Genomes and Genes
Prolylcarboxypeptidase is a Risk Factor for Cardiovascular Disease
Principal Investigator: Alvin H Schmaier
Abstract: DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): We want to determine if prolylcarboxypeptidase (PRCP) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. PRCP degrades angiotensin II (AngII) and bradykinin 1-8. We identified that the serine protease PRCP as a cell- surface plasma prekallikrein activator independent of factor XIIa. PRCP has been predicted as a gene associated with essential hypertension. In a genome-wide association study, PRCP was identified as a risk factor for metabolic syndrome in males. A polymorphism in PRCP, E112D, was shown to be associated with preeclampsia, especially in women with a previous history of chronic hypertension. Also, the presence of this polymorphism in Han Chinese was shown to be associated with resistance to angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor treatment for hypertension. Additionally, we showed that PRCP metabolizes a-MSH1-13 to a-MSH1-12. In mice deficient in PRCP, this activity results in reduced aMSH1-13 metabolism in the hypothalamus allowing for overstimulation of an anorexic impulse producing lean mice. Lean, PRCP-deficient (PRCPgt/gt) mice are constitutively hypertensive. Moreover, they are prothrombotic with shorter arterial thrombosis occlusion times after carotid artery photochemical- or ferric chloride-induced injury. The goal of this proposal is to determine if PRCP is a risk factor for hypertension and/or myocardial infarction (MI)/stroke with and without adjustment for body type, i.e. body mass index. The overall hypothesis of this proposal is that PRCP is a risk factor for hypertension and/or MI and stroke that are potentially mitigated by body mass index. The specific aims of this proposal are: Aim #1: To determine if certain PRCP exon and intron SNPs are associated with hypertension status with and without adjustment for body mass index (BMI) status using DNA from individuals in the NIH/NHLBI PEACE and DASH-sodium studies. The subhypothesis for this aim is that PRCP SNPs that are associated with reduced PRCP function predicts hypertension status and this effect is mitigated by BMI status. We will also explore BMI stratified analyses of the association between PRCP SNPs and hypertension status. Aim #2: To determine if certain PRCP exon and intron SNPs are associated with a history of MI/stroke status with and without adjustment for hypertension and BMI status using DNA from individuals in the NIH/NHLBI PEACE study. The subhypothesis for this aim is that PRCP SNPs that are associated with reduced function increases risk for MI and/or stroke and these phenotypes are related to one's body mass index. We will also explore BMI stratified analyses of the association between PRCP SNPs and M/stroke status, adjusting for hypertension status. These investigations will be performed using SNPs that suggest predictable reduction in PRCP function. The selection of the exon SNPs for studies is based upon their structural location in PRCP that would have predictable alterations in the activity of the mature protein. Other SNPs are chosen because they are evolutionary conserved or in linkage disequilibrium with a functional SNP. The proposed investigations use NIH/NHLBI biorepository samples from two well-characterized cardiovascular studies (see letter enclosed);(1) the PEACE study which examined the addition of an ACE inhibitor in individuals with and without mild hypertension to ameliorate cardiovascular events and (2) the DASH-Sodium study that examined the influence of increasing dietary salt on hypertension in subjects with and without known hypertension. At their conclusion, these proposed investigations should show that certain polymorphisms in PRCP are associated with cardiovascular disease. Up-regulation of PRCP may be a target to protect individuals from cardiovascular disease as manifested by hypertension and arterial thrombosis as seen in stroke and MI.
Funding Period: 2012-04-01 - 2014-10-31
more information: NIH RePORT
- In vivo roles of factor XIIThomas Renne
Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet and University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
Blood 120:4296-303. 2012..The goal of this review is to summarize the in vivo functions of FXII, with special focus to its functions in thrombosis and vascular biology...
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Hematology and Oncology Division, Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA
Blood 121:3023-32. 2013..In Bdkrb2(-/-), combined AT2R and Mas overexpression produce elevated plasma prostacyclin and NO leading to acquired platelet function defects and thrombosis delay...
- Prolylcarboxypeptidase promotes angiogenesis and vascular repairGregory N Adams
Department of Medicine, Hematology and Oncology Division, Case WesternReserve University and University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
Blood 122:1522-31. 2013..PRCP regulates cell growth, angiogenesis, and the response to vascular injury. Combined with its known roles in blood pressure and thrombosis control, PRCP is positioned as a key regulator of vascular homeostasis. ..
- Physiologic activities of the contact activation systemAlvin H Schmaier
Division of Hematology and Oncology, Case Western Reserve University, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44106, United States Electronic address
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