stuart brody


Location: , united kingdom


  1. Brody S, Fischer A, Hess U. Women's finger sensitivity correlates with partnered sexual behavior but not solitary masturbation frequencies. J Sex Marital Ther. 2008;34:343-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Results are discussed in terms of differences between different sexual behaviors, as well as susceptibility to reinforcement, and psychoanalytic views of conversion hysteria. ..
  2. Brewer D, Potterat J, Brody S. Male circumcision in HIV prevention. Lancet. 2007;369:1597; author reply 1598-9 pubmed
  3. Brody S, Kruger T. The post-orgasmic prolactin increase following intercourse is greater than following masturbation and suggests greater satiety. Biol Psychol. 2006;71:312-5 pubmed
  4. Tao P, Brody S. Sexual behavior predictors of satisfaction in a Chinese sample. J Sex Med. 2011;8:455-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Future research might also examine possible occasional avoidance of ejaculation by some Chinese men. ..
  5. Jannini E, Rubio Casillas A, Whipple B, Buisson O, Komisaruk B, Brody S. Female orgasm(s): one, two, several. J Sex Med. 2012;9:956-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, the last Expert presented findings on the psychological scenario behind VAO. The assumption that women may experience only the clitoral, external orgasm is not based on the best available scientific evidence. ..
  6. Brody S, Wolitzky D. Lack of mood changes following sucrose loading. Psychosomatics. 1983;24:155-7, 161-2 pubmed
  7. Brody S, Veit R, Rau H. A preliminary report relating frequency of vaginal intercourse to heart rate variability, Valsalva ratio, blood pressure, and cohabitation status. Biol Psychol. 2000;52:251-7 pubmed
    ..Results are discussed in terms of both the modulating role of blood pressure on a number of psychological functions and the role of parasympathetic tone in HRV, FSI, and possibly pair-bonding. ..
  8. Brewer D, Potterat J, Brody S. Research design determines what can be known about modes of HIV transmission. AIDS. 2006;20:1208-9; author reply 1209 pubmed
  9. Brewer D, Potterat J, Muth S, Brody S. Converging evidence suggests nonsexual HIV transmission among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. J Adolesc Health. 2007;40:290-1; author reply 291-3 pubmed

More Information

Publications133 found, 100 shown here

  1. Potterat J, Brewer D, Gisselquist D, Brody S. Blood exposures ignored in racial disparities in HIV prevalence. Am J Reprod Immunol. 2011;66:249 pubmed publisher
  2. Potterat J, Brody S. HIV epidemicity in context of STI declines: a telling discordance. Sex Transm Infect. 2002;78:467 pubmed
  3. Brody S. Intercourse orgasm consistency, concordance of women's genital and subjective sexual arousal, and erotic stimulus presentation sequence. J Sex Marital Ther. 2007;33:31-9 pubmed
    ..I discuss the results in terms of the unique nature of penile-vaginal intercourse and the study's implications for sex therapy and sex research. ..
  4. Brody S, Kruger T. Penile-vaginal intercourse decreases weight gain. Med Hypotheses. 2008;71:812-3 pubmed publisher
  5. Brody S, Costa R, Hess U, Weiss P. Vaginal orgasm is related to better mental health and is relevant to evolutionary psychology: a response to Zietsch et al. J Sex Med. 2011;8:3523-5 pubmed publisher
  6. Brody S, Preut R. Cannabis, tobacco, and caffeine use modify the blood pressure reactivity protection of ascorbic acid. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2002;72:811-6 pubmed
    ..Results are discussed in terms of dopaminergic effects of these substances, modulation of catecholaminergic and endothelial activity, and AA support of coping styles. ..
  7. Brewer D, Potterat J, Roberts J, Brody S. Unhygienic male circumcision procedures and HIV transmission. S Afr Med J. 2009;99:11-2 pubmed
  8. Rau H, Pauli P, Brody S, Elbert T, Birbaumer N. Baroreceptor stimulation alters cortical activity. Psychophysiology. 1993;30:322-5 pubmed
    ..Over frontal-central regions, this shift was smaller during baroreceptor stimulation than during inhibition. These data provide support for the proposal that baroreceptor activation influences cortical activity. ..
