carbon

Summary

Summary: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.

Top Publications

  1. Chen S, Oldham M, Davidson A, Chen J. Carbon catabolite repression of the maltose transporter revealed by X-ray crystallography. Nature. 2013;499:364-8 pubmed publisher
    Efficient carbon utilization is critical to the survival of microorganisms in competitive environments...
  2. Chiu Y, Bellinger D, Coull B, Anderson S, Barber R, Wright R, et al. Associations between traffic-related black carbon exposure and attention in a prospective birth cohort of urban children. Environ Health Perspect. 2013;121:859-64 pubmed publisher
    ..We examined associations between black carbon (BC), a marker of traffic particles, and attention measures ascertained at 7-14 years of age among 174 children in ..
  3. Huang X, Zhang F, Zhu L, Choi K, Guo N, Guo J, et al. Effect of injection routes on the biodistribution, clearance, and tumor uptake of carbon dots. ACS Nano. 2013;7:5684-93 pubmed publisher
    The emergence of photoluminescent carbon-based nanomaterials has shown exciting potential in the development of benign nanoprobes...
  4. Wu L, Luderer M, Yang X, Swain C, Zhang H, Nelson K, et al. Surface passivation of carbon nanoparticles with branched macromolecules influences near infrared bioimaging. Theranostics. 2013;3:677-86 pubmed publisher
    A superior and commercially exploitable 'green synthesis' of optically active carbon nanoparticle (OCN) is revealed in this work. The naked carbon particles (<20 nm) were derived from commercial food grade honey...
  5. Miura N, Shinohara M, Tatsukami Y, Sato Y, Morisaka H, Kuroda K, et al. Spatial reorganization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae enolase to alter carbon metabolism under hypoxia. Eukaryot Cell. 2013;12:1106-19 pubmed publisher
    ..spatially reorganize metabolic enzymes in the cytosol via de novo protein synthesis, which subsequently increases carbon metabolism...
  6. Truong Q, Koch K, Yoon J, Everard J, Shanks J. Influence of carbon to nitrogen ratios on soybean somatic embryo (cv. Jack) growth and composition. J Exp Bot. 2013;64:2985-95 pubmed publisher
    ..This report describes the growth dynamics and compositional changes of SHaM embryos in response to change in the carbon to nitrogen ratio of the medium...
  7. Zhang W, Wang X, Wang S. Addition of external organic carbon and native soil organic carbon decomposition: a meta-analysis. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e54779 pubmed publisher
    Extensive studies have been conducted to evaluate the effect of external organic Carbon on native soil organic carbon (SOC) decomposition. However, the direction and extent of this effect reported by different authors is inconsistent...
  8. Zabalza A, Zulet A, Gil Monreal M, Igal M, Royuela M. Branched-chain amino acid biosynthesis inhibitors: herbicide efficacy is associated with an induced carbon-nitrogen imbalance. J Plant Physiol. 2013;170:814-21 pubmed publisher
    ..indicate that although KARI and ALS inhibition block the same biosynthetic pathway and exert common effects on carbon metabolism, nitrogen metabolism is more affected via ALS than KARI inhibition...
  9. Hartmann H, Ziegler W, Kolle O, Trumbore S. Thirst beats hunger - declining hydration during drought prevents carbon starvation in Norway spruce saplings. New Phytol. 2013;200:340-9 pubmed publisher
    Drought-induced tree mortality results from an interaction of several mechanisms. Plant water and carbon relations are interdependent and assessments of their individual contributions are difficult...

More Information

Publications83

  1. Hofmann N, Ackermann L. meta-Selective C-H bond alkylation with secondary alkyl halides. J Am Chem Soc. 2013;135:5877-84 pubmed publisher
  2. Zhang D, Rand E, Marsh M, Andrews R, Lee K, Meyyappan M, et al. Carbon nanofiber electrode for neurochemical monitoring. Mol Neurobiol. 2013;48:380-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Electrochemical detection methods using carbon nanofiber nanoelectrodes integrated into the Wireless Instantaneous Neurotransmitter Concentration Sensing System (..
