culex

Summary

Summary: A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) commonly found in tropical regions. Species of this genus are vectors for ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS as well as many other diseases of man and domestic and wild animals.

Top Publications

  1. Arensburger P, Megy K, Waterhouse R, Abrudan J, Amedeo P, Antelo B, et al. Sequencing of Culex quinquefasciatus establishes a platform for mosquito comparative genomics. Science. 2010;330:86-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Culex quinquefasciatus (the southern house mosquito) is an important mosquito vector of viruses such as West Nile virus and St. Louis encephalitis virus, as well as of nematodes that cause lymphatic filariasis. C...
  2. Govindarajan M. Evaluation of Andrographis paniculata Burm.f. (Family:Acanthaceae) extracts against Culex quinquefasciatus (Say.) and Aedes aegypti (Linn.) (Diptera:Culicidae). Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2011;4:176-81 pubmed publisher
    ..paniculata) against Culex quinquefasciatus (Cx. quinquefasciatus) Say and Aedes aegypti (Ae. aegypti) L. (Diptera: Culicidae)...
  3. Govindarajan M. Larvicidal and repellent properties of some essential oils against Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles and Anopheles subpictus Grassi (Diptera: Culicidae). Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2011;4:106-11 pubmed publisher
    ..plant species Cymbopogan citrates, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Rosmarinus officinalis and Zingiber officinale against Culex tritaeniorhynchus (Cx. tritaeniorhynchus) and Anopheles subpictus (An. subpictus)...
  4. Rasgon J. Wolbachia induces male-specific mortality in the mosquito Culex pipiens (LIN strain). PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e30381 pubmed publisher
    ..Using cohort life-table analysis, we demonstrate that in the mosquito Culex pipiens (LIN strain), Wolbachia-infected females show no fitness costs due to infection...
  5. Fall G, Diallo M, Loucoubar C, Faye O, Sall A. Vector competence of Culex neavei and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) from Senegal for lineages 1, 2, Koutango and a putative new lineage of West Nile virus. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2014;90:747-54 pubmed publisher
    ..In West Africa, Culex neavei and Culex quinquefasciatus are considered as potential vectors for WN virus transmission in sylvatic or ..
  6. Werblow A, Bolius S, Dorresteijn A, Melaun C, Klimpel S. Diversity of Culex torrentium Martini, 1925 - a potential vector of arboviruses and filaria in Europe. Parasitol Res. 2013;112:2495-501 pubmed publisher
    b>Culex torrentium is one of the most common mosquito species in Germany...
  7. Kazlauskienė R, Bernotienė R, Palinauskas V, Iezhova T, Valkiunas G. Plasmodium relictum (lineages pSGS1 and pGRW11): complete synchronous sporogony in mosquitoes Culex pipiens pipiens. Exp Parasitol. 2013;133:454-61 pubmed publisher
    ..relictum (pSGS1 and pGRW11) in mosquito Culex pipiens pipiens. Genetic distance between these lineages is 0...
  8. Russell R. A review of the status and significance of the species within the Culex pipiens group in Australia. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2012;28:24-7 pubmed
    The mosquito known in the northern hemisphere as Culex pipiens (a.k.a. Culex pipiens pipiens or Culex pipiens form pipiens) is not known from Australia...
  9. Andreadis T. The contribution of Culex pipiens complex mosquitoes to transmission and persistence of West Nile virus in North America. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2012;28:137-51 pubmed
    Mosquitoes within the Culex pipiens complex have been implicated as major vectors of West Nile virus (WNV) in North America due to their seasonal abundance, vector competence and high field infection rates. However, the role of Cx. p...

More Information

Publications72

  1. Becker N, Jöst A, Weitzel T. The Culex pipiens complex in Europe. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2012;28:53-67 pubmed
    The present study examines the mating and breeding behavior as well as the genetic differentiation of Culex pipiens biotype pipiens and Cx. pipiens biotype molestus. Firstly, the mating behavior of Cx. pipiens s.l...
