orbital diseases

Summary

Summary: Diseases of the bony orbit and contents except the eyeball.

Top Publications

  1. Hwang K, Kim D, Lee H. Orbital fracture due to high-pressure air injection. J Craniofac Surg. 2011;22:1506-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Green et al (Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 1990;6:211-217) suggested that a consistent force of more than 2.08 J is enough to inflict injury on the orbital wall...
  2. Kazim M, Goldberg R, Smith T. Insights into the pathogenesis of thyroid-associated orbitopathy: evolving rationale for therapy. Arch Ophthalmol. 2002;120:380-6 pubmed
  3. Verma M, Raman R, Mohan R. Application of tele-ophthalmology in remote diagnosis and management of adnexal and orbital diseases. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2009;57:381-4 pubmed publisher
    To assess the feasibility of making a diagnosis of adnexal and orbital diseases by Tele-ophthalmological means.
  4. Caesar R, Gajus M, Davies R. Compressed air injury of the orbit in the absence of external trauma. Eye (Lond). 2003;17:661-2 pubmed
  5. Mathew S, Vasu U, Francis F, Nazareth C. Transconjunctival orbital emphysema caused by compressed air injury: a case report. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2008;56:247-9 pubmed
    ..Although the emphysema was severe, there were no orbital bone fracture and the visual recovery of the patient was complete without attendant complications...
  6. Bhadani P, Bhadani U, Thapliyal N, Sen R. A rare presentation of invasive rhino-orbital mucormycosis in an immunocompetent young girl: a case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2007;50:785-6 pubmed
    ..Her eye could have been saved if the mucormycosis was highly suspected initially, because of the good general health and immunocompetency led to misdirected thought...
  7. Kaplan B, Martin B, Cohen H, Manaster J, Kassif Y, Rehany U, et al. Primary local orbital amyloidosis: biochemical identification of the immunoglobulin light chain kappaIII subtype in a small formalin fixed, paraffin wax embedded tissue sample. J Clin Pathol. 2005;58:539-42 pubmed
    ..The development and application of new biochemical microtechniques suitable for examination of extremely small tissue samples is essential for precise identification of the deposited amyloid proteins...
  8. Jain A, Desai R, Ehrlich J. Fulminant orbital myiasis in the developed world. Br J Ophthalmol. 2007;91:1565-6 pubmed
  9. Witzig T, Inwards D, Habermann T, Dogan A, Kurtin P, Gross J, et al. Treatment of benign orbital pseudolymphomas with the monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody rituximab. Mayo Clin Proc. 2007;82:692-9 pubmed
    ..To report the results of treating patients with orbital pseudolymphomas with the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab...
  10. Osorio J, Moncada L, Molano A, Valderrama S, Gualtero S, Franco Paredes C. Role of ivermectin in the treatment of severe orbital myiasis due to Cochliomyia hominivorax. Clin Infect Dis. 2006;43:e57-9 pubmed
    ..We suggest that ivermectin plays an important role in the treatment of severe cases of myiasis...

Detail Information

Publications93

  1. Hwang K, Kim D, Lee H. Orbital fracture due to high-pressure air injection. J Craniofac Surg. 2011;22:1506-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Green et al (Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 1990;6:211-217) suggested that a consistent force of more than 2.08 J is enough to inflict injury on the orbital wall...
  2. Kazim M, Goldberg R, Smith T. Insights into the pathogenesis of thyroid-associated orbitopathy: evolving rationale for therapy. Arch Ophthalmol. 2002;120:380-6 pubmed
  3. Verma M, Raman R, Mohan R. Application of tele-ophthalmology in remote diagnosis and management of adnexal and orbital diseases. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2009;57:381-4 pubmed publisher
    To assess the feasibility of making a diagnosis of adnexal and orbital diseases by Tele-ophthalmological means.
  4. Caesar R, Gajus M, Davies R. Compressed air injury of the orbit in the absence of external trauma. Eye (Lond). 2003;17:661-2 pubmed
  5. Mathew S, Vasu U, Francis F, Nazareth C. Transconjunctival orbital emphysema caused by compressed air injury: a case report. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2008;56:247-9 pubmed
    ..Although the emphysema was severe, there were no orbital bone fracture and the visual recovery of the patient was complete without attendant complications...