  3. Lavery P, Mateo M, Serrano O, Rozaimi M. Variability in the carbon storage of seagrass habitats and its implications for global estimates of blue carbon ecosystem service. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e73748 pubmed publisher
    The recent focus on carbon trading has intensified interest in 'Blue Carbon'-carbon sequestered by coastal vegetated ecosystems, particularly seagrasses...
  4. Li W, Wang X, Liu B, Xu J, Liang B, Luo T, et al. Single-crystalline metal germanate nanowire-carbon textiles as binder-free, self-supported anodes for high-performance lithium storage. Nanoscale. 2013;5:10291-9 pubmed publisher
    Single-crystalline metal germanate nanowires, including SrGe4O9, BaGe4O9, and Zn2GeO4 were successfully grown on carbon textile via a simple low-cost hydrothermal method on a large scale...
  5. Yau S, Lauro F, Williams T, DeMaere M, Brown M, Rich J, et al. Metagenomic insights into strategies of carbon conservation and unusual sulfur biogeochemistry in a hypersaline Antarctic lake. ISME J. 2013;7:1944-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The dominance of heterotrophic degradation, coupled with low fixation potential, indicates possible net carbon loss...
  6. Larsen T, Ventura M, Andersen N, O Brien D, Piatkowski U, McCarthy M. Tracing carbon sources through aquatic and terrestrial food webs using amino acid stable isotope fingerprinting. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e73441 pubmed publisher
    ..We found that ?(13)CAA patterns in contrast to bulk ?(13)C values distinguished between carbon derived from algae, seagrass, terrestrial plants, bacteria and fungi...
  7. Lucker B, Kramer D. Regulation of cyclic electron flow in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii under fluctuating carbon availability. Photosynth Res. 2013;117:449-59 pubmed publisher
    ..and energy production of CEF activation in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii under rapid changes of organic and inorganic carbon availability...
  8. Dinsmore K, Billett M, Dyson K. Temperature and precipitation drive temporal variability in aquatic carbon and GHG concentrations and fluxes in a peatland catchment. Glob Chang Biol. 2013;19:2133-48 pubmed publisher
    The aquatic pathway is increasingly being recognized as an important component of catchment carbon and greenhouse gas (GHG) budgets, particularly in peatland systems due to their large carbon store and strong hydrological connectivity...
  9. Sandrini G, Matthijs H, Verspagen J, Muyzer G, Huisman J. Genetic diversity of inorganic carbon uptake systems causes variation in CO2 response of the cyanobacterium Microcystis. ISME J. 2014;8:589-600 pubmed publisher
    ..Growth experiments showed that strains with sbtA performed better at low inorganic carbon (Ci) conditions, whereas strains with bicA performed better at high Ci conditions...
  10. Bhattacharyya P, Roy K, Neogi S, Manna M, Adhya T, Rao K, et al. Influence of elevated carbon dioxide and temperature on belowground carbon allocation and enzyme activities in tropical flooded soil planted with rice. Environ Monit Assess. 2013;185:8659-71 pubmed publisher
    Changes in the soil labile carbon fractions and soil biochemical properties to elevated carbon dioxide (CO2) and temperature reflect the changes in the functional capacity of soil ecosystems...
  11. Wang F, Xu X, Zou B, Guo Z, Li Z, Zhu W. Biomass accumulation and carbon sequestration in four different aged Casuarina equisetifolia coastal shelterbelt plantations in South China. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e77449 pubmed publisher
    ..These plantations also play an important role in the regional carbon (C) cycling. In this study, we examined plant biomass increment and C accumulation in four different aged C...
  12. Müller E, Schüssler W, Horn H, Lemmer H. Aerobic biodegradation of the sulfonamide antibiotic sulfamethoxazole by activated sludge applied as co-substrate and sole carbon and nitrogen source. Chemosphere. 2013;92:969-78 pubmed publisher
    ..on (i) SMX co-metabolism with acetate and ammonium nitrate and (ii) SMX utilization when present as the sole carbon and nitrogen source. With SMX adsorption being negligible, elimination was primarily based on biodegradation...