  9. Nava E, Landau D, Brody S, Linder L, Schachinger H. Mental relaxation improves long-term incidental visual memory. Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2004;81:167-71 pubmed
  10. Deuchert E, Brody S. The evidence for health-care transmission of HIV in Africa should determine prevention priorities. Int J STD AIDS. 2007;18:290-1 pubmed
  11. Brody S, Costa R. Satisfaction (sexual, life, relationship, and mental health) is associated directly with penile-vaginal intercourse, but inversely with other sexual behavior frequencies. J Sex Med. 2009;6:1947-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Inverse associations between satisfaction and masturbation are not due simply to insufficient PVI. ..
  12. Brody S. Impact factor as the best operational measure of medical journals. Lancet. 1995;346:1300-1 pubmed
  13. Rau H, Brody S, Larbig W, Pauli P, Vöhringer M, Harsch B, et al. Effects of PRES baroreceptor stimulation on thermal and mechanical pain threshold in borderline hypertensives and normotensives. Psychophysiology. 1994;31:480-5 pubmed
    ..Results are discussed in terms of specific features of the stimuli, dampening of pain in hypertensives, and adaptation to pain. ..
  14. Potterat J, Gisselquist D, Brody S. Still not understanding the uneven spread of HIV within Africa. Sex Transm Dis. 2004;31:365 pubmed
  15. Komisaruk B, Wise N, Frangos E, Liu W, Allen K, Brody S. Women's clitoris, vagina, and cervix mapped on the sensory cortex: fMRI evidence. J Sex Med. 2011;8:2822-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Activation of the genital sensory cortex by nipple self-stimulation was unexpected, but suggests a neurological basis for women's reports of its erotogenic quality. ..
  16. Brody S. Patients misrepresenting their risk factors for AIDS. Int J STD AIDS. 1995;6:392-8 pubmed
    ..Research on HIV/AIDS behavioural risk factors must include sophisticated methods for the assessment of self-report validity, such as the use of behavioural markers, improved lie scales and interview methods, and physical methods. ..
  17. Brody S, Potterat J. Autoinoculation of human papillomavirus and vaginal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus: an appeal for rigorous verification. Sex Transm Dis. 2004;31:65-6 pubmed
  18. Brody S. The unhealthy attempts by CDC and WHO to deny the importance of HIV transmission through unsafe health care. Int J STD AIDS. 2009;20:70-2 pubmed publisher
  19. Brody S, Angrilli A, Weiss U, Birbaumer N, Mini A, Veit R, et al. Somatotosensory evoked potentials during baroreceptor stimulation in chronic low back pain patients and normal controls. Int J Psychophysiol. 1997;25:201-10 pubmed
    ..It is proposed that in general, lower blood pressures may be associated with greater pain during baroreceptor activation. ..
  20. Potterat J, Muth S, Brody S. Evidence undermining the adequacy of the HIV reproduction number formula. Sex Transm Dis. 2000;27:644-5 pubmed
  21. Deuchert E, Brody S. Lack of autodisable syringe use and health care indicators are associated with high HIV prevalence: an international ecologic analysis. Ann Epidemiol. 2007;17:199-207 pubmed
    ..We recommend that resources be reallocated to address health care transmission of HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. ..
  22. Potterat J, Brody S. More of the same is not validation. Sex Transm Dis. 2000;27:60-1 pubmed
  23. Brody S, Weiss P. Simultaneous penile-vaginal orgasm is associated with sexual satisfaction. J Sex Med. 2012;9:2476-7 pubmed publisher
  24. Brody S, Costa R. Sexual satisfaction and health are positively associated with penile-vaginal intercourse but not other sexual activities. Am J Public Health. 2012;102:6-7 pubmed publisher
  25. Brody S, Costa R, Hess U. "Standard operating procedures for female orgasmic disorder" is not based on best evidence. J Sex Med. 2013;10:2606-9 pubmed publisher
  26. Brody S, Krause C, Veit R, Rau H. Cardiovascular autonomic dysregulation in users of MDMA ("Ecstasy"). Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1998;136:390-3 pubmed
  27. Potterat J, Brewer D, Muth S, Brody S. The protective effect of male circumcision as a faith lift for the troubled paradigm of HIV epidemiology in sub-Saharan Africa. PLoS Med. 2006;3:e64; author reply e67 pubmed
  28. Costa R, Brody S. Anxious and avoidant attachment, vibrator use, anal sex, and impaired vaginal orgasm. J Sex Med. 2011;8:2493-500 pubmed publisher
  29. Brody S, Rau H, Kohler F, Schupp H, Lutzenberger W, Birbaumer N. Slow cortical potential biofeedback and the startle reflex. Biofeedback Self Regul. 1994;19:1-11 pubmed
    ..Greater success in SCP differentiation was associated with self-report of less relaxation during negativity training. ..
