soybean

Summary

Alias: soybeans, Glycine max, Glycine max (L.) Merr., Glycine max; cv. Wye

Top Publications

  1. Fu D, Ghabrial S, Kachroo A. GmRAR1 and GmSGT1 are required for basal, R gene-mediated and systemic acquired resistance in soybean. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2009;22:86-95 pubmed publisher
    ..We show that ETI in soybean requires RAR1 and SGT1 but not HSP90...
  2. Ping J, Liu Y, Sun L, Zhao M, Li Y, She M, et al. Dt2 is a gain-of-function MADS-domain factor gene that specifies semideterminacy in soybean. Plant Cell. 2014;26:2831-42 pubmed publisher
    Similar to Arabidopsis thaliana, the wild soybeans (Glycine soja) and many cultivars exhibit indeterminate stem growth specified by the shoot identity gene Dt1, the functional counterpart of Arabidopsis TERMINAL FLOWER1 (TFL1)...
  3. Chen M, Xu Z, Xia L, Li L, Cheng X, Dong J, et al. Cold-induced modulation and functional analyses of the DRE-binding transcription factor gene, GmDREB3, in soybean (Glycine max L.). J Exp Bot. 2009;60:121-35 pubmed publisher
    ..A DREB orthologue, GmDREB3, belonging to the A-5 subgroup of the DREB subfamily, was isolated from soybean using the RACE (rapid amplification of cDNA ends) method...
  4. Tucker M, Burke A, Murphy C, Thai V, Ehrenfried M. Gene expression profiles for cell wall-modifying proteins associated with soybean cyst nematode infection, petiole abscission, root tips, flowers, apical buds, and leaves. J Exp Bot. 2007;58:3395-406 pubmed
    Changes in transcript accumulation for cell wall-modifying proteins were examined in excised soybean root pieces colonized by soybean cyst nematodes (SCN), Heterodera glycines, using RT-PCR and soybean Affymetrix GeneChips...
  5. Takahashi R, Dubouzet J, Matsumura H, Yasuda K, Iwashina T. A new allele of flower color gene W1 encoding flavonoid 3'5'-hydroxylase is responsible for light purple flowers in wild soybean Glycine soja. BMC Plant Biol. 2010;10:155 pubmed publisher
    Glycine soja is a wild relative of soybean that has purple flowers. No flower color variant of Glycine soja has been found in the natural habitat. B09121, an accession with light purple flowers, was discovered in southern Japan...
  6. Li W, Shao G, Lam H. Ectopic expression of GmPAP3 alleviates oxidative damage caused by salinity and osmotic stresses. New Phytol. 2008;178:80-91 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the soybean GmPAP3 gene expression is induced by NaCl, osmotic, and oxidative treatments, indicating a possible role of PAP ..
  7. Zhang G, Chen M, Chen X, Xu Z, Guan S, Li L, et al. Phylogeny, gene structures, and expression patterns of the ERF gene family in soybean (Glycine max L.). J Exp Bot. 2008;59:4095-107 pubmed publisher
    ..In soybean (Glycine max L.), however, only a few ERF genes have been studied so far...
  8. Kasai A, Ohnishi S, Yamazaki H, Funatsuki H, Kurauchi T, Matsumoto T, et al. Molecular mechanism of seed coat discoloration induced by low temperature in yellow soybean. Plant Cell Physiol. 2009;50:1090-8 pubmed publisher
    Seed coat pigmentation is inhibited in yellow soybean. The I gene inhibits pigmentation over the entire seed coat...
  9. Flores T, Karpova O, Su X, Zeng P, Bilyeu K, Sleper D, et al. Silencing of GmFAD3 gene by siRNA leads to low alpha-linolenic acids (18:3) of fad3-mutant phenotype in soybean [Glycine max (Merr.)]. Transgenic Res. 2008;17:839-50 pubmed publisher
    ..gene silencing of the omega-3 fatty acid desaturase (FAD3) gene family in a complex genome, the soybean (Glycine max)...
  10. Kamauchi S, Wadahama H, Iwasaki K, Nakamoto Y, Nishizawa K, Ishimoto M, et al. Molecular cloning and characterization of two soybean protein disulfide isomerases as molecular chaperones for seed storage proteins. FEBS J. 2008;275:2644-58 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we cloned two similar protein disulfide isomerase family genes from soybean leaf (Glycine max L. Merrill. cv Jack)...

Detail Information

Publications139 found, 100 shown here

  1. Fu D, Ghabrial S, Kachroo A. GmRAR1 and GmSGT1 are required for basal, R gene-mediated and systemic acquired resistance in soybean. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2009;22:86-95 pubmed publisher
    ..We show that ETI in soybean requires RAR1 and SGT1 but not HSP90...
  2. Ping J, Liu Y, Sun L, Zhao M, Li Y, She M, et al. Dt2 is a gain-of-function MADS-domain factor gene that specifies semideterminacy in soybean. Plant Cell. 2014;26:2831-42 pubmed publisher
    Similar to Arabidopsis thaliana, the wild soybeans (Glycine soja) and many cultivars exhibit indeterminate stem growth specified by the shoot identity gene Dt1, the functional counterpart of Arabidopsis TERMINAL FLOWER1 (TFL1)...
  3. Chen M, Xu Z, Xia L, Li L, Cheng X, Dong J, et al. Cold-induced modulation and functional analyses of the DRE-binding transcription factor gene, GmDREB3, in soybean (Glycine max L.). J Exp Bot. 2009;60:121-35 pubmed publisher
    ..A DREB orthologue, GmDREB3, belonging to the A-5 subgroup of the DREB subfamily, was isolated from soybean using the RACE (rapid amplification of cDNA ends) method...