  13. Eckert E, Baumgartner M, Huber I, Pernthaler J. Grazing resistant freshwater bacteria profit from chitin and cell-wall-derived organic carbon. Environ Microbiol. 2013;15:2019-30 pubmed publisher
    ..The spring period is also characterized by increased availability of organic carbon species that are in parts derived from cellular debris generated during bacterivory or viral lysis, such as ..
  14. Schleicher N, Norra S, Fricker M, Kaminski U, Chen Y, Chai F, et al. Spatio-temporal variations of black carbon concentrations in the Megacity Beijing. Environ Pollut. 2013;182:392-401 pubmed publisher
    The spatial and temporal distribution and the flux of black carbon (BC) concentration in Beijing were continuously investigated over a two-year period at five sites to highlight the relative influence of contributing sources...
  15. Liu Y, Liu C, Wang S, Guo K, Yang J, Zhang X, et al. Organic carbon storage in four ecosystem types in the karst region of southwestern China. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e56443 pubmed publisher
    ..The role of karst ecosystems in the global carbon cycle remains unclear, due to the lack of an appropriate method for determining the thickness of the solum, a ..
  16. Okamoto N, Ishikura M, Yanada R. Cleavage of carbon-carbon triple bond: direct transformation of alkynes to nitriles. Org Lett. 2013;15:2571-3 pubmed publisher
    A new cleavage reaction of carbon-carbon triple bonds proceeds efficiently with NIS and TMSN3, giving the corresponding nitriles in moderate to good yields.
  17. Sulpice R, Nikoloski Z, Tschoep H, Antonio C, Kleessen S, Larhlimi A, et al. Impact of the carbon and nitrogen supply on relationships and connectivity between metabolism and biomass in a broad panel of Arabidopsis accessions. Plant Physiol. 2013;162:347-63 pubmed publisher
    ..A panel of 97 genetically diverse Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) accessions was grown in near-optimal carbon and nitrogen supply, restricted carbon supply, and restricted nitrogen supply and analyzed for biomass and 54 ..
  18. Lai B, Chen D. LaB6 nanoparticles with carbon-doped silica coating for fluorescence imaging and near-IR photothermal therapy of cancer cells. Acta Biomater. 2013;9:7556-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the surface of LaB6 nanoparticles is coated with a carbon-doped silica (C-SiO2) shell to introduce a fluorescent property and improve stability and biocompatibility...
  19. Xiang C, Behabtu N, Liu Y, Chae H, Young C, Genorio B, et al. Graphene nanoribbons as an advanced precursor for making carbon fiber. ACS Nano. 2013;7:1628-37 pubmed publisher
    ..The specific modulus of trGNR fibers is higher than that of the commercial general purpose carbon fibers and commonly used metals such as Al, Cu, and steel...
  20. Allen D, YOUNG J. Carbon and nitrogen provisions alter the metabolic flux in developing soybean embryos. Plant Physiol. 2013;161:1458-75 pubmed publisher
    Soybean (Glycine max) seeds store significant amounts of their biomass as protein, levels of which reflect the carbon and nitrogen received by the developing embryo...
  21. Harrabi S, Combs S, Brons S, Haberer T, Debus J, Weber K. Temozolomide in combination with carbon ion or photon irradiation in glioblastoma multiforme cell lines - does scheduling matter?. Int J Radiat Biol. 2013;89:692-7 pubmed publisher
    To extend the application area of particle therapy with carbon ions the many already established treatment regimens for different tumor entities have to be taken into consideration...
  22. Lee B, Son S, Seo J, Park K, Lee G, Lee S, et al. Facile conductive bridges formed between silicon nanoparticles inside hollow carbon nanofibers. Nanoscale. 2013;5:4790-6 pubmed publisher
    ..on a simple and effective method for improving the electrochemical performance of silicon nanoparticle-core/carbon-shell (Si-core/C-shell) nanofibers...