  30. Brody S. Incidence of HIV infection decreases because of nature of epidemics. BMJ. 1996;312:125 pubmed
  31. Brody S. Sexual factors and prostate cancer. BJU Int. 2004;93:180 pubmed
  32. Schachinger H, Port J, Brody S, Linder L, Wilhelm F, Huber P, et al. Increased high-frequency heart rate variability during insulin-induced hypoglycaemia in healthy humans. Clin Sci (Lond). 2004;106:583-8 pubmed
    ..Thus, during hypoglycaemia-induced sympathetic cardiac activation in healthy adults, parasympathetic mechanisms are involved in stabilizing mean HR. ..
  33. Brody S, Potterat J. HIV epidemiology in Africa: weak variables and tendentiousness generate wobbly conclusions. PLoS Med. 2005;2:e137; author reply e147 pubmed
  34. Costa R, Brody S. Immature defense mechanisms are associated with lesser vaginal orgasm consistency and greater alcohol consumption before sex. J Sex Med. 2010;7:775-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on various empirical studies, we call for examination of the possibility that lack of vaginal orgasm (given an adequate man) should qualify as a female sexual dysfunction. ..
  35. Brody S. The relative health benefits of different sexual activities. J Sex Med. 2010;7:1336-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The health benefits associated with specifically penile-vaginal intercourse should inform a new evidence-based approach to sexual medicine, sex education, and a broad range of medical and psychological consultations. ..
  36. Costa R, Brody S. Sexual satisfaction, relationship satisfaction, and health are associated with greater frequency of penile-vaginal intercourse. Arch Sex Behav. 2012;41:9-10 pubmed publisher
  37. Brody S. Vaginal intercourse orgasm consistency accounts for concordance of vaginal and subjective sexual arousal. Arch Sex Behav. 2012;41:1073-5 pubmed publisher
  38. Droste C, Kardos A, Brody S, Greenlee M, Roskamm H, Rau H. Baroreceptor stimulation: pain perception and sensory thresholds. Biol Psychol. 1994;37:101-13 pubmed
    ..The results indicate that minimum baroreceptor activity was associated with more severe pain, but had no effect on sensory detection threshold. The results are discussed in terms of the learned model of hypertension. ..
  39. Weiss P, Brody S. International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) scores generated by men or female partners correlate equally well with own satisfaction (sexual, partnership, life, and mental health). J Sex Med. 2011;8:1404-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Better erectile function was associated with greater VOC. Greater support for optimizing specifically PVI function, frequency, and quality is warranted. ..
  40. Brody S, Veit R, Rau H. Four-year test-retest reliability of self-measured blood pressure. Arch Intern Med. 1999;159:1007-8 pubmed
  41. Brody S, Keller U, Degen L, Cox D, Schachinger H. Selective processing of food words during insulin-induced hypoglycemia in healthy humans. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2004;173:217-20 pubmed
    ..004), and this effect was not predicted by hunger ratings. Our data provide new evidence that during hypoglycemia, attention is directed selectively to food-relevant stimuli. The results are discussed in terms of adaptation. ..
  42. Deuchert E, Brody S. Plausible and implausible parameters for mathematical modeling of nominal heterosexual HIV transmission. Ann Epidemiol. 2007;17:237-44 pubmed
    ..To realistically simulate HIV spread in sub-Saharan Africa's general population nominally due to heterosexual HIV transmission, parameter values should be based on the most accurate data. ..