  2. Xue R, Qualls W. Larvicidal activity of synthetic disinfectants and antibacterial soaps against mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). J Med Entomol. 2013;50:137-9 pubmed
    ..commercial synthetic disinfectant and antibacterial soap products were evaluated as mosquito larvicides against Culex quinquefasciatus Say in the laboratory. Three aerosol disinfectant products, at 0...
  3. Tikar S, Yadav R, Mendki M, Rao A, Sukumaran D, Parashar B. Oviposition deterrent activity of three mosquito repellents diethyl phenyl acetamide (DEPA), diethyl m toluamide (DEET), and diethyl benzamide (DEB) on Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus, and Culex quinquefasciatus. Parasitol Res. 2014;113:101-6 pubmed publisher
    ..albopictus, and Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes. All the repellents evaluated at three log concentrations 0.1, 0.01, and 0...
  4. Oxborough R, Kitau J, Matowo J, Feston E, Mndeme R, Mosha F, et al. ITN mixtures of chlorfenapyr (Pyrrole) and alphacypermethrin (Pyrethroid) for control of pyrethroid resistant Anopheles arabiensis and Culex quinquefasciatus. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e55781 pubmed publisher
    ..The same treatments were evaluated in tunnel tests against insectary-reared pyrethroid susceptible and resistant Culex quinquefasciatus. Performance was measured in terms of insecticide-induced mortality, and blood-feeding inhibition...
  5. Jones C, Lounibos L, Marra P, Kilpatrick A. Rainfall influences survival of Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) in a residential neighborhood in the mid-Atlantic United States. J Med Entomol. 2012;49:467-73 pubmed
    ..We provide the first estimates of field survival and dispersal rates for Culex pipiens L. in North America, an important enzootic and bridge vector for West Nile virus (WNV)...
  6. Su T, Cheng M. Resistance development in Culex quinquefasciatus to spinosad: a preliminary report. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2012;28:263-7 pubmed
    A Culex quinquefasciatus colony was established from surviving late instars and pupae from a semifield microcosm test with Natular XRG (a granular formulation containing 2.5% spinosad) applied at 14.2 kg/ha...
  7. Govindarajan M, Sivakumar R, Rajeswary M, Yogalakshmi K. Chemical composition and larvicidal activity of essential oil from Ocimum basilicum (L.) against Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Aedes albopictus and Anopheles subpictus (Diptera: Culicidae). Exp Parasitol. 2013;134:7-11 pubmed publisher
    ..activity of leaf essential oil and their major chemical constituents from Ocimum basilicum were evaluated against Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Aedes albopictus and Anopheles subpictus...
  8. Zélé F, Nicot A, Duron O, Rivero A. Infection with Wolbachia protects mosquitoes against Plasmodium-induced mortality in a natural system. J Evol Biol. 2012;25:1243-52 pubmed publisher
    ..We discuss different mechanistic and evolutionary explanations for these results as well as their consequences for Plasmodium transmission...
  9. Xue L, Scott H, Cohnstaedt L, Scoglio C. A network-based meta-population approach to model Rift Valley fever epidemics. J Theor Biol. 2012;306:129-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, the exact value of the reproduction number is numerically computed and upper and lower bounds for the reproduction number are analytically derived in the case of homogeneous populations...
  10. Murugan K, Mahesh Kumar P, Kovendan K, Amerasan D, Subrmaniam J, Hwang J. Larvicidal, pupicidal, repellent and adulticidal activity of Citrus sinensis orange peel extract against Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasitol Res. 2012;111:1757-69 pubmed
    ..on larvicidal, pupicidal, repellent and adulticidal activity against Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus. The orange peel material was shade dried at room temperature and powdered coarsely...
  11. Morais S, Almeida F, Suesdek L, Marrelli M. Low genetic diversity in Wolbachia-Infected Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) from Brazil and Argentina. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2012;54:325-9 pubmed
    b>Culex quinquefasciatus is a vector of human pathogens, including filarial nematodes and several viruses...
  12. Wirth M, Walton W, Federici B. Inheritance, stability, and dominance of cry resistance in Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) selected with the three cry toxins of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis. J Med Entomol. 2012;49:886-94 pubmed
    Mendelian crosses were used to study the mode of inheritance of Cry toxin resistance in a Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae) colony (CqAB11A) that evolved insecticide resistance under laboratory selection with a deletion ..
