enophthalmos

Summary

Summary: Recession of the eyeball into the orbit.

Top Publications

  1. Koo L, Hatton M, Rubin P. When is enophthalmos "significant"?. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006;22:274-7 pubmed
    It is currently unknown how many measurable millimeters of enophthalmos may be noticeable to an observer...
  2. Bernardino C. Correction of late post-traumatic enophthalmos using a tissue expander. Ann Plast Surg. 2006;57:477 pubmed
  3. Chang B, Cunniffe G, Hutchinson C. Enophthalmos associated with primary breast carcinoma. Orbit. 2002;21:307-10 pubmed
    ..We present a case of enophthalmos associated with breast carcinoma whereby there is as yet no radiological evidence of an actual orbital ..
  4. Haritoglou C, Hintschich C. [Progressive enophthalmos in association with an orbital varix]. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2003;220:268-71 pubmed
    ..The orbital varix is a rare congenital disorder. Men and women are equally affected. The disease becomes usually apparent during the third decade of life...
  5. Eloy J, Jacobson A, Elahi E, Shohet M. Enophthalmos as a complication of rhinoplasty. Laryngoscope. 2006;116:1035-8 pubmed
    ..entity caused by negative sinus pressure from acquired obstruction of the maxillary sinus ostium with resulting enophthalmos and hypoglobus...
  6. Clauser L, Galiè M, Pagliaro F, Tieghi R. Posttraumatic enophthalmos: etiology, principles of reconstruction, and correction. J Craniofac Surg. 2008;19:351-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Enophthalmos is defined as a backward, and usually downward, displacement of the globe into the bony orbit...
  7. Athanasiov P, Prabhakaran V, Selva D. Non-traumatic enophthalmos: a review. Acta Ophthalmol. 2008;86:356-64 pubmed publisher
    b>Enophthalmos can be defined as a relative, posterior displacement of a normal-sized globe in relation to the bony orbital margin...
  8. Lee J. Treatment of enophthalmos using corrective osteotomy with concomitant cartilage-graft implantation. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2010;63:42-53 pubmed publisher
    Post-traumatic enophthalmos is a relatively common problem following orbitozygomatic fractures. Bony-volume expansion and soft-tissue atrophication are considered the main aetiological causes of this condition...
  9. Nishi Y, Kiyokawa K, Watanabe K, Rikimaru H, Yamauchi T. A surgical treatment of severe late posttraumatic enophthalmos using sliced costal cartilage chip grafts. J Craniofac Surg. 2006;17:673-9 pubmed
    The efficacy of sliced costal cartilage chip grafts for the treatment of late posttraumatic enophthalmos was investigated. Surgery was conducted based on the method reported by Matsuo et al. in 1989...
  10. Chen C, Huang F, Chen Y. Management of posttraumatic enophthalmos. Chang Gung Med J. 2006;29:251-61 pubmed
    Posttraumatic enophthalmos is one of the common sequelae that appears after facial injury and remains a challenge to treat for craniomaxillofacial surgeons...

Detail Information

Publications101 found, 100 shown here

  1. Koo L, Hatton M, Rubin P. When is enophthalmos "significant"?. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006;22:274-7 pubmed
    It is currently unknown how many measurable millimeters of enophthalmos may be noticeable to an observer...
  2. Bernardino C. Correction of late post-traumatic enophthalmos using a tissue expander. Ann Plast Surg. 2006;57:477 pubmed
  3. Chang B, Cunniffe G, Hutchinson C. Enophthalmos associated with primary breast carcinoma. Orbit. 2002;21:307-10 pubmed
    ..We present a case of enophthalmos associated with breast carcinoma whereby there is as yet no radiological evidence of an actual orbital ..
  4. Haritoglou C, Hintschich C. [Progressive enophthalmos in association with an orbital varix]. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2003;220:268-71 pubmed
    ..The orbital varix is a rare congenital disorder. Men and women are equally affected. The disease becomes usually apparent during the third decade of life...
  5. Eloy J, Jacobson A, Elahi E, Shohet M. Enophthalmos as a complication of rhinoplasty. Laryngoscope. 2006;116:1035-8 pubmed
    ..entity caused by negative sinus pressure from acquired obstruction of the maxillary sinus ostium with resulting enophthalmos and hypoglobus...
