mice in a whole body exposure system "Ohio's Air Pollution Exposure System for the ..
  30. Prevention of Acute Lung Injury by IL-6 activated STAT3
    Ana Moran; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, deletion of Stat32, a naturally occurring, dominant negative isoform of Stat3, protected mice from T/HS-induced AEC apoptosis...
  31. Emilio B Gonzalez; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..Then, we will examine the effects aPL/a22GPI Abs on thrombus formation, VCAM-1 and TF expression in aortas of mice (using quantum dot nano crystals and two-photon excitation laser scanning microscopy), cytokine upregulation (using ..
  32. Peroxynitrite Decomposition Catalyst and Nitric Oxide Donor for Endotoxemia
    GARRY JOHN SOUTHAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..by carrying out endotoxemic studies to establish the dose-response, time-window, mechanism of action, and safety in mice of intraperitoneal (IP) administered R-100...
  33. Gamma-Synuclein-Mediated Regulation of Norepinephrine Transporter
    Anita Sidhu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Syn overexpressing transgenic mice, as well as in .-Syn knock-out mice...
  34. Targeting Galectin-3 with novel drugs for treatment of eczema
    Fu Tong Liu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Through extensive studies of transgenic mice and human tissues, we have identified galectin-3 as a key molecule involved in skin inflammation...
  35. Bandana Chatterjee; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..D3-inhibited prostate cancer cell proliferation and in the growth of xenograft prostate tumors in immune-deficient mice;4), additional components of the holo corepressor complex, following affinity enrichment, for roles in E2F1 gene ..
  36. KRISTEN RACHEL VELLA; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..mutant receptors are targeted to specific subsets of neurons using the Cre-LoxP recombination system in transgenic mice. By administering CNO to mice expressing DREADDs in NPY or MC4R neurons, this technology will pinpoint the specific ..
  37. Role of SAMe on UBC9 and sumolyation in liver cancer and alcoholic liver injury
    Maria Lauda Tomasi; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Antagonizing UBC9 function in MCF-7 breast cancer cells transplanted in nude mice inhibited cell growth and increased apoptosis via Bcl-2 dependent mechanisms...
  38. Development of a Nonpsychotropic Cannabinoid Agonist for the Treatment of Sclerod
    Robert B Zurier; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed experiments will determine in animal models the efficacy and mechanisms of action responsible for the antifibrotic effects of ajulemic acid (AJA). ..
  39. Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase as a Target for Ischemic Cardioprotection
    Donna M Van Winkle; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the molecular mechanism of cardioprotection. Methods. Experiments will be conducted in anesthetized mice subjected to acute myocardial ischemia-reperfusion induced by reversible coronary ligation, and in cultured ..
  40. Ming Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..b>Mice with one of the UT genes knocked out show reduced ability to absorb water, and genetic variations of human UT are ..
  41. Pathogenesis and Treatment of Liver Disease in Transaldolase Deficiency
    Andras Perl; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Cirrhosis and nodular dysplasia were highly prevalent in mice with partial deficiency (TAL+/-;62/229, 27.0%) or complete deficiency of TAL (TAL-/-;77/97, 79...
  42. Role of Txnip in adapting fuel metabolism to nutritional state
    SIMON HUI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Txnip knockout (TKO) mice become hypoglycemia, hypertriglycerdemia and hyperketonemia when fasted and cannot survive long-term fasting...
  43. ENEIQUE A MESRI; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..of a constitutively-active Rac1 mutant (RacCA) driven by -smooth muscle actin (-SMA) promoter in transgenic mice led to the formation of lesions that strongly resemble those of Kaposi's sarcoma...
  44. ANTHONY JOHN KANAI; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..be tested in control and transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 and vanilloid 1 (TRPA1-/- and TRPV1-/-) knockout mice using optical mapping of UC, dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons and afferent nerve terminals in the bladder wall and ..
  45. Non-viral Genetic Modification of Antigen-presenting Cells in Allografts
    Wilson S Meng; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..In the second phase (specific aim 2), we expect to document changes in the recipient mice's T cells in respond to IL-10 modified allografts...
  46. JAMES RUSSELL SOWERS; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..roles of ANG II and over-nutrition on S6K1, Aim 2 will focus on in vivo/ex vivo effects in the S6K1-/- and C57BL/6 mice treated with ANG II that produces a slow pressor response and/or a high fat (60%) and high sucrose (20%) diet...
  47. VINCENT COLLINS OFUKA NJAR; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..The studies would also lead to the identification of biomarkers that would be useful in clinical trials. ..
  48. Priyabrata Mukherjee; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..In fact, heterozygous and homozygous deleted CBS knockout mice exhibit mild to severe HHcy, respectively...