  6. Bhadani P, Bhadani U, Thapliyal N, Sen R. A rare presentation of invasive rhino-orbital mucormycosis in an immunocompetent young girl: a case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2007;50:785-6 pubmed
    ..Her eye could have been saved if the mucormycosis was highly suspected initially, because of the good general health and immunocompetency led to misdirected thought...
  7. Kaplan B, Martin B, Cohen H, Manaster J, Kassif Y, Rehany U, et al. Primary local orbital amyloidosis: biochemical identification of the immunoglobulin light chain kappaIII subtype in a small formalin fixed, paraffin wax embedded tissue sample. J Clin Pathol. 2005;58:539-42 pubmed
    ..The development and application of new biochemical microtechniques suitable for examination of extremely small tissue samples is essential for precise identification of the deposited amyloid proteins...
  8. Jain A, Desai R, Ehrlich J. Fulminant orbital myiasis in the developed world. Br J Ophthalmol. 2007;91:1565-6 pubmed
  9. Witzig T, Inwards D, Habermann T, Dogan A, Kurtin P, Gross J, et al. Treatment of benign orbital pseudolymphomas with the monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody rituximab. Mayo Clin Proc. 2007;82:692-9 pubmed
    ..To report the results of treating patients with orbital pseudolymphomas with the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab...
  10. Osorio J, Moncada L, Molano A, Valderrama S, Gualtero S, Franco Paredes C. Role of ivermectin in the treatment of severe orbital myiasis due to Cochliomyia hominivorax. Clin Infect Dis. 2006;43:e57-9 pubmed
    ..We suggest that ivermectin plays an important role in the treatment of severe cases of myiasis...
  11. Mohan B, Singh K. Bilateral subcutaneous emphysema of the orbits following nose blowing. J Laryngol Otol. 2001;115:319-20 pubmed
    ..Lamina papyracea is the most common site of bony defect and point of air entry into the orbit. Spontaneous resolution in around two weeks is usual...
  12. Biswas J, Krishnakumar S, Raghavendran R, Mahesh L. Lid swelling and diplopia as presenting features of orbital sarcoid. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2000;48:231-3 pubmed
    ..In the eye, the common sites of involvement are the skin of eyelid, conjunctiva, uveal tract, retina, optic nerve and lacrimal gland...
  13. Sáenz Madrazo N, Arribas Garcia I, Tejada Palacios P, Romance Garcia A. Spontaneous subperiosteal hematoma of the orbit. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2009;46:175-7 pubmed
    ..Orbital subperiosteal hemorrhage is rare, with most cases occurring in young males as a result of direct facial or orbital trauma. The authors present a case of a spontaneous subperiosteal hematoma of the orbit in a 4-year-old girl...
  14. Prabhakaran V, Saeed P, Esmaeli B, Sullivan T, McNab A, Davis G, et al. Orbital and adnexal sarcoidosis. Arch Ophthalmol. 2007;125:1657-62 pubmed
    ..To present the clinical features and management in a series of patients with orbital and adnexal sarcoidosis...
  15. Yuksel M, Yuksel K, Ozdemir G, Ugur T. Bilateral orbital emphysema and pneumocephalus as a result of accidental compressed air exposure. Emerg Radiol. 2007;13:195-8 pubmed
    ..Bilateral orbital emphysema with pneumocephalus can occur from a high-pressure compressed air injury after unilateral conjunctival trauma without any evidence of fracture...
  16. Suryanarayan Rao S, Panda N, Pragache G, Chakrabarti A, Saravanan K. Sinoorbital mucormycosis due to Apophysomyces elegans in immunocompetent individuals--an increasing trend. Am J Otolaryngol. 2006;27:366-9 pubmed
    ..Apophysomyces elegans is an unusual pathogen causing mucormycosis. It is unusual to affect the healthy individuals. We report 5 such cases of infection caused by A elegans in immunocompetent individuals...
  17. Oh I, Baek S, Huh K, Oh J. Periocular abscess caused by Pseudallescheria boydii after a posterior subtenon injection of triamcinolone acetonide. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2007;245:164-6 pubmed
    ..Here, we report a case of periocular abscess following posterior subtenon injection of triamcinolone...
  18. Ducrey N, Spahn B. [Emergencies in nontraumatic orbital diseases]. J Fr Ophtalmol. 2002;25:927-30 pubmed
    Nontraumatic orbital diseases only exceptionally require emergency treatment. In this paper an emergency is considered when the diagnosis and/or treatment must be done within a maximal period of 1 week.