  13. Shetty V, Sanil D, Shetty N. Insecticide susceptibility status in three medically important species of mosquitoes, Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus, from Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike, Karnataka, India. Pest Manag Sci. 2013;69:257-67 pubmed publisher
    ..This manuscript reports the susceptibility status among strains of Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus collected from different geographical areas of Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP), ..
  14. Ciota A, Ehrbar D, Van Slyke G, Willsey G, Kramer L. Cooperative interactions in the West Nile virus mutant swarm. BMC Evol Biol. 2012;12:58 pubmed publisher
    ..A more complete understanding of the phenotypic correlates of these diverse swarms is needed in order to equate RNA swarm breadth and composition to specific adaptive and evolutionary outcomes...
  15. Li T, Zhang L, Reid W, Xu Q, Dong K, Liu N. Multiple mutations and mutation combinations in the sodium channel of permethrin resistant mosquitoes, Culex quinquefasciatus. Sci Rep. 2012;2:781 pubmed publisher
    A previous study identified 3 nonsynonymous and 6 synonymous mutations in the entire mosquito sodium channel of Culex quinquefasciatus, the prevalence of which were strongly correlated with levels of resistance and increased dramatically ..
  16. Low V, Chen C, Lee H, Lim P, Leong C, Sofian Azirun M. Current susceptibility status of Malaysian Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) against DDT, propoxur, malathion, and permethrin. J Med Entomol. 2013;50:103-11 pubmed
    A nationwide investigation was carried out to determine the current susceptibility status of Culex quinquefasciatus Say populations against four active ingredients representing four major insecticide classes: DDT, propoxur, malathion, ..
  17. Siriporn P, Mayura S. The effects of herbal essential oils on the oviposition-deterrent and ovicidal activities of Aedes aegypti (Linn.), Anopheles dirus (Peyton and Harrison) and Culex quinquefasciatus (Say). Trop Biomed. 2012;29:138-50 pubmed
    ..of seven essential oils were evaluated towards three mosquito vectors, Aedes aegypti, Anopheles dirus and Culex quinquefasciatus...
  18. Tennyson S, Ravindran K, Eapen A, William S. Effect of Ageratum houstonianum Mill. (Asteraceae) leaf extracts on the oviposition activity of Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasitol Res. 2012;111:2295-9 pubmed publisher
    ..effect of Ageratum houstonianum crude leaf extracts on the oviposition of Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus was studied at 0.1 % concentration in laboratory...
  19. Nelms B, Fechter Leggett E, Carroll B, Macedo P, Kluh S, Reisen W. Experimental and natural vertical transmission of West Nile virus by California Culex (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes. J Med Entomol. 2013;50:371-8 pubmed
    b>Culex (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes, the primary summer vectors of West Nile virus (family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus, WNV), also may serve as overwintering reservoir hosts...
  20. Rudolf M, Czajka C, Börstler J, Melaun C, Jöst H, von Thien H, et al. First nationwide surveillance of Culex pipiens complex and Culex torrentium mosquitoes demonstrated the presence of Culex pipiens biotype pipiens/molestus hybrids in Germany. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e71832 pubmed publisher
    ..exact identification of mosquito species, which is especially challenging in the case of sibling species, such as Culex. pipiens pipiens biotypes pipiens and molestus...
  21. Kolodziejek J, Pachler K, Bin H, Mendelson E, Shulman L, Orshan L, et al. Barkedji virus, a novel mosquito-borne flavivirus identified in Culex perexiguus mosquitoes, Israel, 2011. J Gen Virol. 2013;94:2449-57 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, we report the first-time detection of BJV in Culex perexiguus mosquitoes in Israel in 2011 and determination of its almost complete polyprotein gene sequence...
  22. Schlein Y, Muller G. Diurnal resting behavior of adult Culex pipiens in an arid habitat in Israel and possible control measurements with toxic sugar baits. Acta Trop. 2012;124:48-53 pubmed publisher
    The distribution of resting Culex pipiens s.l., L...
