Functional role of fibroblast-like cells in GI muscles
Principal Investigator: Kenton M Sanders
Abstract: DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The neuromuscular apparatus in gastrointestinal (GI) muscles is more complicated than previously understood. Enteric motor nerve terminals make very close contacts with 3 types of cells: smooth muscle cells (SMC), interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) and flibroblast-like cells (FLC). Both ICC and FLC are electrically coupled to SMC. Thus, signals transduced by ICC and FLC can be conveyed electrically throughout the syncytium of SMC. Considerable study has been directed toward SMC and ICC in the past, but there are few studies that have investigated the function of FLC in GI organs. This project will evaluate the function of FLC in mouse and human GI muscles. FLC are specifically labeled with antibodies for PDGFR-alpha. We have developed and verified a transgenic mouse model with constitutive expression of eGFP in PDGFR-alpha+ cells. We will isolate the PDGFR-alpha+ cells and use patch clamp techniques to study the endogenous conductances expressed by these cells and characterize the effects of enteric neurotransmitters on membrane conductances. Preliminary studies demonstrate a large outward current activated by purine neurotransmitters, and the characteristics and pharmacology of this current will be investigated. SMC and ICC respond to purine transmitters with activation of net inward current. Thus, our data suggest that PDGFR-alpha cells mediate purinergic neural responses in GI muscles. We will investigate the innervation of PDGFR + cells using the fluorescence of Ca2+ dyes. We will also use fluorescence activated cell sorting to purify PDGFR-alpha+ cells and characterize the transcriptome of PDGFR + cells. The effects of losing PDGFR + cells on purinergic responses will also be investigated. These studies will improve our understanding of neural regulation of colonic motility and will possibly provide new targets for therapies for motility and functional GI disorders.
Funding Period: 2013-07-01 - 2018-04-30
more information: NIH RePORT
- Distribution and Ca(2+) signalling of fibroblast-like (PDGFR(+)) cells in the murine gastric fundusSalah A Baker
K M Sanders Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, University of Nevada School of Medicine, MS 352, Reno, NV 89557, USA
J Physiol 591:6193-208. 2013..Activation of Ca(2+) release is likely to be the signalling mechanism in PDGFRα(+) cells responsible for the transduction of purinergic enteric inhibitory input in gastric fundus muscles...
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