  4. Tucker M, Burke A, Murphy C, Thai V, Ehrenfried M. Gene expression profiles for cell wall-modifying proteins associated with soybean cyst nematode infection, petiole abscission, root tips, flowers, apical buds, and leaves. J Exp Bot. 2007;58:3395-406 pubmed
    Changes in transcript accumulation for cell wall-modifying proteins were examined in excised soybean root pieces colonized by soybean cyst nematodes (SCN), Heterodera glycines, using RT-PCR and soybean Affymetrix GeneChips...
  5. Takahashi R, Dubouzet J, Matsumura H, Yasuda K, Iwashina T. A new allele of flower color gene W1 encoding flavonoid 3'5'-hydroxylase is responsible for light purple flowers in wild soybean Glycine soja. BMC Plant Biol. 2010;10:155 pubmed publisher
    Glycine soja is a wild relative of soybean that has purple flowers. No flower color variant of Glycine soja has been found in the natural habitat. B09121, an accession with light purple flowers, was discovered in southern Japan...
  6. Li W, Shao G, Lam H. Ectopic expression of GmPAP3 alleviates oxidative damage caused by salinity and osmotic stresses. New Phytol. 2008;178:80-91 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the soybean GmPAP3 gene expression is induced by NaCl, osmotic, and oxidative treatments, indicating a possible role of PAP ..
  7. Zhang G, Chen M, Chen X, Xu Z, Guan S, Li L, et al. Phylogeny, gene structures, and expression patterns of the ERF gene family in soybean (Glycine max L.). J Exp Bot. 2008;59:4095-107 pubmed publisher
    ..In soybean (Glycine max L.), however, only a few ERF genes have been studied so far...
  8. Kasai A, Ohnishi S, Yamazaki H, Funatsuki H, Kurauchi T, Matsumoto T, et al. Molecular mechanism of seed coat discoloration induced by low temperature in yellow soybean. Plant Cell Physiol. 2009;50:1090-8 pubmed publisher
    Seed coat pigmentation is inhibited in yellow soybean. The I gene inhibits pigmentation over the entire seed coat...
  9. Flores T, Karpova O, Su X, Zeng P, Bilyeu K, Sleper D, et al. Silencing of GmFAD3 gene by siRNA leads to low alpha-linolenic acids (18:3) of fad3-mutant phenotype in soybean [Glycine max (Merr.)]. Transgenic Res. 2008;17:839-50 pubmed publisher
    ..gene silencing of the omega-3 fatty acid desaturase (FAD3) gene family in a complex genome, the soybean (Glycine max)...
  10. Kamauchi S, Wadahama H, Iwasaki K, Nakamoto Y, Nishizawa K, Ishimoto M, et al. Molecular cloning and characterization of two soybean protein disulfide isomerases as molecular chaperones for seed storage proteins. FEBS J. 2008;275:2644-58 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we cloned two similar protein disulfide isomerase family genes from soybean leaf (Glycine max L. Merrill. cv Jack)...
  11. Li W, Wong F, Tsai S, Phang T, Shao G, Lam H. Tonoplast-located GmCLC1 and GmNHX1 from soybean enhance NaCl tolerance in transgenic bright yellow (BY)-2 cells. Plant Cell Environ. 2006;29:1122-37 pubmed
    Genes encoding ion transporters that regulate ion homeostasis in soybean have not been carefully investigated...
  12. Kong F, Liu B, Xia Z, Sato S, Kim B, Watanabe S, et al. Two coordinately regulated homologs of FLOWERING LOCUS T are involved in the control of photoperiodic flowering in soybean. Plant Physiol. 2010;154:1220-31 pubmed publisher
    ..which were arranged as five pairs of linked genes in different homoeologous chromosomal regions, in soybean (Glycine max), a paleopolyploid species...
  13. Wang Y, Li P, Cao X, Wang X, Zhang A, Li X. Identification and expression analysis of miRNAs from nitrogen-fixing soybean nodules. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2009;378:799-803 pubmed publisher
    ..Symbiotic nitrogen fixation (SNF) is agronomically important for reducing the need of nitrogen fertilizers. The soybean root nodule is the place where SNF takes place...
  14. Huang F, Chi Y, Gai J, Yu D. Identification of transcription factors predominantly expressed in soybean flowers and characterization of GmSEP1 encoding a SEPALLATA1-like protein. Gene. 2009;438:40-8 pubmed publisher
    By microarray analysis and real-time RT-PCR, we identified 28 soybean flower-enriched transcription factors such as MADS-box proteins, zinc finger proteins, and MYB proteins...
  15. Kim M, Shin J, Kang Y, Shim S, Lee S. Divergence of flowering genes in soybean. J Biosci. 2012;37:857-70 pubmed
    ..Two genome sequences of cultivated (Williams 82) and wild (IT182932) soybeans were employed to survey functional DNA variations in the flowering-related homologs...
  16. Yin Z, Meng F, Song H, Wang X, Xu X, Yu D. Expression quantitative trait loci analysis of two genes encoding rubisco activase in soybean. Plant Physiol. 2010;152:1625-37 pubmed publisher
    ..However, until now, little was known about the molecular genetics of RCA in soybean (Glycine max), one of the most important legume crops...
  17. Schlueter J, Scheffler B, Schlueter S, Shoemaker R. Sequence conservation of homeologous bacterial artificial chromosomes and transcription of homeologous genes in soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.). Genetics. 2006;174:1017-28 pubmed
    The paleopolyploid soybean genome was investigated by sequencing homeologous BAC clones anchored by duplicate N-hydroxycinnamoyl/benzoyltransferase (HCBT) genes. The homeologous BACs were genetically mapped to linkage groups C1 and C2...