  19. Leibovitch I, Selva D, Goldberg R, Sullivan T, Saeed P, Davis G, et al. Periocular and orbital amyloidosis: clinical characteristics, management, and outcome. Ophthalmology. 2006;113:1657-64 pubmed
    ..To present the clinical features and management outcome in a large series of patients with periocular and orbital amyloidosis...
  20. Pagliani L, Campi L, Cavallini G. Orbital actinomycosis associated with painful ophthalmoplegia. Actinomycosis of the orbit. Ophthalmologica. 2006;220:201-5 pubmed
    ..To evaluate a case of orbital actinomycosis presenting as Tolosa-Hunt syndrome in a patient with a history of carcinomas of the kidney and breast...
  21. Mavrikakis I, Rootman J. Diverse clinical presentations of orbital sarcoid. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007;144:769-775 pubmed
    ..To review the clinical presentation, location, systemic features, management, and natural history of orbital sarcoid...
  22. Dahlmann A, Appaswamy S, Headon M. Orbital cellulitis following sub-Tenon's anaesthesia. Eye (Lond). 2002;16:200-1 pubmed
  23. Engelman C, Palmer J, Egbert P. Orbital abscess following subtenon triamcinolone injection. Arch Ophthalmol. 2004;122:654-5 pubmed
  24. Nithyanandam S, Jacob M, Battu R, Thomas R, Correa M, D Souza O. Rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis. A retrospective analysis of clinical features and treatment outcomes. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2003;51:231-6 pubmed
    ..Recent literature includes anecdotal descriptions of successful treatment with conservative management of involved orbits. We evaluated the clinical features and outcome of treatment for the different stages of ROC mucormycosis...
  25. Baradkar V, Mathur M, Taklikar S, Rathi M, Kumar S. Fatal rhino-orbito-cerebral infection caused by Saksenaea vasiformis in an immunocompetent individual: first case report from India. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2008;26:385-7 pubmed
    ..We believe this case to be the first case of rhino-orbito-cerebral infection due to Saksenaea vasiformis and that of second case in an immunocompetent patient in the world...
  26. Rojas M, Eliason J, Fredrick D. Needle aspiration of a traumatic subperiosteal haematoma of the orbit. Br J Ophthalmol. 2002;86:593-4 pubmed
  27. Hamidi Asl K, Liepnieks J, Nunery W, Yazaki M, Benson M. Kappa III immunoglobulin light chain origin of localized orbital amyloidosis. Amyloid. 2004;11:179-83 pubmed
    ..Biochemical analysis of resected ocular muscle determined that the amyloid fibrils were derived from a kappa III immunoglobulin light chain. Questions of pathogenesis and tissue tropism are considered...
  28. Di Bari R, Guerriero S, Giancipoli G, Cantatore A, Sborgia G, Piscitelli D. Primary localized orbital amyloidosis: a case report. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2006;16:895-7 pubmed
    ..Isolated orbital amyloidosis is a rare condition and requires systemic examination. The authors report a case of amyloid deposit in the orbit whose systemic investigation has been negative...
  29. Betbeze C. Management of Orbital Diseases. Top Companion Anim Med. 2015;30:107-17 pubmed publisher
    b>Orbital diseases are common in dogs and cats and can present on emergency due to the acute onset of many of these issues...
  30. Masanganise R, Mashoko A. Mortality in an ophthalmic ward at a tertiary eye unit in Zimbabwe. Cent Afr J Med. 2008;54:49-51 pubmed
    ..To review and determine the attributed causes of deaths among patients who died in Sekuru Kaguvi Hospital (SKH) Eye Unit Wards between August 1984 and October 2008..
  31. Rosenbaum J, Choi D, Wilson D, Grossniklaus H, Harrington C, Dailey R, et al. Fibrosis, gene expression and orbital inflammatory disease. Br J Ophthalmol. 2015;99:1424-9 pubmed publisher
    To clarify the pathogenesis of fibrosis in inflammatory orbital diseases, we analysed the gene expression in orbital biopsies and compared our results with those reported for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis...
  32. Deutschmann M, Livingstone D, Cho J, Vanderkooi O, Brookes J. The significance of Streptococcus anginosus group in intracranial complications of pediatric rhinosinusitis. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013;139:157-60 pubmed publisher
    ..To assess the significance of the Streptococcus anginosus group in intracranial complications of pediatric patients with rhinosinusitis...