  23. Zanobetti A, Coull B, Gryparis A, Kloog I, Sparrow D, Vokonas P, et al. Associations between arrhythmia episodes and temporally and spatially resolved black carbon and particulate matter in elderly patients. Occup Environ Med. 2014;71:201-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Defibrillator discharge studies have examined the association of air pollution with arrhythmias in sensitive populations. No studies have assessed this association using residence-specific estimates of air pollution exposure...
  24. Malik A, Gleixner G. Importance of microbial soil organic matter processing in dissolved organic carbon production. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2013;86:139-48 pubmed publisher
    Soil dissolved organic carbon (DOC) sources and its seasonal dynamics are poorly known...
  25. Schrettl S, Stefaniu C, Schwieger C, Pasche G, Oveisi E, Fontana Y, et al. Functional carbon nanosheets prepared from hexayne amphiphile monolayers at room temperature. Nat Chem. 2014;6:468-76 pubmed publisher
    b>Carbon nanostructures that feature two-dimensional extended nanosheets are important components for technological applications such as high-performance composites, lithium-ion storage, photovoltaics and nanoelectronics...
  26. Li X, Wang Y, Liu L, Luo G, Li Y, Chen X. Effect of land use history and pattern on soil carbon storage in arid region of Central Asia. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e68372 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this study is to investigate variations in soil organic carbon (SOC) in arid areas due to differences in the cultivation history, land use, and soil salinization...
  27. Xia G, Li D, Chen X, Tan Y, Tang Z, Guo Z, et al. Carbon-coated Li3 N nanofibers for advanced hydrogen storage. Adv Mater. 2013;25:6238-44 pubmed publisher
    3D porous carbon-coated Li3 N nanofibers are successfully fabricated via the electrospinning technique. The as-prepared nanofibers exhibit a highly improved hydrogen-sorption performance in terms of both thermodynamics and kinetics...
  28. Giering S, Sanders R, Lampitt R, Anderson T, Tamburini C, Boutrif M, et al. Reconciliation of the carbon budget in the ocean's twilight zone. Nature. 2014;507:480-3 pubmed publisher
    Photosynthesis in the surface ocean produces approximately 100 gigatonnes of organic carbon per year, of which 5 to 15 per cent is exported to the deep ocean...
  29. Kreuzer M, Schmutzler K, Waege I, Thomm M, Hausner W. Genetic engineering of Pyrococcus furiosus to use chitin as a carbon source. BMC Biotechnol. 2013;13:9 pubmed publisher
    ..From these data we assume that Pyrococcus furiosus is most likely unable to use chitin as a carbon source...
  30. Marttila E, Bowyer P, Sanglard D, Uittamo J, Kaihovaara P, Salaspuro M, et al. Fermentative 2-carbon metabolism produces carcinogenic levels of acetaldehyde in Candida albicans. Mol Oral Microbiol. 2013;28:281-91 pubmed publisher
    ..In yeast acetaldehyde is a by-product of the pyruvate bypass that converts pyruvate into acetyl-Coenzyme A (CoA) during fermentation...
  31. Villano M, Scardala S, Aulenta F, Majone M. Carbon and nitrogen removal and enhanced methane production in a microbial electrolysis cell. Bioresour Technol. 2013;130:366-71 pubmed publisher
    ..08gCOD/Ld) with acetate in anaerobic mineral medium. A gas mixture (carbon dioxide 30vol.% in N(2)) was continuously added to the cathode for both pH control and carbonate supply...
  32. Xu Y, Wu M, Liu Y, Feng X, Yin X, He X, et al. Nitrogen-doped carbon dots: a facile and general preparation method, photoluminescence investigation, and imaging applications. Chemistry. 2013;19:2276-83 pubmed publisher
    b>Carbon dots (Cdots) are an important probe for imaging and sensing applications because of their fluorescence property, good biocompatibility, and low toxicity...
