mandibular fractures

Summary

Summary: Fractures of the lower jaw.

Top Publications

  1. Qudah M, Al Khateeb T, Bataineh A, Rawashdeh M. Mandibular fractures in Jordanians: a comparative study between young and adult patients. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2005;33:103-6 pubmed
    There are very few reports directly comparing mandibular fractures between young and adult patients in Middle Eastern countries.
  2. Subhashraj K, Ramkumar S, Ravindran C. Pattern of mandibular fractures in Chennai, India. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;46:126-7 pubmed
    We describe the pattern of mandibular fractures in Chennai, and confirm that, as in most other large cities, the main cause is road traffic accidents.
  3. Tatli U, Ustun Y, Kurkcu M, Erdogan O, Gurbuz C, Ozgür H, et al. Effects of zoledronic acid on healing of mandibular fractures: an experimental study in rabbits. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2011;69:1726-35 pubmed publisher
  4. van den Bergh B, van Es C, Forouzanfar T. Analysis of mandibular fractures. J Craniofac Surg. 2011;22:1631-4 pubmed publisher
    ..A total of 1738 screws and 393 plates were used. Sixty patients presented with complications. The results of this report are partly in line with other studies and provides important data for the design of plans for injury prevention...
  5. Vajgel A, Camargo I, Willmersdorf R, de Melo T, Laureano Filho J, Vasconcellos R. Comparative finite element analysis of the biomechanical stability of 2.0 fixation plates in atrophic mandibular fractures. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2013;71:335-42 pubmed publisher
    ..0 fixation locking plates with different profiles in Class III atrophic mandibular fractures using 3-dimensional finite element analysis.
  6. Bodner L, Brennan P, McLeod N. Characteristics of iatrogenic mandibular fractures associated with tooth removal: review and analysis of 189 cases. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2011;49:567-72 pubmed publisher
    ..The clinical experience of the surgeon does not seem to have an important role. We review the aetiology of iatrogenic mandibular fracture and summarise the ways of minimising this complication...
  7. Sawazaki R, Lima Júnior S, Asprino L, Moreira R, de Moraes M. Incidence and patterns of mandibular condyle fractures. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;68:1252-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate the epidemiologic characteristics of the prevalence, type, and treatment modalities of condylar fractures of the mandible...
  8. Ylikontiola L, Sundqvuist K, Sandor G, Tormala P, Ashammakhi N. Self-reinforced bioresorbable poly-L/DL-lactide [SR-P(L/DL)LA] 70/30 miniplates and miniscrews are reliable for fixation of anterior mandibular fractures: a pilot study. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2004;97:312-7 pubmed
    ..The aim of this clinical study was to assess the reliability and efficacy of bioresorbable self-reinforced poly-L/DL-lactide (SR-P(L/DL)LA 70/30) plates and screws in the fixation of mandibular fractures in adults.
  9. Sakr K, Farag I, Zeitoun I. Review of 509 mandibular fractures treated at the University Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006;44:107-11 pubmed
    ..The prevalence of mandibular fractures was higher in male subjects in all age groups, and the male:female ratio was 3.6:1...
  10. Adeyemo W, Iwegbu I, Bello S, Okoturo E, Olaitan A, Ladeinde A, et al. Management of mandibular fractures in a developing country: a review of 314 cases from two urban centers in Nigeria. World J Surg. 2008;32:2631-5 pubmed publisher
    This study was designed to establish the current demographic and treatment patterns of mandibular fractures in two urban centers (Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, and National Hospital, Abuja) in Nigeria.

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. Qudah M, Al Khateeb T, Bataineh A, Rawashdeh M. Mandibular fractures in Jordanians: a comparative study between young and adult patients. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2005;33:103-6 pubmed
    There are very few reports directly comparing mandibular fractures between young and adult patients in Middle Eastern countries.
  2. Subhashraj K, Ramkumar S, Ravindran C. Pattern of mandibular fractures in Chennai, India. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;46:126-7 pubmed
    We describe the pattern of mandibular fractures in Chennai, and confirm that, as in most other large cities, the main cause is road traffic accidents.
