carbon disulfide

Summary

Summary: A colorless, flammable, poisonous liquid, CS2. It is used as a solvent, and is a counterirritant and has local anesthetic properties but is not used as such. It is highly toxic with pronounced CNS, hematologic, and dermatologic effects.

Top Publications

  1. Aaserud O, Hommeren O, Tvedt B, Nakstad P, Mowe G, Efskind J, et al. Carbon disulfide exposure and neurotoxic sequelae among viscose rayon workers. Am J Ind Med. 1990;18:25-37 pubmed
    In Norway's only viscose rayon plant, carbon disulfide (CS2) concentrations in ambient air usually were between 30 and 50 mg/m3 during the first 23 years of production...
  2. Munger S, Leinders Zufall T, McDougall L, Cockerham R, Schmid A, Wandernoth P, et al. An olfactory subsystem that detects carbon disulfide and mediates food-related social learning. Curr Biol. 2010;20:1438-44 pubmed publisher
    ..from gene-targeted mice, we show that GC-D(+) OSNs are highly sensitive to the volatile semiochemical carbon disulfide (CS(2)), a component of rodent breath and a known social signal mediating the acquisition of STFPs...
  3. Guo X, Tang R, Qin X, Yang J, Chen G. Effects of carbon disulfide on the expression and activity of nitric oxide synthase in rat hippocampus. Chin Med J (Engl). 2008;121:2553-6 pubmed
    b>Carbon disulfide (CS(2)) is a commonly used organic solvent...
  4. Deng J, Chen G, Ji J, Tan H, Wang S, Hu F, et al. [Apoptosis and gene FasL expression induced by carbon disulfide in rat sertoli cells]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2006;24:730-3 pubmed
    To study apoptosis and gene FasL expression induced by carbon disulfide in sertoli cells of male rats.
  5. Chapman L, Sauter S, Henning R, Levine R, Matthews C, Peters H. Finger tremor after carbon disulfide-based pesticide exposures. Arch Neurol. 1991;48:866-70 pubmed
    ..was studied in 19 age-matched control subjects and in 19 grain industry employees chronically exposed to carbon disulfide-based fumigants...
  6. Song H, Wei C, Dong Q, Wang M, Ji C, Hou Z, et al. [Studing the health status of workers occupationally exposed to carbon disulfide]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2012;30:443-7 pubmed
    To study the effects of carbon disulfide (CS(2)) on the health of workers, and to provide the basis for the further preventive measures.
  7. Niu Y, Matos A, Abrantes L, Viana A, Jin G. Antibody oriented immobilization on gold using the reaction between carbon disulfide and amine groups and its application in immunosensing. Langmuir. 2012;28:17718-25 pubmed publisher
    b>Carbon disulfide (CS(2)) can spontaneously react with amine groups to form dithiocarbamates on gold surface, providing the possibility to immobilize some compounds with primary or secondary amine groups in one step...
  8. Luo J, Chang H, Chang S, Chou T, Chen C, Shih T, et al. Elevated triglyceride and decreased high density lipoprotein level in carbon disulfide workers in Taiwan. J Occup Environ Med. 2003;45:73-8 pubmed
    b>Carbon disulfide (CS2) is a man-made product utilized primarily in the manufacture of viscose rayon. Overexposure to CS2 has been associated with an increase in coronary heart disease...
  9. Huang C. Carbon disulfide neurotoxicity: Taiwan experience. Acta Neurol Taiwan. 2004;13:3-9 pubmed
    b>Carbon disulfide (CS2) intoxication may induce peripheral neuropathy, encephalopathy, and cardiovascular diseases...
  10. Ma J, Ji J, Qing Ding -, Liu W, Wang S, Ning Wang -, et al. The effects of carbon disulfide on male sexual function and semen quality. Toxicol Ind Health. 2010;26:375-82 pubmed publisher
    ..01).The duration of exposure had the effect on sexual function and semen quality but no statistical significance (p > 0.05). Clinical effects on the male sexual function and semen quality were found in the workers exposed to CS(2)...

Scientific Experts

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. Aaserud O, Hommeren O, Tvedt B, Nakstad P, Mowe G, Efskind J, et al. Carbon disulfide exposure and neurotoxic sequelae among viscose rayon workers. Am J Ind Med. 1990;18:25-37 pubmed
    In Norway's only viscose rayon plant, carbon disulfide (CS2) concentrations in ambient air usually were between 30 and 50 mg/m3 during the first 23 years of production...
