Janet Foley


Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA


  1. Allan N, Knotts T, Pesapane R, Ramsey J, Castle S, Clifford D, et al. Conservation Implications of Shifting Gut Microbiomes in Captive-Reared Endangered Voles Intended for Reintroduction into the Wild. Microorganisms. 2018;6: pubmed publisher
  2. Scott J, Clark K, Foley J, Bierman B, Durden L. Far-Reaching Dispersal of Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato-Infected Blacklegged Ticks by Migratory Songbirds in Canada. Healthcare (Basel). 2018;6: pubmed publisher
    ..burgdorferi-infected I. scapularis in Canada's North, and local residents do not have to visit an endemic area to contract Lyme disease. ..
  3. Foley J, Rejmanek D, Fleer K, Nieto N. Nidicolous ticks of small mammals in Anaplasma phagocytophilum-enzootic sites in northern California. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2011;2:75-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, we show high tick species richness and year-round high levels of infestation on rodents by several different nidicolous ticks in areas where A. phagocytophilum is enzootic, including on reported reservoir species. ..
  4. Foley J, Nieto N. Tularemia. Vet Microbiol. 2010;140:332-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We discuss microbiological, clinicopathological, epidemiological, and ecological aspects of tularemia. ..
  5. Foley J, Rejmanek D, Foley C, Matocq M. Fine-scale genetic structure of woodrat populations (Genus: Neotoma) and the spatial distribution of their tick-borne pathogens. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2016;7:243-253 pubmed publisher
    ..By combining host genetic and disease studies we are able to infer limited dispersal and structured populations among hosts which affect infectious disease clustering and dynamics. ..
  6. Poulsen A, Conroy C, Foley P, Ott Conn C, Roy A, Brown R, et al. Ectoparasites of Microtus californicus and Possible Emergence of an Exotic Ixodes Species Tick in California. J Med Entomol. 2015;52:1060-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Changes in the ectoparasite fauna suggest changing ecologies of vectors and vector-borne pathogens that could influence animals and people as well. ..
  7. Foley J, Nieto N, Barbet A, Foley P. Antigen diversity in the parasitic bacterium Anaplasma phagocytophilum arises from selectively-represented, spatially clustered functional pseudogenes. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e8265 pubmed publisher
  8. Foley J, Solnick J, Lapointe J, Jang S, Pedersen N. Identification of a novel enteric Helicobacter species in a kitten with severe diarrhea. J Clin Microbiol. 1998;36:908-12 pubmed
    ..The presence of a diarrhea-inducing helicobacter in a companion animal may pose a risk of zoonosis. ..
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    Foley J, Nieto N. Anaplasma phagocytophilum subverts tick salivary gland proteins. Trends Parasitol. 2007;23:3-5 pubmed
    ..Occupation and exploitation of tick salivary glands have implications for the maintenance and detection of A. phagocytophilum in its vector and early pathogen interactions with its hosts. ..

