intestinal obstruction

Summary

Summary: Any impairment, arrest, or reversal of the normal flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS toward the ANAL CANAL.

Top Publications

  1. Wani I, Maqbool M, Amin A, Shah F, Keema A, Singh J, et al. Appendiceal ascariasis in children. Ann Saudi Med. 2010;30:63-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Wandering A lumbricoides may sometimes reach the vermiform appendix and its presence there may remain silent or incite pathology. Our aim was to study ascariadial appendicitis...
  2. Fan H, Yang A, Chang Y, Juan C, Wu H. Clinical spectrum of internal hernia: a surgical emergency. Surg Today. 2008;38:899-904 pubmed publisher
    ..The overall mortality rate was 20%, attributable to enteral bacteria sepsis in all cases. Internal hernia is a rare but lethal condition. Early diagnosis and prompt surgical intervention provide the only chance of a successful outcome. ..
  3. Burki T, Kiho L, Scheimberg I, Phelps S, Misra D, Ward H, et al. Neonatal functional intestinal obstruction and the presence of severely immature ganglion cells on rectal biopsy: 6 year experience. Pediatr Surg Int. 2011;27:487-90 pubmed publisher
    We report our experience of managing eight babies who presented with neonatal intestinal obstruction and whose rectal biopsies showed severely immature ganglion cells...
  4. Bedioui H, Daghfous A, Ayadi M, Noomen R, Chebbi F, Rebai W, et al. A report of 15 cases of small-bowel obstruction secondary to phytobezoars: predisposing factors and diagnostic difficulties. Gastroenterol Clin Biol. 2008;32:596-600 pubmed publisher
    ..Phytobezoars are a rare cause of acute bowel obstruction. The purpose of this work was to identify the predisposing factors and diagnostic difficulties of this rare entity...
  5. Varadarajulu S, Roy A, Lopes T, Drelichman E, Kim M. Endoscopic stenting versus surgical colostomy for the management of malignant colonic obstruction: comparison of hospital costs and clinical outcomes. Surg Endosc. 2011;25:2203-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Dissemination of stent placement beyond large teaching hospitals located in urban areas as a treatment for MCO is important given its implications for patient care and resource use. ..
  6. Hodges C, Grady B, Mishra K, Cotton C, Drumm M. Cystic fibrosis growth retardation is not correlated with loss of Cftr in the intestinal epithelium. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2011;301:G528-36 pubmed publisher
    ..functional characteristics of the intestines, including transepithelial electrophysiology, incidence of intestinal obstruction, and histopathology, were assessed...
  7. Small A, Baron T. Comparison of Wallstent and Ultraflex stents for palliation of malignant left-sided colon obstruction: a retrospective, case-matched analysis. Gastrointest Endosc. 2008;67:478-88 pubmed publisher
    ..Stent dysfunction, stent-related complications, and need for reintervention are higher after EW placement. Precision Colonic Ultraflex stents appear better suited for palliation of left-sided malignant colon obstruction. ..
  8. Biondo S, Kreisler E, Millan M, Fraccalvieri D, Golda T, Martí Ragué J, et al. Differences in patient postoperative and long-term outcomes between obstructive and perforated colonic cancer. Am J Surg. 2008;195:427-32 pubmed publisher
    ..In our experience, patients with perforated colonic cancer do not seem to show worse long-term outcomes than those with OC. Studies with larger series are needed for further investigations. ..
  9. van der Doef H, Kokke F, van der Ent C, Houwen R. Intestinal obstruction syndromes in cystic fibrosis: meconium ileus, distal intestinal obstruction syndrome, and constipation. Curr Gastroenterol Rep. 2011;13:265-70 pubmed publisher
    Meconium ileus at birth, distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS), and constipation are an interrelated group of intestinal obstruction syndromes with a variable severity of obstruction that occurs in cystic fibrosis patients...
  10. Ang S, Shoemaker L, Davis M. Nausea and vomiting in advanced cancer. Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2010;27:219-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Venting gastrostomy, octreotide, and corticosteroids will reduce nausea and vomiting associated with malignant bowel obstruction. ..

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. Wani I, Maqbool M, Amin A, Shah F, Keema A, Singh J, et al. Appendiceal ascariasis in children. Ann Saudi Med. 2010;30:63-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Wandering A lumbricoides may sometimes reach the vermiform appendix and its presence there may remain silent or incite pathology. Our aim was to study ascariadial appendicitis...
  2. Fan H, Yang A, Chang Y, Juan C, Wu H. Clinical spectrum of internal hernia: a surgical emergency. Surg Today. 2008;38:899-904 pubmed publisher
    ..The overall mortality rate was 20%, attributable to enteral bacteria sepsis in all cases. Internal hernia is a rare but lethal condition. Early diagnosis and prompt surgical intervention provide the only chance of a successful outcome. ..