  18. Libault M, Joshi T, Takahashi K, Hurley Sommer A, Puricelli K, Blake S, et al. Large-scale analysis of putative soybean regulatory gene expression identifies a Myb gene involved in soybean nodule development. Plant Physiol. 2009;151:1207-20 pubmed publisher
    ..reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction primer sets was developed for a large number of soybean (Glycine max) putative regulatory genes available in the current expressed sequence tag collection...
  19. Xia Z, Watanabe S, Yamada T, Tsubokura Y, Nakashima H, Zhai H, et al. Positional cloning and characterization reveal the molecular basis for soybean maturity locus E1 that regulates photoperiodic flowering. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:E2155-64 pubmed publisher
    ..The maturity locus E1 has a large impact on flowering time in soybean, but the molecular basis for the E1 locus is largely unknown...
  20. Guo W, Zhao J, Li X, Qin L, Yan X, Liao H. A soybean ?-expansin gene GmEXPB2 intrinsically involved in root system architecture responses to abiotic stresses. Plant J. 2011;66:541-52 pubmed publisher
    ..We cloned and characterized a vegetative ?-expansin gene, GmEXPB2, from a Pi starvation-induced soybean cDNA library...
  21. Takahashi R, Benitez E, Oyoo M, Khan N, Komatsu S. Nonsense mutation of an MYB transcription factor is associated with purple-blue flower color in soybean. J Hered. 2011;102:458-63 pubmed publisher
    ..that the recessive allele of the W2 locus generated purple-blue color and high vacuolar pH of flower petals in soybean. The location of W2 gene was reportedly close to simple sequence repeat marker Satt318 in molecular linkage group ..
  22. Li X, Chen L, Dhaubhadel S. 14-3-3 proteins regulate the intracellular localization of the transcriptional activator GmMYB176 and affect isoflavonoid synthesis in soybean. Plant J. 2012;71:239-50 pubmed publisher
    ..GmMYB176 interacts with all 16 14-3-3 proteins (SGF14s) in soybean (Glycine max) with varying activity...
  23. Lim C, Lee Y, Hwang C. Soybean nodule-enhanced CLE peptides in roots act as signals in GmNARK-mediated nodulation suppression. Plant Cell Physiol. 2011;52:1613-27 pubmed publisher
    ..GmRIC1 and GmRIC2 gene expression were much higher in the supernodulation mutant, SS2-2, than in wild-type (WT) soybeans during nodule development, even after initiation of nitrogen fixation...
  24. Faria J, Reis P, Reis M, Rosado G, Pinheiro G, Mendes G, et al. The NAC domain-containing protein, GmNAC6, is a downstream component of the ER stress- and osmotic stress-induced NRP-mediated cell-death signaling pathway. BMC Plant Biol. 2011;11:129 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present investigation, we discovered an NAC domain-containing protein from soybean, GmNAC6 (Glycine max NAC6), to be a downstream component of the integrated pathway...
  25. Onishi M, Tachi H, Kojima T, Shiraiwa M, Takahara H. Molecular cloning and characterization of a novel salt-inducible gene encoding an acidic isoform of PR-5 protein in soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr.). Plant Physiol Biochem. 2006;44:574-80 pubmed
    ..The soybean PR-5-homologous gene, designated as Glycine max osmotin-like protein, acidic isoform (GmOLPa)), encodes a putative polypeptide having an N-terminal signal ..
  26. Zhang X, Wu X, Findley S, Wan J, Libault M, Nguyen H, et al. Molecular evolution of lysin motif-type receptor-like kinases in plants. Plant Physiol. 2007;144:623-36 pubmed
    ..Two pairs of homeologous regions were identified in soybean (Glycine max) based on microsynteny and fluorescence in situ hybridization...
  27. Li L, Wang X, Gai J, Yu D. Molecular cloning and characterization of a novel microsomal oleate desaturase gene from soybean. J Plant Physiol. 2007;164:1516-26 pubmed
    ..In soybean three FAD2-like genes have been reported including two seed-specific genes, FAD2-1A and FAD2-1B, and a house-..
  28. Andreu V, Collados R, Testillano P, RisueƱo M, Picorel R, Alfonso M. In situ molecular identification of the plastid omega3 fatty acid desaturase FAD7 from soybean: evidence of thylakoid membrane localization. Plant Physiol. 2007;145:1336-44 pubmed
    ..by immunofluorescence and immunogold labeling using a monospecific GmFAD7 polyclonal antibody in soybean (Glycine max) photoautotrophic cell suspension cultures...
  29. Zhang M, Li K, Zhang C, Gai J, Yu D. Identification and characterization of class 1 DXS gene encoding 1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase, the first committed enzyme of the MEP pathway from soybean. Mol Biol Rep. 2009;36:879-87 pubmed publisher
    ..In this work, a DXS1-like cDNA (GmDXS1) was isolated from soybean. The full-length cDNA of GmDXS1 encoded 708 amino acid residues with a predicted molecular mass of 76.4 KD...
  30. Jian B, Liu B, Bi Y, Hou W, Wu C, Han T. Validation of internal control for gene expression study in soybean by quantitative real-time PCR. BMC Mol Biol. 2008;9:59 pubmed publisher
    ..Only a few studies on HKGs have been done in plants, and none in soybean, an economically important crop...
  31. Zhang G, Chen M, Li L, Xu Z, Chen X, Guo J, et al. Overexpression of the soybean GmERF3 gene, an AP2/ERF type transcription factor for increased tolerances to salt, drought, and diseases in transgenic tobacco. J Exp Bot. 2009;60:3781-96 pubmed publisher
    A new member of the AP2/ERF transcription factor family, GmERF3, was isolated from soybean. Sequence analysis showed that GmERF3 contained an AP2/ERF domain of 58 amino acids and two putative nuclear localization signal (NLS) domains...