  33. Boisen A, SHIPLEY T, Jackson P, Wallin H, Nellemann C, Vogel U, et al. In utero exposure to nanosized carbon black (Printex90) does not induce tandem repeat mutations in female murine germ cells. Reprod Toxicol. 2013;41:45-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated the effects of prenatal exposure to carbon black nanoparticles (CB) on induction of mutations in the female mouse germline during fetal development, spanning ..
  34. Martin P, Newton A, Bullock J. Carbon pools recover more quickly than plant biodiversity in tropical secondary forests. Proc Biol Sci. 2013;280:20132236 pubmed publisher
    ..are being made to restore tropical forests, little information is available regarding the time scales required for carbon and plant biodiversity to recover to the values associated with undisturbed forests...
  35. Macreadie P, Hughes A, Kimbro D. Loss of 'blue carbon' from coastal salt marshes following habitat disturbance. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e69244 pubmed publisher
    Increased recognition of the global importance of salt marshes as 'blue carbon' (C) sinks has led to concern that salt marshes could release large amounts of stored C into the atmosphere (as CO2) if they continue undergoing disturbance, ..
  36. Quan B, Nam G, Choi H, Piao Y. Synthesis of monodisperse hollow carbon nanocapsules by using protective silica shells. Chem Asian J. 2013;8:765-70 pubmed publisher
    Monodisperse hollow carbon nanocapsules (<200 nm) with mesoporous shells were synthesized by coating their outer shells with silica to prevent aggregation during their high-temperature annealing...
  37. Weng W, Pol V, Amine K. Ultrasound assisted design of sulfur/carbon cathodes with partially fluorinated ether electrolytes for highly efficient Li/S batteries. Adv Mater. 2013;25:1608-15 pubmed publisher
    A one-step, eco-friendly ultrasound-assisted process is established for the rapid synthesis of sulfur-carbon composite cathode materials, avoiding the widely used, energy inefficient "melt-down" process for Li-S batteries...
  38. Murugesan K, Baumann S, Wissenbach D, Kliemt S, Kalkhof S, Otto W, et al. Subtoxic and toxic concentrations of benzene and toluene induce Nrf2-mediated antioxidative stress response and affect the central carbon metabolism in lung epithelial cells A549. Proteomics. 2013;13:3211-21 pubmed publisher
    ..The data provided here will allow for a targeted validation in in vivo models. ..
  39. Bar Zeev E, Avishay I, Bidle K, Berman Frank I. Programmed cell death in the marine cyanobacterium Trichodesmium mediates carbon and nitrogen export. ISME J. 2013;7:2340-8 pubmed publisher
    The extent of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) export to the deep ocean depends upon the efficacy of the biological pump that transports primary production to depth, thereby preventing its recycling in the upper photic zone...
  40. Zhao G, Bryan B, King D, Luo Z, Wang E, Song X, et al. Impact of agricultural management practices on soil organic carbon: simulation of Australian wheat systems. Glob Chang Biol. 2013;19:1585-97 pubmed publisher
    Quantifying soil organic carbon (SOC) dynamics at a high spatial and temporal resolution in response to different agricultural management practices and environmental conditions can help identify practices that both sequester carbon in the ..
  41. Adams H, Germino M, Breshears D, Barron Gafford G, Guardiola Claramonte M, Zou C, et al. Nonstructural leaf carbohydrate dynamics of Pinus edulis during drought-induced tree mortality reveal role for carbon metabolism in mortality mechanism. New Phytol. 2013;197:1142-51 pubmed publisher
    ..to vegetation change, are understudied, and physiological mechanisms remain unclear, particularly the roles of carbon metabolism and xylem function...
  42. Nurul Karim M, Lee H. Amperometric phenol biosensor based on covalent immobilization of tyrosinase on Au nanoparticle modified screen printed carbon electrodes. Talanta. 2013;116:991-6 pubmed publisher
    ..developed based on a platform where Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) are electrodeposited onto a disposable screen printed carbon electrode and tyrosinase is then covalently immobilized on the AuNP's using alkanethiol and cross-linker molecules...