  43. Brody S, Costa R. Overestimation of heterosexually attributed AIDS deaths is associated with immature psychological defence mechanisms and clitoral masturbation during penile-vaginal intercourse. Int J STD AIDS. 2009;20:869-75 pubmed publisher
    ..The results indicate that those who perceive 'heterosexual transmission' led to many AIDS deaths have poorer psychological functioning, and might be less able to appreciate PVI. ..
  44. Brewer D, Potterat J, Brody S. Comprehensive assessment of blood and sexual exposures needed for rigorous investigation of HIV transmission. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2012;28:435-6 pubmed publisher
  45. Brody S, Klapilova K, Krejčová L. More frequent vaginal orgasm is associated with experiencing greater excitement from deep vaginal stimulation. J Sex Med. 2013;10:1730-6 pubmed publisher
  46. Miltner W, Matjak M, Braun C, Diekmann H, Brody S. Emotional qualities of odors and their influence on the startle reflex in humans. Psychophysiology. 1994;31:107-10 pubmed
    ..Both odorant stimuli were rated as equally intense by the subjects, and heart rate and electrodermal activity were not affected differentially by the two odorants. ..
  47. Brody S. Continued lack of evidence for transmission of human immunodeficiency virus through vaginal intercourse: a reply to Carey and Kalichman. Arch Sex Behav. 1996;25:329-37 pubmed
  48. Brody S, Potterat J. Re: "Is there really a heterosexual AIDS epidemic in the United States? Findings from a multisite validation study, 1992-1995". Am J Epidemiol. 1999;150:429-30 pubmed
  49. Gisselquist D, Friedman E, Potterat J, Minkin S, Brody S. Four policies to reduce HIV transmission through unsterile health care. Int J STD AIDS. 2003;14:717-22 pubmed
    ..3) Promote safe health care practices equally for clients and staff. (4) Establish a zero-tolerance policy for iatrogenic HIV infections, with publicly reported monitoring and investigations. ..
  50. Brody S, Costa R. Vaginal orgasm is associated with less use of immature psychological defense mechanisms. J Sex Med. 2008;5:1167-1176 pubmed publisher
    ..Implications for diagnosis and sex therapy are noted. ..
  51. Brewer D, Potterat J, Muth S, Gisselquist D, Brody S. Disconnects in presumed heterosexual HIV transmission in Malawi. AIDS. 2008;22:1377; author reply 1378-9 pubmed publisher
  52. Brody S, Rau H. Hypertension octet. Lancet. 1994;344:692 pubmed
  53. Costa R, Brody S. Condom use for penile-vaginal intercourse is associated with immature psychological defense mechanisms. J Sex Med. 2008;5:2522-32 pubmed publisher
    ..The results are consistent with condom use during PVI being associated with psychological immaturity and predisposition to poorer mental health. ..
  54. Brody S, Brewer D, Potterat J, Muth S. Lack of association between heterosexual lifetime number of sex partners and prevalent HIV infection: a crucial implication. Int J STD AIDS. 2010;21:74-5 pubmed publisher
  55. Brody S, Weiss P. Simultaneous penile-vaginal intercourse orgasm is associated with satisfaction (sexual, life, partnership, and mental health). J Sex Med. 2011;8:734-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Greater support for these specific aspects of sexual activity is warranted. ..
  56. Brody S, Carson C. Brief report: self-harm is associated with immature defense mechanisms but not substance use in a nonclinical Scottish adolescent sample. J Adolesc. 2012;35:765-7 pubmed publisher
    ..More research and clinical attention might be given to immature defense mechanisms in cases of DSH. ..
  57. Rau H, Schweizer R, Zhuang P, Pauli P, Brody S, Larbig W, et al. Cigarette smoking, blood lipids, and baroreceptor-modulated nociception. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1993;110:337-41 pubmed
    ..In heavy smokers, the nicotine induced phasic blood pressure increases might have baroreceptor dependent pain dampening effects, which might be among the reinforcing qualities of smoking. ..