  2. Munger S, Leinders Zufall T, McDougall L, Cockerham R, Schmid A, Wandernoth P, et al. An olfactory subsystem that detects carbon disulfide and mediates food-related social learning. Curr Biol. 2010;20:1438-44 pubmed publisher
    ..from gene-targeted mice, we show that GC-D(+) OSNs are highly sensitive to the volatile semiochemical carbon disulfide (CS(2)), a component of rodent breath and a known social signal mediating the acquisition of STFPs...
  3. Guo X, Tang R, Qin X, Yang J, Chen G. Effects of carbon disulfide on the expression and activity of nitric oxide synthase in rat hippocampus. Chin Med J (Engl). 2008;121:2553-6 pubmed
    b>Carbon disulfide (CS(2)) is a commonly used organic solvent...
  4. Deng J, Chen G, Ji J, Tan H, Wang S, Hu F, et al. [Apoptosis and gene FasL expression induced by carbon disulfide in rat sertoli cells]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2006;24:730-3 pubmed
    To study apoptosis and gene FasL expression induced by carbon disulfide in sertoli cells of male rats.
  5. Chapman L, Sauter S, Henning R, Levine R, Matthews C, Peters H. Finger tremor after carbon disulfide-based pesticide exposures. Arch Neurol. 1991;48:866-70 pubmed
    ..was studied in 19 age-matched control subjects and in 19 grain industry employees chronically exposed to carbon disulfide-based fumigants...
  6. Song H, Wei C, Dong Q, Wang M, Ji C, Hou Z, et al. [Studing the health status of workers occupationally exposed to carbon disulfide]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2012;30:443-7 pubmed
    To study the effects of carbon disulfide (CS(2)) on the health of workers, and to provide the basis for the further preventive measures.
  7. Niu Y, Matos A, Abrantes L, Viana A, Jin G. Antibody oriented immobilization on gold using the reaction between carbon disulfide and amine groups and its application in immunosensing. Langmuir. 2012;28:17718-25 pubmed publisher
    b>Carbon disulfide (CS(2)) can spontaneously react with amine groups to form dithiocarbamates on gold surface, providing the possibility to immobilize some compounds with primary or secondary amine groups in one step...
  8. Luo J, Chang H, Chang S, Chou T, Chen C, Shih T, et al. Elevated triglyceride and decreased high density lipoprotein level in carbon disulfide workers in Taiwan. J Occup Environ Med. 2003;45:73-8 pubmed
    b>Carbon disulfide (CS2) is a man-made product utilized primarily in the manufacture of viscose rayon. Overexposure to CS2 has been associated with an increase in coronary heart disease...
  9. Huang C. Carbon disulfide neurotoxicity: Taiwan experience. Acta Neurol Taiwan. 2004;13:3-9 pubmed
    b>Carbon disulfide (CS2) intoxication may induce peripheral neuropathy, encephalopathy, and cardiovascular diseases...
  10. Ma J, Ji J, Qing Ding -, Liu W, Wang S, Ning Wang -, et al. The effects of carbon disulfide on male sexual function and semen quality. Toxicol Ind Health. 2010;26:375-82 pubmed publisher
    ..01).The duration of exposure had the effect on sexual function and semen quality but no statistical significance (p > 0.05). Clinical effects on the male sexual function and semen quality were found in the workers exposed to CS(2)...
  11. Wang F, Cai S, Wang Z, Xi C. Synthesis of 2-mercaptobenzothiazoles via DBU-promoted tandem reaction of o-haloanilines and carbon disulfide. Org Lett. 2011;13:3202-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The reaction proceeded from o-haloaniline derivatives and carbon disulfide via a tandem reaction in the presence of 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4...
  12. Chuang W, Huang C, Chen C, Hsieh Y, Kuo H, Shih T. Carbon disulfide encephalopathy: cerebral microangiopathy. Neurotoxicology. 2007;28:387-93 pubmed
    To understand cerebral blood circulation after long-term exposure to carbon disulfide (CS2), four patients with encephalopathy and polyneuropathy, who had worked in a viscose rayon plant, were studied...
  13. Huang C, Yen T, Shih T, Chang H, Chu N. Dopamine transporter binding study in differentiating carbon disulfide induced parkinsonism from idiopathic parkinsonism. Neurotoxicology. 2004;25:341-7 pubmed
    Long-term exposure to carbon disulfide (CS(2)) may induce parkinsonian features...