  33. Kahn J, Baharestani S, Beck H, Ng D, Zoumalan C, Warren F, et al. Orbital dissemination of Lemierre syndrome from gram-positive septic emboli. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2011;27:e67-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Lemierre syndrome, previously thought to be rare, is now becoming more commonly reported. Its prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential for patient survival...
  34. Yoo L, Reed J, Shin A, Kung J, Gimzewski J, Poukens V, et al. Characterization of ocular tissues using microindentation and hertzian viscoelastic models. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52:3475-82 pubmed publisher
  35. Stembírek J, Kyllar M, Putnová I, Stehlik L, Buchtová M. The pig as an experimental model for clinical craniofacial research. Lab Anim. 2012;46:269-79 pubmed publisher
    ..Not all of the structures have an equal morphology in the pig and human, and these morphological dissimilarities must be taken into account before choosing the pig as an experimental model for regenerative medicine...
  36. Zerilli T, Burke C. Orbital pseudotumor after an upper respiratory infection: a comprehensive review. Optometry. 2010;81:638-46 pubmed publisher
    ..In many cases, however, IOI presents as a clinical and therapeutic challenge, and conclusive diagnosis is only confirmed after all other etiologies have been ruled out...
  37. Arda B, Erdem A, Sipahi O, Işıkgöz Taşbakan M, Pullukcu H, Taşbakan M, et al. [Mucormycosis: retrospective evaluation of 12 cases]. Mikrobiyol Bul. 2011;45:504-11 pubmed
  38. Webb B, Pereira K, Fakhri S. Nasal foreign body as the cause of a subperiosteal orbital abscess in a child. Ear Nose Throat J. 2010;89:E11-3 pubmed
    ..Endoscopic drainage of the abscess through the involved sinuses revealed that the foreign body was a wad of cotton. The cotton was removed, and the patient recovered uneventfully. ..
  39. Ormond D, Omeis I, Abrahams J. Uncommon presentation of an intradiploic orbital epidermoid tumor: case report. Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2011;15:165-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The few cases that have been reported to occur in the intraorbital location involve patients in the first four decades of life. To our knowledge, an elderly person presenting with an orbital epidermoid tumor has never been reported...
  40. Talaulikar D, Tridgell D, Leong D, Dahlstrom J, Cherian M, Prosser I, et al. Novel therapeutic option for orbital atypical lymphoid hyperplasia. Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2010;38:892-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Rituximab may be an effective treatment adjunct/alternative for patients with atypical lymphoid hyperplasia of the orbit, particularly where widespread lesions preclude the use of initial radiotherapy...
  41. Singh V, Phadke R, Udiya A, Shetty G, Sharma K, Kanaujia V. Inferior petrosal sinus route microcatheterization study and embolization for primary orbital varix. Interv Neuroradiol. 2016;22:108-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Coiling to disconnect the venous communication should be the primary goal of embolization. ..
  42. Civit T, Colnat Coulbois S, Marie B. [Histiocytic disorders with orbital involvement]. Neurochirurgie. 2010;56:142-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Rosai-Dorfman disease is commonly associated with uni- or bilateral orbital locations. The other histiocytic disorders are very rare, but some have a poor prognosis such as Erdheim-Chester disease...
  43. Morris O, Schebitz Walter K, Telemo E, Hintschich C. Overexpression of collagen XIII in extraocular fat affected by active thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy: A crucial piece of the puzzle?. Orbit. 2016;35:227-32 pubmed publisher
    ..We identified overexpression of collagen XIII in active TAO-affected fat. We discuss how species and cell-type specific responses of collagen XIII to stressors may help explain the different phenotypes of TAO. ..
  44. Gokhale S, Sane V, Ramanojam S, Gadre P, Gadre K, Deshmukh S. Ipsilateral keratoconus associated with long-standing primary hydatid cyst of the orbit. J Craniofac Surg. 2012;23:e344-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Upper blepharoplasty incision results in good cosmetic outcome...
  45. Yu L, Li N, Jiang Y, Han M. [Clinical analysis of orbital complications of acute pediatric sinusitis]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2012;47:314-6 pubmed
    ..To investigate the treatment outcome of surgical intervention for orbital complications of acute pediatric sinusitis...
  46. Lopes N, Castela G, Andres R, Lisboa M, Castela R, Loureiro R. [Reconstruction of anophthalmic socket]. J Fr Ophtalmol. 2011;34:608-14 pubmed publisher
    ..Evaluate different surgical techniques in the management of the contracted anophthalmic socket...
