Lutgarde Lynen

Summary

Affiliation: Institute of Tropical Medicine
Country: Belgium

Publications

  1. pmc Tuberculosis-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome: case definitions for use in resource-limited settings
    Graeme Meintjes
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine and Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet Infect Dis 8:516-23. 2008
  2. pmc Scaling up antiretroviral treatment and improving patient retention in care: lessons from Ethiopia, 2005-2013
    Yibeltal Assefa
    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Global Health 10:43. 2014
  3. pmc How to improve patient retention in an antiretroviral treatment program in Ethiopia: a mixed-methods study
    Yibeltal Assefa
    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Health Serv Res 14:45. 2014
  4. pmc Short and long term retention in antiretroviral care in health facilities in rural Malawi and Zimbabwe
    Freya Rasschaert
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationale Straat 155, Antwerpen 2000, Belgium
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:444. 2012
  5. pmc Is increasing complexity of algorithms the price for higher accuracy? virtual comparison of three algorithms for tertiary level management of chronic cough in people living with HIV in a low-income country
    Constance Mukabatsinda
    Department of Internal Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Kigali, Rwanda
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 12:2. 2012
  6. pmc Is vitamin D deficiency involved in the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome?
    Anali Conesa-Botella
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Antwerp, Belgium
    AIDS Res Ther 6:4. 2009
  7. ncbi request reprint Management of Kaposi's sarcoma in resource-limited settings in the era of HAART
    Lut Lynen
    Clinical Sciences Department, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    AIDS Rev 7:13-21. 2005
  8. doi request reprint Five-year experience with scaling-up access to antiretroviral treatment in an HIV care programme in Cambodia
    Sopheak Thai
    Infectious Disease Department, Sihanouk Hospital Center of HOPE, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Trop Med Int Health 14:1048-58. 2009
  9. doi request reprint Monitoring for treatment failure in patients on first-line antiretroviral treatment in resource-constrained settings
    Lutgarde Lynen
    HIV STD Unit, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 5:1-5. 2010
  10. doi request reprint An algorithm to optimize viral load testing in HIV-positive patients with suspected first-line antiretroviral therapy failure in Cambodia
    Lutgarde Lynen
    Departments of Clinical Sciences, Public Health, and Microbiology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 52:40-8. 2009

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications54

  1. pmc Tuberculosis-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome: case definitions for use in resource-limited settings
    Graeme Meintjes
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine and Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet Infect Dis 8:516-23. 2008
    ..It is envisaged that these definitions could be used by clinicians and researchers in a variety of settings to promote standardisation and comparability of data...
  2. pmc Scaling up antiretroviral treatment and improving patient retention in care: lessons from Ethiopia, 2005-2013
    Yibeltal Assefa
    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Global Health 10:43. 2014
    ..Ethiopia has been scaling up ART and improving retention (defined as continuous engagement of patients in care) in care. We aimed to analyze the ART program in Ethiopia...
  3. pmc How to improve patient retention in an antiretroviral treatment program in Ethiopia: a mixed-methods study
    Yibeltal Assefa
    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Health Serv Res 14:45. 2014
    ..The objective of this study was to develop a framework for improving patient retention in care based on interventions implemented in health facilities that have achieved higher levels of retention in care...
  4. pmc Short and long term retention in antiretroviral care in health facilities in rural Malawi and Zimbabwe
    Freya Rasschaert
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationale Straat 155, Antwerpen 2000, Belgium
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:444. 2012
    ..This study analysed the short (<12 months) and long (>12 months) term retention on ART in two ART programmes in Malawi (Thyolo district) and Zimbabwe (Buhera district)...
  5. pmc Is increasing complexity of algorithms the price for higher accuracy? virtual comparison of three algorithms for tertiary level management of chronic cough in people living with HIV in a low-income country
    Constance Mukabatsinda
    Department of Internal Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Kigali, Rwanda
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 12:2. 2012
    ....
  6. pmc Is vitamin D deficiency involved in the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome?
    Anali Conesa-Botella
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Antwerp, Belgium
    AIDS Res Ther 6:4. 2009
    ..The active form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, is a key player in the clearance of pathogens and influences the level of inflammation and macrophage activation...
