Experts and Doctors on medicinal plants in Nigeria


Locale: Nigeria
Topic: medicinal plants

Top Publications

  1. Adewunmi C, Agbedahunsi J, Adebajo A, Aladesanmi A, Murphy N, Wando J. Ethno-veterinary medicine: screening of Nigerian medicinal plants for trypanocidal properties. J Ethnopharmacol. 2001;77:19-24 pubmed
    ..71 and 246.8 indicating bright prospects for the development of some of these extracts as potential trypanocidal agents. ..
  2. Abiodun O, Gbotosho G, Ajaiyeoba E, Happi C, Hofer S, Wittlin S, et al. Comparison of SYBR Green I-, PicoGreen-, and [3H]-hypoxanthine-based assays for in vitro antimalarial screening of plants from Nigerian ethnomedicine. Parasitol Res. 2010;106:933-9 pubmed publisher
    ..SG appears to be a cost-effective alternative for antimalarial drug screening and a viable technique that may facilitate antimalarial drug discovery process especially in developing countries. ..
  3. Olajide O, Makinde J, Okpako D, Awe S. Studies on the anti-inflammatory and related pharmacological properties of the aqueous extract of Bridelia ferruginea stem bark. J Ethnopharmacol. 2000;71:153-60 pubmed
    ..B. ferruginea produced stabilization of erythrocytes exposed to heat and stress-induced lysis. Antipyretic and analgesic properties of the extract were also observed. ..
  4. Gbolade A, Adeyemi A. Anthelmintic activities of three medicinal plants from Nigeria. Fitoterapia. 2008;79:223-5 pubmed publisher
    ..mombin which exhibited comparatively higher efficacy (34-44 min paralysis time and 105 min death time for the leaf) at lower concentrations of 10-20 mg/ml were adjudged the outstanding anthelmintics of plant origin accordingly. ..
  5. Eno A, Owo O, Itam E, Konya R. Blood pressure depression by the fruit juice of Carica papaya (L.) in renal and DOCA-induced hypertension in the rat. Phytother Res. 2000;14:235-9 pubmed
    ..5-1.5 microg/mL). It is concluded that the fruit juice of C. papaya probably contains antihypertensive agent(s) which exhibits mainly alpha-adrenoceptor activity. ..
  6. Gbolade A. Inventory of antidiabetic plants in selected districts of Lagos State, Nigeria. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;121:135-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The principal antidiabetic plants included Vernonia amygdalina, Bidens pilosa, Carica papaya, Citrus aurantiifolia, Ocimum gratissimum, Momordica charantia and Morinda lucida. Dietary recommendations also accompanied therapy. ..
  7. Aderibigbe A, Emudianughe T, Lawal B. Evaluation of the antidiabetic action of Mangifera indica in mice. Phytother Res. 2001;15:456-8 pubmed
    ..The results of this study indicate that the aqueous extract of the leaves of Mangifera indica possess hypoglycaemic activity...
  8. Adesina S, Adebayo A, Adesina S, Groning R. GC/MS investigations of the minor constituents of Piper guineense stem. Pharmazie. 2002;57:622-7 pubmed
    ..There is a need to confirm the structures of some of these new constituents by synthesis. Apart from these amide alkaloids, many volatile oil components-monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, terpenoids, lignans and sterols--were detected...
  9. Osoniyi O, Onajobi F. Coagulant and anticoagulant activities in Jatropha curcas latex. J Ethnopharmacol. 2003;89:101-5 pubmed
    ..The residual aqueous fraction had no significant effect on the clotting time of blood and the PT but slightly prolonged the APTT...

More Information


  1. Adekunle A, Ikumapayi A. Antifungal property and phytochemical screening of the crude extracts of Funtumia elastica and Mallotus oppositifolius. West Indian Med J. 2006;55:219-23 pubmed
    ..Phytobutanin was absent in the extracts. Heavy metal analysis of plant materials showed absence of cadmium, zinc, lead, chromium and nickel, while the presence of copper iron and manganese was less than 0.95%...
  2. Aderogba M, McGaw L, Ogundaini A, Eloff J. Antioxidant activity and cytotoxicity study of the flavonol glycosides from Bauhinia galpinii. Nat Prod Res. 2007;21:591-9 pubmed
    ..No cytotoxic effects were displayed by compounds 1 and 3, but compound 2 was cytotoxic to Vero cells (LC50 = 74.68 microg mL(-1)) and bovine dermis cells (LC50 = 30.69 microg mL(-1))...
  3. Orafidiya L, Oyedele A, Shittu A, Elujoba A. The formulation of an effective topical antibacterial product containing Ocimum gratissimum leaf essential oil. Int J Pharm. 2001;224:177-83 pubmed
    ..The properties of base into which the oil was incorporated affected its activity. It was more effective in hydrophilic bases than in lipophilic bases. Solubilization and microemulsification grossly reduced its activity. ..
  4. Adenusi A, Odaibo A. Laboratory assessment of molluscicidal activity of crude aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Dalbergia sissoo plant parts against Biomphalaria pfeifferi. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2008;6:219-27 pubmed publisher
    ..1832, were evaluated against egg masses and adults of Biomphalaria pfeifferi (Krauss, 1848), the snail intermediate host of Schistosoma mansoni (Sambon, 1907) in Nigeria...
  5. Akinpelu D. Antimicrobial activity of Anacardium occidentale bark. Fitoterapia. 2001;72:286-7 pubmed
    ..Anacardium occidentale bark 60% methanolic extract exhibited antimicrobial activity against 13 out of 15 bacterial isolates at a concentration of 20 mg/ml. ..
  6. Raji Y, Bolarinwa A. Antifertility activity of Quassia amara in male rats - in vivo study. Life Sci. 1997;61:1067-74 pubmed
    ..Quassin produced similar biological actions as the crude extract while the effects of 2-methoxycanthin-6-one did not seem to differ from those of the control. Quassin appears to be the antifertility principle of Quassia amara. ..
  7. Iwalokun B, Gbenle G, Adewole T, Akinsinde K. Shigellocidal properties of three Nigerian medicinal plants: Ocimum gratissimum, Terminalia avicennoides, and Momordica balsamina. J Health Popul Nutr. 2001;19:331-5 pubmed
    ..The results suggest that aqueous extracts of O. gratissimum and T. avicennoides as decoctions and concoctions could be useful in the treatment of shigellosis and should be clinically evaluated specially in Nigerian region...
  8. Mbaya A, Nwosu C, Onyeyili P. Toxicity and anti-trypanosomal effects of ethanolic extract of Butyrospermum paradoxum (Sapotaceae) stem bark in rats infected with Trypanosoma brucei and Trypanosoma congolense. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;111:526-30 pubmed
    ..The results suggest that the folkloric medicinal application of the extracts of Butyrospermum paradoxum has a pharmacological basis...
  9. Adeyemi O, Akindele A, Ogunleye E. Evaluation of the antidiarrhoeal effect of Sanseviera liberica Gerome & Labroy (Agavaceae) root extract. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;123:459-63 pubmed publisher
    ..The aqueous root extract of Sansevieraliberica (Agavaceae), SL, is used in Traditional African Medicine (TAM) for the treatment of diarrhoea. However, the scientific basis for this usage has not been established...