  6. Clauser L, Galiè M, Pagliaro F, Tieghi R. Posttraumatic enophthalmos: etiology, principles of reconstruction, and correction. J Craniofac Surg. 2008;19:351-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Enophthalmos is defined as a backward, and usually downward, displacement of the globe into the bony orbit...
  7. Athanasiov P, Prabhakaran V, Selva D. Non-traumatic enophthalmos: a review. Acta Ophthalmol. 2008;86:356-64 pubmed publisher
    b>Enophthalmos can be defined as a relative, posterior displacement of a normal-sized globe in relation to the bony orbital margin...
  8. Lee J. Treatment of enophthalmos using corrective osteotomy with concomitant cartilage-graft implantation. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2010;63:42-53 pubmed publisher
    Post-traumatic enophthalmos is a relatively common problem following orbitozygomatic fractures. Bony-volume expansion and soft-tissue atrophication are considered the main aetiological causes of this condition...
  9. Nishi Y, Kiyokawa K, Watanabe K, Rikimaru H, Yamauchi T. A surgical treatment of severe late posttraumatic enophthalmos using sliced costal cartilage chip grafts. J Craniofac Surg. 2006;17:673-9 pubmed
    The efficacy of sliced costal cartilage chip grafts for the treatment of late posttraumatic enophthalmos was investigated. Surgery was conducted based on the method reported by Matsuo et al. in 1989...
  10. Chen C, Huang F, Chen Y. Management of posttraumatic enophthalmos. Chang Gung Med J. 2006;29:251-61 pubmed
    Posttraumatic enophthalmos is one of the common sequelae that appears after facial injury and remains a challenge to treat for craniomaxillofacial surgeons...
  11. Hamedani M, Pournaras J, Goldblum D. Diagnosis and management of enophthalmos. Surv Ophthalmol. 2007;52:457-73 pubmed
    b>Enophthalmos is a relatively frequent and misdiagnosed clinical sign in orbital diseases...
  12. McArdle B, Perry C. Ethmoid silent sinus syndrome causing inward displacement of the orbit: case report. J Laryngol Otol. 2010;124:206-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe a previously unreported case of ethmoid silent sinus syndrome...
  13. Zhang Y, He Y, Zhang Z, An J. Evaluation of the application of computer-aided shape-adapted fabricated titanium mesh for mirroring-reconstructing orbital walls in cases of late post-traumatic enophthalmos. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;68:2070-5 pubmed publisher
    ..mesh for the mirroring-reconstruction of the orbit is a promising method for the correction of post-traumatic enophthalmos. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the application of this technique and assess the treatment outcomes.
  14. Cervelli D, Gasparini G, Moro A, Grussu F, Boniello R, Pelo S. Retrobulbar lipofilling to correct the enophthalmos. J Craniofac Surg. 2011;22:1918-22 pubmed publisher
    ..We report the case of a patient with a late enophthalmos we submitted to retrobulbar lipofilling to correct the defect...
  15. Hosal B, Beatty R. Diplopia and enophthalmos after surgical repair of blowout fracture. Orbit. 2002;21:27-33 pubmed
    To evaluate the incidence of residual diplopia and enophthalmos and the possible risk factors leading to their occurrence in patients who had orbital blowout fracture repair.
  16. Annino D, Goguen L. Silent sinus syndrome. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;16:22-5 pubmed publisher
    Silent sinus syndrome is a clinical entity with the constellation of progressive enophthalmos and hypoglobus due to gradual collapse of the orbital floor with opacification of the maxillary sinus, in the presence of subclinical maxillary ..
  17. Tappeiner C, Perren B, Iliev M, Frueh B, Goldblum D. [Orbital fat atrophy in glaucoma patients treated with topical bimatoprost--can bimatoprost cause enophthalmos?]. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2008;225:443-5 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this communication is to report enophthalmos as a possible new adverse effect of topical bimatoprost treatment.
  18. Kao T, Yoon M, McCulley T, Ruben B, Hwang T. Acquired enophthalmos in lupus erythematosus profundus. J Neuroophthalmol. 2010;30:64-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Systemic corticosteroid treatment produced resolution of the inflammation. but as the edema subsided, enophthalmos became apparent...