  23. Kay B, Brown M, Siti Z, Bangs M. Field evaluations of disposable sticky lures for surveillance of Aedes aegypti (Stegomyia aegypti) and Culex quinquefasciatus in Jakarta. Med Vet Entomol. 2013;27:267-75 pubmed publisher
    ..in north Jakarta, Indonesia as surveillance tools for Aedes aegypti (Stegomyia aegypti) (Diptera: Culicidae) and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae), referenced to indoor resting adult collections (92 × 10 min)...
  24. Veronesi R, Gentile G, Carrieri M, Maccagnani B, Stermieri L, Bellini R. Seasonal pattern of daily activity of Aedes caspius, Aedes detritus, Culex modestus, and Culex pipiens in the Po Delta of northern Italy and significance for vector-borne disease risk assessment. J Vector Ecol. 2012;37:49-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Collections were performed once a week from May to November, with human landing collections and CO(2) traps. Culex pipiens was present from July to October and showed a clearly unimodal nocturnal flight habit...
  25. Parreira R, Cook S, Lopes A, de Matos A, de Almeida A, Piedade J, et al. Genetic characterization of an insect-specific flavivirus isolated from Culex theileri mosquitoes collected in southern Portugal. Virus Res. 2012;167:152-61 pubmed publisher
    We describe the full genetic characterization of an insect-specific flavivirus (ISF) from Culex theileri (Theobald) mosquitoes collected in Portugal...
  26. Gomes B, Sousa C, Vicente J, Pinho L, Calderón I, Arez E, et al. Feeding patterns of molestus and pipiens forms of Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) in a region of high hybridization. Parasit Vectors. 2013;6:93 pubmed publisher
    Two biological forms of the mosquito Culex pipiens s.s., denoted pipiens and molestus, display behavioural differences that may affect their role as vectors of arboviruses...
  27. Ciota A, Matacchiero A, Kilpatrick A, Kramer L. The effect of temperature on life history traits of Culex mosquitoes. J Med Entomol. 2014;51:55-62 pubmed
    ..adult survival, mosquito size, blood feeding, and fecundity of both field and colonized populations of the Culex mosquitoes Culex pipiens L, Culex quinquefasciatus Say, and Culex restuans Theobald...
  28. Dua V, Kumar A, Pandey A, Kumar S. Insecticidal and genotoxic activity of Psoralea corylifolia Linn. (Fabaceae) against Culex quinquefasciatus Say, 1823. Parasit Vectors. 2013;6:30 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study the larvicidal, adulticidal and genotoxic activity of essential oil of Psoralea corylifolia Linn. against Culex quinquefasciatus Say was explored.
  29. Kuwata R, Hoshino K, Isawa H, Tsuda Y, Tajima S, Sasaki T, et al. Establishment and characterization of a cell line from the mosquito Culex tritaeniorhynchus (Diptera: Culicidae). In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim. 2012;48:369-76 pubmed publisher
    We established a continuous cell line from the embryo of the mosquito Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles (Diptera: Culicidae), a known major vector of the Japanese encephalitis virus (family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus) in Asia...
  30. Reid W, Zhang L, Liu F, Liu N. The transcriptome profile of the mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus following permethrin selection. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e47163 pubmed publisher
    ..interaction and the complex regulation system involved in the development of insecticide resistance in mosquitoes Culex quinquefasciatus, we conducted a whole transcriptome analysis of Culex mosquitoes following permethrin selection...
  31. Danabalan R, Ponsonby D, Lintoni Y. A critical assessment of available molecular identification tools for determining the status of Culex pipiens s.l. in the United Kingdom. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2012;28:68-74 pubmed
    Until the relatively recent application of molecular identification tools, identification of Culex pipiens f. pipiens and Cx. pipiens f...
  32. Kovendan K, Murugan K, Shanthakumar S, Vincent S, Hwang J. Larvicidal activity of Morinda citrifolia L. (Noni) (Family: Rubiaceae) leaf extract against Anopheles stephensi, Culex quinquefasciatus, and Aedes aegypti. Parasitol Res. 2012;111:1481-90 pubmed
    ..mosquito vectors such as malarial vector Anopheles stephensi, dengue vector Aedes aegypti, and filarial vector Culex quinquefasciatus. The plant material was shade dried at room temperature and powdered coarsely...