  58. Brody S. Sex at risk: politically or factually correct?. JAMA. 1998;280:1482 pubmed
  59. Brody S. Declining HIV rates in Uganda: due to cleaner needles, not abstinence or condoms. Int J STD AIDS. 2004;15:440-1 pubmed
    ..Given the lack of evidence for transmission of HIV to healthy persons by penile-vaginal intercourse, the improvement in injection safety is the best candidate for declining HIV and AIDS rates. ..
  60. Waschulewski Floruss H, Miltner W, Brody S, Braun C. Classical conditioning of pain responses. Int J Neurosci. 1994;78:21-32 pubmed
    ..A significant differential negativity in the brain sites responsible for processing the UCS was obtained, which is attributed to the anticipation of the UCS after CS+ presentation. ..
  61. Rau H, Brody S, Brunia C, Damen E, Elbert T. Activation of carotid baroreceptors inhibits spinal reflexes in man. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1993;89:328-34 pubmed
    ..Reflex amplitude was largest when elicited during the lowest levels of baroreceptor activation. These results are consistent with previous findings that baroreceptor activation reduces CNS excitability. ..
  62. Pauli P, Schwenzer M, Brody S, Rau H, Birbaumer N. Hypochondriacal attitudes, pain sensitivity, and attentional bias. J Psychosom Res. 1993;37:745-52 pubmed
    ..Results are discussed in terms of amplifying somatic style, preoccupation with or attentional bias toward bodily symptoms, and experimental induction of a hypochondriacal state. ..
  63. Brody S. Risk factors for HIV-1 seroconversion may not be what they seem. JAMA. 1996;275:1543-4 pubmed
  64. Brody S. Age at first intercourse is inversely related to female cortisol stress reactivity. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2002;27:933-43 pubmed
    ..Results are discussed in terms of genetic and psychological influences on first intercourse and implications for coping with interpersonal stress. ..
  65. Brody S, Potterat J. Assessing the role of anal intercourse in the epidemiology of AIDS in Africa. Int J STD AIDS. 2003;14:431-6 pubmed
  66. Deuchert E, Brody S. The role of health care in the spread of HIV/AIDS in Africa: evidence from Kenya. Int J STD AIDS. 2006;17:749-52 pubmed
    ..The results are consistent with health care being a very important vector for HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. It is recommended that there be a reallocation of resources to address healthcare transmission of HIV/AIDS. ..
  67. Brewer D, Gisselquist D, Brody S, Potterat J. Investigating iatrogenic HIV transmission in Ugandan children. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2007;45:253-4 pubmed
  68. Brewer D, Potterat J, Gisselquist D, Dinsmore W, St Lawrence J, Brody S. Valid evaluation of iatrogenic and sexual HIV transmission requires proof. AIDS. 2007;21:2556-7; author reply 2558-9 pubmed
  69. Pauli P, Rau H, Zhuang P, Brody S, Birbaumer N. Effects of smoking on thermal pain threshold in deprived and minimally-deprived habitual smokers. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1993;111:472-6 pubmed
    ..Pain threshold before smoking was the same for both groups. Deprived subjects had lower pre-smoke diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and arousal levels, which rose to equal minimally-deprived subjects' scores after smoking. ..
  70. Brody S. Traditional ideology, stress, and psychotherapy use. J Psychol. 1994;128:5-13 pubmed
    ..Stressful life events, symptoms of depression, social desirability scores, and religious behaviour were unrelated to attitudes toward and use of psychotherapy. ..
  71. Brody S. Questioning the validity of self-reported heterosexual HIV transmission. Am J Public Health. 1996;86:1172 pubmed
  72. Montoya P, Brody S, Beck K, Veit R, Rau H. Differential beta- and alpha-adrenergic activation during psychological stress. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1997;75:256-62 pubmed
    ..In addition, the superfluity of multiple variable measurements to study cardiovascular reactivity in such situations is discussed. ..
  73. Brody S. Marriage and mortality in prostate cancer. J Urol. 1997;158:552-3 pubmed
  74. Veit R, Brody S, Rau H. Four-year stability of cardiovascular reactivity to psychological stress. J Behav Med. 1997;20:447-60 pubmed
    ..27 for absolute DBP. Males had greater SBP and DBP reactivity than females in the first session, but this reactivity decreased by the 4-year follow-up session (which was not the case for women). ..