  19. Lieger O, Zix J, Kruse A, Goldblum D, Iizuka T. Bone and cartilage wedge technique in posttraumatic enophthalmos treatment. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2010;12:305-10 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate a new surgical method, using calvarial bone graft combined with a wedge of irradiated homologous costal cartilage, for the revision repair of posttraumatic enophthalmos.
  20. He Y, Zhang Y, An J. Correlation of types of orbital fracture and occurrence of enophthalmos. J Craniofac Surg. 2012;23:1050-3 pubmed publisher
    We sought to investigate the correlation between type of orbital fracture and occurrence of traumatic enophthalmos. The 119 patients with orbital fractures were divided into the enophthalmos group (71 cases) and the nonenophthalmos group (..
  21. Higashino T, Hirabayashi S, Eguchi T, Kato Y. Straightforward factors for predicting the prognosis of blow-out fractures. J Craniofac Surg. 2011;22:1210-4 pubmed publisher
    ..at Teikyo University Hospital between July 2004 and May 2007 and conducted a survey regarding diplopia and enophthalmos for nonoperative cases...
  22. Wu P, Matoo R, Sun H, Song L, Kikkawa D, Lu W. Single-stage soft tissue reconstruction and orbital fracture repair for complex facial injuries. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2017;70:e1-e6 pubmed publisher
    ..Surgical complications and reconstructive outcomes were assessed over 6 months. The main outcome measures were enophthalmos, pre- and post-CT imaging of orbits, scar evaluation, presence of diplopia, and eyelid position...
  23. Büchel P, Rahal A, Seto I, Iizuka T. Reconstruction of orbital floor fracture with polyglactin 910/polydioxanon patch (ethisorb): a retrospective study. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2005;63:646-50 pubmed
    ..We sought to evaluate the effectiveness and the complications related to the use of Ethisorb (resorbable alloplastic material) in the reconstruction of orbital floor fractures...
  24. Kashkouli M, Pakdel F, Sasani L, Hodjat P, Kaghazkanani R, Heirati A. High-density porous polyethylene wedge implant in correction of enophthalmos and hypoglobus in seeing eyes. Orbit. 2011;30:123-30 pubmed publisher
    To report the results of post-traumatic enophthalmos/hypophthalmos correction with high-density porous polyethylene wedge implants in seeing eyes...
  25. van den Bergh B, Goey Y, Forouzanfar T. Postoperative radiographs after maxillofacial trauma: Sense or nonsense?. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2011;40:1373-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Avoiding routine postoperative radiography will lead to a reduction in exposure of patients to ionizing radiation, a reduction of costs and probably a more efficient discharge...
  26. Février E, Vandersteen C, Castillo L, Savoldelli C. Silent sinus syndrome: A traumatic case. J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2017;118:187-190 pubmed publisher
    Silent sinus syndrome is an unusual cause of progressive enophthalmos and hypoglobus due to atelectasia of the maxillary sinus associated with osteolysis of the orbital floor...
  27. Colletti G, Saibene A, Giannini L, Dessy M, Deganello A, Pipolo C, et al. Endoscopic endonasal repair with polyethylene implants in medial orbital wall fractures: A prospective study on 25 cases. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..In all patients, preoperative enophthalmos and/or diplopia were corrected. The CT scans showed excellent reconstruction of the fractured bony walls...
  28. Buonaccorsi S, Leonardi A, Covelli E, Cavelli E, Indrizzi E, Perdicchi A, et al. Parry-Romberg syndrome. J Craniofac Surg. 2005;16:1132-5 pubmed
    ..Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography scan of the craniofacial region and surgical correction of enophthalmos were performed...
  29. Nunery W, Tao J, Johl S. Nylon foil "wraparound" repair of combined orbital floor and medial wall fractures. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2008;24:271-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Postoperatively (average, 6.2 months), patients were evaluated for enophthalmos, extraocular motility, and diplopia...
  30. Choi J, Park S, Kim J, Park J, Kim J. Predicting late enophthalmos: Differences between medial and inferior orbital wall fractures. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2016;69:e238-e244 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this study was to compare the strength of the relationships between predictors and late-onset enophthalmos in medial and inferior orbital wall fractures and to determine the most significant predictive factor of ..
  31. Vagefi M, McMullan T, Burroughs J, White G, McCann J, Anderson R. Injectable calcium hydroxylapatite for orbital volume augmentation. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2007;9:439-42 pubmed
    To describe a new method of augmenting orbital volume for anophthalmic enophthalmos correction...