  3. Burki T, Kiho L, Scheimberg I, Phelps S, Misra D, Ward H, et al. Neonatal functional intestinal obstruction and the presence of severely immature ganglion cells on rectal biopsy: 6 year experience. Pediatr Surg Int. 2011;27:487-90 pubmed publisher
    We report our experience of managing eight babies who presented with neonatal intestinal obstruction and whose rectal biopsies showed severely immature ganglion cells...
  4. Bedioui H, Daghfous A, Ayadi M, Noomen R, Chebbi F, Rebai W, et al. A report of 15 cases of small-bowel obstruction secondary to phytobezoars: predisposing factors and diagnostic difficulties. Gastroenterol Clin Biol. 2008;32:596-600 pubmed publisher
    ..Phytobezoars are a rare cause of acute bowel obstruction. The purpose of this work was to identify the predisposing factors and diagnostic difficulties of this rare entity...
  5. Varadarajulu S, Roy A, Lopes T, Drelichman E, Kim M. Endoscopic stenting versus surgical colostomy for the management of malignant colonic obstruction: comparison of hospital costs and clinical outcomes. Surg Endosc. 2011;25:2203-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Dissemination of stent placement beyond large teaching hospitals located in urban areas as a treatment for MCO is important given its implications for patient care and resource use. ..
  6. Hodges C, Grady B, Mishra K, Cotton C, Drumm M. Cystic fibrosis growth retardation is not correlated with loss of Cftr in the intestinal epithelium. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2011;301:G528-36 pubmed publisher
    ..functional characteristics of the intestines, including transepithelial electrophysiology, incidence of intestinal obstruction, and histopathology, were assessed...
  7. Small A, Baron T. Comparison of Wallstent and Ultraflex stents for palliation of malignant left-sided colon obstruction: a retrospective, case-matched analysis. Gastrointest Endosc. 2008;67:478-88 pubmed publisher
    ..Stent dysfunction, stent-related complications, and need for reintervention are higher after EW placement. Precision Colonic Ultraflex stents appear better suited for palliation of left-sided malignant colon obstruction. ..
  8. Biondo S, Kreisler E, Millan M, Fraccalvieri D, Golda T, Martí Ragué J, et al. Differences in patient postoperative and long-term outcomes between obstructive and perforated colonic cancer. Am J Surg. 2008;195:427-32 pubmed publisher
    ..In our experience, patients with perforated colonic cancer do not seem to show worse long-term outcomes than those with OC. Studies with larger series are needed for further investigations. ..
  9. van der Doef H, Kokke F, van der Ent C, Houwen R. Intestinal obstruction syndromes in cystic fibrosis: meconium ileus, distal intestinal obstruction syndrome, and constipation. Curr Gastroenterol Rep. 2011;13:265-70 pubmed publisher
    Meconium ileus at birth, distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS), and constipation are an interrelated group of intestinal obstruction syndromes with a variable severity of obstruction that occurs in cystic fibrosis patients...
  10. Ang S, Shoemaker L, Davis M. Nausea and vomiting in advanced cancer. Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2010;27:219-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Venting gastrostomy, octreotide, and corticosteroids will reduce nausea and vomiting associated with malignant bowel obstruction. ..
  11. Dronamraju S, Ramamurthy S, Kelly S, Hayat M. Role of self-expanding metallic stents in the management of malignant obstruction of the proximal colon. Dis Colon Rectum. 2009;52:1657-61 pubmed publisher
    ..However, right colonic lesions account for less than 5% of all reported cases of colonic stenting. This study was performed to determine the outcomes following stenting for lesions proximal to the splenic flexure...
  12. Houwen R, van der Doef H, Sermet I, Munck A, Hauser B, Walkowiak J, et al. Defining DIOS and constipation in cystic fibrosis with a multicentre study on the incidence, characteristics, and treatment of DIOS. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2010;50:38-42 pubmed publisher
    Various definitions for distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS), meconium ileus equivalent, and constipation in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are used...
  13. Generoso S, Viana M, Santos R, Arantes R, Martins F, Nicoli J, et al. Protection against increased intestinal permeability and bacterial translocation induced by intestinal obstruction in mice treated with viable and heat-killed Saccharomyces boulardii. Eur J Nutr. 2011;50:261-9 pubmed publisher
    ..histological aspect of the ileum, and some immunological parameters were evaluated in a murine intestinal obstruction (IO) model...
  14. Ha S, Lee H, Jung M, Jeon S, Cho C, Kim S, et al. Acute intestinal obstruction caused by a persimmon phytobezoar after dissolution therapy with Coca-Cola. Korean J Intern Med. 2007;22:300-3 pubmed
    ..Here we report on a 73-year-old man with a very large gastric persimmon diospyrobezoar, and this caused small intestinal obstruction after partial dissolution with oral and injected Coca-Cola.