  43. Fanin N, Barantal S, Fromin N, Schimann H, Schevin P, Hättenschwiler S. Distinct microbial limitations in litter and underlying soil revealed by carbon and nutrient fertilization in a tropical rainforest. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e49990 pubmed publisher
    Human-caused alterations of the carbon and nutrient cycles are expected to impact tropical ecosystems in the near future...
  44. Krieger N, Waterman P, Gryparis A, Coull B. Black carbon exposure more strongly associated with census tract poverty compared to household income among US black, white, and Latino working class adults in Boston, MA (2003-2010). Environ Pollut. 2014;190:36-42 pubmed publisher
    We investigated the association of individual-level ambient exposure to black carbon (spatiotemporal model-based estimate for latitude and longitude of residential address) with individual, household, and census tract socioeconomic ..
  45. Tertis M, Florea A, Sandulescu R, Cristea C. Carbon based electrodes modified with horseradish peroxidase immobilized in conducting polymers for acetaminophen analysis. Sensors (Basel). 2013;13:4841-54 pubmed publisher
    The development and optimization of new biosensors with horseradish peroxidase immobilized in carbon nanotubes-polyethyleneimine or polypyrrole nanocomposite film at the surface of two types of transducer is described...
  46. Zhang Z, Dua R, Zhang L, Zhu H, Zhang H, Wang P. Carbon-layer-protected cuprous oxide nanowire arrays for efficient water reduction. ACS Nano. 2013;7:1709-17 pubmed publisher
    In this work, we propose a solution-based carbon precursor coating and subsequent carbonization strategy to form a thin protective carbon layer on unstable semiconductor nanostructures as a solution to the commonly occurring ..
  47. Dons E, Temmerman P, Van Poppel M, Bellemans T, Wets G, Int Panis L. Street characteristics and traffic factors determining road users' exposure to black carbon. Sci Total Environ. 2013;447:72-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study is to investigate which factors determine black carbon (BC) concentrations in transport microenvironments...
  48. Muhaidat R, McKown A. Significant involvement of PEP-CK in carbon assimilation of C4 eudicots. Ann Bot. 2013;111:577-89 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, the presence and activity of PEP-CK in C4 eudicot species of Trianthema and Zaleya (Sesuvioideae, Aizoaceae) is clarified through analysis of key anatomical features and C4 photosynthetic enzymes...
  49. Sasaki D, Sasaki K, Watanabe A, Morita M, Matsumoto N, Igarashi Y, et al. Operation of a cylindrical bioelectrochemical reactor containing carbon fiber fabric for efficient methane fermentation from thickened sewage sludge. Bioresour Technol. 2013;129:366-73 pubmed publisher
    A bioelectrochemical reactor (BER) containing carbon fiber fabric (CFF) (BER+CFF) enabled efficient methane fermentation from thickened sewage sludge. A cylindrical BER+CFF was proposed and scaled-up to a volume of 4.0-L...
  50. Duncan T, Reed M, Nijhout H. A population model of folate-mediated one-carbon metabolism. Nutrients. 2013;5:2457-74 pubmed publisher
    Previous mathematical models for hepatic and tissue one-carbon metabolism have been combined and extended to include a blood plasma compartment...
  51. Wang V, Du J, Chen X, Thomas A, Kirchhofer N, Garner L, et al. Improving charge collection in Escherichia coli-carbon electrode devices with conjugated oligoelectrolytes. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2013;15:5867-72 pubmed publisher
    ..DSSN+), into the membranes of Escherichia coli leads to an increase in current generation in MFCs containing carbon-based electrodes...
  52. Hayat A, Haider W, Rolland M, Marty J. Electrochemical grafting of long spacer arms of hexamethyldiamine on a screen printed carbon electrode surface: application in target induced ochratoxin A electrochemical aptasensor. Analyst. 2013;138:2951-7 pubmed publisher
    A novel strategy based on direct electrochemistry of amino group on screen printed carbon electrode surface (SPCE) was purposed. The purposed method was employed for the label free detection of ochratoxin A (OTA)...