  7. ncbi request reprint Management of Kaposi's sarcoma in resource-limited settings in the era of HAART
    Lut Lynen
    Clinical Sciences Department, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    AIDS Rev 7:13-21. 2005
    ..In this paper we review current KS treatments available worldwide and discuss the implications of the increased access to antiretrovirals for KS treatment strategies in resource-limited settings...
  8. doi request reprint Five-year experience with scaling-up access to antiretroviral treatment in an HIV care programme in Cambodia
    Sopheak Thai
    Infectious Disease Department, Sihanouk Hospital Center of HOPE, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Trop Med Int Health 14:1048-58. 2009
    ..To evaluate a 5-year HIV care programme (2003-2007) in the Sihanouk Hospital Center of HOPE, Phnom Penh, Cambodia...
  9. doi request reprint Monitoring for treatment failure in patients on first-line antiretroviral treatment in resource-constrained settings
    Lutgarde Lynen
    HIV STD Unit, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 5:1-5. 2010
    ..The diagnosis of treatment failure in many settings is challenging because of limited access to plasma HIV RNA testing. This article summarizes recent studies in LMICs, investigating the diagnosis of treatment failure...
  10. doi request reprint An algorithm to optimize viral load testing in HIV-positive patients with suspected first-line antiretroviral therapy failure in Cambodia
    Lutgarde Lynen
    Departments of Clinical Sciences, Public Health, and Microbiology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 52:40-8. 2009
    ..To develop an algorithm for optimal use of viral load testing in patients with suspected first-line antiretroviral treatment (ART) failure...
  11. ncbi request reprint Co-trimoxazole prophylaxis in tropical countries in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: do we know enough?
    Lut Lynen
    Prince Leopold Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:1059-60. 2007
    ..Together with the need for more research to identify optimal ART regimens for resource-poor settings, research regarding optimal chemoprophylaxis against opportunistic infections should also remain high on the agenda...
  12. doi request reprint Validation of a clinical prediction score to target viral load testing in adults with suspected first-line treatment failure in resource-constrained settings
    Vichet Phan
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Sihanouk Hospital Center of HOPE, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 62:509-16. 2013
    ..We now prospectively validate the algorithm in the same clinical setting (validation population), assess its operational performance, and explore its cost-saving potential...
  13. doi request reprint Incidence and risk factors for tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients while on antiretroviral treatment in Cambodia
    Kimcheng Choun
    Sihanouk Hospital Center of HOPE, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 107:235-42. 2013
    ....
  14. pmc Timing of antiretroviral therapy in Cambodian hospital after diagnosis of tuberculosis: impact of revised WHO guidelines
    Kimcheng Choun
    Sihanouk Hospital Centre of Hope, St 134, Sangkat Vealvong, Khan 7 Makara, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Bull World Health Organ 91:195-206. 2013
    ..To determine if implementation of 2010 World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines on antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation reduced delay from tuberculosis diagnosis to initiation of ART in a Cambodian urban hospital...
  15. doi request reprint Genotypic impact of prolonged detectable HIV type 1 RNA viral load after HAART failure in a CRF01_AE-infected cohort
    Maria Zolfo
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 27:727-35. 2011
    ..Subtype-specific data on mutation type, rate, and accumulation after HAART failure are urgently needed to optimize treatment strategies in resource-limited settings...
  16. pmc A screen-and-treat strategy targeting visceral leishmaniasis in HIV-infected individuals in endemic East African countries: the way forward?
    Johan van Griensven
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 8:e3011. 2014
    ..Such a strategy should be complemented with early initiation of antiretroviral treatment and other strategies to prevent HIV and Leishmania infection. ..
  17. pmc Challenges in developing national HIV guidelines: experience from the eastern Mediterranean
    Anja De Weggheleire
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat, Antwerp, Belgium
    Bull World Health Organ 89:442-50. 2011
    ....
  18. doi request reprint Implementation of isoniazid preventive therapy in an HIV clinic in Cambodia: high rates of discontinuation when combined with antiretroviral therapy
    Johan van Griensven
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Sihanouk Hospital Centre of Hope, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Trop Med Int Health 20:1823-31. 2015
    ..Within a hospital-based HIV programme in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, we determined the proportion completing IPT and reasons for non-completion...