  47. Schouman T, Courvoisier D, van Issum C, Terzic A, Scolozzi P. Can systematic computed tomographic scan assessment predict treatment decision in pure orbital floor blowout fractures?. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2012;70:1627-32 pubmed publisher
    ..To describe and evaluate the reliability and the accuracy of a specific computed tomography-based assessment in predicting treatment decisions for pure orbital floor blowout fractures (BOFs)...
  48. Marchac A, Arnaud E. Cranium and midface distraction osteogenesis: current practices, controversies, and future applications. J Craniofac Surg. 2012;23:235-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Today, DO is the most powerful tool to simultaneously correct both exorbitism and the respiratory impairment of the faciocraniosynostosis, but practices vary greatly between teams...
  49. Alves M, Neves C, Carvalho D, Medina J. [Thyroid associated orbitopathy]. Acta Med Port. 2011;24:1041-50 pubmed
    ..Treatment should be instituted in specialized centers, with ophthalmologists and endocrinologists acting in synergy to avoid consequences of delays in intervention and in optimizing therapy...
  50. CHENG J, Liu B, Farjat A, Jang D. Adverse Events in Endoscopic Sinus Surgery for Infectious Orbital Complications of Sinusitis: 30-Day NSQIP Pediatric Outcomes. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;157:716-721 pubmed publisher
    ..Serious or significant adverse events were uncommon. Areas for improvement include limiting and reducing unplanned reoperations and readmissions...
  51. Yurt A, Secer M, Selcuki M. Large primary intraorbital hydatid cyst. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011;27:693-5 pubmed publisher
  52. Taketani Y, Yamagishi R, Fujishiro T, Igarashi M, Sakata R, Aihara M. Activation of the prostanoid FP receptor inhibits adipogenesis leading to deepening of the upper eyelid sulcus in prostaglandin-associated periorbitopathy. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014;55:1269-76 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the effects of prostaglandin (PG) analogues on adipogenesis so as to clarify the mechanism of a side effect of topical PG analogues: deepening of the upper eyelid sulcus (DUES), which has been reported in this decade...
  53. Kang J, Aakalu V, Lin A, Setabutr P. Orbital granuloma annulare as presentation of systemic sarcoidosis. Orbit. 2013;32:372-4 pubmed publisher
    ..To report a unique case of an orbital mass with atypical histopathologic features that although overlap with other granulomatous disorders, likely represents orbital involvement of systemic sarcoidosis...
  54. Kayhan F, Sayin I, Yazici Z, Erdur O. Management of orbital subperiosteal abscess. J Craniofac Surg. 2010;21:1114-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To discuss the role of surgical intervention in subperiosteal orbital abscess (SPOA) using a retrospective medical chart review...
  55. Natarajan M, Prabhu K, Braganza A, Chacko A. Posttraumatic subgaleal and orbital hematoma due to factor XIII deficiency. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011;7:213-7 pubmed publisher
    ..At evaluation he was found to have a transient mild factor XIII deficiency...
  56. Ezra D, Krell J, Rose G, Bailly M, Stebbing J, Castellano L. Transcriptome-level microarray expression profiling implicates IGF-1 and Wnt signalling dysregulation in the pathogenesis of thyroid-associated orbitopathy. J Clin Pathol. 2012;65:608-13 pubmed publisher
    ..The pathogenesis of thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) remains unclear. The aim of this study is to elucidate the gene expression profile of orbital fat from patients with active, but untreated, TAO...
  57. Suneetha N, Teena M, Usha V, Mary J. Microbiological profile of orbital abscess. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2012;30:317-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Knowledge of the culture and sensitivity pattern is necessary, for the institution of appropriate empirical antibiotic therapy in orbital abscess...
  58. Zamora Alejo K, Moore S, Leatherbarrow B, Norris J, Lake D, Malhotra R, et al. Hyaluronidase toxicity: a possible cause of postoperative periorbital inflammation. Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2013;41:122-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Periorbital inflammation following regional anaesthesia is commonly attributed to hyaluronidase allergy. This case series suggests an alternative explanation in some patients...
  59. Lee D, Tran P, Lau K. Case of bilateral non-traumatic subperiosteal orbital haematomas. J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol. 2013;57:202-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Subperiosteal orbital haematoma is an uncommon entity, usually unilateral and caused by trauma. We present a unique case of bilateral non-traumatic subperiosteal orbital haematomas caused by thrombolysis and anticoagulation...