  15. Faragher I, Chaitowitz I, Stupart D. Long-term results of palliative stenting or surgery for incurable obstructing colon cancer. Colorectal Dis. 2008;10:668-72 pubmed publisher
    ..It can be performed with less morbidity than palliative surgery, and offers similar long-term survival. ..
  16. Teicher E, Cesanek P, Dangleben D. Small-bowel obstruction caused by phytobezoar. Am Surg. 2008;74:136-7 pubmed
  17. Chen J, Chen H, Sanders K, Perrino B. Regulation of SRF/CArG-dependent gene transcription during chronic partial obstruction of murine small intestine. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2008;20:829-42 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that changes in the expression and interactions between SRF, myocardin, Elk-1, and c-fos play key roles in the phenotypic switching of small intestine smooth muscles in response to mechanical obstruction. ..
  18. Song H, Kim J, Kim K, Shin J, Kim H, Yu C, et al. Malignant rectal obstruction within 5 cm of the anal verge: is there a role for expandable metallic stent placement?. Gastrointest Endosc. 2008;68:713-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Anal pain was tolerable to the patients with or without use of analgesics. ..
  19. Okada T, Sasaki F, Honda S, Cho K, Matsuno Y, Itoh T, et al. Disorders of interstitial cells of Cajal in a neonate with segmental dilatation of the intestine. J Pediatr Surg. 2010;45:e11-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the possible neuropathic cause of SDI complicated with disorders of ICC was explored in this report. ..
  20. Cheng J, Vemula N, Gendler S. Small bowel obstruction caused by intramural hemorrhage secondary to anticoagulant therapy. Acta Gastroenterol Belg. 2008;71:342-4 pubmed
    ..with characteristics including circumferential wall thickening, intramural hyperdensity, luminal narrowing, and intestinal obstruction. Early diagnosis is crucial because most patients are treated nonoperatively with a good outcome.
  21. Cappell M, Batke M. Mechanical obstruction of the small bowel and colon. Med Clin North Am. 2008;92:575-97, viii pubmed publisher
    ..Mechanical obstruction is usually suggested by plain abdominal radiographs, and confirmed by small bowel follow through,abdominal CT, or CT enteroclysis. ..
  22. Hefny A, Saadeldin Y, Abu Zidan F. Management algorithm for intestinal obstruction due to ascariasis: a case report and review of the literature. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2009;15:301-5 pubmed
    ..Ascariasis causes a unique type of intestinal obstruction with specific problems, having high morbidity and mortality...
  23. Ambiru S, Furuyama N, Kimura F, Shimizu H, Yoshidome H, Miyazaki M, et al. Effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on patients with adhesive intestinal obstruction associated with abdominal surgery who have failed to respond to more than 7 days of conservative treatment. Hepatogastroenterology. 2008;55:491-5 pubmed
    To investigate the effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy on patients with adhesive intestinal obstruction who have failed to respond to more than 7 days of conservative treatment...
  24. Kareem H, Sebastian S, Jose T, Thomas V. Perforated appendicitis presenting with ileo-caecal ulceration and mechanical intestinal obstruction. Trop Gastroenterol. 2008;29:105-6 pubmed
    A 30-year-old lady presented with a 6-month history of recurrent partial intestinal obstruction associated with intermittent fever, anorexia and weight loss...
  25. Narayanan S, Akbar Sherif V, Babu P, Nandakumar T. Intestinal obstruction secondary to a colonic lithobezoar. J Pediatr Surg. 2008;43:e9-10 pubmed publisher
    ..We report one such case in a 9-year-old boy with a history of pica and long-term constipation resulting in intestinal obstruction secondary to a colonic lithobezoar. Only two such cases have been reported previously.
  26. Wong J, Ho H, Tan Y, Cheng C. Rare cause of intestinal obstruction after laparoscopic radical nephrectomy: internal herniation via a mesenteric defect. Urology. 2008;72:716.e13-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Eleven days later, he developed intestinal obstruction (IO). Abdominal computed tomography scan showed dilated small bowels occupying the left renal fossa...
  27. El Awady S, El Nagar M, El Dakar M, Ragab M, Elnady G. Bacterial translocation in an experimental intestinal obstruction model. C-reactive protein reliability?. Acta Cir Bras. 2009;24:98-106 pubmed
    Bacterial translocation occurs in preseptic conditions such as intestinal obstruction through unclear mechanism. The C-reactive protein is an acute phase reactant and a marker of ischemia...
  28. de Jong M, Mijatovic V, van Waesberghe J, Cuesta M, Hompes P. Surgical outcome and long-term follow-up after segmental colorectal resection in women with a complete obstruction of the rectosigmoid due to endometriosis. Dig Surg. 2009;26:50-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Magnetic resonance imaging is recommended as the primary imaging technique in such cases. In our opinion, these patients should be treated in a multidisciplinary setting. ..