  19. pmc Community-based active tuberculosis case finding in poor urban settlements of Phnom Penh, Cambodia: a feasible and effective strategy
    Natalie Lorent
    Infectious Diseases Department, Sihanouk Hospital Center of HOPE, Phnom Penh, Cambodia Clinical Sciences Department, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 9:e92754. 2014
    ..We aimed to assess the feasibility of community-based ACF for TB among the urban poor in Cambodia and determine its impact on case detection, treatment uptake and outcome...
  20. doi request reprint Time for "test and treat" in prevention of mother-to-child transmission programs in low- and middle-income countries
    Maria Zolfo
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:287-9. 2010
    ....
  21. pmc Evaluation of the 2007 WHO guideline to improve the diagnosis of tuberculosis in ambulatory HIV-positive adults
    Olivier Koole
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 6:e18502. 2011
    ..In 2007 WHO issued a guideline to improve the diagnosis of smear-negative and extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) in HIV-positive patients. This guideline relies heavily on the acceptance of HIV-testing and availability of chest X-rays...
  22. pmc Impact of the use of a rapid diagnostic test for visceral leishmaniasis on clinical practice in Ethiopia: a retrospective study
    Ermias Diro
    University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 9:e0003738. 2015
    ..Otherwise, RDT-positive patients should be started on VL treatment. We evaluated how this guideline is adhered to by assessing the routine clinical practice in a university hospital in North-West Ethiopia...
  23. doi request reprint Clinical aspects of paediatric visceral leishmaniasis in North-west Ethiopia
    Ermias Diro
    University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Trop Med Int Health 20:8-16. 2015
    ..This study describes the clinical profile and explores comorbidities in paediatric VL patients...
  24. pmc Visceral Leishmaniasis and HIV coinfection in East Africa
    Ermias Diro
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium Department of Internal Medicine, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 8:e2869. 2014
    ..Basic research to understand the immunological interaction of the two infections may ultimately help to improve the management of the coinfection. ..
  25. pmc Simplified clinical prediction scores to target viral load testing in adults with suspected first line treatment failure in Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Johan van Griensven
    Sihanouk Hospital Center of HOPE, Phnom Penh, Cambodia Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 9:e87879. 2014
    ..In response, we developed four simplified, less error-prone and broadly applicable CPS versions that can be done 'on the spot'...
  26. pmc Hepatitis B and C co-infection among HIV-infected adults while on antiretroviral treatment: long-term survival, CD4 cell count recovery and antiretroviral toxicity in Cambodia
    Johan van Griensven
    Sihanouk Hospital Center of HOPE, Phnom Penh, Cambodia Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 9:e88552. 2014
    ....
  27. pmc High parasitological failure rate of visceral leishmaniasis to sodium stibogluconate among HIV co-infected adults in Ethiopia
    Ermias Diro
    University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 8:e2875. 2014
    ..Besides tolerability, emergence of resistance to antimonials is a major concern...
  28. pmc Risk factors of treatment-limiting anemia after substitution of zidovudine for stavudine in HIV-infected adult patients on antiretroviral treatment
    Thong Phe
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Sihanouk Hospital Center of HOPE, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    PLoS ONE 8:e60206. 2013
    ..Some studies suggested weight-adjusted AZT dosing as a way to reduce toxicity. We analyzed the risk factors associated with AZT-induced anemia in a cohort using AZT as substitution for stavudine (D4T)...
  29. pmc Incidence of treatment-limiting toxicity with stavudine-based antiretroviral therapy in Cambodia: a retrospective cohort study
    Vichet Phan
    Sihanouk Hospital Center of HOPE, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    PLoS ONE 7:e30647. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the long-term incidence of severe D4T-toxicity (requiring drug substitution) and associated risk factors in HIV-infected Cambodians up to six years on antiretroviral treatment (ART)...
  30. doi request reprint A telemedicine service for HIV/AIDS physicians working in developing countries
    Maria Zolfo
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
    J Telemed Telecare 17:65-70. 2011
    ..Nonetheless, there was a declining trend in the rate of use of the service...