  3. Tatli U, Ustun Y, Kurkcu M, Erdogan O, Gurbuz C, Ozgür H, et al. Effects of zoledronic acid on healing of mandibular fractures: an experimental study in rabbits. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2011;69:1726-35 pubmed publisher
  4. van den Bergh B, van Es C, Forouzanfar T. Analysis of mandibular fractures. J Craniofac Surg. 2011;22:1631-4 pubmed publisher
    ..A total of 1738 screws and 393 plates were used. Sixty patients presented with complications. The results of this report are partly in line with other studies and provides important data for the design of plans for injury prevention...
  5. Vajgel A, Camargo I, Willmersdorf R, de Melo T, Laureano Filho J, Vasconcellos R. Comparative finite element analysis of the biomechanical stability of 2.0 fixation plates in atrophic mandibular fractures. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2013;71:335-42 pubmed publisher
    ..0 fixation locking plates with different profiles in Class III atrophic mandibular fractures using 3-dimensional finite element analysis.
  6. Bodner L, Brennan P, McLeod N. Characteristics of iatrogenic mandibular fractures associated with tooth removal: review and analysis of 189 cases. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2011;49:567-72 pubmed publisher
    ..The clinical experience of the surgeon does not seem to have an important role. We review the aetiology of iatrogenic mandibular fracture and summarise the ways of minimising this complication...
  7. Sawazaki R, Lima Júnior S, Asprino L, Moreira R, de Moraes M. Incidence and patterns of mandibular condyle fractures. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;68:1252-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate the epidemiologic characteristics of the prevalence, type, and treatment modalities of condylar fractures of the mandible...
  8. Ylikontiola L, Sundqvuist K, Sandor G, Tormala P, Ashammakhi N. Self-reinforced bioresorbable poly-L/DL-lactide [SR-P(L/DL)LA] 70/30 miniplates and miniscrews are reliable for fixation of anterior mandibular fractures: a pilot study. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2004;97:312-7 pubmed
    ..The aim of this clinical study was to assess the reliability and efficacy of bioresorbable self-reinforced poly-L/DL-lactide (SR-P(L/DL)LA 70/30) plates and screws in the fixation of mandibular fractures in adults.
  9. Sakr K, Farag I, Zeitoun I. Review of 509 mandibular fractures treated at the University Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006;44:107-11 pubmed
    ..The prevalence of mandibular fractures was higher in male subjects in all age groups, and the male:female ratio was 3.6:1...
  10. Adeyemo W, Iwegbu I, Bello S, Okoturo E, Olaitan A, Ladeinde A, et al. Management of mandibular fractures in a developing country: a review of 314 cases from two urban centers in Nigeria. World J Surg. 2008;32:2631-5 pubmed publisher
    This study was designed to establish the current demographic and treatment patterns of mandibular fractures in two urban centers (Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, and National Hospital, Abuja) in Nigeria.
  11. Lovato C, Wagner J. Infection rates following perioperative prophylactic antibiotics versus postoperative extended regimen prophylactic antibiotics in surgical management of mandibular fractures. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2009;67:827-32 pubmed publisher
    To determine whether or not an extended regimen of prophylactic antibiotics following either open or closed reduction of mandibular fractures is beneficial in lowering the rate of infection in postoperative patients.
  12. Lovald S, Wagner J, Baack B. Biomechanical optimization of bone plates used in rigid fixation of mandibular fractures. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2009;67:973-85 pubmed publisher
    ..The design will be driven by the unique biomechanics specific to this fracture location...
  13. Ferretti C. A prospective trial of poly-L-lactic/polyglycolic acid co-polymer plates and screws for internal fixation of mandibular fractures. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;37:242-8 pubmed publisher
    ..performance of poly-L-lactic/polyglycolic acid (PLLA/PGA) co-polymer plates and screws in the fixation of mandibular fractures. Following clinical and radiographic examination, internal fixation was achieved with PLLA/PGA co-polymer ..