  32. Satchi K, McNab A. Enophthalmos and Hemifacial Skeletal Atrophy After Trigeminal Nerve Injury. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2017;33:S177-S180 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition to the ptosis, she was found to have right enophthalmos and a smaller right face...
  33. Lee K, Kim J, Kim Y, Sun H, Jung J. Clinical extension of corrective malarplasty with tripod osteotomy. J Craniofac Surg. 2012;23:693-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, malarplasty via tripod osteotomy cannot be applied only on the patients with traumatic zygoma deformation, but also on the patients with nontraumatic facial asymmetry. ..
  34. Kühnel T, Jagle H, Hosemann W, Weber R, Vielsmeier V. Orbital floor fracture repair: the endonasal approach. Rhinology. 2017;55:348-354 pubmed publisher
    ..Fractures without infraorbital margin involvement were successfully repaired and enophthalmos and/or diplopia were corrected in all cases...
  35. Aletaha M, Salour H, Yadegary S, Fekri Y, Tavakoli M. Orbital Volume Augmentation with Calcium Hydroxyapatite Filler in Anophthalmic Enophthalmos. J Ophthalmic Vis Res. 2017;12:397-401 pubmed publisher
    ..To report the long-term results of orbital volume augmentation using calcium hydroxyapatite filler injections in patients with anophthalmic sockets...
  36. Gellrich N, Schramm A, Hammer B, Rojas S, Cufi D, Lagrèze W, et al. Computer-assisted secondary reconstruction of unilateral posttraumatic orbital deformity. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2002;110:1417-29 pubmed
    ..Computer-assisted preoperative planning and surgery thus advance the difficult surgical field of orbital reconstruction, particularly through a greater exploitation of radiologic information without additional radiation to the patient. ..
  37. Kim S, Jeong Y, Lee I, Park M, Park D. Prediction of the development of late enophthalmos in pure blowout fractures: delayed orbital tissue atrophy plays a major role. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2017;27:104-108 pubmed publisher
    To retrospectively evaluate the risk factors for the development of late enophthalmos in pure blowout fractures.
  38. Sharma R, Muralidharan C, Roy I, Jain N, Patrikar S. Radiological evaluation of sphenozygomatic suture fixation for restoration of orbital volume: A retrospective study. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2016;44:1903-1908 pubmed publisher
    ..of fracture zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) can cause significant increase in orbital volume leading to enophthalmos. The aim of this study was to radiologically evaluate the efficacy of sphenozygomatic (SZ) suture fixation for ..
  39. Sugiura K, Yamada H, Okumoto T, Inoue Y, Onishi S. Quantitative assessment of orbital fractures in Asian patients: CT measurement of orbital volume. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    b>Enophthalmos is caused by an increase of orbital volume after blowout fracture and is one of the most critical complications of such fractures, but is often masked by swelling soon after injury...
  40. Cruz A, Akaishi P, Arnaud E, Marchac D, Renier D. Exorbitism correction of faciocraniosynostoses by monobloc frontofacial advancement with distraction osteogenesis. J Craniofac Surg. 2007;18:355-60 pubmed
    ..60). Overall, the data suggest that a certain degree of enophthalmos in the early postoperative period does not necessarily imply a sustained overcorrection.
  41. Lee E, Han J, Choi H, Jang J, Kim S, Jang S. Differences in interpalpebral fissure measurement in patients with unilateral enophthalmos resulting from orbital wall fractures. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2017;45:690-693 pubmed publisher
    To determine the correlation between the degree of enophthalmos and interpalpebral fissure (IPF) measurements in a group of patients with unilateral orbital wall fractures...
  42. Ye J, Kook K, Lee S. Evaluation of computer-based volume measurement and porous polyethylene channel implants in reconstruction of large orbital wall fractures. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006;47:509-13 pubmed
    To describe the use of computer-based orbital volume measurement as a predictor of late enophthalmos, and to assess the effectiveness of the MedPor (Porex Surgical Products Group, Newnan, GA) porous polyethylene channel implant to restore ..
  43. Dawczynski J, Thorwarth M, Koenigsdoerffer E, Schultze Mosgau S. Interdisciplinary treatment and ophthalmological findings in Parry-Romberg syndrome. J Craniofac Surg. 2006;17:1175-6 pubmed
    ..Opthalmological findings included an evident enophthalmos and an eyelid lag with keratopathy and epiphora...