  31. ncbi request reprint Bridging the gap between clinical practice and diagnostic clinical epidemiology: pilot experiences with a didactic model based on a logarithmic scale
    Jef Van Den Ende
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, University Hospital, Antwerp, Belgium
    J Eval Clin Pract 13:374-80. 2007
    ....
  32. pmc Use of Pentamidine As Secondary Prophylaxis to Prevent Visceral Leishmaniasis Relapse in HIV Infected Patients, the First Twelve Months of a Prospective Cohort Study
    Ermias Diro
    University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 9:e0004087. 2015
    ..This study assessed the effectiveness, safety and feasibility of monthly pentamidine infusions to prevent recurrence of VL in HIV co-infected patients...
  33. pmc Advanced HIV Disease at Enrolment in HIV Care: Trends and Associated Factors over a Ten Year Period in Cambodia
    Reaksmey Pe
    Sihanouk Hospital Center of HOPE, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    PLoS ONE 10:e0143320. 2015
    ..Studies on HIV disease stage at enrolment in care from Asian countries are limited. We evaluated trends in and factors associated with late HIV disease presentation over a ten-year period in the largest ART center in Cambodia...
  34. doi request reprint HIV-1 protease inhibitors for treatment of visceral leishmaniasis in HIV-co-infected individuals
    Johan van Griensven
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Lancet Infect Dis 13:251-9. 2013
    ..In addition to exploring the full potential of current HIV-1 protease inhibitors against visceral leishmaniasis, leishmania-specific protease inhibitors should be developed...
  35. doi request reprint Antiretroviral treatment in low-resource settings: what has changed in the last 10 years and what needs to change in the coming years?
    Mandana Mehta
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, 155, Nationalestraat, Antwerpen 2000, Belgium
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 10:1287-96. 2012
    ..In this article, the authors provide an overview of the significant advances made in improving access to antiretrovirals in low-resource settings, as well as the challenges facing new approaches to ART in the next decade...
  36. doi request reprint CD4 results with a bias larger than hundred cells per microliter can have a significant impact on the clinical decision during treatment initiation of HIV patients
    Géraldine Daneau
    Immunology Unit, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Cytometry B Clin Cytom . 2016
    ..However, the accuracy of CD4-counting instruments is diverse and data on how CD4 measurement errors have an impact on clinical decisions are lacking...
  37. doi request reprint Adoption of new HIV treatment guidelines and drug substitutions within first-line as a measure of quality of care in rural Lesotho: health centers and hospitals compared
    Niklaus D Labhardt
    SolidarMed, Maseru, Lesotho Seboche Hospital, Botha Bothe, Lesotho SolidarMed, Lucerne, Switzerland Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Trop Med Int Health 17:1245-54. 2012
    ..We compared the rate of adoption of these new guidelines and substitution of first-line drugs by health centers (HC) and hospitals in two catchment areas in rural Lesotho...
  38. pmc Decrease of vitamin D concentration in patients with HIV infection on a non nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-containing regimen
    Anali Conesa-Botella
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    AIDS Res Ther 7:40. 2010
    ..We compared 25-hydroxyvitamin D plasma [25-(OH)D] concentration in paired samples before and after 12 months of HAART. 25-(OH)D levels are presented using two different cut-offs: <20 ng/ml and <30 ng/ml...
  39. pmc Organizing the Donation of Convalescent Plasma for a Therapeutic Clinical Trial on Ebola Virus Disease: The Experience in Guinea
    Alexandre Delamou
    Centre National de Formation et de Recherche en Santé Rurale de Maferinyah, Forecariah, Guinea Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 95:647-53. 2016
    ..However, large-scale plasma collection or multisite studies may require further adaptations of both strategy and logistics. The Ebola-Tx trial was funded by the European Union and others. ..
  40. pmc The Use of Ebola Convalescent Plasma to Treat Ebola Virus Disease in Resource-Constrained Settings: A Perspective From the Field
    Johan van Griensven
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Clin Infect Dis 62:69-74. 2016
    ..CP sourced from within the outbreak is the most readily available source of anti-EVD antibodies. Until the advent of effective antivirals or monoclonal antibodies, CP merits further evaluation. ..
  41. pmc Mobile learning for HIV/AIDS healthcare worker training in resource-limited settings
    Maria Zolfo
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    AIDS Res Ther 7:35. 2010
    ..Learning outcomes were verified through mobile quizzes using multiple choice questions at the end of each module...