  14. Krimmel M, Reinert S. Mandibular fracture after third molar removal. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2000;58:1110-2 pubmed
    ..Mandibular fracture after impacted lower third molar removal is a rare, but major, complication. The factors leading to a mandibular fracture secondary to third molar removal are analyzed retrospectively...
  15. Martini M, Takahashi A, de Oliveira Neto H, de Carvalho Júnior J, Curcio R, Shinohara E. Epidemiology of mandibular fractures treated in a Brazilian level I trauma public hospital in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Braz Dent J. 2006;17:243-8 pubmed
    This article reviews cases of mandibular fractures treated at the Service of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Hospital Complex of Mandaqui (SUS/SP), which is a reference hospital complex for trauma in the northern area of the city of ..
  16. Miloro M. Endoscopic-assisted repair of subcondylar fractures. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2003;96:387-91 pubmed
    ..Patients were evaluated clinically and radiographically for 6 months and functional, radiographic, and esthetic parameters were assessed at each time period (1, 2, 4, 12, and 24 weeks)...
  17. Smets L, Van Damme P, Stoelinga P. Non-surgical treatment of condylar fractures in adults: a retrospective analysis. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2003;31:162-7 pubmed
  18. Ogundare B, Bonnick A, Bayley N. Pattern of mandibular fractures in an urban major trauma center. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2003;61:713-8 pubmed
    Many studies focusing on the pattern of presentation of mandibular fractures are inconclusive. This is largely due to a multifactorial involvement of associated factors and the role of anatomic factors.
  19. Vogt A, Roser M, Weingart D. [Transparotidean approach to surgical management of condylar neck fractures. A prospective study]. Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir. 2005;9:246-50 pubmed
    ..Different surgical approaches for the open treatment of mandibular condylar fractures are described in the literature. We evaluated the morbidity of the transparotidean approach in a prospective study over 5 1/2 years...
  20. Leonhardt H, Demmrich A, Mueller A, Mai R, Loukota R, Eckelt U. INION compared with titanium osteosynthesis: a prospective investigation of the treatment of mandibular fractures. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;46:631-4 pubmed publisher
    We prospectively studied two groups of 30 patients to assess the outcome of treatment of mandibular fractures with the biodegradable INION system compared with osteosynthesis with titanium miniplates...
  21. Yerit K, Enislidis G, Schopper C, Turhani D, Wanschitz F, Wagner A, et al. Fixation of mandibular fractures with biodegradable plates and screws. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2002;94:294-300 pubmed
    Little data exist regarding the use of biodegradable plates and screws for the internal fixation of human mandibular fractures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the stability of biodegradable, self-reinforced poly-L-lactide ..
  22. Sojot A, Meisami T, Sandor G, Clokie C. The epidemiology of mandibular fractures treated at the Toronto general hospital: A review of 246 cases. J Can Dent Assoc. 2001;67:640-4 pubmed
    b>Mandibular fractures constitute a substantial proportion of cases of maxillofacial trauma. This study investigated the incidence, causes and treatment of mandibular fractures at a hospital in Toronto.
  23. Fordyce A, Lalani Z, Songra A, Hildreth A, Carton A, Hawkesford J. Intermaxillary fixation is not usually necessary to reduce mandibular fractures. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1999;37:52-7 pubmed
    We undertook a retrospective study of all isolated mandibular fractures which had required active management over a 1-year period at the Maxillofacial Unit at Newcastle General Hospital...
  24. Szucs A, Bujtár P, Sandor G, Barabás J. Finite element analysis of the human mandible to assess the effect of removing an impacted third molar. J Can Dent Assoc. 2010;76:a72 pubmed
    ..The aim was to analyze the effects of removing various amounts of bone around an impacted mandibular third molar and to predict the possibility of iatrogenic fracture...
  25. Ellis E, Throckmorton G, Palmieri C. Open treatment of condylar process fractures: assessment of adequacy of repositioning and maintenance of stability. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2000;58:27-34; discussion 35 pubmed
    ..This study was designed to determine how well fractured condylar processes were reduced and the stability of the internal fixation in a group of patients whose fractures were treated by open reduction...