  32. Djordjevic M, Oakes M, Wong C, Singh M, Bhalla P, Kusumawati L, et al. Border sequences of Medicago truncatula CLE36 are specifically cleaved by endoproteases common to the extracellular fluids of Medicago and soybean. J Exp Bot. 2011;62:4649-59 pubmed publisher
    ..Using mass spectrometry, Glycine max and Medicago extracellular fluids were each shown to possess an endoproteolytic activity that recognizes and ..
  33. Hao Y, Wei W, Song Q, Chen H, Zhang Y, Wang F, et al. Soybean NAC transcription factors promote abiotic stress tolerance and lateral root formation in transgenic plants. Plant J. 2011;68:302-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Previously, we identified multiple NAC genes in soybean (Glycine max). Here, we identify the roles of two genes, GmNAC11 and GmNAC20, in stress responses and other processes...
  34. Chi Y, Huang F, Liu H, Yang S, Yu D. An APETALA1-like gene of soybean regulates flowering time and specifies floral organs. J Plant Physiol. 2011;168:2251-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In this research, we isolated and characterized GmAP1, which encoded an AP1-like protein in soybean. GmAP1 contained eight exons and seven introns and was specifically expressed in the flower, especially in the ..
  35. Collados R, Andreu V, Picorel R, Alfonso M. A light-sensitive mechanism differently regulates transcription and transcript stability of omega3 fatty-acid desaturases (FAD3, FAD7 and FAD8) in soybean photosynthetic cell suspensions. FEBS Lett. 2006;580:4934-40 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that FAD7 enzyme availability is not limiting for 18:3 production in darkness. Our data point to an additional post-translational regulatory mechanism that controls the activity of FAD7 in response to light. ..
  36. Werner A, Sparkes I, Romeis T, Witte C. Identification, biochemical characterization, and subcellular localization of allantoate amidohydrolases from Arabidopsis and soybean. Plant Physiol. 2008;146:418-30 pubmed
    ..AAHs from Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana; AtAAH) and from soybean (Glycine max; GmAAH) were cloned, expressed in planta as StrepII-tagged variants, and highly purified from leaf extracts...
  37. Kovinich N, Saleem A, Arnason J, Miki B. Functional characterization of a UDP-glucose:flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase from the seed coat of black soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). Phytochemistry. 2010;71:1253-63 pubmed publisher
    The seed coats of black soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr...
  38. Mortier V, Fenta B, Martens C, Rombauts S, Holsters M, Kunert K, et al. Search for nodulation-related CLE genes in the genome of Glycine max. J Exp Bot. 2011;62:2571-83 pubmed publisher
    ..A genome-wide survey of CLE peptide genes in the soybean glycine max genome resulted in the identification of 39 GmCLE genes, the majority of which have not yet been annotated...
  39. Gao S, Chen M, Xu Z, Zhao C, Li L, Xu H, et al. The soybean GmbZIP1 transcription factor enhances multiple abiotic stress tolerances in transgenic plants. Plant Mol Biol. 2011;75:537-53 pubmed publisher
    ..encoding 438 amino acids with a conserved bZIP domain composed of 60 amino acids was isolated from salt-tolerant soybean cv. Tiefeng 8. Southern blotting showed that only one copy was present in the soybean genome...
  40. Chen M, Wang Q, Cheng X, Xu Z, Li L, Ye X, et al. GmDREB2, a soybean DRE-binding transcription factor, conferred drought and high-salt tolerance in transgenic plants. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007;353:299-305 pubmed
    A novel DREB (dehydration responsive element binding protein) homologous gene, GmDREB2, was isolated from soybean. Based on its similarity with AP2 domains, GmDREB2 was classified into A-5 subgroup in DREB subfamily in AP2/EREBP family...
  41. Liu B, Kanazawa A, Matsumura H, Takahashi R, Harada K, Abe J. Genetic redundancy in soybean photoresponses associated with duplication of the phytochrome A gene. Genetics. 2008;180:995-1007 pubmed publisher
    Gene and genome duplications underlie the origins of evolutionary novelty in plants. Soybean, Glycine max, is considered to be a paleopolyploid species with a complex genome...
  42. Yi J, Derynck M, Li X, Telmer P, Marsolais F, Dhaubhadel S. A single-repeat MYB transcription factor, GmMYB176, regulates CHS8 gene expression and affects isoflavonoid biosynthesis in soybean. Plant J. 2010;62:1019-34 pubmed publisher
    Here we demonstrate that GmMYB176 regulates CHS8 expression and affects isoflavonoid synthesis in soybean. We previously established that CHS8 expression determines the isoflavonoid level in soybean seeds by comparing the transcript ..
  43. Andreu V, Lagunas B, Collados R, Picorel R, Alfonso M. The GmFAD7 gene family from soybean: identification of novel genes and tissue-specific conformations of the FAD7 enzyme involved in desaturase activity. J Exp Bot. 2010;61:3371-84 pubmed publisher
    ..A novel GmFAD7 gene (named GmFAD7-2) has been identified in soybean, with high homology to the previously annotated GmFAD7 gene...
  44. Pham A, Lee J, Shannon J, Bilyeu K. Mutant alleles of FAD2-1A and FAD2-1B combine to produce soybeans with the high oleic acid seed oil trait. BMC Plant Biol. 2010;10:195 pubmed publisher
    The alteration of fatty acid profiles in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] to improve soybean oil quality is an important and evolving theme in soybean research to meet nutritional needs and industrial criteria in the modern market...
  45. Watanabe S, Xia Z, Hideshima R, Tsubokura Y, Sato S, Yamanaka N, et al. A map-based cloning strategy employing a residual heterozygous line reveals that the GIGANTEA gene is involved in soybean maturity and flowering. Genetics. 2011;188:395-407 pubmed publisher
    ..In soybean (Glycine max), a flowering quantitative trait locus, FT2, corresponding to the maturity locus E2, was detected in ..