  33. Jones O, Ottea J. The effects of spinosad on Culex quinquefasciatus and three nontarget insect species. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2013;29:346-51 pubmed
    ..The mosquito species chosen was Culex quinquefasciatus and the most common nontarget taxa were immature stages of a mayfly (Caenis sp...
  34. Diaz L, Flores F, Beranek M, Rivarola M, Almiron W, Contigiani M. Transmission of endemic St Louis encephalitis virus strains by local Culex quinquefasciatus populations in Cordoba, Argentina. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2013;107:332-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Although it is not fully understood, the SLEV transmission network may involve Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes as vectors and Columbidae species as hosts.
  35. Nelms B, Macedo P, Kothera L, Savage H, Reisen W. Overwintering biology of Culex (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes in the Sacramento Valley of California. J Med Entomol. 2013;50:773-90 pubmed
    At temperate latitudes, Culex (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes typically overwinter as adult females in reproductive arrest and also may serve as reservoir hosts for arboviruses when cold temperatures arrest viral replication...
  36. Chen C, Jenkins E, Epp T, Waldner C, Curry P, Soos C. Climate change and West Nile virus in a highly endemic region of North America. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2013;10:3052-71 pubmed publisher
    ..The primary vector for WVN in this region is the mosquito Culex tarsalis...
  37. Zhang J, Hu Z, Gao P, Wang J, Hu Z, Wu W. Synthesis and larvicidal activity against Culex pipiens pallens of new triazole derivatives of phrymarolin from Phryma leptostachya L. Int J Mol Sci. 2013;14:24064-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Larvicidal activities against 4rd instar larvae of Culex pipiens pallens of these Phrymarolin analogues were assayed...
  38. de Azara T, Degener C, Roque R, Ohly J, Geier M, Eiras A. The impact of CO2 on collection of Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) and Culex quinquefasciatus Say by BG-Sentinel® traps in Manaus, Brazil. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2013;108:229-32 pubmed
    ..aegypti when using the BG-Sentinel with CO2 (?2 = 11.0271, p ? 0.001). Catches of female Culex spp were six times higher in CO2 traps (Mann-Whitney U test = 190.5; p = 0.001)...
  39. Richards S, Anderson S, Lord C. Vector competence of Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) for West Nile virus isolates from Florida. Trop Med Int Health. 2014;19:610-7 pubmed publisher
    To assess vector competence (infection, dissemination and transmission) of Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus for Florida (FL) West Nile virus (WNV) isolates.
  40. Itokawa K, Komagata O, Kasai S, Kawada H, Mwatele C, Dida G, et al. Global spread and genetic variants of the two CYP9M10 haplotype forms associated with insecticide resistance in Culex quinquefasciatus Say. Heredity (Edinb). 2013;111:216-26 pubmed publisher
    ..of the cytochrome P450 gene CYP9M10 is associated with pyrethroid resistance in the southern house mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus...
  41. Richards S, Anderson S, Yost S. Effects of blood meal source on the reproduction of Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). J Vector Ecol. 2012;37:1-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus were fed blood meals from a live chicken (LC), chicken blood in Alsever's (AC) solution, defibrinated bovine blood (DB), or bovine blood in citrate (CB) and incubated at 28° C...
  42. Linthicum K. Introduction to the symposium Global Perspective on the Culex pipiens Complex in the 21st century: The Interrelationship of Culex pipiens, quinquefasciatus, molestus and others. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2012;28:4-9 pubmed
    Mosquitoes in the Culex pipiens Complex, including Culex pipiens, Cx. quinquefasciatus, and Cx...
  43. Van Slyke G, Jia Y, Whiteman M, Wicker J, Barrett A, Kramer L. Vertebrate attenuated West Nile virus mutants have differing effects on vector competence in Culex tarsalis mosquitoes. J Gen Virol. 2013;94:1069-72 pubmed publisher
    ..We chose six mutant WNV strains to evaluate for vector competence in the natural WNV vector Culex tarsalis, two of which contain multiple ablations of glycosylation sites in the envelope and NS1 proteins; three ..