  49. Regulation of B Cell Function by Membrane-Cytoskeletal Remodeling
    Neetu Gupta; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..B cells from conditional ezrin-deficient mice also exhibit severely impaired migration...
  50. Stephen E McGowan; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..investigate how PDGF-mediated signaling regulates formation of the mural sheath by pericytes and myofibroblasts in mice. Specific Aim 2: Examine cellular mechanisms whereby PDGF-A and PDGF-B promote formation of the mural sheath in ..
  51. Neil W Kowall; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..We recently reported that the amino acid L-arginine slows disease progression in mutant SOD1 (G93A) transgenic ALS mice. The basis for this neuroprotective effect is not known but one possible mechanism may involve the production of ..
  52. Response to and signals of caloric restriction and intermittent feeding regimens
    MARC KOPEL HELLERSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..feeding (IF) regimens such as modifed alternate-day fasting (mADF) reproduce many of the benefits of true CR in mice, without weight loss or change in body composition...
  53. Role of SCD1 and Dietary Methionine Restriction on Energy Homeostasis
    ERIC PAUL PLAISANCE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Global deletion of SCD1 in mice results in an increase in food intake accompanied by elevations in energy expenditure and reductions in serum ..
  54. The role of Fli1 in T cell function and the pathogenesis of lupus
    Tamara K Nowling; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..effects on the immune system and the pathogenesis of lupus as evidenced by the immune phenotype of Fli1 transgenic mice and the profound effect of Fli1 heterozygosity on a mouse model of lupus...
  55. Randal J Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..Chop deletion in insulin-resistant mice profoundly increases beta cell mass and improves beta cell function to maintain glucose-stimulated insulin ..
  56. Inhibition of human neutrophil function by Francisella tularensis
    Lee Ann H Allen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Indeed, if PMN accumulation migration into the lung is compromised, mice survive an otherwise lethal dose of F. tularensis...
  57. Enterococcus faecalis, Colorectal Cancer, and Bystander Effects
    Mark M Huycke; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..prostanoids, TNF1, malondialdehyde and 4- hydroxynonenal in the colonic mucosa of interleukin (IL)-10 knockout mice will be determined. The role of macrophages in the production of inflammation, dysplasia, and tumor formation in E...
  58. Samantha M Yeligar; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..using intranasal administration, and c) skills required to develop and manage colonies of knockout and transgenic mice. These skills will be acquired through the execution of the proposed studies with the assistance and training of ..
  59. Genetics and Haloperidol Response
    Robert J Hitzemann; Fiscal Year: 2012
  60. Gary Cecchini; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..Using the SIRT3 KO mouse model, it will be determined if the properties of cardiac tissue such as pre- and post-conditioning are altered by acetylation/deacetylation of proteins. ..
  61. Michael Demetriou; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..Mgat5 deficient 129/Sv mice develop late onset spontaneous kidney autoimmunity and are more susceptible to experimental autoimmune ..
  62. The Habenulo-Interpeduncular Pathway and Nicotine
    Christie D Fowler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..regions to permit transfection of cholinergic neurons/axons in BAC transgenic choline acetyltransferase (ChAT)::Cre mice. Subsequently, the effect of light-mediated activation of this pump on intravenous nicotine self-administration ..
  63. Bayar Thimmapaya; Fiscal Year: 2016
  64. David A Bernlohr; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..Specific Aim 3. Develop and characterize aP2-HA-GSTA4 transgenic mice maintained on low and high fat diets. Specific Aim 4...
  65. Laura L Dugan; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..the aging brain, and that Nox2 is in fact the major source of neuronal and synaptic superoxide production in aged mice. Inflammatory induction of Nox2 led to a superoxide-dependent loss of subsets of inhibitory interneurons in ..
  66. Masayuki Yazawa; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..This is because depletion of calcium related molecules in mice induced lethal cardiac dysfunction in most cases and many mutations in the molecules are reported to be associated ..
  67. UTPAL BHAGIRATH PAJVANI; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..Through detailed metabolic analyses in compound haploinsufficient (FoxO1:Notch1) mice, Dr...
  68. Scott J Hultgren; Fiscal Year: 2015
  69. Christie P Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..provided by applicant): Infusing an anti-VEGF antibody or a soluble VEGF receptor antagonist, sFlt1, in rats and mice lead to the development of severe proteinuria and hypertension accompanied by glomerular endotheliosis...
  70. Gautam Bhave; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..Ultimately, Dr. Bhave hopes to translate his seminal biochemical discovery into an independent line of investigation examining the role of peroxidasin in matrix remodeling and expansion in renal disease. ..