  42. doi request reprint Combination therapy for visceral leishmaniasis
    Johan van Griensven
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Prince Leopold Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Lancet Infect Dis 10:184-94. 2010
    ..Whether combination therapy could indeed help delay resistance, and how this is best achieved, will only be known in the long term...
  43. doi request reprint Fever after a stay in the tropics: clinical spectrum and outcome in HIV-infected travelers and migrants
    Emmanuel Bottieau
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 48:547-52. 2008
    ..To investigate the epidemiology and clinical spectrum of fever in HIV-infected returning travelers and migrants...
  44. ncbi request reprint Remote consultations and HIV/AIDS continuing education in low-resource settings
    Maria Zolfo
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Int J Med Inform 75:633-7. 2006
    ..Telemedicine is a way to support physicians working in resource-poor settings, providing remote consultations and continuing medical education on HIV/AIDS care...
  45. ncbi request reprint HIV viral load monitoring in resource-limited regions: optional or necessary?
    Alexandra Calmy
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Access to Medicines Campaign, Geneva, 1211, Switzerland
    Clin Infect Dis 44:128-34. 2007
    ..Rather than considering viral load data to be an unaffordable luxury, efforts should be made to ensure that viral load testing becomes affordable, simple, and easy to use in resource-limited settings...
  46. ncbi request reprint Review editorial: prevention of tuberculosis in resource-poor countries with increasing access to highly active antiretroviral treatment
    Ludwig Apers
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Trop Med Int Health 10:1209-14. 2005
    ..We review various aspects of TB preventive treatment in countries with a high prevalence of HIV-TB co-infection and limited resources but with increasing access to ARV treatment...
  47. ncbi request reprint The added value of a CD4 count to identify patients eligible for highly active antiretroviral therapy among HIV-positive adults in Cambodia
    Lut Lynen
    Prince Leopold Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 42:322-4. 2006
    ..Our data suggest that, in settings with limited access to CD4 count testing, it might be useful to target this test to patients in WHO stage 3 whose staging is based on weight loss alone, to avoid unnecessary treatment...
  48. ncbi request reprint A new model to monitor the virological efficacy of antiretroviral treatment in resource-poor countries
    Robert Colebunders
    Infectious Disease Institute, Faculty of Medicine, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
    Lancet Infect Dis 6:53-9. 2006
    ..We believe that this model can make an accurate diagnosis of treatment failure in most patients. However, operational research is needed to assess whether this strategy works in practice...
  49. ncbi request reprint Disseminated nocardiosis presenting with cardiac tamponade in an HIV patient
    Bunse Leang
    Sihanouk Hospital Center of HOPE, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Int J STD AIDS 15:839-40. 2004
    ..The incidence of nocardial infection in HIV-positive patients is increasing. In immune suppression the infection is often disseminated and can present as cardiac tamponade...
  50. pmc Early neuroschistosomiasis complicating Katayama syndrome
    Jan Clerinx
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1465-6. 2006
  51. ncbi request reprint Severe dyshidrosis in two patients with HIV infection shortly after starting highly active antiretroviral treatment
    Robert Colebunders
    Dermatol Online J 11:31. 2005
    ..Several factors have been associated with the exacerbation of dyshidrosis lesions but no direct relationship with HAART has been reported until now...
  52. ncbi request reprint Validation of primary CD4 gating as an affordable strategy for absolute CD4 counting in Cambodia
    Lut Lynen
    Clinical and Microbiology Department, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:179-85. 2006
    ..To validate primary CD4 gating in lysed whole blood for absolute CD4 counts in fresh and aged blood using an affordable compact volumetric commercial flow cytometer...
  53. ncbi request reprint Do patents prevent access to drugs for HIV in developing countries?
    Marleen Boelaert
    JAMA 287:840-1; author reply 842-3. 2002
  54. ncbi request reprint Demographic and clinical characteristics of HIV-infected inpatients and outpatients at a Cambodian hospital
    Phan Sok
    Sihanouk Hospital Center of HOPE, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 20:369-78. 2006
    ..HIV physicians in Cambodia should be aware of the likelihood for multiple OIs or conditions when patients present weight loss more than 10% from baseline...