  44. Lin B, Looi A. Orbital lymphoma. Ophthalmology. 2007;114:1423 pubmed
  45. Tang W, Guo L, Long J, Wang H, Lin Y, Liu L, et al. Individual design and rapid prototyping in reconstruction of orbital wall defects. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;68:562-70 pubmed publisher
    ..We examined the application of individual digital design and rapid prototyping in the reconstruction of orbital wall defects for different stages of orbital volume (OV) changes...
  46. Dempf R, Gockeln R, Schierle H. [Autogenous bone transplants in repair of the traumatically damaged orbit. Functional and esthetic results in 42 cases]. Ophthalmologe. 2001;98:178-84 pubmed
    ..Autogenous bone transplantation is a well established aspect of craniofacial traumatology. This study evaluated functional and esthetic success in repairing traumatically damaged orbits by autogenous bone transplantation...
  47. Klein M, Glatzer C. Individual CAD/CAM fabricated glass-bioceramic implants in reconstructive surgery of the bony orbital floor. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006;117:565-70 pubmed
    ..of preliminary cases from an ongoing program of reconstructive procedures using a new technique in the treatment of severe enophthalmos and diplopia after the primary treatment of orbital floor fractures had rendered insufficient results.
  48. Park K, Kim H, Kim Y. Ectopic brain in the orbit with congenital adduction deficit and simultaneous abduction. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2007;23:244-6 pubmed
    An 11-month-old girl was referred to us with enophthalmos and restriction of ocular movement in the right eye. There was restriction of supraduction and adduction with synergistic divergence on left gaze...
  49. Borràs Perera M, Palomar Asenjo V, Soteras Ollé J, Fortuny Llanses J, Palomar García V. [The silent sinus syndrome]. Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp. 2007;58:491-3 pubmed
    The silent sinus syndrome is a very infrequent pathology. It is described as an enophthalmos secondary to collapse and opacification of maxillary sinus without presenting sinus or nasal symptoms...
  50. Cruz A, Mesquita I, de Oliveira R. Progressive bilateral enophthalmos associated with cerebrospinal shunting. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2008;24:152-4 pubmed publisher
    A 22-year-old woman was examined for a complaint of bilateral progressive enophthalmos that had begun after the cerebrospinal fluid shunting procedure 9 years ago...
  51. Lee W, Kim H, Chung S. Relationship between small-size medial orbital wall fracture and late enophthalmos. J Craniofac Surg. 2009;20:75-80 pubmed publisher
    ..of retrospective studies for patients who have not taken medical treatment, most patients experience late enophthalmos and perceive their facial asymmetry...
  52. Cole P, Kaufman Y, Hollier L. Principles of facial trauma: orbital fracture management. J Craniofac Surg. 2009;20:101-4 pubmed publisher
    ..With recent advances in imaging, alloplastic materials, and bone fixation technology, the evolution of orbital fracture management now enables reconstruction of even the most severe injuries...
  53. Lee C, Yoon J, Lee S. Combined transconjunctival and transcaruncular approach for repair of large medial orbital wall fractures. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009;127:291-6 pubmed publisher
    To describe the combined transcaruncular and transconjunctival approach in isolated large medial orbital wall fractures and to study the implications of uncorrected posterior orbital volume on postoperative enophthalmos.
  54. Simon G, Syed H, McCann J, Goldberg R. Early versus late repair of orbital blowout fractures. Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging. 2009;40:141-8 pubmed
    ..To compare early and late surgical repair of orbital blowout floor fractures...
  55. Asamura S, Ikada Y, Matsunaga K, Wada M, Isogai N. Treatment of orbital floor fracture using a periosteum-polymer complex. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2010;38:197-203 pubmed publisher
    ..Not more than 2mm of enophthalmos was detected in any patient...
  56. Singh K, Barber W, Codner M. Silent sinus syndrome: a rare presentation after botulinum toxin injection. Aesthet Surg J. 2011;31:181-3 pubmed publisher
    Silent sinus syndrome is a unique diagnosis characterized by spontaneous enophthalmos and hypoglobus resulting from collapse of the orbital floor secondary to chronic subclinical sinusitis...