  44. Nikolay B, Diallo M, Faye O, Boye C, Sall A. Vector competence of Culex neavei (Diptera: Culicidae) for Usutu virus. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012;86:993-6 pubmed publisher
    ..USUV), a flavivirus belonging to the Japanese encephalitis serocomplex, was isolated for the first time from a Culex neavei mosquito in 1959 in South Africa. Despite multiple isolations of USUV from Cx...
  45. Simonsen P, Mwakitalu M. Urban lymphatic filariasis. Parasitol Res. 2013;112:35-44 pubmed publisher
    ..This is primarily because one of its vectors, Culex quinquefasciatus, thrives and proliferates excessively in crowded city areas with poor sanitary, sewerage and ..
  46. Irish S, Moore S, Derua Y, Bruce J, Cameron M. Evaluation of gravid traps for the collection of Culex quinquefasciatus, a vector of lymphatic filariasis in Tanzania. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2013;107:15-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Although several studies have suggested that gravid traps might be useful for collection of mosquitoes, particularly Culex quinquefasciatus, to monitor transmission of the nematode Wuchereria bancrofti (xenomonitoring), there has not ..
  47. Machado D, Mondini A, dos Santos Santana V, Yonamine P, Chiaravalloti Neto F, Zanotto P, et al. First identification of Culex flavivirus (Flaviviridae) in Brazil. Intervirology. 2012;55:475-83 pubmed publisher
    b>Culex flavivirus (CxFV) was first isolated in 2007 from Culex pipiens in Japan and then identified in several other countries. Characterization of the CxFV showed that all strains are related to the cell fusing agent virus...
  48. Faulde M, Spiesberger M, Abbas B. Sentinel site-enhanced near-real time surveillance documenting West Nile virus circulation in two Culex mosquito species indicating different transmission characteristics, Djibouti City, Djibouti. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2012;42:461-74 pubmed
    ..whether autochthonous WNV transmission occurs in the Djibouti City area, in how far, and which of, the endemic Culex mosquito species are involved in WNV circulation activity,and whether sentinel site-enhanced near-real time ..
  49. Xu Q, Zhang L, Li T, Zhang L, He L, Dong K, et al. Evolutionary adaptation of the amino acid and codon usage of the mosquito sodium channel following insecticide selection in the field mosquitoes. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e47609 pubmed publisher
    ..nonsynonymous and synonymous mutations, as well as mutation combinations in the entire mosquito sodium channel of Culex quinquefasciatus and analyzing their evolutionary and heritable feature and roles in insecticide resistance...
  50. Yan L, Yang P, Jiang F, Cui N, Ma E, Qiao C, et al. Transcriptomic and phylogenetic analysis of Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus for three detoxification gene families. BMC Genomics. 2012;13:609 pubmed publisher
    The genomes of three major mosquito vectors of human diseases, Anopheles gambiae, Aedes aegypti, and Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus, have been previously sequenced. C. p...
  51. Muñoz J, Ruiz S, Soriguer R, Alcaide M, Viana D, Roiz D, et al. Feeding patterns of potential West Nile virus vectors in south-west Spain. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e39549 pubmed publisher
    ..Feeding behaviour also interacts with other biotic and abiotic factors that affect virus amplification and transmission...
  52. Chen C, Epp T, Jenkins E, Waldner C, Curry P, Soos C. Predicting weekly variation of Culex tarsalis (Diptera: Culicidae) West Nile virus infection in a newly endemic region, the Canadian prairies. J Med Entomol. 2012;49:1144-53 pubmed
    ..and 2008, we constructed models integrating abiotic and biotic factors to predict the WNV infection rate in female Culex tarsalis Coquillett, the primary vector of WNV in the Canadian prairies...
