Patterns and Contexts of Club Drug Abuse

Summary

Principal Investigator: JEFFREY T contact PARSONS
Abstract: The proposed investigation seeks to examine the use of "club drugs" among male and female young adults (ages 18-25) in New York City (NYC). We will undertake a longitudinal, prospective study, using qualitative and quantitative methods, guided by the following three aims: (1) To determine patterns of use, individual differences in use, and changes in club drug use among heterosexual and gay/bisexual male and female young adults (ages 18-25) in NYC over the course of one year; (2) To determine the extent to which antecedent person factors, social context factors, and constructs associated with the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) explain differences in year-long club drug use trajectories of young adults in NYC; and (3) To better understand how patterns of club drug use impact sexual risk taking behaviors among young adults in NYC. Our work will be guided by the TRA in order to determine how antecedents of club drug use influence the use of these substances, and how the interaction of these antecedents with actual use of club drugs leads to sexual risk taking behaviors. Our work will focus on six club drugs that our pilot work has shown to be used among young adults in NYC who frequent dance clubs: Cocaine, LSD, GFB, Ketamine, MDMA, and Methamphetamine. We will recruit 480 ethnically-diverse young adults into our study (stratified by gender and sexual orientation) using probability-based targeted sampling and conduct assessments of the antecedents, club drug use, and sexual risk-taking behaviors four times over the course of one year. Data analyses will utilize univariate and multivariate growth curve modeling to determine the relationships between these factors as a means of understanding patterns of club drug use and of evaluating the use of the TRA to explain club drug use. Quantitative assessments (administered via Audio-CASI) will be complemented by our use of qualitative techniques to provide us with episode-specific data to help realize the relationships that we are assessing as well as to further understand contextual aspects of club drug use (e.g., use of drugs in and out of dance club venues, reasons for using certain drugs, reasons for mixing multiple drugs, social context of club drug use, use of club drugs in conjunction with sexual behaviors). Mixed-methods strategies will be used to examine the qualitative and quantitative data together in order to further understand the data and potential implications for intervention development.
Funding Period: 2004-05-01 - 2009-04-30
more information: NIH RePORT

Top Publications

  1. pmc Initiation into methamphetamine use for young gay and bisexual men
    Jeffrey T Parsons
    Center for HIV AIDS Educational Studies and Training CHEST, 250 West 26th Street, Suite 300, New York, NY 10001, United States
    Drug Alcohol Depend 90:135-44. 2007
  2. pmc Methamphetamine use in club subcultures
    Brian C Kelly
    1Department of Sociology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 48:1541-52. 2013
  3. pmc Cocaine use trajectories of club drug-using young adults recruited using time-space sampling
    Danielle E Ramo
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, 401 Parnassus Avenue, TRC 0984, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Addict Behav 36:1292-300. 2011
  4. pmc The problem of "just for fun": patterns of use situations among active club drug users
    Tyrel J Starks
    the Center for HIV AIDS Educational Studies and Training CHEST, 250 West 26th Street, 300, New York, NY 10001, USA
    Addict Behav 35:1067-73. 2010
  5. pmc Recruiting hard-to-reach drug-using men who have sex with men into an intervention study: lessons learned and implications for applied research
    Christian Grov
    Center for HIV AIDS Educational Studies and Training, New York, New York, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 44:1855-71. 2009
  6. pmc Typology of club drug use among young adults recruited using time-space sampling
    Danielle E Ramo
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, 401 Parnassus Avenue, TRC 0984, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 107:119-27. 2010
  7. pmc Polydrug use among club-going young adults recruited through time-space sampling
    Christian Grov
    Center for HIV AIDS Educational Studies and Training, New York, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 44:848-64. 2009
  8. pmc Smoking and attitudes on smoke-free air laws among club-going young adults
    Brian C Kelly
    Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
    Soc Work Public Health 24:446-53. 2009
  9. pmc Club drug use and dependence among young adults recruited through time-space sampling
    Jeffrey T Parsons
    Center for HIV AIDS Educational Studies and Training, New York, NY, USA
    Public Health Rep 124:246-54. 2009
  10. pmc Predictors and comparisons of polydrug and non-polydrug cocaine use in club subcultures
    Brian C Kelly
    Department of Sociology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 34:774-81. 2008