  60. Kucukevcilioglu M, Bayer A, Uysal Y, Altinsoy H. Prostaglandin associated periorbitopathy in patients using bimatoprost, latanoprost and travoprost. Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2014;42:126-31 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the frequency of prostaglandin-associated periorbitopathy among bimatoprost, latanoprost and travoprost users...
  61. Majumdar K, Tyagi I, Saran R, Kumar S, Gondal R. Multicentric extranodal Rosai Dorfman disease--a cytological diagnosis, with histological corroboration. Acta Cytol. 2012;56:214-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Multicentric disease has also been described, which is usually accompanied by lymphadenopathy either initially or later in the disease course...
  62. Chandrasekharan R, Thomas M, Rupa V. Comparative study of orbital involvement in invasive and non-invasive fungal sinusitis. J Laryngol Otol. 2012;126:152-8 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate differences in orbital involvement in patients with invasive versus non-invasive fungal sinusitis...
  63. Brettell D, Ooi K, Bank A, Gianoutsos M. Orbital emphysema following removal of bilateral midfacial implants. Orbit. 2011;30:311-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Further investigation revealed right inferior orbital emphysema, caused by the intra-operative entrance of hydrogen peroxide through a suspected perforation of the orbital septum. The symptoms settled with conservative management...
  64. Yoon J, Chae M, Lee S, Lee E. Anti-inflammatory effect of quercetin in a whole orbital tissue culture of Graves' orbitopathy. Br J Ophthalmol. 2012;96:1117-21 pubmed publisher
    ..This study investigated the inhibitory effect of quercetin on inflammation in cultured whole orbital tissue...
  65. Ranu H, Thng S, Goh B, Burger A, Goh C. Periorbital hyperpigmentation in Asians: an epidemiologic study and a proposed classification. Dermatol Surg. 2011;37:1297-303 pubmed publisher
    ..Periorbital hyperpigmentation (POH) presents with a dark area surrounding the eyelids. It is an ill-defined condition, and the pathogenesis can be multifactorial...
  66. Dallan I, Castelnuovo P, Turri Zanoni M, Fiacchini G, Locatelli D, Battaglia P, et al. Transorbital endoscopic assisted management of intraorbital lesions: lessons learned from our first 9 cases. Rhinology. 2016;54:247-53 pubmed publisher
    ..Herein we present our preliminary experience in the management of selected supero-lateral intraorbital lesion through an endoscopic-assisted superior-eyelid approach...
  67. Zhang Z, Zhang Y, He Y, An J, Zwahlen R. Correlation between volume of herniated orbital contents and the amount of enophthalmos in orbital floor and wall fractures. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2012;70:68-73 pubmed publisher
    ..To analyze the correlation between the volume of herniated orbital contents and the amount of enophthalmos in orbital floor and wall fractures...
  68. Markiewicz M, Bell R. Traditional and contemporary surgical approaches to the orbit. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2012;24:573-607 pubmed publisher
    ..Computer-assisted planning and intraoperative navigation have recently been reported with more prevalence in the literature. The purpose of this article was to review commonly used approaches to the orbit: old and new...
  69. Guyot L, Thiery G, Salles F, Dumont N, Chossegros C. Post-operative orbital haematomas over a 12-year period. A description of three cases among 280 orbital procedures. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2013;41:794-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the incidence of orbital haematoma requiring surgical treatment following procedures including fracture repairs and orbital osteotomies over a 12-year period and to discuss their management...
  70. Jones H, Trinidade A, Jaberoo M, Lyons M. Periorbital cellulitis, subgaleal abscess and superior sagittal sinus thrombosis: a rare combination of complications arising from unilateral frontal sinusitis. J Laryngol Otol. 2012;126:1281-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Subclinical infection of the sinuses can result in delayed diagnosis and unusual presenting complications...
  71. Ubukata S, Jingu D, Yajima T, Shoji M, Takahashi H. [A case of septic pulmonary embolism due to Peptostreptococcus micros with multiple infection of the head and neck]. Kansenshogaku Zasshi. 2013;87:761-6 pubmed
    ..Since some SPE patients demonstrate a slow progression, SPE should be included in the differential diagnosis of multiple pulmonary nodules such as Wegener's glanulomatosis or neoplasm...
  72. Kaur A, Khattri M, Jaiswal V. Pattern of orbital exenteration at a tertiary eye care centre in North India. Nepal J Ophthalmol. 2012;4:64-7 pubmed publisher