  57. Nkenke E, Vairaktaris E, Spitzer M, Kramer M, Stamminger M, Holbach L, et al. Secondary reconstruction of posttraumatic enophthalmos: prefabricated implants vs titanium mesh. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2011;13:271-7 pubmed publisher
    To compare individually prefabricated computer-assisted designed/computer-assisted manufactured (CAD/CAM) glass-bioceramic implants with nonpreformed titanium meshes for orbital floor reconstruction in secondary correction of enophthalmos.
  58. Audemard D, Galipienzo V, Marck E, Girard B, Romieu Louvety A, Gaches F, et al. [Silent sinus syndrome: a rare case of enophthalmia]. J Fr Ophtalmol. 2002;25:266-9 pubmed
    The causes of spontaneous enophthalmos, without trauma, surgical factors, or systemic illness, which can be found are rare...
  59. Ando A, Cruz A. Management of enophthalmos and superior sulcus deformity induced by the silent sinus syndrome. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2005;29:74-7 pubmed
    Silent sinus syndrome is a dysfunction of the maxillary sinus that induces a progressive and asymptomatic enophthalmos with prominent deep superior sulcus deformity.
  60. Palm H. [Do you recognize the typical triad? Karl May also suffered from this illness. Pancoast tumor]. MMW Fortschr Med. 2007;149:5 pubmed
  61. Malhotra R. Deep orbital Sub-Q restylane (nonanimal stabilized hyaluronic acid) for orbital volume enhancement in sighted and anophthalmic orbits. Arch Ophthalmol. 2007;125:1623-9 pubmed
    ..To describe a new technique of injecting Restylane Sub-Q (Q-Med, Uppsala, Sweden) into the intraconal and extraconal posterior orbit...
  62. da Silva A, Bredemeier M, Gebrim E, Moura E. Intraorbital polyacrylamide gel injection for the treatment of anophthalmic enophthalmos. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2008;24:367-71 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the use of orbital polyacrylamide gel injection for the correction of anophthalmic enophthalmos.
  63. Kim Y, Park C, Kim H, Lew D, Tark K. Correlation between changes of medial rectus muscle section and enophthalmos in patients with medial orbital wall fracture. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2009;62:1379-83 pubmed publisher
    b>Enophthalmos is the most distressing and common complication of the blow-out fracture. In spite of well-established indications for early operative repair of orbital fracture, 7-10% of patients treated non-operatively develop enophthalmos...
  64. Khonsari R, Sadoughi B, Rouger A, Gayet Delacroix M, Ferron C, Corre P. [Silent sinus syndrome associated with intrasinusal ossification]. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac. 2010;111:331-3 pubmed publisher
    ..It is commonly attributed to a sinus atelectasis secondary to ostiomeatal obstruction. Surgical dissection of the maxillary sinus mucosal lining is known to cause auto-obliteration by bone formation...
  65. Han D, Chi M. Comparison of the outcomes of blowout fracture repair according to the orbital implant. J Craniofac Surg. 2011;22:1422-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The clinical outcomes of blowout fracture repair classified by 2 types of orbital implants (Macropore and Medpor) were compared...
  66. Chen J, Cohen A, Wagoner M, Allen R. The "silent brain syndrome" creating a severe form of the "giant fornix syndrome". Cornea. 2012;31:1065-7 pubmed publisher
    To describe the clinical course of a patient requiring ophthalmic care for entropion and fungal keratitis in the setting of undiagnosed enophthalmos after previous ventriculoperitoneal shunting consistent with silent brain syndrome.
  67. Saiepour D, Messo E, Hedlund A, Nowinski D. Radiologic and long-term clinical outcome from treatment of isolated medial orbital wall blowout fractures. J Craniofac Surg. 2012;23:1252-5 pubmed
    Blowout fractures in the medial orbital wall may lead to enophthalmos, ocular dysmotility, and diplopia. Ten consecutive patients with unilateral, isolated fractures of the medial orbital wall were retrospectively studied...
  68. Guerra M, Perez J, Rodriguez Campo F, Gías L. Reconstruction of orbital fractures with dehydrated human dura mater. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2000;58:1361-6; discussion 1366-7 pubmed
    ..The best method for reconstructing the fractured orbital floor remains controversial. This article evaluates the usefulness of dehydrated human dura mater for orbital floor reconstruction after facial trauma...