  46. Kasai A, Kasai K, Yumoto S, Senda M. Structural features of GmIRCHS, candidate of the I gene inhibiting seed coat pigmentation in soybean: implications for inducing endogenous RNA silencing of chalcone synthase genes. Plant Mol Biol. 2007;64:467-79 pubmed
    Most commercial soybean varieties have yellow seeds due to loss of pigmentation in the seed coat. The I gene inhibits pigmentation over the entire seed coat, resulting in a uniform yellow color of mature harvested seeds...
  47. Costa M, Reis P, Valente M, Irsigler A, Carvalho C, Loureiro M, et al. A new branch of endoplasmic reticulum stress signaling and the osmotic signal converge on plant-specific asparagine-rich proteins to promote cell death. J Biol Chem. 2008;283:20209-19 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, BiP (binding protein) overexpression in soybean prevented activation of the UPR by ER stress inducers, but did not affect activation of NRPs...
  48. Arenas Huertero C, PEREZ B, Rabanal F, Blanco Melo D, De la Rosa C, Estrada Navarrete G, et al. Conserved and novel miRNAs in the legume Phaseolus vulgaris in response to stress. Plant Mol Biol. 2009;70:385-401 pubmed publisher
    ..vulgaris. We propose that the novel miRNAs present in common bean and other legumes, are involved in regulation of legume-specific processes including adaptation to diverse external cues. ..
  49. Watanabe S, Hideshima R, Xia Z, Tsubokura Y, Sato S, Nakamoto Y, et al. Map-based cloning of the gene associated with the soybean maturity locus E3. Genetics. 2009;182:1251-62 pubmed publisher
    ..In soybean [Glycine max (L...
  50. Xu M, Brar H, Grosic S, Palmer R, Bhattacharyya M. Excision of an active CACTA-like transposable element from DFR2 causes variegated flowers in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]. Genetics. 2010;184:53-63 pubmed publisher
    ..An active transposable element was suggested to reside in the W4 locus that governs flower color in soybean. Through biochemical and molecular analyses of several revertants of the w4-m allele, we have shown that the W4 ..
  51. Takahashi R, Githiri S, Hatayama K, Dubouzet E, Shimada N, Aoki T, et al. A single-base deletion in soybean flavonol synthase gene is associated with magenta flower color. Plant Mol Biol. 2007;63:125-35 pubmed
    The Wm locus of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] controls flower color. Dominant Wm and recessive wm allele of the locus produce purple and magenta flower, respectively...
  52. Arai Y, Hayashi M, Nishimura M. Proteomic analysis of highly purified peroxisomes from etiolated soybean cotyledons. Plant Cell Physiol. 2008;49:526-39 pubmed publisher
    ..peroxisomal proteins, we established an optimized method for isolating highly purified peroxisomes from etiolated soybean cotyledons using Percoll density gradient centrifugation followed by iodixanol density gradient centrifugation...
  53. Tian Z, Wang X, Lee R, Li Y, Specht J, Nelson R, et al. Artificial selection for determinate growth habit in soybean. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:8563-8 pubmed publisher
    Determinacy is an agronomically important trait associated with the domestication in soybean (Glycine max)...
  54. Song Q, Liu Y, Hu X, Zhang W, Ma B, Chen S, et al. Identification of miRNAs and their target genes in developing soybean seeds by deep sequencing. BMC Plant Biol. 2011;11:5 pubmed publisher
    ..studied in model plants such as Arabidopsis and rice; however, the number of identified miRNAs in soybean (Glycine max) is limited, and global identification of the related miRNA targets has not been reported in previous research...
  55. Wu Z, Zhao J, Gao R, Hu G, Gai J, Xu G, et al. Molecular cloning, characterization and expression analysis of two members of the Pht1 family of phosphate transporters in Glycine max. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e19752 pubmed publisher
    ..We cloned two cDNAs from soybean (Glycine max), GmPT1 and GmPT2, which show homology to the phosphate/proton cotransporter PHO84 from the budding yeast ..
  56. Radwan O, Wu X, Govindarajulu M, Libault M, Neece D, Oh M, et al. 14-3-3 proteins SGF14c and SGF14l play critical roles during soybean nodulation. Plant Physiol. 2012;160:2125-36 pubmed publisher
    The soybean (Glycine max) genome contains 18 members of the 14-3-3 protein family, but little is known about their association with specific phenotypes...
  57. Reid D, Li D, Ferguson B, Gresshoff P. Structure-function analysis of the GmRIC1 signal peptide and CLE domain required for nodulation control in soybean. J Exp Bot. 2013;64:1575-85 pubmed publisher
    ..nitrate-induced and acting locally) and GmRIC1 (Bradyrhizobium-induced and acting systemically) suppresses soybean nodulation dependent on the activity of the nodulation autoregulation receptor kinase (GmNARK)...
  58. Dhaubhadel S, Gijzen M, Moy P, Farhangkhoee M. Transcriptome analysis reveals a critical role of CHS7 and CHS8 genes for isoflavonoid synthesis in soybean seeds. Plant Physiol. 2007;143:326-38 pubmed
    ..We have used cDNA microarray analysis to examine changes in gene expression during embryo development in soybean (Glycine max) and to compare gene expression profiles of two soybean cultivars that differ in seed isoflavonoid content...
  59. Zabala G, Vodkin L. Novel exon combinations generated by alternative splicing of gene fragments mobilized by a CACTA transposon in Glycine max. BMC Plant Biol. 2007;7:38 pubmed
    ..We report results obtained from analysis of RT-PCR derived cDNAs of the Glycine max mutant flower color gene, wp, that contains a 5...