  29. Shi X, Lin Y, Powell D, Sarna S. Pathophysiology of motility dysfunction in bowel obstruction: role of stretch-induced COX-2. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2011;300:G99-G108 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, mechanical stretch in obstruction induces marked expression of COX-2 in the colonic SMC, and stretch-induced COX-2 plays a critical role in the suppression of smooth muscle contractility in bowel obstruction. ..
  30. Pirlet I, Slim K, Kwiatkowski F, Michot F, Millat B. Emergency preoperative stenting versus surgery for acute left-sided malignant colonic obstruction: a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Surg Endosc. 2011;25:1814-21 pubmed publisher
    ..This randomized trial failed to demonstrate that emergency preoperative SEMS for patients presenting with acute left-sided malignant colonic obstruction could significantly decrease the need for stoma placement. ..
  31. Kim H, Kim S, Choi S, Lee K, Won J, Lee D, et al. Fluoroscopically guided placement of self-expandable metallic stents and stent-grafts in the treatment of acute malignant colorectal obstruction. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2008;19:1709-16 pubmed publisher
  32. Saravanan B, Paramu M, Ranganathan E. Supravesical hernia--a rare cause of intestinal obstruction. Int J Surg. 2008;6:471-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Internal and external supravesical hernia. Am Surg 1976 Feb;42(2):142-6]. We are reporting a case of internal supravesical hernia, in a 62-year-old gentleman to call attention to the entity, as a rare cause of intestinal obstruction.
  33. Nega B. Pattern of acute abdomen and variables associated with adverse outcome in a rural primary hospital setting. Ethiop Med J. 2009;47:143-51 pubmed
  34. Soop M, Larson D, Malireddy K, Cima R, Young Fadok T, Dozois E. Safety, feasibility, and short-term outcomes of laparoscopically assisted primary ileocolic resection for Crohn's disease. Surg Endosc. 2009;23:1876-81 pubmed publisher
    ..This operation is therefore the procedure of choice for Crohn's disease at our institutions. ..
  35. Henderson L, Doshi V, Blackman S, Naughton K, Pace R, Moskovitz J, et al. Variation in MSRA modifies risk of neonatal intestinal obstruction in cystic fibrosis. PLoS Genet. 2012;8:e1002580 pubmed publisher
    Meconium ileus (MI), a life-threatening intestinal obstruction due to meconium with abnormal protein content, occurs in approximately 15 percent of neonates with cystic fibrosis (CF)...
  36. Ten Broek R, Kok Krant N, Bakkum E, Bleichrodt R, van Goor H. Different surgical techniques to reduce post-operative adhesion formation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Hum Reprod Update. 2013;19:12-25 pubmed publisher
    ..The meta-analysis provides little evidence for the surgical principle that using less invasive techniques, introducing less foreign bodies or causing less ischaemia reduces the extent and severity of adhesions. ..
  37. Parikh J, Ko C, Maggard M, Zingmond D. What is the rate of small bowel obstruction after colectomy?. Am Surg. 2008;74:1001-5 pubmed
    ..001). One in 10 patients without a history of SBO who undergoes a colectomy will be readmitted at least once in the subsequent 3 years for SBO, and there is a high mortality rate in this group, especially in the elderly. ..
  38. Gupta N, Goswami B, Singh N, B C Koner -, Garg R. Lead poisoning associated with Ayurvedic drug presenting as intestinal obstruction: a case report. Clin Chim Acta. 2011;412:213-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Intake of herbal/Ayurvedic medicine may also lead to plumbism as heavy metals are often incorporated in such medications with the belief that such metals have medicinal properties...
  39. Wan X, Deng T, Luo H. Partial intestinal obstruction secondary to multiple lipomas within jejunal duplication cyst: a case report. World J Gastroenterol. 2010;16:2190-2 pubmed
    Lipoma within jejunal duplication presenting as abdominal bloating and partial intestinal obstruction is an exceptional clinical entity...
  40. Madziga A, Nuhu A. Causes and treatment outcome of mechanical bowel obstruction in north eastern Nigeria. West Afr J Med. 2008;27:101-5 pubmed
    ..The pattern of MBO seems to be affected by changing attitude to and availability of elective operations for external abdominal hernias. ..
  41. Taylor G, Jayne D, Brown S, Thorpe H, Brown J, Dewberry S, et al. Adhesions and incisional hernias following laparoscopic versus open surgery for colorectal cancer in the CLASICC trial. Br J Surg. 2010;97:70-8 pubmed publisher
    This study investigated adhesive intestinal obstruction (AIO) and incisional hernia (IH) in patients undergoing laparoscopically assisted and open surgery for colorectal cancer...