  14. Ku M, Huang C, Kuo H, Yen T, Chen C, Shih T, et al. Diffuse white matter lesions in carbon disulfide intoxication: microangiopathy or demyelination. Eur Neurol. 2003;50:220-4 pubmed
    Long-term exposure to carbon disulfide (CS(2)) may induce diffuse encephalopathy with parkinsonism, pyramidal signs, cerebellar ataxia, and cognitive impairments, as well as axonal polyneuropathy...
  15. Chang S, Shih T, Chou T, Chen C, Chang H, Sung F. Hearing loss in workers exposed to carbon disulfide and noise. Environ Health Perspect. 2003;111:1620-4 pubmed
    Simultaneous exposure to carbon disulfide and noise may have a combined effect on hearing impairment. In this study we investigated hearing loss in 131 men with exposure to noise [80-91 A-weighted decibels; dB(A)] and CS(2) (1.6-20...
  16. Jhun H, Yim S, Kim R, Paek D. Heart-rate variability of carbon disulfide-poisoned subjects in Korea. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2003;76:156-60 pubmed
    Mass poisoning by carbon disulfide (CS(2)) occurred in a viscose-rayon factory in Korea. Including 38 who had died, 830 employees were diagnosed as CS(2) poisoned...
  17. Cha J, Kim S, Han H, Kim R, Yim S, Kim M. Brain MRI findings of carbon disulfide poisoning. Korean J Radiol. 2002;3:158-62 pubmed
    To evaluate the findings of brain MRI in patients with carbon disulfide poisoning.
  18. Huang C, Chu C, Chen R, Lin S, Shih T. Chronic carbon disulfide encephalopathy. Eur Neurol. 1996;36:364-8 pubmed
    To understand central nervous damage after long-term exposure to carbon disulfide (CS2), 10 patients who had polyneuropathy with various neuropsychiatric symptoms in a viscose rayon plant were studied...
  19. Lee E, Kim M. Cerebral vasoreactivity by transcranial Doppler in carbon disulfide poisoning cases in Korea. J Korean Med Sci. 1998;13:645-51 pubmed
    ..These findings suggested that CS2 exposure could lead to a decrease of cerebral vasoreactivities by the atherosclerotic change of cerebral vessels...
  20. Lewis J, Graham D, Valentine W, Morris R, Morgan D, Sills R. Exposure of C57BL/6 mice to carbon disulfide induces early lesions of atherosclerosis and enhances arterial fatty deposits induced by a high fat diet. Toxicol Sci. 1999;49:124-32 pubmed
    ..There is considerable epidemiological evidence that workers exposed to carbon disulfide (CS2) have increased rates of ACVD, and there is conflicting evidence of the atherogenic potential of CS2 ..
  21. Huang C, Chu C, Chu N, Wu T. Carbon disulfide vasculopathy: a small vessel disease. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2001;11:245-50 pubmed
    ..of 4 male patients with acute stroke-like symptoms and polyneuropathy after long-term exposure to carbon disulfide (CS2) in a viscose rayon plant...
  22. van Eldijk M, van Leeuwen I, Mikhailov V, Neijenhuis L, Harhangi H, van Hest J, et al. Evidence that the catenane form of CS2 hydrolase is not an artefact. Chem Commun (Camb). 2013;49:7770-2 pubmed publisher
    CS2 hydrolase, a zinc-dependent enzyme that converts carbon disulfide to carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide, exists as a mixture of octameric ring and hexadecameric catenane forms in solution...
  23. Song F, Zhang C, Wang Q, Zeng T, Xie K. Alterations in neurofilaments content and calpains activity of sciatic nerve of carbon disulfide-treated rats. Arch Toxicol. 2009;83:587-94 pubmed publisher
    Chronic exposure to carbon disulfide (CS2) can induce polyneuropathy in occupational worker and experimental animals, but underlying mechanism for CS2 neurotoxicity is currently unknown...
  24. Li H, Jonsson B, Lindh C, Albin M, Broberg K. N-nitrosamines are associated with shorter telomere length. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2011;37:316-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Aiming to examine the relationship between DNA-damaging agents and average telomere length in peripheral blood, we conducted a cross-sectional study among 157 workers working in the rubber industry in Sweden...
  25. Ren Y, Mahon D. Evaluation of microwave irradiation for analysis of carbonyl sulfide, carbon disulfide, cyanogen, ethyl formate, methyl bromide, sulfuryl fluoride, propylene oxide, and phosphine in hay. J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:32-7 pubmed
    ..Power settings for maximum release of fumigants were determined for carbonyl sulfide (COS), carbon disulfide (CS(2)), cyanogen (C(2)N(2)), ethyl formate (EF), methyl bromide (CH(3)Br), sulfuryl fluoride (SF), propylene ..