  60. Nagamatsu A, Masuta C, Senda M, Matsuura H, Kasai A, Hong J, et al. Functional analysis of soybean genes involved in flavonoid biosynthesis by virus-induced gene silencing. Plant Biotechnol J. 2007;5:778-90 pubmed
    ..mosaic virus (CMV), was tested for its ability to silence endogenous genes involved in flavonoid biosynthesis in soybean. Symptomless infection was established using a pseudorecombinant virus, which enabled detection of specific ..
  61. Zhao L, Luo Q, Yang C, Han Y, Li W. A RAV-like transcription factor controls photosynthesis and senescence in soybean. Planta. 2008;227:1389-99 pubmed publisher
    ..that increased in abundance during short days was constructed by SSH from leaf tissues of a photoperiod sensitive soybean. The proteins predicted to be encoded by the mRNAs were inferred to be involved in diverse functions...
  62. Zhang Q, Li H, Li R, Hu R, Fan C, Chen F, et al. Association of the circadian rhythmic expression of GmCRY1a with a latitudinal cline in photoperiodic flowering of soybean. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105:21028-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Both cultivated soybean (Glycine max) and its wild relative (G. soja) exhibit a strong latitudinal cline in photoperiodic flowering...
  63. Thakare D, Kumudini S, Dinkins R. Expression of flowering-time genes in soybean E1 near-isogenic lines under short and long day conditions. Planta. 2010;231:951-63 pubmed publisher
    Control of soybean flowering time is important for geographic adaptation and maximizing yield...
  64. Lin Y, Ferguson B, Kereszt A, Gresshoff P. Suppression of hypernodulation in soybean by a leaf-extracted, NARK- and Nod factor-dependent, low molecular mass fraction. New Phytol. 2010;185:1074-86 pubmed publisher
    ..aqueous leaf extracts directly into the petiole of hypernodulating and supernodulating nark mutant plants of Glycine max (soybean)...
  65. Ma H, McMullen M, Finer J. Identification of a homeobox-containing gene with enhanced expression during soybean (Glycine max L.) somatic embryo development. Plant Mol Biol. 1994;24:465-73 pubmed
    ..the isolation and characterization of a cDNA clone for a homeobox-containing gene expressed in somatic embryos of soybean. The cDNA (Sbh1 for soybean homeobox-containing gene) was isolated using maize Knotted-1 (Kn1) cDNA as a ..
  66. Mahalingam R, Wang G, Knap H. Polygalacturonase and polygalacturonase inhibitor protein: gene isolation and transcription in Glycine max-Heterodera glycines interactions. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 1999;12:490-8 pubmed publisher
    ..A 350-bp fragment with high homology to PGs was identified by differential display (DD) analysis of soybean cyst nematode (SCN) race 3 resistant PI 437654 and susceptible cultivar Essex...
  67. Arahira M, Nong V, Udaka K, Fukazawa C. Purification, molecular cloning and ethylene-inducible expression of a soluble-type epoxide hydrolase from soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr.). Eur J Biochem. 2000;267:2649-57 pubmed
    A soybean protein was purified from mature dry seeds...
  68. Shih M, Lin S, Hsieh J, Tsou C, Chow T, Lin T, et al. Gene cloning and characterization of a soybean (Glycine max L.) LEA protein, GmPM16. Plant Mol Biol. 2004;56:689-703 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present work, we characterize a soybean LEA protein, GmPM16, with low molecular weight, high pI value, and an unusual amino acid residue distribution ..
  69. Shibuya M, Nishimura K, Yasuyama N, Ebizuka Y. Identification and characterization of glycosyltransferases involved in the biosynthesis of soyasaponin I in Glycine max. FEBS Lett. 2010;584:2258-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Two glycosyltransferases from Glycine max, designated as GmSGT2 and GmSGT3, were identified and characterized...
  70. Esteban Garc a B, Garrido C rdenas J, Alonso D, Garc a Maroto F. A distinct subfamily of papain-like cystein proteinases regulated by senescence and stresses in Glycine max. J Plant Physiol. 2010;167:1101-8 pubmed publisher
    GMCP3 encodes a cystein proteinase of Glycine max belonging to the papain-like family (C1A in MEROPS database) that was previously found to be involved in the mobilization of protein reserves during seed germination...
  71. Neelakandan A, Nguyen H, Kumar R, Tran L, Guttikonda S, Quach T, et al. Molecular characterization and functional analysis of Glycine max sterol methyl transferase 2 genes involved in plant membrane sterol biosynthesis. Plant Mol Biol. 2010;74:503-18 pubmed publisher
    ..The SMT2 genes of soybean (SMT2-1 and SMT2-2) previously cloned and characterized (Neelakandan et al...
  72. Shih M, Hsieh T, Jian W, Wu M, Yang S, Hoekstra F, et al. Functional studies of soybean (Glycine max L.) seed LEA proteins GmPM6, GmPM11, and GmPM30 by CD and FTIR spectroscopy. Plant Sci. 2012;196:152-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we characterized three soybean hydrophilic LEA proteins--GmPM11 (LEA I), GmPM6 (LEA II), and GmPM30 (LEA III)--by circular dichroism and Fourier ..
  73. Qin L, Guo Y, Chen L, Liang R, Gu M, Xu G, et al. Functional characterization of 14 Pht1 family genes in yeast and their expressions in response to nutrient starvation in soybean. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e47726 pubmed publisher
    ..Although Pht1 family genes have been well studied in model plants, little is known about their functions in soybean, an important legume crop worldwide.
  74. Jiang B, Yue Y, Gao Y, Ma L, Sun S, Wu C, et al. GmFT2a polymorphism and maturity diversity in soybeans. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e77474 pubmed publisher
    ..However, up to now, its role in the diverse patterns of maturation in soybeans has been poorly understood.