  53. Govindarajan M, Sivakumar R. Larvicidal, ovicidal, and adulticidal efficacy of Erythrina indica (Lam.) (Family: Fabaceae) against Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti, and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasitol Res. 2014;113:777-91 pubmed publisher
    ..plant Erythrina indica against the medically important mosquito vectors, Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti, and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). The larval mortality was observed after 24 h of exposure...
  54. Auguste A, Carrington C, Forrester N, Popov V, Guzman H, Widen S, et al. Characterization of a novel Negevirus and a novel Bunyavirus isolated from Culex (Culex) declarator mosquitoes in Trinidad. J Gen Virol. 2014;95:481-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Isolation and characterization of these viruses increase our knowledge of the geographical distribution, diversity and host range of mosquito-specific bunyaviruses and negeviruses...
  55. Paradkar P, Trinidad L, Voysey R, Duchemin J, Walker P. Secreted Vago restricts West Nile virus infection in Culex mosquito cells by activating the Jak-STAT pathway. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:18915-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we show that the Culex orthologue of Vago (CxVago) is up-regulated in response to WNV infection in a Dicer-2-dependent manner...
  56. Forrester N, Guerbois M, Seymour R, Spratt H, Weaver S. Vector-borne transmission imposes a severe bottleneck on an RNA virus population. PLoS Pathog. 2012;8:e1002897 pubmed publisher
    ..perpetuation, we studied Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) enzootic subtype IE and its natural vector Culex (Melanoconion) taeniopus, as an example of a virus-vector interaction with a long evolutionary history...
  57. Gomes B, Kioulos E, Papa A, Almeida A, Vontas J, Pinto J. Distribution and hybridization of Culex pipiens forms in Greece during the West Nile virus outbreak of 2010. Infect Genet Evol. 2013;16:218-25 pubmed publisher
    ..During this period, Culex pipiens sensu stricto mosquitoes were found infected by WNV lineage 2. Cx. pipiens s.s...
  58. Couret J. Meta-analysis of factors affecting ontogenetic development rate in the Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) complex. Environ Entomol. 2013;42:614-26 pubmed publisher
    Meta-analysis of 33 studies of developmental timing of Culex pipiens s.l...
  59. Chen C, Epp T, Jenkins E, Waldner C, Curry P, Soos C. Modeling monthly variation of Culex tarsalis (Diptera: Culicidae) abundance and West Nile Virus infection rate in the Canadian Prairies. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2013;10:3033-51 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, environmental and biotic factors were used to predict numbers of Culex tarsalis Coquillett, which is the primary mosquito vector of WNV in this region, and prevalence of WNV infection ..
  60. Sadanandane C, Boopathi Doss P, Jambulingam P. Efficacy of three formulations of diflubenzuron, an insect growth regulator, against Culex quinquefasciatus Say, the vector of Bancroftian filariasis in India. Indian J Med Res. 2012;136:783-91 pubmed
    ..study, two new formulations of the IGR diflubenzuron, 2 per cent granular (GR) and 2 per cent tablet (DT) were tested for its efficacy against Culex quinquefasciatus, in comparison to its 25 per cent wettable powder (WP) formulation.
  61. Manoharan M, Ng Fuk Chong M, Vaïtinadapoulé A, Frumence E, Sowdhamini R, Offmann B. Comparative genomics of odorant binding proteins in Anopheles gambiae, Aedes aegypti, and Culex quinquefasciatus. Genome Biol Evol. 2013;5:163-80 pubmed publisher
    ..genomics study of OBPs in the three disease-transmitting mosquito species Anopheles gambiae, Aedes aegypti, and Culex quinquefasciatus starting with the identification of 110 new OBPs in these three genomes...
  62. Evangelista J, Cruz C, Guevara C, Astete H, Carey C, Kochel T, et al. Characterization of a novel flavivirus isolated from Culex (Melanoconion) ocossa mosquitoes from Iquitos, Peru. J Gen Virol. 2013;94:1266-72 pubmed publisher
    We describe the isolation and characterization of a novel flavivirus, isolated from a pool of Culex (Melanoconion) ocossa Dyar and Knab mosquitoes collected in 2009 in an urban area of the Amazon basin city of Iquitos, Peru...