  75. Brody S. High-dose ascorbic acid increases intercourse frequency and improves mood: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Biol Psychiatry. 2002;52:371-4 pubmed
    ..AA appears to increase FSI, and the differential benefit to noncohabitants suggests that a central activation or disinhibition, rather than peripheral mechanism may be responsible. ..
  76. Brody S. Exercise intensity and risk of coronary heart disease. JAMA. 2003;289:419; aurhor reply 419-20 pubmed
  77. Brewer D, Brody S, Drucker E, Gisselquist D, Minkin S, Potterat J, et al. Mounting anomalies in the epidemiology of HIV in Africa: cry the beloved paradigm. Int J STD AIDS. 2003;14:144-7 pubmed
  78. Gisselquist D, Potterat J, Brody S, Minkin S. Does selected ecological evidence give a true picture of HIV transmission in Africa?. Int J STD AIDS. 2004;15:434-9 pubmed
    ..We commend the emerging consensus to improve the safety of health care delivery. In countries with generalized HIV epidemics, we urge public education about the risks for HIV acquisition from unsterile health care. ..
  79. Gisselquist D, Potterat J, Brody S. Running on empty: sexual co-factors are insufficient to fuel Africa's turbocharged HIV epidemic. Int J STD AIDS. 2004;15:442-52 pubmed
  80. Nicholas A, Brody S, de Sutter P, de Carufel F. A woman's history of vaginal orgasm is discernible from her walk. J Sex Med. 2008;5:2119-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Results are discussed with regard to previous research on gait, the effect of the musculature on sexual function, the special nature of vaginal orgasm, and implications for sexual therapy. ..
  81. Weiss P, Brody S. Female sexual arousal disorder with and without a distress criterion: prevalence and correlates in a representative Czech sample. J Sex Med. 2009;6:3385-94 pubmed publisher
    ..We suggest that FSAD with and without distress be considered two different disorders. ..
  82. Tao P, Guoying D, Brody S. Preliminary study of a Chinese language short form of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale. Psychol Rep. 2009;105:1039-46 pubmed
  83. Potterat J, Brewer D, Brody S. Receptive anal intercourse as a potential risk factor for rectal cancer. Cancer. 2011;117:3284; author reply 3284-5 pubmed publisher
  84. Brody S, Costa R. Vaginal orgasm is more prevalent among women with a prominent tubercle of the upper lip. J Sex Med. 2011;8:2793-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The results are discussed in light of the unique nature of vaginal orgasm and the possibility of prenatal developmental influences. ..
  85. Costa R, Brody S. Greater resting heart rate variability is associated with orgasms through penile-vaginal intercourse, but not with orgasms from other sources. J Sex Med. 2012;9:188-97 pubmed publisher
    ..The possibility of healthier people having greater resting HRV and more frequent orgasms through specifically PVI is also considered. ..
  86. Potterat J, Brewer D, Gisselquist D, Brody S. Sexual behavior, HIV and South African youth. J Adolesc Health. 2012;50:207-8; author reply 209-10 pubmed publisher
  87. Rau H, Brody S. Psychoneurocardiology: psychosomatic and somatopsychic approaches to hypertension research. Integr Physiol Behav Sci. 1994;29:348-54 pubmed
    ..The long-term effect of this relief is initially to increase the frequency of such phasic increases, and eventually to produce a tonic elevation in blood pressure. ..
  88. Brody S, Rau H. Behavioral and psychophysiological predictors of self-monitored 19 month blood pressure change in normotensives. J Psychosom Res. 1994;38:885-91 pubmed
    ..There were no significant predictors of systolic changes, and no sex differences. Results are discussed in terms of the learned model of hypertension. ..
  89. Brody S, Maier C, Montoya P, Rau H. Speaking from the heart: cardiovascular components of stress rating changes and the relative reactivity of physiological and psychological variables. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1994;69:277-80 pubmed
    ..67. The dual autonomic nature of active coping stress response is discussed. The shortcomings of using a correlate of a correlate are noted. ..
  90. Brody S. Heterosexual transmission of HIV. N Engl J Med. 1994;331:1718; author reply 1718-9 pubmed