  75. Odani S, Koide T, Ono T. Amino acid sequence of a soybean (Glycine max) seed polypeptide having a poly(L-aspartic acid) structure. J Biol Chem. 1987;262:10502-5 pubmed
    A polypeptide of Mr 4400 was isolated from soybean (Glycine max) seeds by extraction with 60% ethanol followed by ion-exchange and reverse-phase chromatography...
  76. Guex N, Henry H, Flach J, Richter H, Widmer F. Glyoxysomal malate dehydrogenase and malate synthase from soybean cotyledons (Glycine max L.): enzyme association, antibody production and cDNA cloning. Planta. 1995;197:369-75 pubmed
    In order to investigate a possible association between soybean malate synthase (MS; L-malate glyoxylate-lyase, CoA-acetylating, EC 4.1.3.2) and glyoxysomal malate dehydrogenase (gMDH; (S)-malate: NAD+ oxidoreductase, EC 1.1.1...
  77. Amarasinghe B, de Bruxelles G, Braddon M, Onyeocha I, Forde B, Udvardi M. Regulation of GmNRT2 expression and nitrate transport activity in roots of soybean (Glycine max). Planta. 1998;206:44-52 pubmed
    A full-length cDNA, GmNRT2, encoding a putative high-affinity nitrate transporter was isolated from a Glycine max (L.) root cDNA library and sequenced...
  78. Hsing Y, Tsou C, Hsu T, Chen Z, Hsieh K, Hsieh J, et al. Tissue- and stage-specific expression of a soybean (Glycine max L.) seed-maturation, biotinylated protein. Plant Mol Biol. 1998;38:481-90 pubmed
    A cDNA clone GmPM4 which encodes mRNA species in mature or dry soybean seeds was characterized. DNA sequence analysis shows that the deduced polypeptides have a molecular mass of 68 kDa...
  79. Porcel R, Aroca R, Azc n R, Ruiz Lozano J. PIP aquaporin gene expression in arbuscular mycorrhizal Glycine max and Lactuca sativa plants in relation to drought stress tolerance. Plant Mol Biol. 2006;60:389-404 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, genes encoding plasma membrane aquaporins (PIPs) from soybean and lettuce were cloned and their expression pattern studied in AM and nonAM plants cultivated under well-watered ..
  80. Wan T, Shao G, Shan X, Zeng N, Lam H. Correlation between AS1 gene expression and seed protein contents in different soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr.) cultivars. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2006;8:271-6 pubmed publisher
    ..We studied the expression of AS genes in five Chinese soybean cultivars exhibiting contrasting seed protein contents...
  81. Noguchi A, Saito A, Homma Y, Nakao M, Sasaki N, Nishino T, et al. A UDP-glucose:isoflavone 7-O-glucosyltransferase from the roots of soybean (glycine max) seedlings. Purification, gene cloning, phylogenetics, and an implication for an alternative strategy of enzyme catalysis. J Biol Chem. 2007;282:23581-90 pubmed publisher
    ..of flavonoids, play very important roles in plant-microbe interactions in certain legumes such as soybeans (Glycine max L. Merr.). G...
  82. Dong X, Sun Q, Wei D, Li J, Li J, Tang B, et al. A novel ferritin gene, SferH-5, reveals heterogeneity of the 26.5-kDa subunit of soybean (Glycine max) seed ferritin. FEBS Lett. 2007;581:5796-802 pubmed publisher
    A novel ferritin cDNA, SferH-5, has been cloned from 7-day-old soybean seedlings. Putative SferH-5 has 96% identity with SferH-1 reported previously...
  83. Miyahara A, Hirani T, Oakes M, Kereszt A, Kobe B, Djordjevic M, et al. Soybean nodule autoregulation receptor kinase phosphorylates two kinase-associated protein phosphatases in vitro. J Biol Chem. 2008;283:25381-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Autophosphorylated NARK kinase domain was, in turn, dephosphorylated by both KAPP1 and KAPP2. Our results suggest a model for signal transduction involving NARK in the control of nodule development...
  84. Zabala G, Vodkin L. A putative autonomous 20.5 kb-CACTA transposon insertion in an F3'H allele identifies a new CACTA transposon subfamily in Glycine max. BMC Plant Biol. 2008;8:124 pubmed publisher
    ..To date, only defective deletion derivatives of CACTA elements have been described for soybean, an economically important plant species whose genome sequence will be completed in 2008. ..
  85. Du Q, Cui W, Zhang C, Yu D. GmRFP1 encodes a previously unknown RING-type E3 ubiquitin ligase in Soybean (Glycine max). Mol Biol Rep. 2010;37:685-93 pubmed publisher
    ..a cDNA clone encoding a novel RING-finger protein, designated as GmRFP1, was isolated and characterized from soybean. GmRFP1 was an intronless gene encoding a predicted protein product of 392 amino acid residues with a molecular ..
  86. Axarli I, Dhavala P, Papageorgiou A, Labrou N. Crystal structure of Glycine max glutathione transferase in complex with glutathione: investigation of the mechanism operating by the Tau class glutathione transferases. Biochem J. 2009;422:247-56 pubmed publisher
    ..The three-dimensional structure of GmGSTU4-4 (Glycine max GST Tau 4-4) complexed with GSH was determined by the molecular replacement method at 2.7 A (1 A=0...
  87. Kovinich N, Saleem A, Arnason J, Miki B. Combined analysis of transcriptome and metabolite data reveals extensive differences between black and brown nearly-isogenic soybean (Glycine max) seed coats enabling the identification of pigment isogenes. BMC Genomics. 2011;12:381 pubmed publisher
    The R locus controls the color of pigmented soybean (Glycine max) seeds. However information about its control over seed coat biochemistry and gene expressions remains limited...