  53. McSherry M, Ritchie M. Effects of grazing on grassland soil carbon: a global review. Glob Chang Biol. 2013;19:1347-57 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous studies found both strong positive and negative grazing effects on soil organic carbon (SOC) but explanations for this variation are poorly developed...
  54. Maharaj D, Bhushan B, Iijima S. Effect of carbon nanohorns on nanofriction and wear reduction in dry and liquid environments. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2013;400:147-60 pubmed publisher
    ..In this research, for the first time, carbon nanohorn (CNH) nanoparticles were studied on the nanoscale under dry and low viscosity liquid environments for ..
  55. Ishii S, Suzuki S, Norden Krichmar T, Phan T, Wanger G, Nealson K, et al. Microbial population and functional dynamics associated with surface potential and carbon metabolism. ISME J. 2014;8:963-78 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we used bioelectrochemical systems to systematically evaluate the synergistic effects of carbon source and surface redox potential on EET-active microbial community development, metabolic networks and overall ..
  56. Misiak B, Frydecka D, Piotrowski P, Kiejna A. The multidimensional nature of metabolic syndrome in schizophrenia: lessons from studies of one-carbon metabolism and DNA methylation. Epigenomics. 2013;5:317-29 pubmed publisher
    ..This article provides an update on the epigenetics of schizophrenia and reviews studies on the role of one-carbon metabolism and aberrant DNA methylation in the development of MetS.
  57. Grupp T, Giurea A, Miehlke R, Hintner M, Gaisser M, Schilling C, et al. Biotribology of a new bearing material combination in a rotating hinge knee articulation. Acta Biomater. 2013;9:7054-63 pubmed publisher
    ..to evaluate the biotribological behaviour, in terms of wear and particle release, of bushings and flanges made of carbon fibre reinforced poly-ether-ether-ketone (CFR-PEEK) in articulation with a zirconium nitride (ZrN) multilayer ..
  58. Li H, Zhang H, Miao G, Xie Y, Sun C, Di C, et al. Simulated microgravity conditions and carbon ion irradiation induce spermatogenic cell apoptosis and sperm DNA damage. Biomed Environ Sci. 2013;26:726-34 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the effect of simulated microgravity and carbon ion irradiation (CIR) on spermatogenic cell apoptosis and sperm DNA damage to the testis of male Swiss Webster mice, and assess the risk associated with space environment.
  59. Anastasopoulos A, Davies J, Hannah L, Hayden B, Lee C, Milhano C, et al. The particle size dependence of the oxygen reduction reaction for carbon-supported platinum and palladium. ChemSusChem. 2013;6:1973-82 pubmed publisher
    Model carbon supported Pt and Pd electrocatalysts have been prepared using a high-throughput physical vapor deposition method. For Pt, metal particle sizes are controlled between 1.5-5...
  60. Lennon J, Hamilton S, Muscarella M, Grandy A, Wickings K, Jones S. A source of terrestrial organic carbon to investigate the browning of aquatic ecosystems. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e75771 pubmed publisher
    There is growing evidence that terrestrial ecosystems are exporting more dissolved organic carbon (DOC) to aquatic ecosystems than they did just a few decades ago...
  61. Rasmussen J, Vegge C, Fr Ki R H, Howlett R, Krogfelt K, Kelly D, et al. Campylobacter jejuni carbon starvation protein A (CstA) is involved in peptide utilization, motility and agglutination, and has a role in stimulation of dendritic cells. J Med Microbiol. 2013;62:1135-43 pubmed publisher
    ..One of the immunogenic proteins identified (Cj0917) displays homology to carbon starvation protein A (CstA) from Escherichia coli, where this protein is involved in the starvation response and ..
  62. Liang S, Wang B, Pan L, Ye Y, He M, Han S, et al. Comprehensive structural annotation of Pichia pastoris transcriptome and the response to various carbon sources using deep paired-end RNA sequencing. BMC Genomics. 2012;13:738 pubmed publisher
    ..The study of the P. pastoris transcriptome helps to annotate the P. pastoris transcript structures and provide useful information for further improvement of the production of recombinant proteins...