  26. Cho S, Kim R, Yim S, Tak S, Lee Y, Son M. Long-term neuropsychological effects and MRI findings in patients with CS2 poisoning. Acta Neurol Scand. 2002;106:269-75 pubmed
    To evaluate the long-term neuropsychological effects and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings among retired patients with a history of exposure to carbon disulfide (CS2).
  27. Danielson J, Gosselin J, Surko C. Dipole enhancement of positron binding to molecules. Phys Rev Lett. 2010;104:233201 pubmed
    ..g., ≥90  meV) as compared to those for similar sized molecules studied previously and analogous weakly bound electron-molecule (negative ion) states. Comparisons with existing theoretical predictions are discussed...
  28. Wakui N, Ookubo T, Iwasaki Y, Ito R, Mitui M, Yano Y, et al. Determination of exposure of dispensary drug preparers to cyclophosphamide by passive sampling and liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. J Oncol Pharm Pract. 2013;19:31-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine cyclophosphamide exposure to preparers during tablet crushing and subsequent handling by analyzing indoor air collected using a high-performance volatile organic compounds-solvent desorption (VOC-SD) passive air sampler...
  29. Sills R, Harry G, Valentine W, Morgan D. Interdisciplinary neurotoxicity inhalation studies: carbon disulfide and carbonyl sulfide research in F344 rats. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2005;207:245-50 pubmed
    Inhalation studies were conducted on the hazardous air pollutants, carbon disulfide, which targets the central nervous system (spinal cord) and peripheral nervous system (distal portions of long myelinated axons), and carbonyl sulfide, ..
  30. Chang S, Chen C, Shih T, Chou T, Sung F. Risk for hypertension in workers exposed to carbon disulfide in the viscose rayon industry. Am J Ind Med. 2007;50:22-7 pubmed
    Chronic exposure to carbon disulfide (CS(2)) has been associated with hypertension, elevated cholesterol, arteriosclerosis, ischemic heart disease and related mortality, adverse nervous and reproductive health effects, and hearing ..
  31. Fletcher K, Stone E, Mohamad M, Faulder G, Faulder R, Jones K, et al. A breath test to assess compliance with disulfiram. Addiction. 2006;101:1705-10 pubmed
    ....
  32. Sills R, Valentine W, Moser V, Graham D, Morgan D. Characterization of carbon disulfide neurotoxicity in C57BL6 mice: behavioral, morphologic, and molecular effects. Toxicol Pathol. 2000;28:142-8 pubmed
    Female C57BL6 mice were exposed to 0 or 800 ppm carbon disulfide (CS2), 6 h/d, 5 d/wk for 20 weeks. The neurologic function of all mice was assessed once at the end of exposures using a functional observational battery...
  33. Kraakman N, Pol A, Smeulders M, Jetten M, Op den Camp H. Extremely acidophilic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria applied in biotechnological processes for gas purification. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng. 2012;47:964-9 pubmed publisher
    ..25) microorganisms have been studied and applied to treat volatile sulfur emissions like carbon disulfide. These microorganisms provide opportunities for biomass control and recycling of sulfuric acid using ..
  34. Nie Y, Zhang J, Xi S, Yang Z. [Emissions of biogenic sulfur gases from wheat fields]. Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2001;22:25-8 pubmed
    Emission rates of carbonyl sulfide (COS), carbon disulfide (CS2) and dimethyl sulfide (DMS) to the atmosphere from wheat fields treated with different fertilizers were measured by using the closed chamber method...
  35. Rosenberg E, Hallama R, Grasserbauer M. Development and evaluation of a calibration gas generator for the analysis of volatile organic compounds in air based on the injection method. Fresenius J Anal Chem. 2001;371:798-805 pubmed
    ..Both sampling techniques are capable for monitoring VOCs at concentrations and under conditions relevant for workplace monitoring...
  36. Kamboures M, Blake D, Cooper D, Newcomb R, Barker M, Larson J, et al. Breath sulfides and pulmonary function in cystic fibrosis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005;102:15762-7 pubmed
    We have determined the concentrations of carbonyl sulfide (OCS), dimethylsulfide, and carbon disulfide (CS(2)) in the breath of a group of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and one of healthy controls...