  71. Keith T Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..They express iNOS and Arg2, but not Arg1. Upon inhibition or knockdown of Arg2, or in cells from Arg2-/- mice, there is enhanced iNOS protein translation/expression and NO generation, indicating that H...
  72. Robert W Burgess; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..The Yars conditional knockin mice will allow us to further explore whether GARS and YARS mutations do indeed share a common pathogenic mechanism...
  73. Integrated signaling of eicosanoids in HSC formation and regeneration
    Trista E North; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..on HSC formation, proliferation and migration during development and recovery after injury, in both zebrafish and mice. Our central hypothesis is that two related eicosanoid subclasses, PGE2 and CBs, act individually and in concert to ..
  74. Rebecca A Simmons; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..The proof of the principle of prenatal programming by environmental contaminants may change our awareness of critical assessment of the risk of such compounds. ..
  75. Phillip Darwin Bell; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..Procedures to be used: Adult mice with and without PKD will be studied in presence or absence of nephrectomy to reduce renal mass or after induction ..
  76. Protection of Brain Injury from Cyanide Poisoning by Carnosic Acid
    Stuart A Lipton; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To investigate neuroprotective effects of CA in an in vitro model of cyanide poisoning. Specific Aim 2. To examine neuroprotective effects of CA in an in vivo mouse model mimicking the effects of cyanide ingestion. ..
  77. Ai Ling Lin; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..objective of this proposal is to use high-field MRI/MRS and PET to investigate the brain integrity of aging mice and identify possible protective effects of CR...
  78. Vickram Ramkumar; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..Overall, we believe that this study will provide the basis for the use of transplatin to alleviate cisplatin toxicities in cancer patients. ..
  79. New therapeutics for the treatment of Acinetobactor baumannii infections.
    ALLEN BERNARD REITZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..target validation and hit to lead in vitro and in vivo ADME properties including pharmacokinetic evaluation in mice, and obtain >3 advanced leads from diverse chemotypes with acceptable ADME and PK properties...
  80. Zhou Wang; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..inhibits prostate cancer incidence and progression in transgenic adenocarcinoma of mouse prostate (TRAMP) mice without causing weight loss or any other side effects...
  81. Christin Carter-Su; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..This phenotype (strikingly similar to that of SH2B1-/- mice) is consistent with SH2B1 being a signaling molecule for multiple ligands, including growth hormone (GH), leptin, ..
  82. RSK-2 regulates integrin-mediated adhesion and migration
    JOE WILLIAM RAMOS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This will determine if these proteins are suitable targets for the development of new adhesion specific disease therapies. In particular we will test if RSK2 can serve as a potential new therapeutic target in glioma. ..
  83. SAMUEL BRANDON STEPHENS; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..Thus, through this award, I will gain training and generate crucial reagents necessary to launch my independent research program and obtain a tenure-track assistant professorship. ..
  84. Richard J Bram; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..Importantly, while suppression of CypB is deleterious for tumor cell surviva, we found that mice completely lacking CypB have normal development and fertility with a minor phenotype involving collagen processing, ..
  85. Patrick Cahan; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..experiments, where donor cells are injected intravenously into lethally irradiated, immunodeficient recipient mice. A single HSC can reconstitute the complete hematopoietic system for up six months...
  86. Sridhar Sunderam; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..Behavioral monitoring of mice is usually limited to actigraphic measurements such as video tracking, wheel-running, and photoelectric beam-..
  87. Papasani V Subbaiah; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..We will next compare the in vivo incorporation profiles of dietary CLA in mice and rats, since these two animal species respond very differently to CLA, especially with regard to insulin ..
  88. Dual-Receptor Targeted Nanoparticles for Photodynamic Therapy of Brain Cancer
    Ann Marie Broome; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Specific Aim 3: In vivo translation of PDT therapy and post-therapy monitoring in glioma tumor bearing mice. We will investigate the NP targeting and the PDT efficacy of the NP conjugates in vivo in receptor overexpressing ..
  89. Epigenetic downregulation of the antibody response and inhibition of autoimmunity
    Paolo Casali; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Prompted by our compelling preliminary findings in human and mouse B cells in vitro, and in normal and lupus-prone mice, we hypothesize that the epigenetic modulators histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) inhibit CSR/SHM, plasma cell ..
  90. Role of Potent Trophic Factors on Glia and Motor Neurons in ALS
    Brian K Kaspar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..their effects on astrocytes and finally, we will test an optimal combination of these factors in familial fALS mice using our expertise in AAV vector gene delivery to the CNS. The specific aims of this proposal are: Specific Aim 1...
  91. Betty L Slagle; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..Human liver chimeric mice, in which human hepatocytes are engrafted into immunodeficient mice, provide the best, most biologically relevant ..
  92. ERIC KIRK LAU; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..abstract_text> ..