  88. Sun H, Jia Z, Cao D, Jiang B, Wu C, Hou W, et al. GmFT2a, a soybean homolog of FLOWERING LOCUS T, is involved in flowering transition and maintenance. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e29238 pubmed publisher
    Flowering reversion can be induced in soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.), a typical short-day (SD) dicot, by switching from SD to long-day (LD) photoperiods...
  89. Qin L, Zhao J, Tian J, Chen L, Sun Z, Guo Y, et al. The high-affinity phosphate transporter GmPT5 regulates phosphate transport to nodules and nodulation in soybean. Plant Physiol. 2012;159:1634-43 pubmed publisher
    ..We show here that inoculation with effective rhizobial strains enhanced soybean (Glycine max) N(2) fixation and P nutrition in the field as well as in hydroponics...
  90. Liu S, Kandoth P, Warren S, Yeckel G, Heinz R, Alden J, et al. A soybean cyst nematode resistance gene points to a new mechanism of plant resistance to pathogens. Nature. 2012;492:256-60 pubmed publisher
    Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) is an important crop that provides a sustainable source of protein and oil worldwide...
  91. Fan C, Wang X, Hu R, Wang Y, Xiao C, Jiang Y, et al. The pattern of Phosphate transporter 1 genes evolutionary divergence in Glycine max L. BMC Plant Biol. 2013;13:48 pubmed publisher
    ..All potential Phosphate transporter 1 genes in Glycine max L. (GmPHT1) were systematically analyzed using both bioinformatics and experimentation...
  92. Welle R, Schr der G, Schiltz E, Grisebach H, Schr der J. Induced plant responses to pathogen attack. Analysis and heterologous expression of the key enzyme in the biosynthesis of phytoalexins in soybean (Glycine max L. Merr. cv. Harosoy 63). Eur J Biochem. 1991;196:423-30 pubmed
    In soybean (Glycine max L.), pathogen attack induces the formation of glyceollin-type phytoalexins. The biosynthetic key enzyme is a reductase which synthesizes 4,2', 4'-trihydroxychalcone in co-action with chalcone synthase...
  93. Vazquez Tello A, Whittier R, Kawasaki T, Sugimoto T, Kawamura Y, Shibata D. Sequence of a soybean (Glycine max L.) phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase cDNA. Plant Physiol. 1993;103:1025-6 pubmed
  94. Udvardi M, McDermott T, Kahn M. Isolation and characterization of a cDNA encoding NADP(+)-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase from soybean (Glycine max). Plant Mol Biol. 1993;21:739-52 pubmed
    A cDNA that encodes an NADP-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) was cloned from a soybean nodule cDNA library by complementation of an Escherichia coli mutant that lacked IDH...
  95. Yeboah N, Arahira M, Nong V, Zhang D, Kadokura K, Watanabe A, et al. A class III acidic endochitinase is specifically expressed in the developing seeds of soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr.). Plant Mol Biol. 1998;36:407-15 pubmed
    A soybean chitinase which has an apparent molecular mass of 28 kDa by SDS-PAGE, and has chitinase specific activity of 133 units per mg protein at pH 5.2 and an apparent pI of 5.7, was purified from mature dry seeds...
  96. Oven M, Page J, Zenk M, Kutchan T. Molecular characterization of the homo-phytochelatin synthase of soybean Glycine max: relation to phytochelatin synthase. J Biol Chem. 2002;277:4747-54 pubmed publisher
    ..compounds, we have isolated and functionally expressed a cDNA GmhPCS1 encoding homo-phytochelatin synthase from Glycine max, a plant known to accumulate homo-phytochelatins rather than phytochelatins upon the exposure to heavy metals...
  97. Chronis D, Krishnan H. Sulfur assimilation in soybean ( Glycine max [L.] Merr.): molecular cloning and characterization of a cytosolic isoform of serine acetyltransferase. Planta. 2004;218:417-26 pubmed publisher
    ..3.1.30) was isolated by screening a soybean seedling cDNA library with a (32)P-labeled expressed sequence tag...
  98. Gaude N, Tippmann H, Flemetakis E, Katinakis P, Udvardi M, D rmann P. The galactolipid digalactosyldiacylglycerol accumulates in the peribacteroid membrane of nitrogen-fixing nodules of soybean and Lotus. J Biol Chem. 2004;279:34624-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG), a galactolipid abundant in chloroplasts, was detected in the PBM of soybean (Glycine max) and Lotus japonicus...
  99. Meng Q, Zhang C, Gai J, Yu D. Molecular cloning, sequence characterization and tissue-specific expression of six NAC-like genes in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). J Plant Physiol. 2007;164:1002-12 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, six NAC-like genes from soybean, designated as GmNAC1-GmNAC6, were cloned and characterized...
  100. Liu H, Wang H, Gao P, X J, X T, Wang J, et al. Analysis of clock gene homologs using unifoliolates as target organs in soybean (Glycine max). J Plant Physiol. 2009;166:278-89 pubmed publisher
    ..The clock-gene homologs, GmLCL1 and GmLCL2 (Glycine max LHY/CCA1 Like 1 and 2) and GmTOC1 (Glycine max TOC1) were cloned from Glycine max L...
  101. Matsuyama A, Yoshimura K, Shimizu C, Murano Y, Takeuchi H, Ishimoto M. Characterization of glutamate decarboxylase mediating gamma-amino butyric acid increase in the early germination stage of soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr). J Biosci Bioeng. 2009;107:538-43 pubmed publisher
    ..A full-length cDNA encoding glutamate decarboxylase (GmGAD1) was isolated from germinating soybean seeds (Glycine max [L.] Merr.). The GmGAD1 gene had a 1512-bp open reading frame, which encodes 503 amino acids...