  37. Dalvi R. Cytochrome P-450-dependent covalent binding of carbon disulfide to rat liver microsomal protein in vitro and its prevention by reduced glutathione. Arch Toxicol. 1987;61:155-7 pubmed
    b>Carbon disulfide, a hepatotoxic solvent, is metabolized by liver microsomal enzymes to reactive sulfur atoms which get bound to the microsomal enzymes, causing inhibition of the enzyme system...
  38. Zhou G, Yin L, Wang D, Li L, Pei S, Gentle I, et al. Fibrous hybrid of graphene and sulfur nanocrystals for high-performance lithium-sulfur batteries. ACS Nano. 2013;7:5367-75 pubmed publisher
    ..anchored on interconnected fibrous graphene are obtained by a facile one-pot strategy using a sulfur/carbon disulfide/alcohol mixed solution...
  39. Wu Y, Sun S, Wang Z, Li H, Xie K. [Effect of carbon disulfide on expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and metalloproteinase-9 in embryo and uterus of pregnant mice]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2010;28:881-4 pubmed
    To observe the effect of carbon disulfide (CS(2)) on the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9 in mouse embryo and uterus tissues and to explore the mechanism of embryo toxicity induced by CS(2).
  40. Chen S, Jian L, Lang H. Optimization of peroxynitrite-luminol chemiluminescence system for detecting peroxynitrite in cell culture solution exposed to carbon disulphide. Luminescence. 2003;18:249-53 pubmed
    ..00, p = 0.0001). The data demonstrated that this luminol chemiluminescence system is suitable for detecting peroxynitrite in cell culture solutions for evaluating the effect of CS(2) on endothelial cells...
  41. Sehnert S, Jiang L, Burdick J, Risby T. Breath biomarkers for detection of human liver diseases: preliminary study. Biomarkers. 2002;7:174-87 pubmed
    ..This approach may provide the clinician with a simple, non-invasive technique for use in the screening of large populations and follow-up for patients with chronic liver disease...
  42. Kläring P, Braun T. Insertion of CS(2) into iridium-fluorine bonds. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2013;52:11096-101 pubmed publisher
    ..DFT studies suggest an unprecedented concerted metathesis-like mechanism for the CF bond-formation step in which CS2 inserts into the IrF bond. ..
  43. Song F, Zhao X, Zhou G, Zhu Y, Xie K. Carbon disulfide-induced alterations of neurofilaments and calpains content in rat spinal cord. Neurochem Res. 2006;31:1491-9 pubmed
    To investigate the mechanism of carbon disulfide-induced neuropathy, male Wistar rats were randomly divided into two experimental groups and one control group...
  44. Godderis L, Braeckman L, Vanhoorne M, Viaene M. Neurobehavioral and clinical effects in workers exposed to CS(2). Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2006;209:139-50 pubmed
    ..The current study aimed to evaluate whether the decrease of exposure below the threshold limit value (TLV) of 31 mg/m(3) results in an absence of neurological health effects using the same health outcomes as in the first study...
  45. Song F, Yu S, Zhao X, Zhang C, Xie K. Carbon disulfide-induced changes in cytoskeleton protein content of rat cerebral cortex. Neurochem Res. 2006;31:71-9 pubmed
    To investigate the mechanism of carbon disulfide-induced neuropathy, male wistar rats were administrated by gavage at dosage of 300 or 500 mg/kg carbon disulfide, five times per week for 12 weeks...
  46. Tilton F, La Du J, Vue M, Alzarban N, Tanguay R. Dithiocarbamates have a common toxic effect on zebrafish body axis formation. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2006;216:55-68 pubmed
    ..b>Carbon disulfide (CS(2)), a common DTC degradate, also caused distortions at concentrations >200 times the DTCs...
  47. Jiang K, Wu H, Qin W, Xiao Q, Lu Y, Cui S, et al. [The rervising of biological exposure index for carbon disulfide exposuring]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2012;30:479-81 pubmed
    To study the biological exposure index of carbon disulfide in China.
  48. Ballmann J, Yeo A, MacKay B, van Rijt S, Patrick B, Fryzuk M. Complete disassembly of carbon disulfide by a ditantalum complex. Chem Commun (Camb). 2010;46:8794-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Further reaction with H(2) produces CH(4) and the disulfide complex...
  49. Maddani M, Prabhu K. A concise synthesis of substituted thiourea derivatives in aqueous medium. J Org Chem. 2010;75:2327-32 pubmed publisher
    ..thiourea derivatives by means of simple condensation between available building blocks such as amines and carbon disulfide in aqueous medium is presented...