  63. Forse A, Griffin J, Wang H, Trease N, Presser V, Gogotsi Y, et al. Nuclear magnetic resonance study of ion adsorption on microporous carbide-derived carbon. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2013;15:7722-30 pubmed publisher
    A detailed understanding of ion adsorption within porous carbon is key to the design and improvement of electric double-layer capacitors, more commonly known as supercapacitors...
  64. Wei W, Xu C, Wu L, Wang J, Ren J, Qu X. Non-enzymatic-browning-reaction: a versatile route for production of nitrogen-doped carbon dots with tunable multicolor luminescent display. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3564 pubmed publisher
    ..we report a new reaction pathway via the Maillard reaction to systematically synthesize a series of nitrogen-doped carbon dots (C-dots) with superhigh quantum yield (QY) and tunable multicolor luminescent displayment...
  65. Benz J, Chau B, Zheng D, Bauer S, Glass N, Somerville C. A comparative systems analysis of polysaccharide-elicited responses in Neurospora crassa reveals carbon source-specific cellular adaptations. Mol Microbiol. 2014;91:275-99 pubmed publisher
    ..to hemicellulose, and in its extent surprisingly high, suggesting advantages for the fungus beyond being a mere carbon source...
  66. Song Y, Feng D, Shi W, Li X, Ma H. Parallel comparative studies on the toxic effects of unmodified CdTe quantum dots, gold nanoparticles, and carbon nanodots on live cells as well as green gram sprouts. Talanta. 2013;116:237-44 pubmed publisher
    ..toxicity of three common nanomaterials, such as unmodified CdTe quantum dots (QDs), Au nanoparticles (Au NPs) and carbon nanodots (C-dots), to live cells as well as green gram sprouts...
  67. Shabani A, Marquette C, Mandeville R, Lawrence M. Carbon microarrays for the direct impedimetric detection of Bacillus anthracis using Gamma phages as probes. Analyst. 2013;138:1434-40 pubmed publisher
    ..detection of Bacillus anthracis Sterne vegetative cells, using Gamma phages as probes attached to screen-printed carbon electrode microarrays...
  68. Mus F, Toussaint J, Cooksey K, Fields M, Gerlach R, Peyton B, et al. Physiological and molecular analysis of carbon source supplementation and pH stress-induced lipid accumulation in the marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2013;97:3625-42 pubmed publisher
    ..lipid levels varied depending on condition; the observed rankings from highest to lowest were for inorganic carbon addition (15 mM bicarbonate), organic acid addition (15 carbon mM acetate), and alkaline pH stress (pH?9.0)...
  69. Sun X, Song P, Zhang Y, Liu C, Xu W, Xing W. A class of high performance metal-free oxygen reduction electrocatalysts based on cheap carbon blacks. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2505 pubmed publisher
    ..we report a class of cheap and high-performance metal-free oxygen reduction electrocatalysts obtained by co-doping carbon blacks with nitrogen and fluorine (CB-NF)...
  70. Lindo Z, Nilsson M, Gundale M. Bryophyte-cyanobacteria associations as regulators of the northern latitude carbon balance in response to global change. Glob Chang Biol. 2013;19:2022-35 pubmed publisher
    Ecosystems in the far north, including arctic and boreal biomes, are a globally significant pool of carbon (C)...
  71. McMurtrie R, Dewar R. New insights into carbon allocation by trees from the hypothesis that annual wood production is maximized. New Phytol. 2013;199:981-90 pubmed publisher
    Allocation of carbon (C) between tree components (leaves, fine roots and woody structures) is an important determinant of terrestrial C sequestration...
  72. Martinez Duarte R, Camacho Alanis F, Renaud P, Ros A. Dielectrophoresis of lambda-DNA using 3D carbon electrodes. Electrophoresis. 2013;34:1113-22 pubmed publisher
    b>Carbon electrodes have recently been introduced as an alternative to metal electrodes and insulator structures for dielectrophoretic applications...
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