  26. Cabrini Gabrielli M, Real Gabrielli M, Marcantonio E, Hochuli Vieira E. Fixation of mandibular fractures with 2.0-mm miniplates: review of 191 cases. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2003;61:430-6 pubmed
    Our goal was to study the use of 2.0-mm miniplates for the fixation of mandibular fractures.
  27. Mukerji R, Mukerji G, McGurk M. Mandibular fractures: Historical perspective. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006;44:222-8 pubmed
    The principles of the treatment of mandibular fractures have changed recently, although the objective of re-establishing the occlusion and masticatory function remains the same...
  28. Vesnaver A, Gorjanc M, Eberlinc A, Dovsak D, Kansky A. The periauricular transparotid approach for open reduction and internal fixation of condylar fractures. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2005;33:169-79 pubmed
    ..The aim of this paper was to determine the safety and efficiency of surgical treatment using a transparotid approach for direct plating...
  29. Abubaker A, Rollert M. Postoperative antibiotic prophylaxis in mandibular fractures: A preliminary randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled clinical study. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2001;59:1415-9 pubmed
    ..This study evaluated the difference between the effect of a 5-day postoperative course of oral antibiotics and a placebo on the incidence of postoperative infection in uncomplicated fractures of the mandible...
  30. Al Belasy F, Tozoglu S, Ertas U. Mastication and late mandibular fracture after surgery of impacted third molars associated with no gross pathology. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2009;67:856-61 pubmed publisher
  31. Schmidt B, Kearns G, Gordon N, Kaban L. A financial analysis of maxillomandibular fixation versus rigid internal fixation for treatment of mandibular fractures. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2000;58:1206-10; discussion 1210-1 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the cost-effectiveness of mandibular fracture treatment by closed reduction with maxillomandibular fixation (CRF) with open reduction and rigid internal fixation (ORIF)...
  32. Roode G, van Wyk P, Botha S. Mandibular fractures: an epidemiological survey at the Oral and Dental Hospital, Pretoria. SADJ. 2007;62:270, 272-4 pubmed
    ..retrospective analysis was to study the etiology, distribution, treatment modalities and complications of mandibular fractures of patients who attended the Maxillo-Facial and Oral Surgery (MFOS) unit at the School of Dentistry, ..
  33. Hochuli Vieira E, Cabrini Gabrielli M, Pereira Filho V, Gabrielli M, Padilha J. Rigid internal fixation with titanium versus bioresorbable miniplates in the repair of mandibular fractures in rabbits. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2005;34:167-73 pubmed
    ..histology the efficacy of rigid internal fixation with titanium system and the Lacto Sorb system in mandibular fractures in rabbits. Thirty male adult rabbits Oryctolagus cuniculus were used...
  34. Bui P, Demian N, Beetar P. Infection rate in mandibular angle fractures treated with a 2.0-mm 8-hole curved strut plate. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2009;67:804-8 pubmed publisher
    ..0-mm 8-hole titanium curved strut plates. Our understanding is that this method of repair is currently being used only in a few centers in the United States...
  35. Haug R, Assael L. Outcomes of open versus closed treatment of mandibular subcondylar fractures. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2001;59:370-5; discussion 375-6 pubmed
  36. Hyde N, Manisali M, Aghabeigi B, Sneddon K, Newman L. The role of open reduction and internal fixation in unilateral fractures of the mandibular condyle: a prospective study. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2002;40:19-22 pubmed
    ..Open reduction and internal fixation of the mandibular condyle seems to carry low morbidity and may be of considerable functional benefit to the patient...
  37. Hermund N, Hillerup S, Kofod T, Schwartz O, Andreasen J. Effect of early or delayed treatment upon healing of mandibular fractures: a systematic literature review. Dent Traumatol. 2008;24:22-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, there is presently no strong evidence for either acute or delayed treatment of mandibular fractures in order to minimize healing complications; new studies including a substantial number of cases treated on ..