  50. Liu W, Zheng Z, Dai Z, Liu Z, Zhu R, Wu W, et al. Effect of solvent on absorption spectra of all-trans-beta-carotene under high pressure. J Chem Phys. 2008;128:124501 pubmed publisher
    The absorption spectra of all-trans-beta-carotene in n-hexane and carbon disulfide (CS(2)) solutions are measured under high pressure at ambient temperature. The common redshift and broadening in the spectra are observed...
  51. Tymczyna L, Chmielowiec Korzeniowska A, Drabik A, Skórska C, Sitkowska J, Cholewa G, et al. Efficacy of a novel biofilter in hatchery sanitation: II. Removal of odorogenous pollutants. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2007;14:151-7 pubmed
    ..pollutants, there were determined 2 amines: 2-butanamine and 2-pentanamine, hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide, carbon disulfide, sulfides and mercaptans...
  52. Rushdi A, Simoneit B. Abiotic synthesis of organic compounds from carbon disulfide under hydrothermal conditions. Astrobiology. 2005;5:749-69 pubmed
    ..b>Carbon disulfide is a common component of magmatic and hot spring gases, and is present in marine and terrestrial hydrothermal ..
  53. Wang Z, Xie K, Li H. [Effect of carbon disulfide exposure at different phases on the embryonic development in mid-pregnancy of female mice]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2005;23:139-41 pubmed
    ..To explore the sensitive point of embryotoxicity of carbon disulphide on female mice...
  54. Tan X, Peng X, Wang Y, Wang F, Joyeux M, Hartemann P. Carbon disulfide cytotoxicity on cultured cardiac myocytes of rats. Environ Toxicol. 2002;17:324-8 pubmed
    Although epidemiological studies have suggested that carbon disulfide produces cardiovascular effects in occupationally exposed workers, little is known about its cellular mechanism...
  55. Zhang J, Skibsted L, Fujii R, Koyama Y. Transient absorption from the 1Bu+ state of all-trans-beta-carotene newly identified in the near-infrared region. Photochem Photobiol. 2001;73:219-22 pubmed
    ..Kandori et al. [1994] J. Am. Chem. Soc. 116, 2671-2672.) Therefore, this component is assigned to a transient absorption from the 1Bu+ state...
  56. Jian L, Hu D. Antioxidative stress response in workers exposed to carbon disulfide. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2000;73:503-6 pubmed
    To study the effects of carbon disulfide (CS2) on antioxidative stress systems of exposed workers.
  57. Zhou M, Li Z, Men Z, Gao S, Li Z, Lu G, et al. Carbon disulfide assisted polymerization of benzene. J Phys Chem B. 2012;116:2414-9 pubmed publisher
    The chemical transformation of benzene (C(6)H(6)) and carbon disulfide (CS(2)) binary solution under high pressure condition is investigated by means of Raman spectroscopy up to 6.8 GPa...
  58. Kirschner K, Hartt G, Evans T, Shields G. In search of CS2(H2O)(n=1-4) clusters. J Chem Phys. 2007;126:154320 pubmed
    ....
  59. Morvai V, Szakmáry E, Ungvary G. The effects of carbon disulfide and ethanol on the circulatory system of rats. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2005;68:797-809 pubmed
    b>Carbon disulfide exerted adverse effects on the structure or hemodynamics of the cardiovascular system, and whether ethanol exposure modifies the cardiovascular effect of carbon disulfide, was examined...
  60. Jian L, Lang H. [The inhibitory effect of Lu-Duo-Wei on carbon disulfide-induced generation of hydroxyl radicals]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2003;21:368-71 pubmed
    To study the scavenging effects of Lu-Duo-Wei, thiourea, superoxide dismutase, and sodium azide on carbon disulfide-induced generation of hydroxyl radicals.
  61. Zhang B, Shen C, Yang L, Li C, Yi A, Wang Z. DNA damage and apoptosis of endometrial cells cause loss of the early embryo in mice exposed to carbon disulfide. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2013;273:381-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Carbon disulfide (CS2) may lead to spontaneous abortion and very early pregnancy loss in women exposed in the workplace, but the mechanism remains unclear...
  62. Mobinikhaledi A, Bodaghifard M, Asadbegi S. A novel four- and pseudo-five-component reaction: unexpected efficient one-pot synthesis of 4H-thiopyran derivatives. Mol Divers. 2016;20:461-8 pubmed publisher
    ..novel method is reported for the synthesis of substituted 4H-thiopyrans by reacting aldehydes, malononitrile, carbon disulfide, and primary amines at room temperature in the presence of triethylamine as a catalyst...