  69. Bagnoud M, Baglivo E, Hengstler J, Safran A, Pournaras C, Leuenberger P. [Endogenous fungal endophthalmitis: results of antifungal treatment with and without vitrectomy]. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2001;218:398-400 pubmed
    ..The eye is typically involved by hematogen dissemination, and the germ induces a chorioretinitis associated with an important panuveitis...
  70. Amato M, Blaydon S, Scribbick F, Belden C, Shore J, Neuhaus R, et al. Use of bioglass for orbital volume augmentation in enophthalmos: a rabbit model (oryctolagus cuniculus). Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2003;19:455-65 pubmed
    ..of Novabone-C/M as an osteoproductive alloplastic implant for volume augmentation in the orbit in the treatment of enophthalmos and to compare its outcome alone versus its use in combination with autogenous bone or Medpor granules.
  71. Buono L. The silent sinus syndrome: maxillary sinus atelectasis with enophthalmos and hypoglobus. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2004;15:486-9 pubmed
    The silent sinus syndrome is a rare clinical entity of spontaneous enophthalmos and hypoglobus caused by an alteration of the normal orbital architecture and function from maxillary sinus collapse in the setting of chronic sinusitis.
  72. Monos T, Levy J, Lifshitz T, Puterman M. The silent sinus syndrome. Isr Med Assoc J. 2005;7:333-5 pubmed
    ..Unilateral, spontaneous enophthalmos and hypoglobus are the prominent findings at examination...
  73. Ross J, Kersten R. Late enophthalmos mimicking silent sinus syndrome secondary to orbital trauma. J Craniofac Surg. 2005;16:840-3 pubmed
    The authors present a retrospective case report of a patient who experienced late enophthalmos after blunt orbital trauma...
  74. Numa W, Desai U, Gold D, Heher K, Annino D. Silent sinus syndrome: a case presentation and comprehensive review of all 84 reported cases. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2005;114:688-94 pubmed
    The term silent sinus syndrome has been used to describe the constellation of progressive enophthalmos and hypoglobus due to gradual collapse of the orbital floor with opacification of the maxillary sinus, in the presence of subclinical ..
  75. Ziahosseini K, Din I, Bhargava J. Intracranial arachnoid cyst; an unusual cause of epiphora. Orbit. 2013;32:211-3 pubmed publisher
    To describe a case of unilateral intracranial arachnoid cyst in association with enophthalmos and epiphora on the same side.
  76. Ondzotto G. [Silent maxillary sinusitis]. Presse Med. 2003;32:72 pubmed
  77. Rose G, Sandy C, Hallberg L, Moseley I. Clinical and radiologic characteristics of the imploding antrum, or "silent sinus," syndrome. Ophthalmology. 2003;110:811-8 pubmed
    ..To present the clinical and radiologic details of a series of patients with the imploding antrum, or silent sinus, syndrome, together with examples of the surgical findings and management...
  78. Choi B, Lee S, Chung W. Correction of superior sulcus deformity and enophthalmos with porous high-density polyethylene sheet in anophthalmic patients. Korean J Ophthalmol. 2005;19:168-73 pubmed
    Superior sulcus deformity is the main cosmetic problem in anophthalmic patients. Many methods of correcting enophthalmos have been reported, especially in patients with orbital wall fracture...
  79. Honda T, Sakurai H, Nakazawa H, Isago T, Nozaki M. Correction of late post-traumatic enophthalmos using a tissue expander. Ann Plast Surg. 2006;56:686-8 pubmed
    We described a new technique to correct late post-traumatic enophthalmos using volume augmentation with a tissue expander...
  80. Dinis P, Branco C, Subtil J. Endonasal endoscopic repair of the orbital floor defect in the silent sinus syndrome. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006;135:800-2 pubmed
  81. Garibaldi D, Iliff N, Grant M, Merbs S. Use of porous polyethylene with embedded titanium in orbital reconstruction: a review of 106 patients. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2007;23:439-44 pubmed
    ..To evaluate our initial experience with a porous polyethylene implant with embedded titanium in orbital reconstruction...
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    ..by a variety of factors, including the presence and severity of restricted ocular motility, the degree of enophthalmos, the estimated fracture size, and the clinical judgment of the surgeon; however, untreated medial orbital wall ..
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    Posttraumatic enophthalmos resulting from medial orbital wall fractures presents a complex challenge. Access to this area through traditional incisions is limited, making visualization of the fracture site difficult...