  38. Laster Z, Muska E, Nagler R. Pediatric mandibular fractures: introduction of a novel therapeutic modality. J Trauma. 2008;64:225-9 pubmed publisher
  39. Ferreira P, Amarante J, Silva A, Pereira J, Cardoso M, Rodrigues J. Etiology and patterns of pediatric mandibular fractures in Portugal: a retrospective study of 10 years. J Craniofac Surg. 2004;15:384-91 pubmed
    To determine the pattern of occurrence of mandibular fractures in the pediatric population in Portugal.
  40. Schön R, Schramm A, Gellrich N, Schmelzeisen R. Follow-up of condylar fractures of the mandible in 8 patients at 18 months after transoral endoscopic-assisted open treatment. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2003;61:49-54 pubmed
    ..The results of endoscopic-assisted transoral approach for open reduction and miniplate fixation of condylar mandible fractures were evaluated 18 months after surgery...
  41. Devlin M, Hislop W, Carton A. Open reduction and internal fixation of fractured mandibular condyles by a retromandibular approach: surgical morbidity and informed consent. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2002;40:23-5 pubmed
    ..The central issue, which is sometimes forgotten, is the informed consent of our patients. To this end we have looked at the surgical morbidity related to the retromandibular approach...
  42. Bither S, Mahindra U, Halli R, Kini Y. Incidence and pattern of mandibular fractures in rural population: a review of 324 patients at a tertiary hospital in Loni, Maharashtra, India. Dent Traumatol. 2008;24:468-70 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to document the pattern and incidence of mandibular fractures occurring in rural population, at Rural Dental College and Hospital, Maharashtra, India...
  43. Chrcanovic B, Custódio A. Considerations of mandibular angle fractures during and after surgery for removal of third molars: a review of the literature. Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;14:71-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Common complications of mandibular third molar surgery include alveolar osteitis (dry socket), secondary infection, nerve dysfunction, and hemorrhage. Reports of mandibular fracture during and after third molar removal are uncommon...
  44. Schon R, Roveda S, Carter B. Mandibular fractures in Townsville, Australia: incidence, aetiology and treatment using the 2.0 AO/ASIF miniplate system. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2001;39:145-8 pubmed
    In 1995 a total of 114 patients presented with 154 mandibular fractures at the Townsville General Hospital, Australia. Fifty-eight (51%) were white, 50 (44%) aboriginal, and six (5%) of other or unknown race...
  45. Wilson I, Lokeh A, Benjamin C, Hilger P, Hamlar D, Ondrey F, et al. Prospective comparison of panoramic tomography (zonography) and helical computed tomography in the diagnosis and operative management of mandibular fractures. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2001;107:1369-75 pubmed
    ..the sensitivity of panoramic tomography (zonography) and helical computed tomography (CT) in diagnosing 73 mandibular fractures in 42 consecutive patients and correlated the results with known surgical findings...
  46. Downie J, Devlin M, Carton A, Hislop W. Prospective study of morbidity associated with open reduction and internal fixation of the fractured condyle by the transparotid approach. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2009;47:370-3 pubmed publisher
    ..It is acceptably safe, and the data can now be presented to patients to help them make an informed choice about options for treatment...
  47. Guerrissi J. A transparotid transcutaneous approach for internal rigid fixation in condylar fractures. J Craniofac Surg. 2002;13:568-71 pubmed
    ..A case report illustrates the practical application of the above technique and it shows that as the lesion of branches of the facial nerve can be avoided...
  48. Zachariades N, Mezitis M, Mourouzis C, Papadakis D, Spanou A. Fractures of the mandibular condyle: a review of 466 cases. Literature review, reflections on treatment and proposals. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2006;34:421-32 pubmed
  49. Jain M, Manjunath K, Bhagwan B, Shah D. Comparison of 3-dimensional and standard miniplate fixation in the management of mandibular fractures. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;68:1568-72 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this follow-up study was to compare 3-dimensional (3D) and standard (Champy's) miniplate fixation in the management of mandibular fractures, and to analyze advantages and disadvantages of one over the other.