Scientific Experts

Detail Information

Publications14

  1. pmc Initiation into methamphetamine use for young gay and bisexual men
    Jeffrey T Parsons
    Center for HIV AIDS Educational Studies and Training CHEST, 250 West 26th Street, Suite 300, New York, NY 10001, United States
    Drug Alcohol Depend 90:135-44. 2007
    ..The relationship between attitudes towards methamphetamine and other drugs, particularly cocaine, among gay and bisexual men should be explored...
  2. pmc Methamphetamine use in club subcultures
    Brian C Kelly
    1Department of Sociology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 48:1541-52. 2013
    ..Viewing meth solely as a gay party drug misses a significant part of the population and may misguide public health strategies to reduce methamphetamine use in the Northeast. ..
  3. pmc Cocaine use trajectories of club drug-using young adults recruited using time-space sampling
    Danielle E Ramo
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, 401 Parnassus Avenue, TRC 0984, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Addict Behav 36:1292-300. 2011
    ..Findings highlight the diversity of cocaine use patterns over time among young adults, and the personal and substance use characteristics that are associated with each...
  4. pmc The problem of "just for fun": patterns of use situations among active club drug users
    Tyrel J Starks
    the Center for HIV AIDS Educational Studies and Training CHEST, 250 West 26th Street, 300, New York, NY 10001, USA
    Addict Behav 35:1067-73. 2010
    ..Cluster membership predicted substance dependence after controlling for past dependence, current use, and current depression/anxiety...
  5. pmc Recruiting hard-to-reach drug-using men who have sex with men into an intervention study: lessons learned and implications for applied research
    Christian Grov
    Center for HIV AIDS Educational Studies and Training, New York, New York, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 44:1855-71. 2009
    ..03 per participant). Compared to the marketing of interventions themselves to target populations, a two-stage recruitment strategy incorporating lower-threshold interactions may be a more effective approach to recruit for interventions...
  6. pmc Typology of club drug use among young adults recruited using time-space sampling
    Danielle E Ramo
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, 401 Parnassus Avenue, TRC 0984, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 107:119-27. 2010
    ..Findings highlight the utility of using person-centered approaches to understand patterns of substance use, as well as highlight several patterns of club drug use among young adults...
  7. pmc Polydrug use among club-going young adults recruited through time-space sampling
    Christian Grov
    Center for HIV AIDS Educational Studies and Training, New York, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 44:848-64. 2009
    ..These data highlight the need to develop drug health-education and prevention messages targeted at polydrug usage...
  8. pmc Smoking and attitudes on smoke-free air laws among club-going young adults
    Brian C Kelly
    Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
    Soc Work Public Health 24:446-53. 2009
    ..Smokers supported the ban (57.8%) less than nonsmokers did (77.3%). Yet, it remains notable that a majority support the smoking ban among smokers...
  9. pmc Club drug use and dependence among young adults recruited through time-space sampling
    Jeffrey T Parsons
    Center for HIV AIDS Educational Studies and Training, New York, NY, USA
    Public Health Rep 124:246-54. 2009
    ..Yet little is known about users' demographic differences in the prevalence of club drugs. This study sought to provide a comprehensive profile of users' demographic differences in prevalence of club drug use and dependence...
  10. pmc Predictors and comparisons of polydrug and non-polydrug cocaine use in club subcultures
    Brian C Kelly
    Department of Sociology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 34:774-81. 2008
    ....
  11. pmc Prescription drug misuse among club drug-using young adults
    Brian C Kelly
    Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 33:875-84. 2007
    ..Variations by gender and sexuality exist in this population. Young lesbian/bisexual women emerged as the group most likely to abuse Rx drugs. Research into the contexts influencing these patterns is imperative...
  12. pmc Prevalence and predictors of club drug use among club-going young adults in New York city
    Brian C Kelly
    Center for HIV Educational Studies and Training, City Univeristy of New York, New York, NY, USA
    J Urban Health 83:884-95. 2006
    ..Greater health promotion efforts are warranted among this population. Intervention programs and campaigns should tailor specific drug messages to differentially target various segments of dance club patrons...
  13. pmc Differences in club drug use between heterosexual and lesbian/bisexual females
    Jeffrey T Parsons
    Department of Psychology, Hunter College of the City University of New York, USA
    Addict Behav 31:2344-9. 2006
    ..These data suggest a need to better understand the influence of sexual orientation and sexual culture in relation to club drug use and to tailor health promotion efforts to meet the needs of various groups of club drug using women...