More Information


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    Foley J, Rand C, Bannasch M, Norris C, Milan J. Molecular epidemiology of feline bordetellosis in two animal shelters in California, USA. Prev Vet Med. 2002;54:141-56 pubmed
    ..Greater percent resistance was observed in the traditional shelter than in the no-kill shelter and feline isolates were more likely to be resistant than canine isolates. ..
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    Foley J, Kramer V, Weber D. Experimental infection of dusky-footed wood rats (Neotoma fuscipes) with Ehrlichia phagocytophila sensu lato. J Wildl Dis. 2002;38:194-8 pubmed
    ..These data confirm that wood rats are susceptible to E. phagocytophila s.l., may develop prolonged infection without clinical ehrlichiosis, and may play a role in maintaining E. phagocytophila s.l. in nature. ..
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    Foley J, Foley P, Jecker M, Swift P, Madigan J. Granulocytic ehrlichiosis and tick infestation in mountain lions in California. J Wildl Dis. 1999;35:703-9 pubmed
    ..pacificus, surveillance for GE antibodies and DNA in mountain lions and other vertebrate hosts may be useful as indicators for geographical regions in which humans are at risk of GE infection. ..
  4. Foley J, Nieto N. The ecology of tick-transmitted infections in the redwood chipmunk (Tamias ochrogenys). Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2011;2:88-93 pubmed publisher
    ..The biology of the redwood chipmunk has multiple features that allow it to be an important reservoir host for tick-borne disease in northwestern California. ..
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    Foley J, Leutenegger C, Dumler J, Pedersen N, Madigan J. Evidence for modulated immune response to Anaplasma phagocytophila sensu lato in cats with FIV-induced immunosuppression. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2003;26:103-13 pubmed
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    Foley J, Crawford Miksza L, Dumler J, Glaser C, Chae J, Yeh E, et al. Human granulocytic ehrlichiosis in Northern California: two case descriptions with genetic analysis of the Ehrlichiae. Clin Infect Dis. 1999;29:388-92 pubmed
    ..Genetically, the strains resembled horse isolates from northern California. The close spatial and temporal proximity of the two new cases may be due to a nidus of infection in the area or heightened surveillance by local physicians. ..
  7. Foley J, Stephenson N, Cubilla M, Qurollo B, Breitschwerdt E. A putative marker for human pathogenic strains of Anaplasma phagocytophilum correlates with geography and host, but not human tropism. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2016;7:390-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Phylogenetic clades were associated with geography, but not host species. Additionally, a virulent clade that lacks drhm and infects dogs, horses, and humans in northeastern US was identified. ..
  8. Foley J, Hasty J, Lane R. Diversity of rickettsial pathogens in Columbian black-tailed deer and their associated keds (Diptera: Hippoboscidae) and ticks (Acari: Ixodidae). J Vector Ecol. 2016;41:41-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first report of Anaplasma spp. in a North America deer ked, and begs the question whether L. depressa may be a competent vector of Anaplasma spp. or merely acquire such bacteria while feeding on rickettsemic deer. ..
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    Foley J, Queen E, Sacks B, Foley P. GIS-facilitated spatial epidemiology of tick-borne diseases in coyotes (Canis latrans) in northern and coastal California. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2005;28:197-212 pubmed
    ..Ehrlichial seropositivity was increased in blue-oak foothill pine, montane hardwood, and redwood vegetation regions, and decreased in coastal sagebrush and cropland. Increased exposure to B. burgdorferi occurred in blue oak woodland...
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    Foley J, Rand C, Leutenegger C. Inflammation and changes in cytokine levels in neurological feline infectious peritonitis. J Feline Med Surg. 2003;5:313-22 pubmed
    ..A large component of the variance (91.7%) was accounted for by levels of IL-6, MIP-1 alpha, and RANTES. These findings provide new insight into the immunopathogenesis of FIP and suggest targets for immune therapy of this disease...
  11. Foley J, Branston T, Woods L, Clifford D. Severe ulceronecrotic dermatitis associated with mite infestation in the critically endangered Amargosa vole (Microtus californicus scirpensis). J Parasitol. 2013;99:595-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The severity and prevalence of lesions due to this chigger were atypical and distinct. Severe clinical trombiculiasis in this endangered species could negatively impact individual health and fitness...
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    Foley J, Nieto N, Clueit S, Foley P, Nicholson W, Brown R. Survey for zoonotic rickettsial pathogens in northern flying squirrels, Glaucomys sabrinus, in California. J Wildl Dis. 2007;43:684-9 pubmed
    ..Fleas and ticks removed from the squirrels included Ceratophyllus ciliatus mononis, Opisodasys vesperalis, Ixodes hearlei, Ixodes pacificus, and Dermacentor paramapertus...
  13. Foley J, Nieto N, Madigan J, Sykes J. Possible differential host tropism in Anaplasma phagocytophilum strains in the Western United States. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008;1149:94-7 pubmed publisher
    ..phagocytophilum strains and further research to understand the host-pathogen interactions that result in differential outcomes in infection...
  14. Stephenson N, Foley J. Parallelisms and Contrasts in the Diverse Ecologies of the Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Borrelia burgdorferi Complexes of Bacteria in the Far Western United States. Vet Sci. 2016;3: pubmed publisher
    ..Such tight host-vector-pathogen coupling could also facilitate high enzootic prevalence and the evolution of host immune-tolerance and bacterial avirulence. ..