  50. Wilson A, Ethunandan M, Brennan P. Transmasseteric antero-parotid approach for open reduction and internal fixation of condylar fractures. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2005;43:57-60 pubmed
  51. Chritah A, Lazow S, Berger J. Transoral 2.0-mm locking miniplate fixation of mandibular fractures plus 1 week of maxillomandibular fixation: a prospective study. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2005;63:1737-41 pubmed
    In this study, a 2.0-mm locking miniplate (LMP)/screw system was assessed in the treatment of mandibular fractures with a 1-week period of maxillomandibular fixation (MMF).
  52. Lee H, Oh J, Kim S, Kim H, Moon S, Kim Y, et al. Comparison of titanium and biodegradable miniplates for fixation of mandibular fractures. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;68:2065-9 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of the present study was to compare the use of biodegradable miniplates and titanium miniplates for the fixation of mandibular fractures.
  53. He D, Ellis E, Zhang Y. Etiology of temporomandibular joint ankylosis secondary to condylar fractures: the role of concomitant mandibular fractures. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;66:77-84 pubmed
    ..The purpose of the study was to explore the association between condylar fractures and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis in a sample from 1 hospital in China...
  54. Erdogan O, Esen E, Ustun Y, Kurkcu M, Akova T, Gonlusen G, et al. Effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound on healing of mandibular fractures: an experimental study in rabbits. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006;64:180-8 pubmed
    Pulsed ultrasonic waves have been shown to accelerate fracture healing of the long bones. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPU) on healing of mandibular fractures.
  55. Gomes P, Guimarães Filho R, Mazzonetto R. Evaluation of the bending strength of rigid internal fixation with absorbable and metallic screws in mandibular ramus sagittal split osteotomy: in vitro study. Pesqui Odontol Bras. 2003;17:267-72 pubmed
    ..The groups showed no statistically significant differences, indicating the feasibility of both for osteosynthesis in mandibular ramus sagittal split osteotomies...
  56. Bolourian R, Lazow S, Berger J. Transoral 2.0-mm miniplate fixation of mandibular fractures plus 2 weeks' maxillomandibular fixation: a prospective study. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2002;60:167-70 pubmed
    We conducted a study to assess the efficacy of intraoral treatment of mandibular fractures using a 2.0-mm miniplate and 2 weeks of maxillomandibular fixation (MMF).
  57. Libersa P, Roze D, Cachart T, Libersa J. Immediate and late mandibular fractures after third molar removal. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2002;60:163-5; discussion 165-6 pubmed
    In this retrospective study, we analyzed immediate and late mandibular fractures after impacted lower third molar surgery.
  58. Maloney P, Lincoln R, Coyne C. A protocol for the management of compound mandibular fractures based on the time from injury to treatment. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2001;59:879-84; discussion 885-6 pubmed
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity of a treatment protocol for compound mandibular fractures that is based on the time of injury to treatment.
  59. Singh V, Gupta M, Bhagol A. Is a single miniplate at the inferior border adequate in the management of an angle fracture of the mandible?. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011;145:213-6 pubmed publisher
    ..This prospective study evaluates the efficacy of using a single miniplate at the inferior border in the management of a displaced angle fracture...
  60. Yu Y, Lieu S, Hu D, Miclau T, Colnot C. Site specific effects of zoledronic acid during tibial and mandibular fracture repair. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e31771 pubmed publisher
    ..Contrary to tibial fractures, which heal mainly through endochondral ossification, mandibular fractures healed via endochondral and intramembranous ossification with a lesser degree of endochondral ossification ..
  61. Christensen B, Han M, Dillon J. The cause of cost in the management of odontogenic infections 1: a demographic survey and multivariate analysis. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2013;71:2058-67 pubmed publisher
  62. Hojjat H, Svider P, Lin H, Folbe A, Shkoukani M, Eloy J, et al. Adding Injury to Insult: A National Analysis of Combat Sport-Related Facial Injury. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2016;125:652-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, injury patterns reported in this analysis may serve as an adjunct for enhancing clinical history taking and physical examination. ..