Elzbieta Biernat


Affiliation: Warsaw School of Economics
Location: Warsaw, Poland
Introduction. The aim of research is to assess the relationship between socio-demographic factors and the swimming activity among the working population of Warsaw.
Material and methods. The questionnaire survey included 4405 randomly selected residents of Warsaw. The relationship between the swimming activity and the variables characterizing the socio-demographic structure of the respondents were assessed by log-linear modeling. The significance of the impact of factors included in the analysis was determined using the Chi-square test.
Results: 35% of the respondents declared recreational swimming. Gender, age, BMI, education, occupation and income were significantly related to the swimming activity. Women (33%) - compared to men (38%) - were almost 1.2 times less likely to participate in swimming. Similarly, overweight (33%, OR = 0.90) and obese people (33%, OR = 0.92). People from Warsaw at the age of 20-29 years (43%), with higher education (40%), with incomes above the national average (40%) and representing the profession of an actor (52%) swam relatively more often.
Conclusions. The results of the study might help in developing marketing plans and market segmentation strategies as well as in forecasting the development trends of the leisure activity.
BIERNAT E. Socio-demographic determinants of participation in swimming amongst working residents of Warsaw. Journal of Human Kinetics, 2012, vol. 32, s. 175-183.


  1. Biernat E, Krzepota J, Sadowska D. Martial Arts as a Form of Undertaking Physical Activity in Leisure Time Analysis of Factors Determining Participation of Poles. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018;15: pubmed publisher
    ..There is a need to increase the availability of cheap sport facilities in the vicinity of the place of residence or work. In case of adults, it is important to build platforms facilitating contact with MA centers. ..
  2. Biernat E, Piątkowska M. Stay active for life: physical activity across life stages. Clin Interv Aging. 2018;13:1341-1352 pubmed publisher
    ..Any attempts of increasing PA or changing tendencies of its decrease should consider life conditions of these persons, as well as their needs, motivations, and barriers. ..
  3. Biernat E. Factors increasing the risk of inactivity among administrative, technical, and manual workers in Warszawa public institutions. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2015;28:283-94 pubmed publisher
  4. Biernat E, PiÄ…tkowska M, Mynarski W. Prevalence and socioeconomic determinants of leisure time physical activity among Polish farmers. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2018;25:151-156 pubmed publisher
  5. Biernat E, Buchholtz S, Krzepota J. Eye on the Ball: Table Tennis as a Pro-Health Form of Leisure-Time Physical Activity. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018;15: pubmed publisher
    ..Its popularization requires promotion in the media (as a health-oriented activity) and using various channels, including public places, the workplace (as part of corporate social responsibility) and physical education classes at school. ..
  6. Can S, Gündüz N, Arslan E, Biernat E, Ersöz G, Kilit B. Multi-instrument assessment of physical activity in female office workers. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2016;29:937-945 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, multi-instrument assessment methods are preferable. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2016;29(6):937-945. ..
  7. Biernat E, Buchholtz S. The Regularities in Insufficient Leisure-Time Physical Activity in Poland. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016;13: pubmed publisher
    ..Their aim should mainly be raising the leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) awareness. To start with, primary forms of activity would be walking, Nordic walking and jogging. ..
  8. request reprint
    Biernat E, Buchholtz S, Góra M. Physical activity for longer working lives: an analysis of physical activity profiles of selected occupational groups in Poland. Med Lav. 2016;107:444-461 pubmed
    ..In order to break this cycle or at least bring it under control, it is necessary to monitor the weight and waist circumference of workers, which is a prerequisite for any further intervention. ..
  9. Biernat E, Bartkiewicz P, Buchholtz S. Are Structural Changes in Polish Rural Areas Fostering Leisure-Time Physical Activity?. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017;14: pubmed publisher
    ..i>Conclusion: Considering the structural changes, rural area dwellers, especially farmers, require public intervention aimed at increasing their awareness of the advantages of LTPA. ..